Araştırma Makalesi
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Winter Diet of an Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) Near the Yedikır Dam, Amasya (Turkey)

Yıl 2021, Cilt 21, Sayı 2, 131 - 135, 30.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17475/kastorman.1000378

Öz

Abstract Aim of study: The aim of this study was to contribute to the data on the diet of Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) in Turkey. Area of study: This study was conducted near the Yedikır Dam (Amasya) Material and methods: A total of 12 pellets of the Eurasian Eagle Owl collected in Yedikır Dam was analyzed. The remains of the skull and lower jaw were used for the identification of mammals. Main results: 60 preys were identified to belong to 6 different taxa (5 Rodents and 1 Passerine). The main prey was Mus spp. (35.0%). Only one bird remain was recorded from pellets. Highlights: Pellet analyses were the first step for understanding the diet of B. bubo. Considering, B. bubo is an opportunistic predator and can consume medium-sized mammals and large-sized birds. Hence, a diet study supported with remains that are directly collected from the nest or perching site and their surroundings will reveal more objectively prey preferences for this apex predator.

Kaynakça

  • Anonymus, (2012). Yedikır Barajı sulak alan alt havzası biyolojik çeşitlilik araştırma alt projesi gelişme raporu. T.C. Orman ve Su İşleri Bakanlığı Orman ve Su İşleri XI. Bölge Müdürlüğü Amasya Şube Müdürlüğü.
  • Boyla, K. A., Sinav, L. & Dizdaroğlu, D. E. (2019). Türkiye üreyen kuş atlası. WWF-Türkiye, Doğal Hayatı Koruma Vakfı, İstanbul.
  • Brown, R., Ferguson, J., Lawrence, M. & Lees, D. (2003). Tracks and signs of the birds of Britain and Europe: an identification guide (2nd edition). Christopher Helm, London.
  • Cramp, S. & Simmons, K. E. L. (eds) (1985). Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and north Africa: the birds of the Western Palearctic. – Oxford Univ. Press.
  • De Cupere, B., Thys, S., Van Neer, W., Ervynck, A., Corremans, M. & Waelkens, M. (2009). Eagle owl (Bubo bubo) pellets from Roman Sagalassos (SW Turkey): distinguishing the prey remains from nest and roost sites. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 19(1), 1-22.
  • Díaz-Ruiz, F., Buenestado, F., Fernández-de-Simón, J. & Ferreras, P. (2010). First record of rabbit carrion consumption by Eurasian Eagle-owl (Bubo bubo) on the Iberian Peninsula. Journal Raptor Research, 44, 78-79.
  • Eken, G., Bozdoğan, M., İsfendiyaroğlu, S., Kılıç, D. T. & Lise, Y., (Ed.). (2006). Türkiye’nin önemli doğa alanları. Ankara: Doğa Derneği.
  • Eriksen, A. & Wabakken, P. (2018). Activity patterns at the Arctic Circle: nocturnal eagle owls and interspecific interactions during continuous midsummer daylight. Journal of Avian Biology, 49(7).
  • Guillaud, E., Lebreton, L. & Béarez, P. (2018). Taphonomic signature of Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo) on fish remains. Folia Zoologica, 67(3-4), 143-153.
  • Holt, D. W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez, P. L., Petersen, J. L., Salazar, J. L. R., Segars, K. P., Wood, K. L. & Marks, J. S. (2020). Eurasian Eagle-Owl (Bubo bubo), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.
  • Kaya, A. & Coşkun, Y. (2014). Nevşehir’de baykuş peletlerindeki memeli hayvan kalıntılarının dağılımı. Nevşehir Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 3(1), 39-44.
  • Kirwan, G., Demirci, B., Welch, H., Boyla, K., Özen, M., Castell, P. & Marlow, T. (2010). The birds of Turkey. Bloomsbury Publishing.
  • König, C. & Weick, F. (2008). Owls of the world. London: Christopher Helm.
  • Kryštufek, B. & Vohralik V. (2005). Mammals of Turkey and Cyprus. Order Rodentia I (Introduction, Checklist, Rodentia). Koper: Knjiznica Annales Majora.
  • Kryštufek, B. & Vohralik V. (2009). Mammals of Turkey and Cyprus. Order Rodentia II (Introduction, Checklist, Rodentia). Koper: Knjiznica Annales Majora.
  • Lloveras, L., Moreno-García, M. & Nadal, J. (2009). The eagle owl (Bubo bubo) as a leporid remains accumulator: taphonomic analysis of modern rabbit remains recovered from nests of this predator. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 19(5), 573-592.
  • Lynch, W. (2007). Owls of the United States and Canada. A complete guide to their biology and behavior. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Magnin, G., & Yarar, M. (1997). Important bird areas in Turkey. İstanbul: Doğal Hayatí Koruma Derneği.
  • Mikkola, H. (1983). Owls of Europe. Calton, U.K.: T. & A. D Poyser.
  • Milchev, B. & Spassov, N. (2017). First evidence for carrion–feeding of Eurasian Eagle-owl (Bubo bubo) in Bulgaria. Ornis Hungarica, 25(1), 58-69.
  • Morgan, D. (1983). An analysis of some Eagle Owl pellets from Turkey. Sandgrouse, 5, 105-106.
  • Milchev, B. & Georgiev, V. (2019). Food spectrum and predominant prey in the diet of the Eagle owl Bubo bubo population in southeastern Bulgaria. Forestry Ideas, 25, 56-69.
  • Obuch, J. (1994). On the food of the eagle owl (Bubo bubo) and tawny owl (Strix aluco) in the eastern part of Turkey. Tichodroma 7, 7-16.
  • Obuch, J. (2001). Dormice in the diet of owls in the Middle East. Trakya University Journal of Scientific Research Series B, 2(2), 145-150.
  • Obuch, J. (2014). Spatial diversity in the diet of the Eurasian eagle owl Bubo bubo in Iran. Podoces, 9(1), 7-21.
  • Obuch, J. & Bangjord, G. (2016). The Eurasian eagle-owl (Bubo bubo) diet in the Trøndelag region (Central Norway). Raptor Journal, 10(1), 51-64.
  • Penteriani, V. & del Mar Delgado, M. (2019). The eagle owl. Bloomsbury Publishing.
  • Seçkin, S., Kaya, A. & Coşkun, Y. (2012). Başaklı Köyü (Diyarbakır-Bismil) civarında yaşayan puhu (Bubo bubo)’ların peletlerindeki küçük memelilerin dağılımı. CÜ Fen Fakültesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 33(1).
  • Serrano, D. (1998). Diferencias interhabitat en la alimentación del Buho Real (Bubo bubo) en el valle medio del Ebro (Ne de España): efecto de la disponibilidad de conejo (Oryctolagus caniculus). Ardeola, 45, 35-46.
  • Serrano, D. (2000). Use of farm chicken carcasses by the Eagle Owl Bubo bubo. Ardeola 47, 101-103.
  • Taylor, I. R. (1994). Barn owls: predator-prey relationships and conservation. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Willgohs, J. F. (1974). The Eagle owl Bubo bubo (L.) in Norway. Part I. Food ecology. Sterna, Norsk Ornithologisk Forening og Stavanger Museum. Stavanger, 13(3), 129-177.
  • Yalden, D. W. (2009). The Analysis of owl pellets (4th edition). Southampton: Mammal Society.

