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Effect of Honeybee Products on Exercise Performance and Blood Chemistry Characteristics in Gymnasts

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 8 Sayı: 3, 674 - 687, 31.10.2023
https://doi.org/10.25307/jssr.1325446

Öz

Honeybee products have recently begun to attract attention with their effects on athlete performance. In the present study, it was aimed to investigate the effects of honeybee products’ mixtures on the performance and some blood biochemical parameters of young trained gymnasts. Twenty-four young gymnasts aged between 6 and 12 years were observed for 4 weeks as they continued their usual daily training schedules. The gymnasts were divided into three groups. Group 1 was administered a mixture of honey and bee pollen at a dose of 50 g/day, whereas Group 2 was provided with a mixture of honey, bee pollen, royal jelly and propolis. Group 3 served as the control group and was administered a placebo of wheat starch at a dose of 50g/day. In the beginning and at the end of the study, performance parameters and biochemical parameters of young gymnasts were determined. After treatment, grip force and muscular strength measurements increased in Group 2 (p<0.05). The muscular endurance tests in the two honeybee product mixtures treatment groups showed improvement after supplementation (p<0.05). The improvement noted in the power test in Group 1 was significantly higher than the other groups (p<0.05). There was no significant difference between treatment and placebo groups in all investigated biochemical parameters except total protein, which was lower in placebo group. Although bee products supplements were administered only for a short period of time, the gymnasts showed higher performance in some investigated parameters. It is recommended to conduct further long-term studies using bee products.

