Yıl 2019, Cilt 17 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 1 - 14 2019-06-30

Hassas Ayar Açıklamaya Muhtaç Mıdır?
Does Fine-Tuning Need an Explanation?

Enis Doko [1]


Çağdaş fizik evrenimizin yaşam için hassas ayarlı olduğunu göstermiştir. Evrenin yaşam için hassas ayarlı olması demek fizik yasaları, başlangıç koşulları ve temel fizik sabitlerinin alabileceği muhtemel değerlerden çok azı yaşama izin vermesi demektir. Bazı teist düşünürler hassas ayarın Tanrı’nın varlığı lehinde geliştirilebilecek Tasarım kanıtlarında öncül görevi görebileceğini iddia etmişlerdir. Diğer taraftan bazı felsefeci ve bilim insanları hassas ayar gözlemenin birden fazla evrenin var olduğunu savunan çok evrenler hipotezini desteklediğini iddia etmişlerdir. Bu iki yaklaşım da hassas ayarın bir açıklamaya muhtaç olduğunu varsayımını yapar. İlk bakışta bu varsayım makul gözükse de bazı felsefeci ve bilim insanları hassas ayarın bir açıklamaya muhtaç olduğu iddiasını reddetmişlerdir. Bu yaklaşımı savunanlar ya evrenin yaşam için hassas ayarlı olmadığını ya da evrenin hassas ayarlı olmasına şaşırmamamız gerektiğini, dolayısı ile hassas ayarın bir açıklamaya ihtiyaç duymadığını iddia etmişlerdir. Bu makalemizde bu iddialarının bir kısmını ele alarak değerlendirecek ve hassas ayarın açıklamaya muhtaç olmadığını temellendirmede başarısız olduklarını göstermeye çalışacağız. 

Contemporary physics has shown that the universe is fine-tuned for life i.e. of all the possible ways physical laws, initial conditions and constants of physics could have been configured, only an extremely small range is capable of supporting life. Some theists have argued that fine-tuning can be used as a premise in a design argument for the existence of God, while some other scientists and philosophers have argued that fine-tuning provides an evidence for a multiverse, a hypothesis which claim that there is more than one universe. Both approaches assume that fine-tuning require some kind of explanation. Despite the initial appeal some philosophers and scientists have denied the need of explanation for the fine-tuning. They either deny that the universe is fine-tuned for existence or else think that we should not be surprised that universe is fine-tuned, and therefore should not search for explanation. In this paper we analyse some of these claims and try to show that neither of them succeeds in demonstrating that fine-tuning does not need an explanation. 

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Orcid: 0000-0001-9021-6021
Yazar: Enis Doko (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: İBN HALDUN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Haziran 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { kaderdergi552749, journal = {Kader}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2710}, address = {Marmara Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Mahir İz Cad. No. 2 Altunizade Üsküdar İSTANBUL}, publisher = {Mehmet BULĞEN}, year = {2019}, volume = {17}, pages = {1 - 14}, doi = {10.18317/kaderdergi.552749}, title = {Does Fine-Tuning Need an Explanation?}, key = {cite}, author = {Doko, Enis} }
APA Doko, E . (2019). Does Fine-Tuning Need an Explanation?. Kader , 17 (1) , 1-14 . DOI: 10.18317/kaderdergi.552749
MLA Doko, E . "Does Fine-Tuning Need an Explanation?". Kader 17 (2019 ): 1-14 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kaderdergi/issue/46338/552749>
Chicago Doko, E . "Does Fine-Tuning Need an Explanation?". Kader 17 (2019 ): 1-14
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Does Fine-Tuning Need an Explanation? AU - Enis Doko Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18317/kaderdergi.552749 DO - 10.18317/kaderdergi.552749 T2 - Kader JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 14 VL - 17 IS - 1 SN - -2602-2710 M3 - doi: 10.18317/kaderdergi.552749 UR - https://doi.org/10.18317/kaderdergi.552749 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Kader Does Fine-Tuning Need an Explanation? %A Enis Doko %T Does Fine-Tuning Need an Explanation? %D 2019 %J Kader %P -2602-2710 %V 17 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18317/kaderdergi.552749 %U 10.18317/kaderdergi.552749
ISNAD Doko, Enis . "Does Fine-Tuning Need an Explanation?". Kader 17 / 1 (Haziran 2019): 1-14 . https://doi.org/10.18317/kaderdergi.552749
AMA Doko E . Does Fine-Tuning Need an Explanation?. Kader. 2019; 17(1): 1-14.
Vancouver Doko E . Does Fine-Tuning Need an Explanation?. Kader. 2019; 17(1): 14-1.