Amasya, Yedikır Barajı’nda Bir Puhu (Bubo bubo)’nun Kış Diyeti

Yıl 2021, Cilt 21, Sayı 2, 131 - 135, 30.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17475/kastorman.1000378

Öz

Öz Çalışmanın amacı: Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, Puhunun (Bubo bubo) Türkiye'deki diyetine ilişkin verilere katkıda bulunmaktır. Çalışma alanı: Bu çalışma Amasya Yedikır Barajı’nda gerçekleştirilmiştir. Materyal ve yöntem: Yedikır Barajı'nda toplanan Puhuya ait toplam 12 pelet incelendi. Kafatası kalıntıları ve alt çene kemikleri mikro memelilerin tanımlanmasında kullanılmıştır. Temel sonuçlar: 6 farklı taksona (5 Rodent ve 1 Passerin) ait 60 av tespit edilmiştir. Ana av, Mus spp. (% 35,00) olarak belirlenmiştir. Peletlerden yalnızca bir kuşa ait kalıntı elde edilmiştir. Araştırma vurguları: Pelet analizleri, Puhunun diyetini anlamanın ilk basamağıydı. Öte yandan, B. bubo fırsatçı bir avcıdır ve orta büyüklükteki memelileri ve büyük boy kuşları da avlayabilir. Bu nedenle, doğrudan yuva veya tüneme alanı ve çevresinden toplanan kalıntılarla desteklenen bir diyet çalışması, bu süper yırtıcı için daha objektif av tercihlerini ortaya çıkaracaktır.

