Araştırma Makalesi
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Research of Healthcare Worker's Safety Climate Perceptions and Safe Work Practices

Yıl 2017, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 46 - 57, 29.12.2017
https://doi.org/10.33720/kisgd.328033

Öz

In this study, that was aimed to investigate according to different variables the relationships between the safe work practices and the safety climate perceptions of nurses and doctors in a university hospital. Within the scope of the application, 250 questionnaires were distributed and the hypotheses were tested with data obtained from the group of 192 samples returned.  As a result of the analyzes, the level of positive safety climate perception and safe work practices of participants with the total experience in the profession of health employees  were positively correlated with each other. For employees who have previously performed management duties at the institution, all safety climate factors have been identified at a more positive level, with significant differences. However, the tendency to safe work practices of participants did not differ significantly in terms of the two groups.


 


Kaynakça

  • Bergh, M. (2011). Safety Climate An Evaluation of the Safety Climate at AkzoNobel Site Stenungsund. Department of Product and Production Development Chalmers University of Technology: Göteborg.
  • Brown, R.L. & Holmes H., (1986). The Use of a Factor-Analytic Procedure for Assessing the Validity of an Employee Safety Climate Model. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 18 (6), 455-470.
  • CBI. (1991). CBI Developing a Safety Culture Confederation of British Industry. London.
  • Cooper, D., & Phıllıps, R.A., (2004). Exploratory Analysis of the Safety Climate and Safety Behavior Relationship. Journal of Safety Research, 35(5), 497-512.
  • Cooper, D., (2000). Towards A Model of Safety Culture. Safety Science, 36 (2), 111-136.
  • Cox, S., & Flin, R., (1998). Safety Culture: Philosopher's Stone or Man of Straw? Work and Stress, 12(3), 189–201.
  • Dedobbeleer, N., & Béland, F. (1991). A Safety Climate Measure for Construction Sites. Journal of Safety Research. 22 (2), 97-103.
  • Dejoy, D.M. (1994). Managing Safety in the Workplace: An Attribution Theory Analysis and Model. Journal Of Safety Research, 25, 3-17.
  • Europeon Commission, (2014); Sağlık Sektöründe İş Sağlığı Ve Güvenliği Riskleri, (Çev: Prof.Dr. Mithat Kıyak), İstanbul: Okan Üniversitesi Yayınları.
  • Flin, R., Mearns, K., O’Connor, P., & Bryden, R., (2000). Measuring Safety Climate: Identifying The Common Features. Safety Science, 34, 177-192.
  • Gershon, R. R. M., Karkashian, C.D., Grosch, J.W. v.d. (2000). Hospital Safety Climate and Its Relationship with Safe Work Practices and Workplace Exposure Incidents. (AJIC) Am J Infect Control, 28 ( 3), 211-221.
  • Glendon, A.I., & Litherland, D.K. (2001). Safety Climate Factors, Group Differences And Safety Behaviour İn Rood Construction. Safety Science 39, 157-188
  • Griffin, M.A., & Neal, A. (2000). Perceptions of Safety At Work: A Framework For Linking Safety Climate To Safety Performance. Knowledge and Motivation, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(3), 347-358.
  • Guldenmund, F.W. (2000). The Nature Of Safety Culture: A Review Of Theory and Research. Safety Science, 34, 215-257
  • Hale, A. R., & Hovden, J. (1998). Management and Culture: The Third Age Of Safety, A Review Of Approaches To Organizational Aspects Of Safety, Health And Environment In: Feyer, A.-M. & Williamson, A. (Eds.). Occupational İnjury Risk Prevention And Intervention, London: Taylor & Francis.
  • Hofmann, D.A., & Stetzer, A. (1996). A Cross-Level Investigation Of Factors Inuencing Unsafe Behaviors And Accidents Personnel, Psychology, 49, 307-339.
  • Hudson, P. (1999). Safety Culture: Theory and Practice. Leiden.
  • IAEA (1988). International Atomic Energy Agency Vienna.
  • IAEA (1991). Safety Culture, International Safety Advisory Group Safety Series 75 INSAG-4 (Vienna: IAEA).
  • International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group (INSAG). (1988). Basic Safety Principles for Nuclear Power Plants, Safety Series No. 75-INSAG-3, IAEA. Vienna.
  • Neal, A., Griffin, M.A. & Hart P.M. (2000). The Impact of Organizational Climate on Safety Climate and Individual Behavior. Safety Science, 34(1), 99-109.
  • Niskanen, T. (1994). Assessing The Safety Environment In The Work Organization Of Road Maintenance Jobs. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 26, 27-39.
  • O. S. H. A. (Occupational Safety & Health Administration). Healthcare. https://www. osha.gov/SLTC/healthcarefacilities/index.html (Erişim Tarihi: 19.06.2017)
  • Özkan, T. & Lajunen T. (2003). Güvenlik Kültürü ve İklimi. PiVOLKA, 2(10), 3-4.
  • Saygun, M., (2012) Sağlık Çalışanlarında İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği Sorunları. TAV Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 11 (4), 373-382
  • Sekaran, U., (2003). Research Methods for Business: A Skill-building Approach. Fourth Ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., p. 288.
  • Törner, M. (2010). Systematic Review Good Interplay And Interaction Creates Security Climate And Culture In The Workplace. Work Environment Authority.
  • Turner, B. A., Pıdgeon, N. F., Blockley D. I. & Toft B. (1989). Safety Culture: Its Position In Future Risk Management, Paper Presented At The Second World Bank Workshop On Safety Control And Risk Management. Karlstad, Sweden.
  • Tüzüner, V.L., & Özaslan, B. Ö. (2011). Hastanelerde İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği Uygulamalarının Değerlendirilmesine Yönelik Bir Araştırma. İstanbul Üniversitesi İşletme Fakültesi Dergisi, 40 (2), 138-154.
  • Wiegmann, D.A., Zhang, H., Von Thaden, T., Sharma, G., & Mitchell, A., (2002). A Synthesis of Safety Culture and Safety Climate Research, Technical Report ARL-02-3/FAA-02-2. Federal Aviation Administration Atlantic City International Airport, NJ., University of Illinois, 1-20.
  • Zohar, D., (1980). Safety Climate in Industrial Organizations: Theoretical and Applied Implications. Journal of Applied Psychology, 65, 96-102