Kaynakça

  • Abramov, V.V., Bulahova, E., Cherkasova, A., & Kulıkova, N. (1993). Influence of natural products of beekeeping on the immune reactivity of sportsmen. Apitherapy and Beekeeping, 3,167-173.
  • Ahmad, N.S., Kiew-Ooi, F., Ismail, M.S., & Mohamed, M. (2015). Effects of post-exercise honey drink ingestion on blood glucose and subsequent running performance in the heat. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 6(3), e24044. https://doi.org/10.5812/asjsm.24044
  • Artık, N. (2019). Determination of energy values of bee products mixed with herbal sources as a performance-enhancing energy source for sportsmen. Sportif Bakış Spor ve Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi, 6(SI2), 383-389. http://dx.doi.org/10.33468/sbsebd.113
  • Asafova, N.K., Orlov, B.K., & Kozin, R.B. (2001). Physiologically active bee products (in Russian). YA Nikolaev.
  • Bogdanov, S. (2016). Pollen: Nutrition, Functional Properties, Health. Bee Product Science, The Pollen Book.
  • Bonomi, A. (1983). Acquisizioni in tema di composizione chimica e di attivita' biologica della papa reale. Apitalia,10(15),7-13.
  • Campos, M.G.R., Bogdanov, S., Almeida-Muradian, L.B., & Szczesna, T. (2008). Pollen composition and standardization of analytical methods. Journal of Apicultural Research and Bee World, 47(2),156-163. https://doi.org/10.1080/00218839.2008.11101443
  • Eraslan, G., Kanbur, M., Silici S., Altınordulu, S., & Karabacak, M. (2008). Effects of cypermethrin on some biochemical changes in rats: The protective role of propolis. Experimental Animal, 57(5),453-460. https://doi.org/10.1538/expanim.57.453
  • Eraslan, G., Kanbur, M., Silici S., & Karabacak, M. (2010). Beneficial effect of pine honey on trichlorfon induced some biochemical alterations in mice. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 73(5),1084-1091. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.02.017
  • Erejuwa, O.O., Sulaiman, S., & Wahab, M. (2012). Fructose might contribute to the hypoglycemic effect of honey. Molecules, 17(2), 1900-1915. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules17021900
  • European Commission (EU) Council Directive: 2001/110/EC of 20 December 2001. relating to honey. Official Journal of the European Communities L 2002, 10:47–52. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=celex% 3A32001L0110
  • Jemni, M., Sands, W.A., Friemel, F., Stone, M.H., & Cooke, C.B. (2006). Any effect of gymnastics training on upperbody and lower-body aerobic and power components in national and international male gymnasts? The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(4), 899-907. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-18525.1
  • Joksimović, A., Stankovic, D., Joksimovic, I.., Molnar, S., & Joksimovic, S. (2009). Royal jelly as a supplement for young football players. Sport Science, 2(1) 1, 62-67.
  • Kanbur, M., Eraslan, G., & Silici, S. (2009). Antioxidant effect of propolis against exposure to propetamphos in rats. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 72(3), 909-915. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2007.12.018
  • Khalil, M.L. (2006). Biological activity of bee propolis in health and disease. The Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 7(1),22-31.
  • Koç, A.N., Silici, S., Ercal, B.D., Kasap, F., Hörmet-Oz, H.T., & Mavus-Buldu, H. (2009). Antifungal activity of Turkish honey against Candida spp. and Trichosporon spp: An in vitro evaluation. Medical Mycology; 47(7),707-712. https://doi.org/10.3109/13693780802572554
  • Kostic, A.Z., Milincic, D.D., Barac, M.B., Shariati, M.A., Tesic, L.Z., & Pesi, M.B. (2020). The application of pollen as a functional food and feed ingredient, The Present and Perspectives, Biomolecules,10(1), Article 84. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10010084
  • Kreider, R.B., Rasmussen, C.J., Lancaster, S.L., Kerksick, C., & Greenwood, M. (2002). Honey: An alternative sports gel. Strenght and Conditioning Journal, 24(1), 50-51.
  • Leutholtz, B., & Kreider, R. B. (2001). Optimizing nutrition for exercise and sport. In Nutritional Health: Strategies for Disease Prevention (pp. 207-235). Humana Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-59259-226-5_14
  • Maleki H.B., Tartibian B, Mooren F.C., Krüger K., FitzGerald L.Z., & Chehrazi M. (2016). A randomized controlled trial examining the effects of 16 weeks of moderate-to-intensive cycling and honey supplementation on lymphocyte oxidative DNA damage and cytokine changes in male road cyclists. Cytokine, 88, 222-231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2016.09.016
  • Marcucci, M.C. (1995). Propolis: chemical composition, biological properties and therapeutic activity. Apidologie, 26(2), 83-99. https://doi.org/10.1051/apido:19950202
