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Effects of Combination of Copper Fungicide and Plant Activator on Late Blight and Quality Criteria of Potato

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 20 Sayı: 1, 145 - 154, 19.01.2023
https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.1105431

Öz

Late blight caused by Phytophthora infestans is one of the most important fungal diseases that cause damage to both the green parts and tuber of the potato plant and limits potato cultivation. Systemic fungicides are mostly preferred by farmers in the control of potato late blight. The fact that systemic fungicides cause health problems in terms of human and environmental health has revealed the need for research on control methods that do not threaten environmental health. In recent years, successful results have been obtained in the control of many diseases with plant activators known as Induced Systemic Resistance (ISR) promoters. This study was carried out in the spring season of 2016-2017 to observe the effect of copper fungicide and plant activator (Lactobacillus acidophilus fermentation product) combination on the control of potato late blight disease and some quality criteria of potato tubers in the experimental plots of Ege University Ödemiş Vocational School in Ödemiş district of İzmir province. The experiment was planned as two separate experiments with Marabel and Melody potato cultivars. The experiment was established according to a split-plot experimental design with four replications. In this study, the effect of the treatments on potato quality and yield criteria such as tuber number, tuber width, tuber length, single tuber weight, yield per decare, and the effects of the pesticides on potato late blight disease and disease severity parameters were evaluated. When the data obtained as a result of the study were evaluated, it was determined that the combination application had a positive effect on the control of potato late blight disease in both potato cultivars compared to the control plots. When the quality criteria of potato tubers were evaluated, the highest number of tubers was obtained from the plots where copper fungicide and plant activator (Isr-2000) combination was applied. Significant increase was obtained in potato quality and yield criteria such as tuber width, tuber length, average tuber weight and yield per decare when the combination plots were compared with the control plots. In conclusion, the use of contact fungicides and plant activator combinations in the control of late blight in the spring period within the scope of sustainable agriculture is promising as an application alternative in the control of plant diseases in organic agriculture.

