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BELİRSİZLİĞE TAHAMMÜLSÜZLÜĞÜN MUTLULUĞA ETKİSİ

Yıl 2014, Cilt 4, Sayı 8, 1 - 12, 13.01.2015

Öz

Bu çalışmada, üniversite öğrencilerinin belirsizliğe tahammülsüzlük düzeyleri ile mutluluk düzeylerini arasındaki ilişkinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışma Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesine devam etmekte olan 193 kadın ve 123 erkek olmak üzere toplam 316 üniversite öğrencisi üzerinde gerçekleştirilmiştir. Veri toplamak için araştırmacılar tarafından Türkçeye adapte edilen Belirsizliğe Tahammülsüzlük Ölçeği-BTÖ 12 ve Doğan ile Akıncı Çötok tarafından kültürümüze adapte edilen Oxford Mutluluk Ölçeği Kısa Formu kullanılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde Pearson Momentler Çarpımı Korelasyon Analizi ile çoklu regresyon analizi kullanılmış olup; SPSS 17 programından yararlanılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda üniversite öğrencilerinin ileriye yönelik kaygı düzeyi yüksek çıkarken; mutluluk düzeyleri düşük çıkmıştır. Ayrıca belirsizliğe tahammülsüzlük düzeyinin mutluluğu olumsuz yönde etkilediği; özellikle ileriye yönelik kaygının bu etkide önemli bir payı olduğu gözlenmiştir. Çalışma bulguları ilgili literatür ışığında tartışılmıştır. 