  • Maughan, R.J., & Evans, S.P. (1982). Effects of pollen extract upon adolescent swimmers. British Journal of Sports Medicine,16(3), 142-145. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.16.3.142
  • Murray, B., & Rosenbloom, C. (2018). Fundamentals of glycogen metabolism for coaches and athletes. Nutrition Review, 76(4), 243-259. https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuy001
  • National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). (2018). Nutrition for the gymnastics student-athlete, 2018. https://www.sportsrd.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Gymnastics _Sports_ Nutrition_web.pdf
  • National Institutes of Health (2017). Dietary Supplements for Exercise and Athletic Performance Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/ExerciseAndAthleticPerformance- HealthProfessional /#h2
  • Nechaeva, N. (2009). Changes of functinal and sport medicine after intake of bee products. Ryazan State Medical University Ryazan; pp. 1-250.
  • Park, J.H., Koshinaka, K., & Kawanaka, K. (2009). Administration of royal jelly protein during a period of exercise training produces an additive effect on endurance performance in young male rats. Advance Exercise Sports Physiology, 15(1),17-23. http://dl.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/10565240
  • Peeling, P., Binnie, M.J., Goods, P.S.R., Sim, M., & Burke, L.M. (2018). Evidence-based supplements for the enhancement of athletic performance. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 28(2),1-10. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0343
  • Ramadan, M.F., & Al-Ghamdi, A.K. (2012). Bioactive compounds and health-promoting properties of royal jelly: A review. Journal of Functional Foods, 4(1),39-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jff.2011.12.007
  • Sabatini, A.G., Marcazzani, G.L., Caboni, M.F., Bogdanov, S., & Almedia-Muradian, L.C. (2009). Quality and standardization of royal jelly. Journal of ApiProduct and ApiMedical Science, 1(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.4.01.1.04
  • Safitri, N., Pitriani, P., Mulyana, M., Simbolon, M., Hamzah, A., & Sartika, D. (2020). Effect of honey on measurable sport. Advances in Health Sciences Research, 21, 351-354. https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200214.094
  • Sands, W.A, Caine, D.J, & Borms, J. (2002). Scientific aspects of women's gymnastics. Karger.
  • Sarıtaş, N., Yıldız, K., Büyükipekçi, S., & Coşkun, B. (2011). Effect of different levels of royal jelly on biochemical parameters of swimmers. The African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(52),10718-10723. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB11.1862
  • Suh, K.T., Kim, S.J., & Lee, J.S. (2007). Body mass index and bone mineral density in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association, 42(1), 125-130. https://doi.org/10.4055/jkoa.2007.42.1.125
  • Tikhonov, A., Sodzavichniy, K., Tikhonova, S., Yarnyh, T.G., Bodnarchuk, L., & Kotenko, A. (2006). Flower pollen in pharmacy and medicine (monography in Russian). Orginal Kharkov.
  • Traidl-Hoffmann, C., Kasche, A., Menzel, A., Jakob, T., Thiel, M., Ring, J., & Behrendt, H. (2003). Impact of pollen on human health: More than allergen carriers? International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, 131(1),1-13. https://doi.org/10.1159/000070428
  • Turner, K., Nielsen, B.D., O’Connor, C.I., & Burton, J.L. (2006). Bee pollen product supplementation to horses in training seems to improve feed intake: A Pilot study. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 90(9-10), 414-420. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0396.2006.00621.x
  • Wodhouse, M., Williams, M., & Jackson, C. (1987). The effects of varying doses of orally ingested bee pollen extract upon selected performance variables. Journal of Athletic Training, 22, 26-28.
  • Wong, C.P. (2020). A review of honey supplementation on endurance performance in athletes. Journal of Medical Healthcare, 2(4), 1-3. https://doi.org/10.47363/JMHC/2020(2)132
  • Yıldız, L., & Umudum, Z. (2000). The effect of royal jelly on serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Turkish Clinics Journal of Medical Science, 20(5), 261-263.
  • Yosef, E.S.M., & Shalaby, M.N. (2010). Effect of nutrition compound (honey and water) on blod glucose, body temperature and some physiological variables in wrestlers. World Journal of Sport Sciences, 3(S), 930-935.
  • Yusof, A., Ahmad, N. S., Hamid, A., & Khong, T. K. (2018). Effects of honey on exercise performance and health components: A Systematic review. Science & Sports, 33(5), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scispo.2018.02.007