Kaynakça

  • Agrios, G.N. (2005). Plant Pathology. Fifth Edition. Elvesier Academic Press. London, UK. 421-426.
  • Aktepe, B.P. (2021). The effect of different plant activators and biological preparete on the biological control of bacterial speck disease in tomato. MKU Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 26(2): 355-364. (in Turkish).
  • Anonymous, (2015). Vegetable diseases standard pesticides trial methods. (www.tarimorman.gov.tr) (Accessed: December,5, 2015).
  • Anonymous, (2022a). Turkish Statistical Institute (TÜİK). (http://www.tuik.gov.tr) (Accessed: February,6. 2022).
  • Anonymous, (2022b). Republic of Türkiye Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Statistics; Potato planting areas in Ödemiş. (Accessed: February,10. 2022).
  • Arslan, B., Kevseroğlu, K. (1991). The effects of plant density on yield and important properties of some potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivars. Yüzüncü Yıl University Journal of Agricultural Scicences, 1(3):89-111. (in Turkish).
  • Aysan, M., Kozak Özdemir, S., Erkılıç, A. (2019). The effects of some plant activators against Rhizoctonia root rot (Rhizoctonia solani) on strawberry. Journal of Tekirdağ Agricultural Faculty, 16(2): 173-180. https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.521637. (in Turkish).
  • Bostan, H. (1996). Determination of potato X and S virus disease rates and host environments in Erzurum region and identification of these factors by dsRNA analysis. (Master Thesis) Atatürk University Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Protection (in Turkish).
  • Boyraz, N., Kaymak, S., Baştaş, K.K. (2006). Effects of some plant activators and their combinations with fungicides against apple scab disease. Selçuk University, Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 206(39): 1-6. (in Turkish).
  • Caten, C., Jinks, J.L. (1968). Spontaneous variability of single isolates of Phytphthora infestans. I.Cultural Variation. Canadian Journal of Botany, 46: 329-348.
  • Cook, L.R., Deahl, K. (1998). Potato blight global changes and new problems, Pesticide Outlook.12; 22-28.
  • Çalışkan, C.F., Yıldırım, M.B., Çaylak, Ö., Budak, N., Yıldırım, Z. (1997). The effects of short interval planting periods on the physiology, yield and quality of some potato cultivars planted as the main crop. Turkey 2nd Field Crops Congress, 22-25 September 1997. Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, Field Crops Science Association, s.279-282, Erzurum. (in Turkish).
  • Çalışkan, S., Hashemi, M.S., Akkamış, M., Aytekin, R.İ., Bedir, M. (2021). Effect of gibberellic acid on growth, tuber yield and quality in potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.). Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 26(2), 139-146.
  • Çetinkaya Yıldız, R., Aysan, Y. (2005). Determination of The Activity of Plant Activators in Tomato Seedlings Infected with Bacterial Wilt Disease Agent (Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis). Turkey 2nd Seed Congress, 9-11 November, 2005, Adana, 359. (in Turkish).
  • Delisoy, K., Altınok, H.H. (2019). Determination of the activity of some plant rhizobacteria and plant activators against fusarium wilt disease in melon. Anatolian Journal of Field Sciences, 34: 135-145. (in Turkish).
  • Doke, N. (1983). Involvement of superoxide anion generation in the hypersensitive response of potato tuber tissues to infection with an incompatible race of Phytophthora infestans and to the hyphal wall components. Physiological Plant Pathology, 23(3): November 1983, pp.345–357.
  • Fry, W. (2008). Phytophthora infestans: the plant and R gene destroyer. Molecular Plant Pathology. 9(3): 385-402. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1364- 3703.2007.00465.x
  • Glass, J.R., Johnson, K.B., Powelson, M.L. (2001). Assessment of barriers to prevent the development of potato tuber blight caused by Phytophthora infestans. Plant Disease, 85:521-528.
  • Grenville- Briggs, L.J., Avrova, A.O., Bruce, C.R., Williams, A., Whisson, S.C., Birch, P.R.J., West, P. (2005). Elevated amino acid biosynthesis in Phytophthora infestans during appressorium formation and potato infection. Fungal Genetics and Biology, 42: 244–256.
  • Güler, S., Acar, M., Duran, H., Aytaç, S. (2011). Studies on organic potato cultivation. [Research on Organic Potato Farming.] T. C. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs/General Directorate of Agricultural Research, Ankara/Türkiye, pp. 133-137. (in Turkish)
