Araştırma Makalesi
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Kaza ve Olay Araştırmalarına Dayalı Demiryolu Emniyet Yetkinlikleri Geliştirilmesi: Kök Neden Taksonomilerini Kullanarak Kazalardan Öğrenmek

Yıl 2017, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 38 - 44, 29.12.2017
https://doi.org/10.33720/kisgd.329152

Öz

Bilgi çağında; bilginin örgütsel başarının temel belirleyici faktörlerinden biri haline gelmesi ile birlikte, "Örgütsel Emniyet" kavramı da giderek bilgi yönetim sistemlerine daha bağımlı hale gelmektedir. Bir yönetim süreci olarak Bilgi Yönetimi, örgütsel bilginin elde edilmesi, geliştirilmesi, paylaşılması ve etkin biçimde kullanılması ile ilgili faaliyetleri kapsar. Örgütsel etkinliğin sağlanabilmesi için bilgi yönetimi yaklaşımları, örgütsel hafıza ve örgütsel öğrenme sistemleri birbiriyle etkileşim halindedir. Bu çalışmada kaza ve olay araştırma yaklaşımlarını ve "Emniyet Yönetimi" kavramını "Örgütsel Emniyet Stratejileri", "Örgütsel Emniyet Yetkinlikleri" ve "Bilgi Yönetim Sistemleri" açısından yazında mevcut araştırmalar ışığında inceledik. 



 

Kaynakça

  • C. A. Ericson, Hazard Analysis Techniques for System Safety. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2005, pp. 1-12.
  • J. R. Wilson, and B. J. Norris “Rail human factors: past, present and future,” Applied Ergonomics, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 649-660, Nov. 2005.
  • M. T. E. Baysari, S. M. Andrew, and J. R. Wilson “Understanding the human factors contribution to railway accidents and incidents in Australia,” Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 40, no. 5, pp.1750-1757, Sep. 2008.
  • S. Hall, Beyond Hidden Dangers: Railway Safety into the 21st Century. Surrey: Ian Allan Publishing, 2003, pp. 1-17.
  • P. Checkland, “Systems theory and management thinking,” American Behavioral Scientist, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 75-91, Sep. 1994.
  • C. L. Wang, and P. K. Ahmed, “Structure and structural dimensions for knowledge-based organizations,” Measuring Business Excellence, vol. 7, no. 1, Jan. 2003.
  • J. R. Wilson, and B. J. Norris, “Rail human factors: past, present and future,” in Rail Human Factors: Supporting the Integrated Railway, J. R. Wilson, B. J. Norris, T. Clarke, A. Mills, Ed. Burlington: Ashgate Publishing, 2005, ch. 1, pp.3-12.
  • A. Albert, M. R. Hallowel, and B. M. Kleiner, “Emerging strategies for construction safety & health hazard recognition,” Journal of Safety, Health & Environmental Research,, vol. 10, no.2, pp.152-161, Mar. 2014.
  • L. Shaw, and H. S. Sichel, Accident Proneness: Research in the Occurance, Causation and Prevention of Road Accidents. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1971, pp. 11-27.
  • P. M. Salmon, M. Cornelissen, and M. J. Trotter, “System based accident analysis methods: a comparison of accimap, hfacs and stamp analysis,” Safety Science, vol. 50, no.4, pp. 3-9, 1158-1170, Apr. 2013.
  • P. G. P. Sabet, H. Aadal, M. H. M. Jamshidi, and K. G. Rad, “Application of domino theory to justify and prevent accident occurance in construction sites,” IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, vol. 6, no. 2, Mar. 2013.
  • J. T. Reason, “Human error: models and management,” British Medical Journal, vol. 320, pp.768-770, Mar. 2000.
  • N. A. Stanton, L. A. Rafferty, and L. A. Blane, “Human factors analysis of accidents in system of systems,” Journal of Battlefield Technology, vol. 15, no.2, pp. 23-30, Jun. 2012.
  • P. Underwood, and P. Waterson, “Systemic accident analysis: examining the gap between research and practice,” Accident & Prevention, vol. 55, pp. 154-164, Jun. 2013.
  • P. C. Cacciabue, “Human error risk management methodology for safety audit of a large railway organization,” Applied Ergonomics, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 709-718, Nov. 2005.
  • A. Pasquini, A. Rizzo, and L. Save, “A methodology for the analysis of spad,” Safety Science, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 437-455, Jun. 2004.
  • H. Iridiastadi, and Z. F. Ikatrinasari, “Indonesian railway accidents: utilizing human factor analysis and classification system in determining potential contributing factors,” Work: A Journal of Prevention Assessment and Rehabilitation, vol. 41, pp. 4246-4249, 2012.
  • J. Santos-Reyes, and A. N. Beard, “Assessing safety management systems,” Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, vol. 15, no. 2, pp.77-95, Mar. 2002.
  • V. M. Sutherland, P. Makin, and C. Cox, Management of Safety: The Behavioral Approach to Changing Organizations, London: Sage Publications, 2000, pp. 3-27.
  • F. K. Crawley, “The change in safety management for offshore oil and gas production systems,” Process Safety and Environmental Protection, vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 143-148, May 1999.
  • F. A. Manuele, Advanced Safety Management: Focusing on Z10 and Serious Injury Prevention. New Jersey: Wiley, 2008, pp. 7-33.
  • N. Möller, S. O. Hansson, and M. Peterson, “Safety is more than the antonym of risk,” Journal of Applied Philosophy, vol. 23, no.4, Nov. 2006, pp. 419-432.
  • J. Reason, Managing the risks of organizational accidents. Vermont: Ashgate Publishing, 1997, pp. 1-20.
  • M. H. Abel, “Competencies management and learning organizational memory,” Academic Medicine, vol. 82, no. 6, Nov. 2008, pp. 15-30.
  • D. Klass, “A performance-based conception of competence is changing the regulation of physicians’ professional behavior,” Journal Knowledge Management, vol. 12, no.6, Nov. 2008, pp. 529-535.
  • A. Okuyama, K. Martowirono, and B. Bijnen, “Assessing the patient safety competencies of healthcare professionals: a systematic review,” BMJ Quality & Safety, Acc. 21, Jul. 2011, pp. 1-10.
  • W. R. King, “Knowledge management and organizational learning,” in Knowledge management and organizational learning: Annals of Information Systems, W. R. King, Ed. Springer, New York, 2009, ch. 1, pp. 3-13.
  • M. Jennex, Case Studies in Knowledge Management. Hershey: IDEA Group Publishing, 2005, pp. 8.
  • K. T. Ming, “Application of a quality management system approach to health, safety and environment. in offshore South East Asia,” in Proceedings of the 10th Conference and Exhibition World Trade Centre, Singapore, Dec. 1994, pp. 739–745.
  • J. Roughton, and N. Crutchfield, Safety Culture: An Innovative Leadership Approach. Oxford: Elsevier, 2014, pp. 3-21.
  • T. W. van der Schaaf, and L. B. Wright, “A Generic Root Cause Analysis Approach for the Railway Industry,” in Rail Human Factors: Supporting the Integrated Railway, J. R. Wilson, B. J. Norris, T. Clarke, A. Mills, Ed. Burlington: Ashgate Publishing, 2005, ch. 11, pp. 413-419.
  • M. Dabekaussen, T. W. van der Schaaf, and L. B. Wright, “Improving incident analysis in the Dutch railway sector, Safety Science Monitor, vol. 11, no. 2, 2007, pp. 1-10.