Genç Cimnastikçilerde Arı Ürünlerinin Egzersiz Performansına ve Kan Kimyası Özelliklerine Etkisi

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 8 Sayı: 3, 674 - 687, 31.10.2023
https://doi.org/10.25307/jssr.1325446

Öz

Arı ürünleri, sporcu performansı üzerindeki etkileri ile son zamanlarda dikkat çekmeye başlamıştır. Bu araştırmada, arı ürünleri karışımlarının genç cimnastikçilerde sporcu performansı ve bazı biyokimyasal parametreler üzerindeki etkileri incelenmiştir. Çalışma, yaşları 6 ve 12 arasında değişen 24 genç jimnastikçi üzerinde olağan günlük antrenman programlarına devam ettikleri 4 hafta boyunca yürütülmüştür. Cimnastikçiler üç gruba ayrılarak 1. Gruba 50 gr/gün bal ve arı poleni karışımı, 2. Gruba bal, arı poleni, arı sütü ve propolis karışımı verilmiştir. 3. Grup kontrol grubu olarak alınmış ve 50g/gün dozunda buğday nişastası placebo olarak verilmiştir. Çalışmanın başında ve sonunda genç cimnastikçilerin performans ve biyokimyasal parametreleri değerlendirilmiştir. Uygulama sonrasında sporcuların kavrama kuvveti ve kas kuvveti ölçümleri 2. Grupta artış göstermiştir (p<0.05). İki arı ürünü karışımı alan 1. Grupta ise kas dayanıklılık testleri iyileşme göstermiştir (p<0.05). 3. Grupta daha düşük olan serum toplam protein değeri dışında, incelenen diğer tüm biyokimyasal parametrelerde gruplar arasında önemli bir fark görülmemiştir. cimnastikçiler arı ürünleri desteğini kısa bir süre için kullanmalarına ragmen daha yüksek performans göstermişlerdir. Arı ürünlerinin daha uzun süreli kullanıldığı çalışmaların yapılması önerilmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Abramov, V.V., Bulahova, E., Cherkasova, A., & Kulıkova, N. (1993). Influence of natural products of beekeeping on the immune reactivity of sportsmen. Apitherapy and Beekeeping, 3,167-173.
  • Ahmad, N.S., Kiew-Ooi, F., Ismail, M.S., & Mohamed, M. (2015). Effects of post-exercise honey drink ingestion on blood glucose and subsequent running performance in the heat. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 6(3), e24044. https://doi.org/10.5812/asjsm.24044
  • Artık, N. (2019). Determination of energy values of bee products mixed with herbal sources as a performance-enhancing energy source for sportsmen. Sportif Bakış Spor ve Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi, 6(SI2), 383-389. http://dx.doi.org/10.33468/sbsebd.113
  • Asafova, N.K., Orlov, B.K., & Kozin, R.B. (2001). Physiologically active bee products (in Russian). YA Nikolaev.
  • Bogdanov, S. (2016). Pollen: Nutrition, Functional Properties, Health. Bee Product Science, The Pollen Book.
  • Bonomi, A. (1983). Acquisizioni in tema di composizione chimica e di attivita' biologica della papa reale. Apitalia,10(15),7-13.
  • Campos, M.G.R., Bogdanov, S., Almeida-Muradian, L.B., & Szczesna, T. (2008). Pollen composition and standardization of analytical methods. Journal of Apicultural Research and Bee World, 47(2),156-163. https://doi.org/10.1080/00218839.2008.11101443
  • Eraslan, G., Kanbur, M., Silici S., Altınordulu, S., & Karabacak, M. (2008). Effects of cypermethrin on some biochemical changes in rats: The protective role of propolis. Experimental Animal, 57(5),453-460. https://doi.org/10.1538/expanim.57.453
  • Eraslan, G., Kanbur, M., Silici S., & Karabacak, M. (2010). Beneficial effect of pine honey on trichlorfon induced some biochemical alterations in mice. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 73(5),1084-1091. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.02.017
  • Erejuwa, O.O., Sulaiman, S., & Wahab, M. (2012). Fructose might contribute to the hypoglycemic effect of honey. Molecules, 17(2), 1900-1915. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules17021900
  • European Commission (EU) Council Directive: 2001/110/EC of 20 December 2001. relating to honey. Official Journal of the European Communities L 2002, 10:47–52. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=celex% 3A32001L0110
  • Jemni, M., Sands, W.A., Friemel, F., Stone, M.H., & Cooke, C.B. (2006). Any effect of gymnastics training on upperbody and lower-body aerobic and power components in national and international male gymnasts? The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(4), 899-907. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-18525.1
  • Joksimović, A., Stankovic, D., Joksimovic, I.., Molnar, S., & Joksimovic, S. (2009). Royal jelly as a supplement for young football players. Sport Science, 2(1) 1, 62-67.
  • Kanbur, M., Eraslan, G., & Silici, S. (2009). Antioxidant effect of propolis against exposure to propetamphos in rats. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 72(3), 909-915. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2007.12.018
  • Khalil, M.L. (2006). Biological activity of bee propolis in health and disease. The Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 7(1),22-31.
  • Koç, A.N., Silici, S., Ercal, B.D., Kasap, F., Hörmet-Oz, H.T., & Mavus-Buldu, H. (2009). Antifungal activity of Turkish honey against Candida spp. and Trichosporon spp: An in vitro evaluation. Medical Mycology; 47(7),707-712. https://doi.org/10.3109/13693780802572554
  • Kostic, A.Z., Milincic, D.D., Barac, M.B., Shariati, M.A., Tesic, L.Z., & Pesi, M.B. (2020). The application of pollen as a functional food and feed ingredient, The Present and Perspectives, Biomolecules,10(1), Article 84. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10010084
  • Kreider, R.B., Rasmussen, C.J., Lancaster, S.L., Kerksick, C., & Greenwood, M. (2002). Honey: An alternative sports gel. Strenght and Conditioning Journal, 24(1), 50-51.
