Klinik Araştırma
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Pandemi Sonrası Psikolojik Stres ile Baş Etmede Öz-Belirlenim ve Farkındalık

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 24 Sayı: 3, 1744 - 1786, 21.12.2023

Öz

Alanyazında öz-belirlenimin ve farkındalığın iyi oluş halini yordadıkları ve psikolojik sorunlara karşı koruyucu birer etken oldukları tespit edilmiştir. Mevcut çalışma, farkındalığı öz-belirlenim (ihtiyaç doyumu ve engellenmesi) ile psikolojik stres arasındaki ilişkide bir aracı değişken olarak incelemektedir. Ayrıca, katılımcıların koronavirüs hastalığından algıladıkları etkinin (yükseğe karşı düşük etki) bu ilişkideki moderatör rolünü incelemektedir. Mevcut çalışmada, öz-bildirim yöntemine dayanan araçlar kullanılarak Türk örneklemden (N= 468, Ortage= 26.77; SSage = 7.54) veriler toplanılmıştır. Yapısal eşitlik modelinin temel analiz yöntemi olarak kullanıldığı bu çalışmada farkındalığın psikolojik temel ihtiyaçlar (ihtiyaç doyumu ve ihtiyaç engellenmesi) ile psikolojik stres arasındaki aracı rolü incelenmiştir. Moderatör aracı değişkenin etkisi ise doğrudan ve dolaylı ilişki katsayılarındaki oluşan farklara bakılarak incelenmiştir. Sonuçlara göre farkındalık ve ihtiyaç doyumu daha düşük psikolojik stresi yordarken ihtiyaç engellenmesi ise daha yüksek psikolojik stresi yordamıştır. Koronavirüsün etkisini yüksek algılayan katılımcılar düşük algılayanlara göre anlamlı olarak daha yüksek psikolojik stres rapor etmiştir. Farkındalık ihtiyaç doyumu ve psikolojik stres arasındaki ilişkide anlamlı bir aracı değişkendir fakat ihtiyaç engellenmesi ve psikolojik stres arasındaki ilişkide anlamlı bir aracı değişken değildir. Doğrudan ve dolaylı etkiler incelendiğinde, yüksek ve düşük etki algılayan kişilerde bu etkilerin farklılık göstermediği gözlenmiştir. Uygulama ve araştırma için öneriler tartışılmıştır.

Kaynakça

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  • Cheng, C. & Tang, C. S. K. (2004). The psychology behind the masks: Psychological responses to the severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak in different regions. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 7(1), 3–7. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-839X.2004.00130.x
  • Chiesa, A., Calati, R. & Serretti, A. (2011). Does mindfulness training improve cognitive abilities? A systematic review of neuropsychological findings. Clinical Psychology Review, 31(3), 449–464. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2010.11.003
  • Catak, P. D. (2012). The Turkish version of the cognitive and affective mindfulness scale-revised. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 8(4), 603-619. https://doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v8i4.436
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Self-determination and Mindfulness in Coping with Post-pandemic Psychological Distress

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 24 Sayı: 3, 1744 - 1786, 21.12.2023

Öz

Self-determination and mindfulness are found in literature to be predicting wellbeing and as protective factors against psychological problems. The present research examines mindfulness as a mediator of self-determination (need satisfaction vs. frustration) in predicting psychological distress. In addition, the participants’ perceived impact of the Coronavirus disease (low vs. high) was examined as the moderator. The present research used self-report instruments to collect data from a Turkish community sample in a cross-sectional design (N= 468, Mage= 26.77; SDage = 7.54). Structural equation modelling (SEM) was used in testing the mediator role of mindfulness in the relationship between self-determination and psychological distress. Moderation analysis was tested through the differences in direct and indirect relationships. The findings showed that mindfulness and need satisfaction predicted lower psychological distress, and need frustration predicted higher psychological distress. Psychological distress was significantly higher among the participants with high impact than low impact. Mindfulness mediated the relationship of need satisfaction with psychological distress, yet mindfulness did not mediate the relationship of need frustration and psychological distress. The indirect and direct relationships did not differ among the high and low impact participants. Potential implications for counseling and research are discussed.

