Yıl 2017, Cilt 10 , Sayı 30, Sayfalar 200 - 215 2017-06-15

The Role of Big Data in Reaching Smart City Ideal
Akıllı Kent İdealine Ulaşmada Büyük Verinin Rolü

Emrah AKDAMAR [1]


Today, in parallel with rapid population growth, the population of people living in urban areas is increasing rapidly. Therefore, there is a growing need for environmental and human-focused urban systems, where cities can use resources more efficiently and take advantage of information and communication technologies more effectively. The concept of smart city offers systems that can pass on solutions based on the data to advanced technology. There are various requirements in reaching the ideal of smart city which is an important opportunity in today's information age and intense competition environment. The use of big data and related methods and technologies is at the top of these requirements. Cities generate data with high volume, velocity and variety that fits the definition of big data. Therefore, it is the theme of this paper to put forth big data and the role of the methods and technologies related to it in creating an efficient, sustainable and smart city. For this purpose, the concept of smart city, the concept of big data has been defined, followed by the methods and technologies that are used in relation to big data. Finally, in the literature, big data applications related to cities have been examined and it has been concluded that the handling of big data as a whole with its related methods and technologies will be more beneficial in terms of urban applications.

Günümüzde hızlı nüfus artışına paralel olarak, özellikle kentlerde yaşayan insan nüfusu da hızla artmaktadır. Dolayısıyla, kentlerin kaynaklarını daha verimli kullanabileceği, bilgi ve iletişim teknolojilerinden etkin yararlanabileceği, çevre ve insan odaklı kent sistemlerine giderek daha çok ihtiyaç duyulmaktadır. Akıllı kent kavramı, veriye dayalı çözüm önerilerini ileri teknoloji ile hayata geçirebilen sistemler sunar. Günümüz bilgi çağında ve yoğun rekabet ortamında önemli bir fırsat olan, akıllı kent idealine ulaşmada, çeşitli gereklilikler bulunmaktadır. Büyük veri ile ona ilişkin yöntem ve teknolojileri etkin bir şekilde kullanmak, bu gerekliliklerin başında gelmektedir. Kentler, büyük veri tanımına uyan yüksek hacim, hız ve çeşitliliğe sahip veriler üretmektedirler. Dolayısıyla, etkin, sürdürülebilir ve akıllı bir kent yaratmada büyük veri ile ona ilişkin yöntem ve teknolojilerin rolünü ortaya koymak bu çalışmanın konusunu oluşturmaktadır. Bu amaçla, akıllı kent kavramı, büyük veri kavramı tanımlanmış, ardından büyük veriye ilişkin kullanılan yöntem ve teknolojiler tanıtılmıştır. Son olarak, literatürde kentlere ilişkin gerçekleştirilen büyük veri uygulamaları incelenmiş ve büyük verinin, ona ilişkin yöntem ve teknolojilerle bir bütün olarak ele alınmasının kent uygulamaları açısından daha yararlı olacağı kanısına varılmıştır.

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Konular Bilgisayar Bilimleri, Bilgi Sistemleri, Sosyal, Siyasi Bilimler, İktisat
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Yazar: Emrah AKDAMAR

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 15 Haziran 2017

APA Akdamar, E . (2017). Akıllı Kent İdealine Ulaşmada Büyük Verinin Rolü . Kent Akademisi , 10 (30) , 200-215 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kent/issue/34451/382494