  • Leutholtz, B., & Kreider, R. B. (2001). Optimizing nutrition for exercise and sport. In Nutritional Health: Strategies for Disease Prevention (pp. 207-235). Humana Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-59259-226-5_14
  • Maleki H.B., Tartibian B, Mooren F.C., Krüger K., FitzGerald L.Z., & Chehrazi M. (2016). A randomized controlled trial examining the effects of 16 weeks of moderate-to-intensive cycling and honey supplementation on lymphocyte oxidative DNA damage and cytokine changes in male road cyclists. Cytokine, 88, 222-231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2016.09.016
  • Marcucci, M.C. (1995). Propolis: chemical composition, biological properties and therapeutic activity. Apidologie, 26(2), 83-99. https://doi.org/10.1051/apido:19950202
  • Maughan, R.J., & Evans, S.P. (1982). Effects of pollen extract upon adolescent swimmers. British Journal of Sports Medicine,16(3), 142-145. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.16.3.142
  • Murray, B., & Rosenbloom, C. (2018). Fundamentals of glycogen metabolism for coaches and athletes. Nutrition Review, 76(4), 243-259. https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuy001
  • National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). (2018). Nutrition for the gymnastics student-athlete, 2018. https://www.sportsrd.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Gymnastics _Sports_ Nutrition_web.pdf
  • National Institutes of Health (2017). Dietary Supplements for Exercise and Athletic Performance Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/ExerciseAndAthleticPerformance- HealthProfessional /#h2
  • Nechaeva, N. (2009). Changes of functinal and sport medicine after intake of bee products. Ryazan State Medical University Ryazan; pp. 1-250.
  • Park, J.H., Koshinaka, K., & Kawanaka, K. (2009). Administration of royal jelly protein during a period of exercise training produces an additive effect on endurance performance in young male rats. Advance Exercise Sports Physiology, 15(1),17-23. http://dl.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/10565240
  • Peeling, P., Binnie, M.J., Goods, P.S.R., Sim, M., & Burke, L.M. (2018). Evidence-based supplements for the enhancement of athletic performance. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 28(2),1-10. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0343
  • Ramadan, M.F., & Al-Ghamdi, A.K. (2012). Bioactive compounds and health-promoting properties of royal jelly: A review. Journal of Functional Foods, 4(1),39-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jff.2011.12.007
  • Sabatini, A.G., Marcazzani, G.L., Caboni, M.F., Bogdanov, S., & Almedia-Muradian, L.C. (2009). Quality and standardization of royal jelly. Journal of ApiProduct and ApiMedical Science, 1(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.4.01.1.04
  • Safitri, N., Pitriani, P., Mulyana, M., Simbolon, M., Hamzah, A., & Sartika, D. (2020). Effect of honey on measurable sport. Advances in Health Sciences Research, 21, 351-354. https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200214.094
  • Sands, W.A, Caine, D.J, & Borms, J. (2002). Scientific aspects of women's gymnastics. Karger.
  • Sarıtaş, N., Yıldız, K., Büyükipekçi, S., & Coşkun, B. (2011). Effect of different levels of royal jelly on biochemical parameters of swimmers. The African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(52),10718-10723. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB11.1862
  • Suh, K.T., Kim, S.J., & Lee, J.S. (2007). Body mass index and bone mineral density in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association, 42(1), 125-130. https://doi.org/10.4055/jkoa.2007.42.1.125
  • Tikhonov, A., Sodzavichniy, K., Tikhonova, S., Yarnyh, T.G., Bodnarchuk, L., & Kotenko, A. (2006). Flower pollen in pharmacy and medicine (monography in Russian). Orginal Kharkov.
  • Traidl-Hoffmann, C., Kasche, A., Menzel, A., Jakob, T., Thiel, M., Ring, J., & Behrendt, H. (2003). Impact of pollen on human health: More than allergen carriers? International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, 131(1),1-13. https://doi.org/10.1159/000070428
  • Turner, K., Nielsen, B.D., O’Connor, C.I., & Burton, J.L. (2006). Bee pollen product supplementation to horses in training seems to improve feed intake: A Pilot study. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 90(9-10), 414-420. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0396.2006.00621.x
  • Wodhouse, M., Williams, M., & Jackson, C. (1987). The effects of varying doses of orally ingested bee pollen extract upon selected performance variables. Journal of Athletic Training, 22, 26-28.
  • Wong, C.P. (2020). A review of honey supplementation on endurance performance in athletes. Journal of Medical Healthcare, 2(4), 1-3. https://doi.org/10.47363/JMHC/2020(2)132
  • Yıldız, L., & Umudum, Z. (2000). The effect of royal jelly on serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Turkish Clinics Journal of Medical Science, 20(5), 261-263.
  • Yosef, E.S.M., & Shalaby, M.N. (2010). Effect of nutrition compound (honey and water) on blod glucose, body temperature and some physiological variables in wrestlers. World Journal of Sport Sciences, 3(S), 930-935.
  • Yusof, A., Ahmad, N. S., Hamid, A., & Khong, T. K. (2018). Effects of honey on exercise performance and health components: A Systematic review. Science & Sports, 33(5), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scispo.2018.02.007