Sağlık Çalışanlarının Güvenlik İklimi Algıları ve Güvenlik Tedbirlerine Uyma Davranışlarının İncelenmesi

Yıl 2017, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 46 - 57, 29.12.2017
https://doi.org/10.33720/kisgd.328033

Öz

Bu çalışma kapsamında bir üniversite hastanesinde çalışmakta olan hemşire ve doktorlardan oluşan sağlık çalışanlarının iş güvenliği tedbirlerine uyumlu davranışları ve güvenlik iklimi algıları arasındaki ilişkilerin farklı değişkenler bakımından incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Uygulama kapsamında 250 anket formu dağıtılmış, 192 geri dönüşle oluşan örneklem grubundan edinilen verilerle hipotezler test edilmiştir. Yapılan analizler sonucunda, katılımcıların meslekteki toplam tecrübeleri ile çalıştıkları ortamda iş güvenliği tedbirlerine uyumlu davranış gösterme ve güvenlik iklimini olumlu algılama seviyesi birbirleri ile pozitif yönlü olarak ilişkili bulunmuştur. Kurumda daha önce yönetim görevi yerine getiren çalışanlar için tüm güvenlik iklimi faktörleri anlamlı düzeyde farklılık göstererek daha olumlu seviyede tespit edilmiştir. Bununla birlikte uyumlu davranış gösterme eğilimi iki grup açısından anlamlı düzeyde farklılık göstermemektedir.


 