Kaynakça

  • Anonymus, (2012). Yedikır Barajı sulak alan alt havzası biyolojik çeşitlilik araştırma alt projesi gelişme raporu. T.C. Orman ve Su İşleri Bakanlığı Orman ve Su İşleri XI. Bölge Müdürlüğü Amasya Şube Müdürlüğü.
  • Boyla, K. A., Sinav, L. & Dizdaroğlu, D. E. (2019). Türkiye üreyen kuş atlası. WWF-Türkiye, Doğal Hayatı Koruma Vakfı, İstanbul.
  • Brown, R., Ferguson, J., Lawrence, M. & Lees, D. (2003). Tracks and signs of the birds of Britain and Europe: an identification guide (2nd edition). Christopher Helm, London.
  • Cramp, S. & Simmons, K. E. L. (eds) (1985). Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and north Africa: the birds of the Western Palearctic. – Oxford Univ. Press.
  • De Cupere, B., Thys, S., Van Neer, W., Ervynck, A., Corremans, M. & Waelkens, M. (2009). Eagle owl (Bubo bubo) pellets from Roman Sagalassos (SW Turkey): distinguishing the prey remains from nest and roost sites. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 19(1), 1-22.
  • Díaz-Ruiz, F., Buenestado, F., Fernández-de-Simón, J. & Ferreras, P. (2010). First record of rabbit carrion consumption by Eurasian Eagle-owl (Bubo bubo) on the Iberian Peninsula. Journal Raptor Research, 44, 78-79.
  • Eken, G., Bozdoğan, M., İsfendiyaroğlu, S., Kılıç, D. T. & Lise, Y., (Ed.). (2006). Türkiye’nin önemli doğa alanları. Ankara: Doğa Derneği.
  • Eriksen, A. & Wabakken, P. (2018). Activity patterns at the Arctic Circle: nocturnal eagle owls and interspecific interactions during continuous midsummer daylight. Journal of Avian Biology, 49(7).
  • Guillaud, E., Lebreton, L. & Béarez, P. (2018). Taphonomic signature of Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo) on fish remains. Folia Zoologica, 67(3-4), 143-153.
  • Holt, D. W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez, P. L., Petersen, J. L., Salazar, J. L. R., Segars, K. P., Wood, K. L. & Marks, J. S. (2020). Eurasian Eagle-Owl (Bubo bubo), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.
  • Kaya, A. & Coşkun, Y. (2014). Nevşehir’de baykuş peletlerindeki memeli hayvan kalıntılarının dağılımı. Nevşehir Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 3(1), 39-44.
  • Kirwan, G., Demirci, B., Welch, H., Boyla, K., Özen, M., Castell, P. & Marlow, T. (2010). The birds of Turkey. Bloomsbury Publishing.
  • König, C. & Weick, F. (2008). Owls of the world. London: Christopher Helm.
  • Kryštufek, B. & Vohralik V. (2005). Mammals of Turkey and Cyprus. Order Rodentia I (Introduction, Checklist, Rodentia). Koper: Knjiznica Annales Majora.
  • Kryštufek, B. & Vohralik V. (2009). Mammals of Turkey and Cyprus. Order Rodentia II (Introduction, Checklist, Rodentia). Koper: Knjiznica Annales Majora.
  • Lloveras, L., Moreno-García, M. & Nadal, J. (2009). The eagle owl (Bubo bubo) as a leporid remains accumulator: taphonomic analysis of modern rabbit remains recovered from nests of this predator. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 19(5), 573-592.
  • Lynch, W. (2007). Owls of the United States and Canada. A complete guide to their biology and behavior. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Magnin, G., & Yarar, M. (1997). Important bird areas in Turkey. İstanbul: Doğal Hayatí Koruma Derneği.
  • Mikkola, H. (1983). Owls of Europe. Calton, U.K.: T. & A. D Poyser.
  • Milchev, B. & Spassov, N. (2017). First evidence for carrion–feeding of Eurasian Eagle-owl (Bubo bubo) in Bulgaria. Ornis Hungarica, 25(1), 58-69.
  • Morgan, D. (1983). An analysis of some Eagle Owl pellets from Turkey. Sandgrouse, 5, 105-106.
  • Milchev, B. & Georgiev, V. (2019). Food spectrum and predominant prey in the diet of the Eagle owl Bubo bubo population in southeastern Bulgaria. Forestry Ideas, 25, 56-69.
  • Obuch, J. (1994). On the food of the eagle owl (Bubo bubo) and tawny owl (Strix aluco) in the eastern part of Turkey. Tichodroma 7, 7-16.
  • Obuch, J. (2001). Dormice in the diet of owls in the Middle East. Trakya University Journal of Scientific Research Series B, 2(2), 145-150.
  • Obuch, J. (2014). Spatial diversity in the diet of the Eurasian eagle owl Bubo bubo in Iran. Podoces, 9(1), 7-21.
  • Obuch, J. & Bangjord, G. (2016). The Eurasian eagle-owl (Bubo bubo) diet in the Trøndelag region (Central Norway). Raptor Journal, 10(1), 51-64.
  • Penteriani, V. & del Mar Delgado, M. (2019). The eagle owl. Bloomsbury Publishing.
  • Seçkin, S., Kaya, A. & Coşkun, Y. (2012). Başaklı Köyü (Diyarbakır-Bismil) civarında yaşayan puhu (Bubo bubo)’ların peletlerindeki küçük memelilerin dağılımı. CÜ Fen Fakültesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 33(1).
  • Serrano, D. (1998). Diferencias interhabitat en la alimentación del Buho Real (Bubo bubo) en el valle medio del Ebro (Ne de España): efecto de la disponibilidad de conejo (Oryctolagus caniculus). Ardeola, 45, 35-46.
  • Serrano, D. (2000). Use of farm chicken carcasses by the Eagle Owl Bubo bubo. Ardeola 47, 101-103.
  • Taylor, I. R. (1994). Barn owls: predator-prey relationships and conservation. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Willgohs, J. F. (1974). The Eagle owl Bubo bubo (L.) in Norway. Part I. Food ecology. Sterna, Norsk Ornithologisk Forening og Stavanger Museum. Stavanger, 13(3), 129-177.
  • Yalden, D. W. (2009). The Analysis of owl pellets (4th edition). Southampton: Mammal Society.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Fen
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Ömral Ünsal ÖZKOÇ Bu kişi benim (Sorumlu Yazar)
ONDOKUZ MAYIS UNIVERSITY
Türkiye