  • Harrison, J.G. (1995). Factors involved in the development of potato late blight disease (Phytophthora infestans) In: Haverkort, A., J., McKerron, D.K.L. (eds) Potato ecology and modelling of crops under conditions limiting growth, Kluwer Academic Publisher, pp. 215-236, Dordrecht, Netherlands.
  • Haverkort, A.J., Boonekamp, P.M., Hutten, R., Jacobsen, E., Lotz, L.A.P., Kessel, G.J.T., Visser, R.G.F., van der Vossen, E.A.G. (2008). Societal costs of late blight in potato and prospects of durable resistance through cisgenic modification. Potato Research, 51: 47–57. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11540-008-9089-y.
  • Karabay, Ü.N., Türküsay, H., Akı, C., Tosun, N., Türkan, I. (2003). Effects of plant activators and bactericides in the control of bacterial diseases of tomato. Journal of Anatolian, 13(2):88-102. (in Turkish).
  • Karabüyük, F., Aysan, Y. (2019). Antibacterial effect of some plant extracts against tomato bacterial speck disease caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato. Journal of Tekirdağ Agricultural Faculty, 16(2): 231-243. (in Turkish).
  • Karavaş, B. (2002). The effectiveness of fungucides, plant activator and plant stimulant on anatomical and morphological structures of pepper plant (Capsicum annuum L.). (Master Thesis) Ege University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology (in Turkish).
  • Koca, Y.O., Yıldırım, M.B. (2003). The effect of two plant bioactivators on some agronomical traits in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). 5th Congress of Field Crops of Turkey. 13-17 October, 2003. Diyarbakır, Turkey. 207-212. (in Turkish).
  • Morgan, W., Kamoun, S. (2007). RXLR effectors of plant pathogenic oomycetes. Current Opinion in Microbiology, 10(4): 332–338.
  • Novartis, (1997). Naturecreated the concept. The plant activator. Novartis Crop Protection AG. Basle. Switzerland.
  • Öztürk, G., Yıldırım, Z. (2013). Effect of bio-activators on the tuber yield and tuber size of potatoes. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 18(1): 82-86.
  • SPSS, (2021). IBM SPSS Statistics 28.0 for Windows, Armonk, NY.
  • Stevenson, W.R., Loria, R., Franc, G.D., Weingartner, D.P. (2001). Compendium of potato diseases. Second Edition. APS Press, St. Paul, MN.
  • Tian, Y.E., Yin, J.L., Sun, J.P., Ma, Y.F., Wang, Q.H., Quan, J.L., Shan, W.X. (2016). Population genetic analysis of Phytophthora infestans in northwestern China. Plant Pathology, 65(1): 17- 25. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.12392
  • Tosun, N., Ergün, A. (2002). The role of plant activators as a new approach in crop production and agricultural warfare. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. Aegean Agricultural Research Institute Directorate, Publication No:109. pp. 248-263 (in Turkish).
  • Tosun, N., Karabay, N.U., Turkusay, H., Akı, C., Turkan, I., Schadıng, R.L. (2003). The effect of HarpinEa as plant activator in control of bacterial and fungal disease of tomato. Acta Horticulturae, 613:251-254.
  • Towsend, G.R., Heuberger, J.V. (1943). Methods for estimating losses caused by diseases in fungicide experiments. Plant Disease Report, 24: 340-343.
  • Türküsay, H., Tosun, N. (2005). The effects of hydrogen peroxide applications on tomato wilt and cancer disease (Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (Smith) Davis et al). Journal of Ege University Faculty of Agriculture, 42(2):45-56. (in Turkish).
  • Üstün, N., Demir, G., Saygılı, H. (2005). Possibilities for control of tomato pith necrosis by using copper compounds and plant activators. Acta Horticulturae, 695:321-326.
  • Werner, N.A., Fulbright, D.W., Podolsky, P., Bell, J., Hausbeck, M.K. (2002). Limiting populations and spread of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis on seedling Tomatoes in the greenhouse. Plant Disease, 86:535-542.
  • Whisson, S.C., Boevink, P.C., Moleleki, L., Avrova, A.O., Morales, J.G., Gilroy, E.M., Armstrong, M.R., Grouffaud, S., West, P., Chapman, S., Hein, I., Toth, I.K., Pritchard, L., Birch, P.R.J. (2007). A translocation signal for delivery of oomycete effector proteins into host plant cells. Nature, 450: 115–118.
  • Yaman, F. (2006). Plant activators and their use in agriculture. (Graduate Seminar) Gaziosmanpasa University Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, 21s, Tokat. (in Turkish).
  • Yıldırım, B., Tunçtürk, M., Çiftçi, C. (2005). Effect of various planting times on the yield traits of different potato cultivars (Solanum tuberosum L.). Yüzüncü Yıl University Journal of Agricultural Scicences,15(1): 1-9.