Kaynakça

  • Akarsu, B. (1998). Felsefe terimleri sözlüğü. İstanbul: İnkılap Yayınları.
  • Andersen, S. (2000). Fundamental human needs: Making social cognition relevant. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 269-276.
  • Arkonaç, S. (1999). Psikolojide insan modelleri. İstanbul: Alfa yayınları.
  • Bailey, D.E., Jr., Landerman, L., Barroso, J., Bixby, P., Mishel, M.H., Muir, A.J., . . . Clipp, E. (2009). Uncertainty, symptoms, and quality of life in persons with chronic hepatitis C. Psychosomatics, 50, 138-146.
  • Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., Aaker, J. L., & Garbinsky, E. N. (2013). Some key differences between a happy life and a meaningful life. The Journal of Positive Psychology: Dedicated to furthering research and promoting good practice, 8(6), 505-516.
  • Budner, S. (1962). Intolerance of ambiguity as a personality variable. Journal of Personality, 30(1), 29-50.
  • Buhr, K., & Dugas, M.J. (2002). The intolerance of uncertainty scale: Psychometric properties of the english version.Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 931-945.
  • Carleton, R. N., Sharpe, D., & Asmundson, G. J. (2007). Anxiety sensitivity and intolerance of uncertainty: requisites of the fundamental fears? Behaviour Research Therapy, 45(10), 2307-2316.
  • Cevizci, A. (2002). Felsefe sözlüğü. İstanbul: Paradigma Yayınları.
  • Chekola, M. G. (1974). The concept of happiness. PhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.
  • Crigger, N. J. (1996). Testing an uncertainty model for women with multiple sclerosis. Advanced in Nursing Science, 18(3), 37-47.
  • Çokluk, Ö. (2010). Lojistik regresyon analizi: Kavram ve uygulama. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Bilimleri / Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 10(3), 1357-1407
  • Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “What” and “Why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227-268.
  • Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in Human behavior. New York: Plenum.
  • Dugas, M. J., Gagnon, F., Ladouceur, R., & Freeston, M. H. (1998). Generalized anxiety disorder: A preliminary test of a conceptual model. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36, 215-226.
  • Dugas, M. J., Hedayati, M., Karavidas, A., Buhr, K., Francis, K., & Phillips, N. A. (2005). Intolerance of uncertainty and information processing: Evidence of biased recall and interpretations. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 29, 57-70.
  • Dugas, M. J., Ladouceur, R., Leger, E., Freeston, M. H., Langlois, F., Provencher, M. D., & Boisvert, J. M. (2003). Group cognitive-behavioral therapy for generalized anxiety disorder: Treatment outcome and long term follow up. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,71,821-825.
  • Dugas, M. J., Marchand, A., & Ladouceur, R. (2005). Further validation of a cognitive behavioural model of generalized anxiety disorder: Diagnostic and symptom specificity. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 19, 329-343.
  • Dugas, M. J., & Robichaud, M. (2007). Cognitive-behavioral treatment for generalized anxiety disorder: From science to practice. New York: Routledge.
  • Fordyce, M. W. (1972). Happiness, its daily variation and its relation to values. Doctoral dissertation, United States International University
  • Grayson, J. B. (1999). Series response: Compliance and understanding OCD. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 6, 415-421.
  • Haybron, D. M. (2000). Two philosophical problems in the study of happiness. Journal of Happiness Studies, 1, 207-225.
  • Holaway, R. M., Heimberg, R. G., & Coles, M.E. (2006). A comparison of intolerance of uncertainty in analogue obsessive-compulsive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 20, 159-174.
  • Kahneman, D. (2000). Experienced utility and objective happiness: a moment based approach. In Kahneman, D. & Tverski, A. (Eds.) Choices, values and Frames, Cambridge University Press, New York.
  • Keren, G., & Gerritsen, L.E.M. (1999). On the robustness and possible accounts of ambiguity aversion. Acta Psychologica, 103(1-2), 149-172.
  • Koerner, N., & Dugas, M. J. (2008). An investigation of appraisals in individuals vulnerable to excessive worry: The role of intolerance of uncertainty. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32, 619-638.
  • Krapp, A. (2005). Basic Needs and the Development of Interest and Intrinsic Motivational Orientations. Learning and Instruction, 15(5), 381-395.
  • Lama, D., Howard C., & Cutler, M. D. (2003). Mutluluk sanatı. (Çev. Güneş Tokcan). İstanbul: Klan Yayınları.
  • Lundberg, N. R. (2007). Research update: Creating motivational climates. Parkse Recreation, 42(1), 22-26.
  • Makhlouf-Norris, F., & Norris, H. (1972). The obsessive compulsive syndrome as a neurotic device for the reduction of self-uncertainty. British Journal of Psychiatry, 121, 277-288.
  • Merter, M. (2006). Dokuz yüz katlı insan. İstanbul: Kaknüs Yayınları.
  • Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group. (1997). Cognitive assessment of obsessive compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 667-681.
  • Öz, F. (2001) Hastalık yaşantısında belirsizlik. Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, 12(1), 61-68
  • Reis, H., Scheldon, K., Gable, S., Roscoe, J., & Ryan, R. (2000). Daily well- being: The role of autonomy, competence and relatednes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26(4), 419-435.
  • Reuther, E. T., Davis, T. E., Rudy, B. M., Jenkins, W. S., Whiting, S. E., & May, A. C. (2013). Intolerance of uncertainty as a mediator of the relationship between perfectionism and obsessive-compulsive symptom severity. Depress Anxiety, 30(8), 773-777.
  • Rosen, N.O., Ivanova, E., & Knauper, B. (2014) Differantiating intolerance of uncertainty from three related but distinct conctructs. Anxiety, Stress& Coping, 27(1), 55-73.
  • Sarıçam, H., Erguvan, F. M., Akın, A., & Akça, M. Ş. (2014). Belirsizliğe Tahammülsüzlük Ölçeği (BTÖ-12) Türkçe Formu: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Route Educational & Social Science Journal, 1(3), 148-157.
  • Sharma, V., Narang, K., Rajender, G., & Bhatia, M.S. (2009). Shopaholism (Compulsive buying) –A new entity. Delhi Psychiatry Journal, 12(1), 110-113.
  • Stevens, T. G. (2010). You can choose to be happy: "rise above" anxiety, anger, and depression? California: Wheeler-Sutton Publishing Co.
  • Tarhan, N. (2005). Mutluluk psikolojisi, stresi mutluluğa dönüştürmek. İstanbul: Timaş Yayınları.
  • TDK. (2005). Türkçe sözlük. Ankara: TDK Yayınları.
  • Veenhoven, R. (2006). How do we assess how happy we are? Tenets, implications and tenability of three theories. Paper presented at conference on 'New Directions in the Study of Happiness: United States and International Perspectives' at October 22-24, University of Notre Dame, USA.
  • Veenhoven, R. (2000). The four qualities of life: Ordering concepts and measures of the good life. Journal of Happiness Studies, 1, 1-39.
  • Wessman, A. E., & Ricks, D. F. (1966). Mood and personality. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
  • Williams, G., Grow, V. M., Freedman, Z. R., Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (1996). Motivational predictors of weight loss and weight-loss maintenance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 115-126.