Developing Rail Safety Competencies Based on Accident and Incident Investigations: Using Root Cause Taxonomies to Learn from Accidents

Yıl 2017, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 38 - 44, 29.12.2017
https://doi.org/10.33720/kisgd.329152

Öz

In the knowledge age, as knowledge becomes the main determinant of organizational success, organizational safety becomes increasingly dependent on knowledge management systems. As a management process, Knowledge Management includes capturing, developing, sharing and effectively using organizational knowledge. For organizational effectiveness, approaches of knowledge management, systems of organizational memory and organizational learning systems interact with each other. In this study, we examine Accident and Incident Investigation Approaches and the concept of Safety Management in terms of “Organizational Safety Strategies”, “Competencies for Organizational Safety” and “Knowledge Management Systems”, in light of extant research.

Kaynakça

  • C. A. Ericson, Hazard Analysis Techniques for System Safety. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2005, pp. 1-12.
  • J. R. Wilson, and B. J. Norris “Rail human factors: past, present and future,” Applied Ergonomics, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 649-660, Nov. 2005.
  • M. T. E. Baysari, S. M. Andrew, and J. R. Wilson “Understanding the human factors contribution to railway accidents and incidents in Australia,” Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 40, no. 5, pp.1750-1757, Sep. 2008.
  • S. Hall, Beyond Hidden Dangers: Railway Safety into the 21st Century. Surrey: Ian Allan Publishing, 2003, pp. 1-17.
  • P. Checkland, “Systems theory and management thinking,” American Behavioral Scientist, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 75-91, Sep. 1994.
  • C. L. Wang, and P. K. Ahmed, “Structure and structural dimensions for knowledge-based organizations,” Measuring Business Excellence, vol. 7, no. 1, Jan. 2003.
  • J. R. Wilson, and B. J. Norris, “Rail human factors: past, present and future,” in Rail Human Factors: Supporting the Integrated Railway, J. R. Wilson, B. J. Norris, T. Clarke, A. Mills, Ed. Burlington: Ashgate Publishing, 2005, ch. 1, pp.3-12.
  • A. Albert, M. R. Hallowel, and B. M. Kleiner, “Emerging strategies for construction safety & health hazard recognition,” Journal of Safety, Health & Environmental Research,, vol. 10, no.2, pp.152-161, Mar. 2014.
  • L. Shaw, and H. S. Sichel, Accident Proneness: Research in the Occurance, Causation and Prevention of Road Accidents. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1971, pp. 11-27.
  • P. M. Salmon, M. Cornelissen, and M. J. Trotter, “System based accident analysis methods: a comparison of accimap, hfacs and stamp analysis,” Safety Science, vol. 50, no.4, pp. 3-9, 1158-1170, Apr. 2013.
  • P. G. P. Sabet, H. Aadal, M. H. M. Jamshidi, and K. G. Rad, “Application of domino theory to justify and prevent accident occurance in construction sites,” IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, vol. 6, no. 2, Mar. 2013.
  • J. T. Reason, “Human error: models and management,” British Medical Journal, vol. 320, pp.768-770, Mar. 2000.
  • N. A. Stanton, L. A. Rafferty, and L. A. Blane, “Human factors analysis of accidents in system of systems,” Journal of Battlefield Technology, vol. 15, no.2, pp. 23-30, Jun. 2012.
  • P. Underwood, and P. Waterson, “Systemic accident analysis: examining the gap between research and practice,” Accident & Prevention, vol. 55, pp. 154-164, Jun. 2013.
  • P. C. Cacciabue, “Human error risk management methodology for safety audit of a large railway organization,” Applied Ergonomics, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 709-718, Nov. 2005.