Effects of Combination of Copper Fungicide and Plant Activator on Late Blight and Quality Criteria of Potato

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 20 Sayı: 1, 145 - 154, 19.01.2023
https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.1105431

Öz

Phytophthora infestans’ın neden olduğu mildiyö hastalığı patates bitkisinde hem yeşil aksamda hem de yumruda zarara sebep olan, patates yetiştiriciliğini sınırlandıran en önemli fungal hastalıklardan birisidir. Patates mildiyösü ile mücadelede çiftçiler tarafından en çok sistemik fungusitler tercih edilmektedir. Sistemik fungusitlerin insan ve çevre sağlığı açısından sağlık sorunlarına sebep olması, çevre sağlığını tehdit etmeyen mücadele yöntemleri araştırma ihtiyacını ortaya çıkarmıştır. Son yıllarda yapılan araştırmalarda uyarılmış sistemik dayanıklılık (Induced Systemic Resistance) (ISR) teşvik edici olarak bilinen bitki aktivatörleri ile birçok hastalığın kontrolünde başarılı sonuçlar elde edilmiştir. Çalışma İzmir iline bağlı Ödemiş ilçesinde yer alan Ege Üniversitesi Ödemiş Meslek Yüksekokulu deneme parsellerinde bakırlı fungusit ile bitki aktivatörü (Lactobacillus acidophilus fermentasyon ürünü) kombinasyonunun, patates mildiyösü hastalığının kontrolündeki ve patates yumrularının bazı kalite kriterleri üzerindeki etkisini gözlemlemek amacıyla 2016-2017 yıllarında ilkbahar sezonunda yürütülmüştür. Deneme Marabel ve Melody patates çeşitleri ile iki ayrı deneme şeklinde planlanmıştır. Deneme, dört tekerrürlü bölünen bölünmüş parseller deneme desenine göre kurulmuştur. Bu çalışmada, uygulamaların yumru adedi, yumru eni, yumru boyu, tek yumru ağırlığı, dekara verim gibi patateste kalite ve verim kriterleri ve patates mildiyösü hastalığına ilaçların etkisi ve hastalık şiddeti parametreleri değerlendirmeye alınmıştır. Çalışma sonucunda elde edilen veriler değerlendirildiğinde, kombinasyon uygulamasının kontrol parsellerine kıyasla her iki patates çeşidinde de patates geç yanıklık hastalığının kontrolü üzerinde olumlu bir etkiye sahip olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Patates yumrularının kalite kriterleri değerlendirildiğinde, bakırlı fungusit ve bitki aktivatörü (Isr-2000) kombinasyonu uyguladığımız parsellerden en yüksek yumru adedi elde edilmiştir. Yumru eni, yumru boyu, ortalama yumru ağırlığı ve dekara verim gibi patatesin kalite ve verim kriterlerinde kombinasyon uygulanan parseller kontrol parselleri ile kıyaslandığında önemli artış elde edilmiştir. Sonuç olarak, sürdürülebilir tarım kapsamında ilkbahar döneminde patates mildiyösü hastalığının kontrolünde kontakt etkili fungusitler ve bitki aktivatörü kombinasyonlarının kullanımı organik tarımda bitki hastalıkları ile mücadelede bir uygulama alternatifi olarak umut vadetmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Agrios, G.N. (2005). Plant Pathology. Fifth Edition. Elvesier Academic Press. London, UK. 421-426.
  • Aktepe, B.P. (2021). The effect of different plant activators and biological preparete on the biological control of bacterial speck disease in tomato. MKU Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 26(2): 355-364. (in Turkish).
  • Anonymous, (2015). Vegetable diseases standard pesticides trial methods. (www.tarimorman.gov.tr) (Accessed: December,5, 2015).
  • Anonymous, (2022a). Turkish Statistical Institute (TÜİK). (http://www.tuik.gov.tr) (Accessed: February,6. 2022).
  • Anonymous, (2022b). Republic of Türkiye Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Statistics; Potato planting areas in Ödemiş. (Accessed: February,10. 2022).
  • Arslan, B., Kevseroğlu, K. (1991). The effects of plant density on yield and important properties of some potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivars. Yüzüncü Yıl University Journal of Agricultural Scicences, 1(3):89-111. (in Turkish).
  • Aysan, M., Kozak Özdemir, S., Erkılıç, A. (2019). The effects of some plant activators against Rhizoctonia root rot (Rhizoctonia solani) on strawberry. Journal of Tekirdağ Agricultural Faculty, 16(2): 173-180. https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.521637. (in Turkish).
  • Bostan, H. (1996). Determination of potato X and S virus disease rates and host environments in Erzurum region and identification of these factors by dsRNA analysis. (Master Thesis) Atatürk University Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Protection (in Turkish).
  • Boyraz, N., Kaymak, S., Baştaş, K.K. (2006). Effects of some plant activators and their combinations with fungicides against apple scab disease. Selçuk University, Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 206(39): 1-6. (in Turkish).
  • Caten, C., Jinks, J.L. (1968). Spontaneous variability of single isolates of Phytphthora infestans. I.Cultural Variation. Canadian Journal of Botany, 46: 329-348.
  • Cook, L.R., Deahl, K. (1998). Potato blight global changes and new problems, Pesticide Outlook.12; 22-28.
  • Çalışkan, C.F., Yıldırım, M.B., Çaylak, Ö., Budak, N., Yıldırım, Z. (1997). The effects of short interval planting periods on the physiology, yield and quality of some potato cultivars planted as the main crop. Turkey 2nd Field Crops Congress, 22-25 September 1997. Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, Field Crops Science Association, s.279-282, Erzurum. (in Turkish).
  • Çalışkan, S., Hashemi, M.S., Akkamış, M., Aytekin, R.İ., Bedir, M. (2021). Effect of gibberellic acid on growth, tuber yield and quality in potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.). Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 26(2), 139-146.
  • Çetinkaya Yıldız, R., Aysan, Y. (2005). Determination of The Activity of Plant Activators in Tomato Seedlings Infected with Bacterial Wilt Disease Agent (Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis). Turkey 2nd Seed Congress, 9-11 November, 2005, Adana, 359. (in Turkish).
  • Delisoy, K., Altınok, H.H. (2019). Determination of the activity of some plant rhizobacteria and plant activators against fusarium wilt disease in melon. Anatolian Journal of Field Sciences, 34: 135-145. (in Turkish).