Yıl 2014, Cilt 4, Sayı 8, 1 - 12, 13.01.2015

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Akarsu, B. (1998). Felsefe terimleri sözlüğü. İstanbul: İnkılap Yayınları.
  • Andersen, S. (2000). Fundamental human needs: Making social cognition relevant. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 269-276.
  • Arkonaç, S. (1999). Psikolojide insan modelleri. İstanbul: Alfa yayınları.
  • Bailey, D.E., Jr., Landerman, L., Barroso, J., Bixby, P., Mishel, M.H., Muir, A.J., . . . Clipp, E. (2009). Uncertainty, symptoms, and quality of life in persons with chronic hepatitis C. Psychosomatics, 50, 138-146.
  • Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., Aaker, J. L., & Garbinsky, E. N. (2013). Some key differences between a happy life and a meaningful life. The Journal of Positive Psychology: Dedicated to furthering research and promoting good practice, 8(6), 505-516.
  • Budner, S. (1962). Intolerance of ambiguity as a personality variable. Journal of Personality, 30(1), 29-50.
  • Buhr, K., & Dugas, M.J. (2002). The intolerance of uncertainty scale: Psychometric properties of the english version.Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 931-945.
  • Carleton, R. N., Sharpe, D., & Asmundson, G. J. (2007). Anxiety sensitivity and intolerance of uncertainty: requisites of the fundamental fears? Behaviour Research Therapy, 45(10), 2307-2316.
  • Cevizci, A. (2002). Felsefe sözlüğü. İstanbul: Paradigma Yayınları.
  • Chekola, M. G. (1974). The concept of happiness. PhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.
  • Crigger, N. J. (1996). Testing an uncertainty model for women with multiple sclerosis. Advanced in Nursing Science, 18(3), 37-47.
  • Çokluk, Ö. (2010). Lojistik regresyon analizi: Kavram ve uygulama. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Bilimleri / Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 10(3), 1357-1407
  • Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “What” and “Why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227-268.
  • Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in Human behavior. New York: Plenum.
  • Dugas, M. J., Gagnon, F., Ladouceur, R., & Freeston, M. H. (1998). Generalized anxiety disorder: A preliminary test of a conceptual model. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36, 215-226.
  • Dugas, M. J., Hedayati, M., Karavidas, A., Buhr, K., Francis, K., & Phillips, N. A. (2005). Intolerance of uncertainty and information processing: Evidence of biased recall and interpretations. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 29, 57-70.
  • Dugas, M. J., Ladouceur, R., Leger, E., Freeston, M. H., Langlois, F., Provencher, M. D., & Boisvert, J. M. (2003). Group cognitive-behavioral therapy for generalized anxiety disorder: Treatment outcome and long term follow up. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,71,821-825.
  • Dugas, M. J., Marchand, A., & Ladouceur, R. (2005). Further validation of a cognitive behavioural model of generalized anxiety disorder: Diagnostic and symptom specificity. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 19, 329-343.
  • Dugas, M. J., & Robichaud, M. (2007). Cognitive-behavioral treatment for generalized anxiety disorder: From science to practice. New York: Routledge.
  • Fordyce, M. W. (1972). Happiness, its daily variation and its relation to values. Doctoral dissertation, United States International University
  • Grayson, J. B. (1999). Series response: Compliance and understanding OCD. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 6, 415-421.
  • Haybron, D. M. (2000). Two philosophical problems in the study of happiness. Journal of Happiness Studies, 1, 207-225.
  • Holaway, R. M., Heimberg, R. G., & Coles, M.E. (2006). A comparison of intolerance of uncertainty in analogue obsessive-compulsive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 20, 159-174.