Kaynakça

  • Bergh, M. (2011). Safety Climate An Evaluation of the Safety Climate at AkzoNobel Site Stenungsund. Department of Product and Production Development Chalmers University of Technology: Göteborg.
  • Brown, R.L. & Holmes H., (1986). The Use of a Factor-Analytic Procedure for Assessing the Validity of an Employee Safety Climate Model. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 18 (6), 455-470.
  • CBI. (1991). CBI Developing a Safety Culture Confederation of British Industry. London.
  • Cooper, D., & Phıllıps, R.A., (2004). Exploratory Analysis of the Safety Climate and Safety Behavior Relationship. Journal of Safety Research, 35(5), 497-512.
  • Cooper, D., (2000). Towards A Model of Safety Culture. Safety Science, 36 (2), 111-136.
  • Cox, S., & Flin, R., (1998). Safety Culture: Philosopher's Stone or Man of Straw? Work and Stress, 12(3), 189–201.
  • Dedobbeleer, N., & Béland, F. (1991). A Safety Climate Measure for Construction Sites. Journal of Safety Research. 22 (2), 97-103.
  • Dejoy, D.M. (1994). Managing Safety in the Workplace: An Attribution Theory Analysis and Model. Journal Of Safety Research, 25, 3-17.
  • Europeon Commission, (2014); Sağlık Sektöründe İş Sağlığı Ve Güvenliği Riskleri, (Çev: Prof.Dr. Mithat Kıyak), İstanbul: Okan Üniversitesi Yayınları.
  • Flin, R., Mearns, K., O’Connor, P., & Bryden, R., (2000). Measuring Safety Climate: Identifying The Common Features. Safety Science, 34, 177-192.
  • Gershon, R. R. M., Karkashian, C.D., Grosch, J.W. v.d. (2000). Hospital Safety Climate and Its Relationship with Safe Work Practices and Workplace Exposure Incidents. (AJIC) Am J Infect Control, 28 ( 3), 211-221.
  • Glendon, A.I., & Litherland, D.K. (2001). Safety Climate Factors, Group Differences And Safety Behaviour İn Rood Construction. Safety Science 39, 157-188
  • Griffin, M.A., & Neal, A. (2000). Perceptions of Safety At Work: A Framework For Linking Safety Climate To Safety Performance. Knowledge and Motivation, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(3), 347-358.
  • Guldenmund, F.W. (2000). The Nature Of Safety Culture: A Review Of Theory and Research. Safety Science, 34, 215-257
  • Hale, A. R., & Hovden, J. (1998). Management and Culture: The Third Age Of Safety, A Review Of Approaches To Organizational Aspects Of Safety, Health And Environment In: Feyer, A.-M. & Williamson, A. (Eds.). Occupational İnjury Risk Prevention And Intervention, London: Taylor & Francis.
  • Hofmann, D.A., & Stetzer, A. (1996). A Cross-Level Investigation Of Factors Inuencing Unsafe Behaviors And Accidents Personnel, Psychology, 49, 307-339.
  • Hudson, P. (1999). Safety Culture: Theory and Practice. Leiden.
  • IAEA (1988). International Atomic Energy Agency Vienna.
  • IAEA (1991). Safety Culture, International Safety Advisory Group Safety Series 75 INSAG-4 (Vienna: IAEA).
  • International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group (INSAG). (1988). Basic Safety Principles for Nuclear Power Plants, Safety Series No. 75-INSAG-3, IAEA. Vienna.
  • Neal, A., Griffin, M.A. & Hart P.M. (2000). The Impact of Organizational Climate on Safety Climate and Individual Behavior. Safety Science, 34(1), 99-109.
  • Niskanen, T. (1994). Assessing The Safety Environment In The Work Organization Of Road Maintenance Jobs. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 26, 27-39.
  • O. S. H. A. (Occupational Safety & Health Administration). Healthcare. https://www. osha.gov/SLTC/healthcarefacilities/index.html (Erişim Tarihi: 19.06.2017)
  • Özkan, T. & Lajunen T. (2003). Güvenlik Kültürü ve İklimi. PiVOLKA, 2(10), 3-4.
  • Saygun, M., (2012) Sağlık Çalışanlarında İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği Sorunları. TAV Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 11 (4), 373-382
  • Sekaran, U., (2003). Research Methods for Business: A Skill-building Approach. Fourth Ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., p. 288.
  • Törner, M. (2010). Systematic Review Good Interplay And Interaction Creates Security Climate And Culture In The Workplace. Work Environment Authority.
  • Turner, B. A., Pıdgeon, N. F., Blockley D. I. & Toft B. (1989). Safety Culture: Its Position In Future Risk Management, Paper Presented At The Second World Bank Workshop On Safety Control And Risk Management. Karlstad, Sweden.
  • Tüzüner, V.L., & Özaslan, B. Ö. (2011). Hastanelerde İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği Uygulamalarının Değerlendirilmesine Yönelik Bir Araştırma. İstanbul Üniversitesi İşletme Fakültesi Dergisi, 40 (2), 138-154.
  • Wiegmann, D.A., Zhang, H., Von Thaden, T., Sharma, G., & Mitchell, A., (2002). A Synthesis of Safety Culture and Safety Climate Research, Technical Report ARL-02-3/FAA-02-2. Federal Aviation Administration Atlantic City International Airport, NJ., University of Illinois, 1-20.
  • Zohar, D., (1980). Safety Climate in Industrial Organizations: Theoretical and Applied Implications. Journal of Applied Psychology, 65, 96-102

Ayrıntılar

Konular Mühendislik, Ortak Disiplinler, Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri, Hemşirelik, Psikoloji, Sosyal Bilimler, Disiplinler Arası
Yayınlanma Tarihi 2017
Bölüm İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği
Yazarlar

Ahmet Ferda ÇAKMAK>
BÜLENT ECEVİT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Mehpare TATLI>
BÜLENT ECEVİT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-0919-162X
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Aralık 2017
Başvuru Tarihi 12 Temmuz 2017
Kabul Tarihi 8 Aralık 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 1, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

IEEE A. F. Çakmak ve M. Tatlı , "Research of Healthcare Worker's Safety Climate Perceptions and Safe Work Practices", Karaelmas Journal of Occupational Health and Safety, c. 1, sayı. 1, ss. 46-57, Ara. 2017, doi:10.33720/kisgd.328033