  • Doke, N. (1983). Involvement of superoxide anion generation in the hypersensitive response of potato tuber tissues to infection with an incompatible race of Phytophthora infestans and to the hyphal wall components. Physiological Plant Pathology, 23(3): November 1983, pp.345–357.
  • Fry, W. (2008). Phytophthora infestans: the plant and R gene destroyer. Molecular Plant Pathology. 9(3): 385-402. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1364- 3703.2007.00465.x
  • Glass, J.R., Johnson, K.B., Powelson, M.L. (2001). Assessment of barriers to prevent the development of potato tuber blight caused by Phytophthora infestans. Plant Disease, 85:521-528.
  • Grenville- Briggs, L.J., Avrova, A.O., Bruce, C.R., Williams, A., Whisson, S.C., Birch, P.R.J., West, P. (2005). Elevated amino acid biosynthesis in Phytophthora infestans during appressorium formation and potato infection. Fungal Genetics and Biology, 42: 244–256.
  • Güler, S., Acar, M., Duran, H., Aytaç, S. (2011). Studies on organic potato cultivation. [Research on Organic Potato Farming.] T. C. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs/General Directorate of Agricultural Research, Ankara/Türkiye, pp. 133-137. (in Turkish)
  • Harrison, J.G. (1995). Factors involved in the development of potato late blight disease (Phytophthora infestans) In: Haverkort, A., J., McKerron, D.K.L. (eds) Potato ecology and modelling of crops under conditions limiting growth, Kluwer Academic Publisher, pp. 215-236, Dordrecht, Netherlands.
  • Haverkort, A.J., Boonekamp, P.M., Hutten, R., Jacobsen, E., Lotz, L.A.P., Kessel, G.J.T., Visser, R.G.F., van der Vossen, E.A.G. (2008). Societal costs of late blight in potato and prospects of durable resistance through cisgenic modification. Potato Research, 51: 47–57. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11540-008-9089-y.
  • Karabay, Ü.N., Türküsay, H., Akı, C., Tosun, N., Türkan, I. (2003). Effects of plant activators and bactericides in the control of bacterial diseases of tomato. Journal of Anatolian, 13(2):88-102. (in Turkish).
  • Karabüyük, F., Aysan, Y. (2019). Antibacterial effect of some plant extracts against tomato bacterial speck disease caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato. Journal of Tekirdağ Agricultural Faculty, 16(2): 231-243. (in Turkish).
  • Karavaş, B. (2002). The effectiveness of fungucides, plant activator and plant stimulant on anatomical and morphological structures of pepper plant (Capsicum annuum L.). (Master Thesis) Ege University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology (in Turkish).
  • Koca, Y.O., Yıldırım, M.B. (2003). The effect of two plant bioactivators on some agronomical traits in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). 5th Congress of Field Crops of Turkey. 13-17 October, 2003. Diyarbakır, Turkey. 207-212. (in Turkish).
  • Morgan, W., Kamoun, S. (2007). RXLR effectors of plant pathogenic oomycetes. Current Opinion in Microbiology, 10(4): 332–338.
  • Novartis, (1997). Naturecreated the concept. The plant activator. Novartis Crop Protection AG. Basle. Switzerland.
  • Öztürk, G., Yıldırım, Z. (2013). Effect of bio-activators on the tuber yield and tuber size of potatoes. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 18(1): 82-86.
  • SPSS, (2021). IBM SPSS Statistics 28.0 for Windows, Armonk, NY.
  • Stevenson, W.R., Loria, R., Franc, G.D., Weingartner, D.P. (2001). Compendium of potato diseases. Second Edition. APS Press, St. Paul, MN.
  • Tian, Y.E., Yin, J.L., Sun, J.P., Ma, Y.F., Wang, Q.H., Quan, J.L., Shan, W.X. (2016). Population genetic analysis of Phytophthora infestans in northwestern China. Plant Pathology, 65(1): 17- 25. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.12392
  • Tosun, N., Ergün, A. (2002). The role of plant activators as a new approach in crop production and agricultural warfare. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. Aegean Agricultural Research Institute Directorate, Publication No:109. pp. 248-263 (in Turkish).
  • Tosun, N., Karabay, N.U., Turkusay, H., Akı, C., Turkan, I., Schadıng, R.L. (2003). The effect of HarpinEa as plant activator in control of bacterial and fungal disease of tomato. Acta Horticulturae, 613:251-254.
  • Towsend, G.R., Heuberger, J.V. (1943). Methods for estimating losses caused by diseases in fungicide experiments. Plant Disease Report, 24: 340-343.
  • Türküsay, H., Tosun, N. (2005). The effects of hydrogen peroxide applications on tomato wilt and cancer disease (Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (Smith) Davis et al). Journal of Ege University Faculty of Agriculture, 42(2):45-56. (in Turkish).
  • Üstün, N., Demir, G., Saygılı, H. (2005). Possibilities for control of tomato pith necrosis by using copper compounds and plant activators. Acta Horticulturae, 695:321-326.
  • Werner, N.A., Fulbright, D.W., Podolsky, P., Bell, J., Hausbeck, M.K. (2002). Limiting populations and spread of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis on seedling Tomatoes in the greenhouse. Plant Disease, 86:535-542.
  • Whisson, S.C., Boevink, P.C., Moleleki, L., Avrova, A.O., Morales, J.G., Gilroy, E.M., Armstrong, M.R., Grouffaud, S., West, P., Chapman, S., Hein, I., Toth, I.K., Pritchard, L., Birch, P.R.J. (2007). A translocation signal for delivery of oomycete effector proteins into host plant cells. Nature, 450: 115–118.
  • Yaman, F. (2006). Plant activators and their use in agriculture. (Graduate Seminar) Gaziosmanpasa University Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, 21s, Tokat. (in Turkish).
  • Yıldırım, B., Tunçtürk, M., Çiftçi, C. (2005). Effect of various planting times on the yield traits of different potato cultivars (Solanum tuberosum L.). Yüzüncü Yıl University Journal of Agricultural Scicences,15(1): 1-9.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Nilay ÖZDEMİR 0000-0002-9882-2779