Kaynakça

  • Baer, R. A, Smith, G. T., Hopkins, J., Krietemeyer, J. & Toney, L. (2006). Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness. Assessment, 13(1), 27–45. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191105283504
  • Benita, M., Benish-Weisman, M., Matos, L. & Torres, C. (2020). Integrative and suppressive emotion regulation differentially predict well-being through basic need satisfaction and frustration: A test of three countries. Motivation and Emotion, 44(1), 67–81. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-019-09781-x
  • Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., . . . Velting, D. (2004). Mindfulness: A proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 230–241. https://doi.org/10.1093/clipsy.bph077
  • Brown, K. W. & Kasser, T. (2005). Are psychological and ecological well-being compatible? The role of values, mindfulness, and lifestyle. Social Indicators Research, 74, 349–368. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-004-8207-8
  • Brown, K. W. & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822–848. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.84.4.822
  • Buehler, R. & Pucher, J. (2021). COVID-19 impacts on cycling, 2019–2020. Transport Reviews, 41(4), 393-400. https://doi.org/10.1080/01441647.2021.1914900
  • Cameron, C. D. & Fredrickson, B. L. (2015). Mindfulness facets predict helping behavior and distinct helping-related emotions. Mindfulness, 6(5), 1211–1218. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-014-0383-2
  • Cardaciotto, L., Herbert, J. D., Forman, E. M., Moitra, E. & Farrow, V. (2008). The assessment of present-moment awareness and acceptance: The Philadelphia Mindfulness Scale. Assessment, 15(2), 204–223. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191107311467
  • Cava, M. A., Fay, K. E., Beanlands, H. J., McCay, E. A. & Wignall, R. (2005). The experience of quarantine for individuals affected by SARS in Toronto. Public Health Nursing, 22(5), 398–406. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0737-1209.2005.220504.x
  • Chen, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Beyers, W., Boone, L., Deci, E. L., Van der Kaap-Deeder, J., Duriez, B., Lens, W., Matos, L., Mouratidis, A., Ryan, R. M., Sheldon, K. M., Soenens, B., Van Petegem, S. & Verstuyf, J. (2015). Basic psychological need satisfaction, need frustration, and need strength across four cultures. Motivation and Emotion, 39(2), 216–236. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-014-9450-1
  • Cheng, C. & Tang, C. S. K. (2004). The psychology behind the masks: Psychological responses to the severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak in different regions. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 7(1), 3–7. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-839X.2004.00130.x
  • Chiesa, A., Calati, R. & Serretti, A. (2011). Does mindfulness training improve cognitive abilities? A systematic review of neuropsychological findings. Clinical Psychology Review, 31(3), 449–464. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2010.11.003
  • Catak, P. D. (2012). The Turkish version of the cognitive and affective mindfulness scale-revised. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 8(4), 603-619. https://doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v8i4.436
  • Deci, E. L. & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. Springer Science+Business Media. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-2271-7
  • Deci, E. L. & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “what” and the “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227–268. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327965PLI1104_01
  • Deci, E. L. & Ryan, R. M. (2012). Motivation, personality, and development within embedded social contexts: An overview of self-determination theory. In R. M. Ryan (Ed.), Oxford handbook of human motivation (pp. 85–107). Oxford University Press.
  • Demirci, İ. & Ekşi, H. (2018, 28 June – 1 July). Don’t bother your pretty little head otherwise you can’t enjoy life [Conference presentation]. ERPA International Congresses on Education, Istanbul, Türkiye.
  • Desclaux, A., Diop, M. & Doyon, S. (2017). Fear and containment: Contact follow-up and social effects in Senegal and Guinea. In M. Hofman & S. Au (Eds.), The politics of fear médecins sans frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic (pp. 210–234). Oxford University Press.
  • Donald, J. N., Sahdra, B. K., Van Zanden, B., Duineveld, J. J., Atkins, P. W., Marshall, S. L. & Ciarrochi, J. (2019). Does your mindfulness benefit others? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the link between mindfulness and prosocial behaviour. British Journal of Psychology, 110(1), 101–125. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12338
  • Elharake, J. A., Akbar, F., Malik, A. A., Gilliam, W. & Omer, S. B. (2022). Mental health impact of COVID-19 among children and college students: a systematic review. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01297-1
  • Feldman, G., Westine, M., Edelman, A., Higgs, M., Renna, M. & Greeson, J. (2022). Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised (CAMS-R). In Handbook of assessment in mindfulness research (pp. 1-24). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
  • Grossman, P., Niemann, L., Schmidt, S. & Walach, H. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: A meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57 (1), 35–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3999(03)00573-7
  • Hamza, C. A., Ewing, L., Heath, N. L. & Goldstein, A. L. (2021). When social isolation is nothing new: A longitudinal study psychological distress during COVID-19 among university students with and without preexisting mental health concerns. Correction to Hamza et al. (2020). Canadian Psychology, 62(1), 20–31. https://doi.org/10.1037/cap0000260
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Alan Eğitimleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Numan TURAN 0000-0003-3623-1567

Erken Görünüm Tarihi 23 Ekim 2023
Yayımlanma Tarihi 21 Aralık 2023
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2023 Cilt: 24 Sayı: 3

Kaynak Göster

APA TURAN, N. (2023). Self-determination and Mindfulness in Coping with Post-pandemic Psychological Distress. Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Kırşehir Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 24(3), 1744-1786. https://doi.org/10.29299/kefad.1263523

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