  • Kahneman, D. (2000). Experienced utility and objective happiness: a moment based approach. In Kahneman, D. & Tverski, A. (Eds.) Choices, values and Frames, Cambridge University Press, New York.
  • Keren, G., & Gerritsen, L.E.M. (1999). On the robustness and possible accounts of ambiguity aversion. Acta Psychologica, 103(1-2), 149-172.
  • Koerner, N., & Dugas, M. J. (2008). An investigation of appraisals in individuals vulnerable to excessive worry: The role of intolerance of uncertainty. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32, 619-638.
  • Krapp, A. (2005). Basic Needs and the Development of Interest and Intrinsic Motivational Orientations. Learning and Instruction, 15(5), 381-395.
  • Lama, D., Howard C., & Cutler, M. D. (2003). Mutluluk sanatı. (Çev. Güneş Tokcan). İstanbul: Klan Yayınları.
  • Lundberg, N. R. (2007). Research update: Creating motivational climates. Parkse Recreation, 42(1), 22-26.
  • Makhlouf-Norris, F., & Norris, H. (1972). The obsessive compulsive syndrome as a neurotic device for the reduction of self-uncertainty. British Journal of Psychiatry, 121, 277-288.
  • Merter, M. (2006). Dokuz yüz katlı insan. İstanbul: Kaknüs Yayınları.
  • Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group. (1997). Cognitive assessment of obsessive compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 667-681.
  • Öz, F. (2001) Hastalık yaşantısında belirsizlik. Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, 12(1), 61-68
  • Reis, H., Scheldon, K., Gable, S., Roscoe, J., & Ryan, R. (2000). Daily well- being: The role of autonomy, competence and relatednes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26(4), 419-435.
  • Reuther, E. T., Davis, T. E., Rudy, B. M., Jenkins, W. S., Whiting, S. E., & May, A. C. (2013). Intolerance of uncertainty as a mediator of the relationship between perfectionism and obsessive-compulsive symptom severity. Depress Anxiety, 30(8), 773-777.
  • Rosen, N.O., Ivanova, E., & Knauper, B. (2014) Differantiating intolerance of uncertainty from three related but distinct conctructs. Anxiety, Stress& Coping, 27(1), 55-73.
  • Sarıçam, H., Erguvan, F. M., Akın, A., & Akça, M. Ş. (2014). Belirsizliğe Tahammülsüzlük Ölçeği (BTÖ-12) Türkçe Formu: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Route Educational & Social Science Journal, 1(3), 148-157.
  • Sharma, V., Narang, K., Rajender, G., & Bhatia, M.S. (2009). Shopaholism (Compulsive buying) –A new entity. Delhi Psychiatry Journal, 12(1), 110-113.
  • Stevens, T. G. (2010). You can choose to be happy: "rise above" anxiety, anger, and depression? California: Wheeler-Sutton Publishing Co.
  • Tarhan, N. (2005). Mutluluk psikolojisi, stresi mutluluğa dönüştürmek. İstanbul: Timaş Yayınları.
  • TDK. (2005). Türkçe sözlük. Ankara: TDK Yayınları.
  • Veenhoven, R. (2006). How do we assess how happy we are? Tenets, implications and tenability of three theories. Paper presented at conference on 'New Directions in the Study of Happiness: United States and International Perspectives' at October 22-24, University of Notre Dame, USA.
  • Veenhoven, R. (2000). The four qualities of life: Ordering concepts and measures of the good life. Journal of Happiness Studies, 1, 1-39.
  • Wessman, A. E., & Ricks, D. F. (1966). Mood and personality. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
  • Williams, G., Grow, V. M., Freedman, Z. R., Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (1996). Motivational predictors of weight loss and weight-loss maintenance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 115-126.

Ayrıntılar

Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Hakan SARIÇAM>

0000-0002-8723-1199

Yayımlanma Tarihi 13 Ocak 2015
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2014, Cilt 4, Sayı 8

Kaynak Göster

APA Sarıçam, H. (2015). BELİRSİZLİĞE TAHAMMÜLSÜZLÜĞÜN MUTLULUĞA ETKİSİ . Kilis 7 Aralık Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 4 (8) , 1-12 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kilissbd/issue/45250/566819