Ahmet Yesari SELÇUK Bu kişi benim
ERCIYES UNIVERSITY
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Eylül 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 21, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { kastorman1000378, journal = {Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty}, issn = {1303-2399}, eissn = {1309-4181}, address = {}, publisher = {Kastamonu Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, pages = {131 - 135}, doi = {10.17475/kastorman.1000378}, title = {Winter Diet of an Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) Near the Yedikır Dam, Amasya (Turkey)}, key = {cite}, author = {Özkoç, Ömral Ünsal and Selçuk, Ahmet Yesari} }
APA Özkoç, Ö. Ü. & Selçuk, A. Y. (2021). Winter Diet of an Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) Near the Yedikır Dam, Amasya (Turkey) . Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty , 21 (2) , 131-135 . DOI: 10.17475/kastorman.1000378
MLA Özkoç, Ö. Ü. , Selçuk, A. Y. "Winter Diet of an Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) Near the Yedikır Dam, Amasya (Turkey)" . Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty 21 (2021 ): 131-135 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kastorman/article/1000378>
Chicago Özkoç, Ö. Ü. , Selçuk, A. Y. "Winter Diet of an Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) Near the Yedikır Dam, Amasya (Turkey)". Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty 21 (2021 ): 131-135
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Winter Diet of an Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) Near the Yedikır Dam, Amasya (Turkey) AU - Ömral Ünsal Özkoç , Ahmet Yesari Selçuk Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17475/kastorman.1000378 DO - 10.17475/kastorman.1000378 T2 - Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 131 EP - 135 VL - 21 IS - 2 SN - 1303-2399-1309-4181 M3 - doi: 10.17475/kastorman.1000378 UR - https://doi.org/10.17475/kastorman.1000378 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Kastamonu Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi Winter Diet of an Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) Near the Yedikır Dam, Amasya (Turkey) %A Ömral Ünsal Özkoç , Ahmet Yesari Selçuk %T Winter Diet of an Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) Near the Yedikır Dam, Amasya (Turkey) %D 2021 %J Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty %P 1303-2399-1309-4181 %V 21 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17475/kastorman.1000378 %U 10.17475/kastorman.1000378
ISNAD Özkoç, Ömral Ünsal , Selçuk, Ahmet Yesari . "Winter Diet of an Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) Near the Yedikır Dam, Amasya (Turkey)". Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty 21 / 2 (Eylül 2021): 131-135 . https://doi.org/10.17475/kastorman.1000378
AMA Özkoç Ö. Ü. , Selçuk A. Y. Winter Diet of an Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) Near the Yedikır Dam, Amasya (Turkey). Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty. 2021; 21(2): 131-135.
Vancouver Özkoç Ö. Ü. , Selçuk A. Y. Winter Diet of an Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) Near the Yedikır Dam, Amasya (Turkey). Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty. 2021; 21(2): 131-135.
IEEE Ö. Ü. Özkoç ve A. Y. Selçuk , "Winter Diet of an Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) Near the Yedikır Dam, Amasya (Turkey)", Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty, c. 21, sayı. 2, ss. 131-135, Eyl. 2021, doi:10.17475/kastorman.1000378

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