  • A. Pasquini, A. Rizzo, and L. Save, “A methodology for the analysis of spad,” Safety Science, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 437-455, Jun. 2004.
  • H. Iridiastadi, and Z. F. Ikatrinasari, “Indonesian railway accidents: utilizing human factor analysis and classification system in determining potential contributing factors,” Work: A Journal of Prevention Assessment and Rehabilitation, vol. 41, pp. 4246-4249, 2012.
  • J. Santos-Reyes, and A. N. Beard, “Assessing safety management systems,” Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, vol. 15, no. 2, pp.77-95, Mar. 2002.
  • V. M. Sutherland, P. Makin, and C. Cox, Management of Safety: The Behavioral Approach to Changing Organizations, London: Sage Publications, 2000, pp. 3-27.
  • F. K. Crawley, “The change in safety management for offshore oil and gas production systems,” Process Safety and Environmental Protection, vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 143-148, May 1999.
  • F. A. Manuele, Advanced Safety Management: Focusing on Z10 and Serious Injury Prevention. New Jersey: Wiley, 2008, pp. 7-33.
  • N. Möller, S. O. Hansson, and M. Peterson, “Safety is more than the antonym of risk,” Journal of Applied Philosophy, vol. 23, no.4, Nov. 2006, pp. 419-432.
  • J. Reason, Managing the risks of organizational accidents. Vermont: Ashgate Publishing, 1997, pp. 1-20.
  • M. H. Abel, “Competencies management and learning organizational memory,” Academic Medicine, vol. 82, no. 6, Nov. 2008, pp. 15-30.
  • D. Klass, “A performance-based conception of competence is changing the regulation of physicians’ professional behavior,” Journal Knowledge Management, vol. 12, no.6, Nov. 2008, pp. 529-535.
  • A. Okuyama, K. Martowirono, and B. Bijnen, “Assessing the patient safety competencies of healthcare professionals: a systematic review,” BMJ Quality & Safety, Acc. 21, Jul. 2011, pp. 1-10.
  • W. R. King, “Knowledge management and organizational learning,” in Knowledge management and organizational learning: Annals of Information Systems, W. R. King, Ed. Springer, New York, 2009, ch. 1, pp. 3-13.
  • M. Jennex, Case Studies in Knowledge Management. Hershey: IDEA Group Publishing, 2005, pp. 8.
  • K. T. Ming, “Application of a quality management system approach to health, safety and environment. in offshore South East Asia,” in Proceedings of the 10th Conference and Exhibition World Trade Centre, Singapore, Dec. 1994, pp. 739–745.
  • J. Roughton, and N. Crutchfield, Safety Culture: An Innovative Leadership Approach. Oxford: Elsevier, 2014, pp. 3-21.
  • T. W. van der Schaaf, and L. B. Wright, “A Generic Root Cause Analysis Approach for the Railway Industry,” in Rail Human Factors: Supporting the Integrated Railway, J. R. Wilson, B. J. Norris, T. Clarke, A. Mills, Ed. Burlington: Ashgate Publishing, 2005, ch. 11, pp. 413-419.
  • M. Dabekaussen, T. W. van der Schaaf, and L. B. Wright, “Improving incident analysis in the Dutch railway sector, Safety Science Monitor, vol. 11, no. 2, 2007, pp. 1-10.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Mühendislik, Ortak Disiplinler
Yayınlanma Tarihi 2017
Bölüm İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği
Yazarlar

İbrahim BAŞARAN> (Sorumlu Yazar)
BÜLENT ECEVİT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-6608-273X
Türkiye


Sinan YILMAZ>
BÜLENT ECEVİT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-8576-9913
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Aralık 2017
Başvuru Tarihi 18 Temmuz 2017
Kabul Tarihi 27 Aralık 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 1, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

IEEE İ. Başaran ve S. Yılmaz , "Developing Rail Safety Competencies Based on Accident and Incident Investigations: Using Root Cause Taxonomies to Learn from Accidents", Karaelmas Journal of Occupational Health and Safety, c. 1, sayı. 1, ss. 38-44, Ara. 2017, doi:10.33720/kisgd.329152