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Antrenman
Bölüm Orijinal Makale
Yazarlar

Nazmi SARITAŞ 0000-0003-3402-6498

Meltem SOYLU 0000-0001-6968-8729

Hakan AKDOĞAN 0000-0003-2346-1582

Sibel SİLİCİ 0000-0003-2810-2917

Erken Görünüm Tarihi 21 Eylül 2023
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Ekim 2023
Kabul Tarihi 20 Eylül 2023
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2023 Cilt: 8 Sayı: 3

Kaynak Göster

APA SARITAŞ, N., SOYLU, M., AKDOĞAN, H., SİLİCİ, S. (2023). Effect of Honeybee Products on Exercise Performance and Blood Chemistry Characteristics in Gymnasts. Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi, 8(3), 674-687. https://doi.org/10.25307/jssr.1325446
AMA SARITAŞ N, SOYLU M, AKDOĞAN H, SİLİCİ S. Effect of Honeybee Products on Exercise Performance and Blood Chemistry Characteristics in Gymnasts. JSSR. Ekim 2023;8(3):674-687. doi:10.25307/jssr.1325446
Chicago SARITAŞ, Nazmi, Meltem SOYLU, Hakan AKDOĞAN, ve Sibel SİLİCİ. “Effect of Honeybee Products on Exercise Performance and Blood Chemistry Characteristics in Gymnasts”. Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi 8, sy. 3 (Ekim 2023): 674-87. https://doi.org/10.25307/jssr.1325446.
EndNote SARITAŞ N, SOYLU M, AKDOĞAN H, SİLİCİ S (01 Ekim 2023) Effect of Honeybee Products on Exercise Performance and Blood Chemistry Characteristics in Gymnasts. Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi 8 3 674–687.
IEEE N. SARITAŞ, M. SOYLU, H. AKDOĞAN, ve S. SİLİCİ, “Effect of Honeybee Products on Exercise Performance and Blood Chemistry Characteristics in Gymnasts”, JSSR, c. 8, sy. 3, ss. 674–687, 2023, doi: 10.25307/jssr.1325446.
ISNAD SARITAŞ, Nazmi vd. “Effect of Honeybee Products on Exercise Performance and Blood Chemistry Characteristics in Gymnasts”. Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi 8/3 (Ekim 2023), 674-687. https://doi.org/10.25307/jssr.1325446.
JAMA SARITAŞ N, SOYLU M, AKDOĞAN H, SİLİCİ S. Effect of Honeybee Products on Exercise Performance and Blood Chemistry Characteristics in Gymnasts. JSSR. 2023;8:674–687.
MLA SARITAŞ, Nazmi vd. “Effect of Honeybee Products on Exercise Performance and Blood Chemistry Characteristics in Gymnasts”. Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi, c. 8, sy. 3, 2023, ss. 674-87, doi:10.25307/jssr.1325446.
Vancouver SARITAŞ N, SOYLU M, AKDOĞAN H, SİLİCİ S. Effect of Honeybee Products on Exercise Performance and Blood Chemistry Characteristics in Gymnasts. JSSR. 2023;8(3):674-87.

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