Yayımlanma Tarihi 19 Ocak 2023
Gönderilme Tarihi 18 Nisan 2022
Kabul Tarihi 12 Ekim 2022
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2023 Cilt: 20 Sayı: 1

Kaynak Göster

APA ÖZDEMİR, N. (2023). Effects of Combination of Copper Fungicide and Plant Activator on Late Blight and Quality Criteria of Potato. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 20(1), 145-154. https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.1105431
AMA ÖZDEMİR N. Effects of Combination of Copper Fungicide and Plant Activator on Late Blight and Quality Criteria of Potato. JOTAF. Ocak 2023;20(1):145-154. doi:10.33462/jotaf.1105431
Chicago ÖZDEMİR, Nilay. “Effects of Combination of Copper Fungicide and Plant Activator on Late Blight and Quality Criteria of Potato”. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 20, sy. 1 (Ocak 2023): 145-54. https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.1105431.
EndNote ÖZDEMİR N (01 Ocak 2023) Effects of Combination of Copper Fungicide and Plant Activator on Late Blight and Quality Criteria of Potato. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 20 1 145–154.
IEEE N. ÖZDEMİR, “Effects of Combination of Copper Fungicide and Plant Activator on Late Blight and Quality Criteria of Potato”, JOTAF, c. 20, sy. 1, ss. 145–154, 2023, doi: 10.33462/jotaf.1105431.
ISNAD ÖZDEMİR, Nilay. “Effects of Combination of Copper Fungicide and Plant Activator on Late Blight and Quality Criteria of Potato”. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 20/1 (Ocak 2023), 145-154. https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.1105431.
JAMA ÖZDEMİR N. Effects of Combination of Copper Fungicide and Plant Activator on Late Blight and Quality Criteria of Potato. JOTAF. 2023;20:145–154.
MLA ÖZDEMİR, Nilay. “Effects of Combination of Copper Fungicide and Plant Activator on Late Blight and Quality Criteria of Potato”. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 20, sy. 1, 2023, ss. 145-54, doi:10.33462/jotaf.1105431.
Vancouver ÖZDEMİR N. Effects of Combination of Copper Fungicide and Plant Activator on Late Blight and Quality Criteria of Potato. JOTAF. 2023;20(1):145-54.