Araştırma Makalesi
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Adaptation of the Job Satisfaction Scale: Validity and Reliability Study

Yıl 2020, Cilt 1, Sayı 2, 17 - 31, 31.12.2020

Öz

This research aims to carry out the Turkish validity-reliability study of the reinterpretation of the job satisfaction scale developed by Brayfield and Rothe (1951) and shortened by Judge, Locke, Durham and Kluger (1998). According to the results of the research conducted with the participation of 253 employees, the factor loadings of the items in the scale ranged between 0,841 and 0,932 and the total explained variance was determined as 77,99%. According to the confirmatory factor analysis results, the job satisfaction scale consists of 5 items and single factor (Chi-square / degree of freedom: 2.00; RMSEA: 0.06; NFI: 0.99; NNFI: 0.99; CFI: 0.99; GFI: 0.98 and AGFI: 0.95). The internal consistency of the scale was calculated as 0.929 and item-total correlations ranged between 0,756 and 0,886. As a result, after the analysis, it was concluded that the job satisfaction scale is valid and reliable for Turkish society.

Kaynakça

  • Aziri, B. (2011). Job Satisfaction: A Literature Review. Management Research & Practice, 3(4).
  • Bayram, N. (2004). Sosyal Bilimlerde SPSS ile Veri Analizi, Bursa: Ezgi Kitabevi.
  • Beavers, A. S., Lounsbury, J. W., Richards, J. K., Huck, S. W. Skolits, G. J. & Esquivel, S. L. (2013). Practical Considerations for Using Exploratory Factor Analysis in Educational Research, Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 18(6), 1-13.
  • Brayfield, A. Hve Rothe, H. F. (1951). An Index of Job Satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 35(5), 307-311.
  • Bulutlar, F., & Kamaşak, R. (2008). The relationship between organizational communication and job satisfaction: An empirical study of blue collar workers. Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, (22).
  • Cramer, D. (1996), “Job satisfaction and organizational continuance commitment: a two‐wave panel study”, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 17, pp. 389‐400.
  • Currivan, D.B. (1999), “The causal order of job satisfaction and organizational commitment in models of employee turnover”, Human Resource Management Review, Vol. 9, pp. 495‐524.
  • Çelik, H.E., Yılmaz, V. (2013). Lisrel 9.1 ile Yapısal Eşitlik Modellemesi, Ankara: Anı Yayıncılık.
  • Çömlekçi, M., & Başol, O. (2019). Sosyal Medya Haberlerine Güven ve Kullanıcı Teyit Alışkanlıkları Üzerine Bir İnceleme, Galatasaray Üniversitesi İletişim Dergisi, (30), 55-77.
  • De Vaus, D. A. (2002). Surveys in Social Research, Australia: Allen & Unwin.
  • Gazioğlu, S. and Tansel, A. (2004) Job satisfaction, work environment and relations with managers in Britain, ERC Working Paper no. 03/04, Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University, Ankara.
  • Gazioğlu, S. & Tansel, A. (2006) Job satisfaction in Britain: individual and job related factors, Applied Economics, 38(10), 1163-1171.
  • Gillet, B., & Schwab, D. P. (1975). Convergent and discriminant validities of corresponding Job Descriptive Index and Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire scales. Journal of Applied Psychology, 60(3), 313.
  • Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J. & Anderson, R. E (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis a Global Perspective, 7th Edition, Global Edition, USA: Pearson.
  • Hoppock, R. (1935). Job Satisfaction, Harper and Brothers, New York.
  • Hwang, M.I. & Lin, J.W. (1999), “Information dimension, information overload and decision quality”. Journal of Information Science, 25 (3):213-218.
  • Hulin, C. L., & Judge, T. A. (2003). Job attitudes. In W. C. Borman, D. R. Ilgen, & R. J. Klimoski (Eds.), Handbook of psychology: Industrial and organizational psychology (pp. 255–276). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  • Idson, T. L. (1990) Establishment size, job satisfaction and the structure of work, Applied Economics, 22, 1007–18.
  • Judge, T. A., Locke, E. A., Durham, C. C & Kluger, A. N. (1998). Dispositional Effects on Job and Life satisfaction: The Role of Core Evaluations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83(1), 17-34.
  • Judge, T. A., Zhang, S. C., & Glerum, D. R. (2020). Job satisfaction. Essentials of Job Attitudes and Other Workplace Psychological Constructs, 207-241.
  • Keser, A., Öngen Bi̇li̇r, B.K. (2019). İş Tatmini Ölçeğinin Türkçe Güvenilirlik ve Geçerlilik Çalışması. Kırklareli Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 3(3) , 229-239.
  • Keser, A., Öngen Bilir, B.K., Aytaç, S. (2017). Niceliksel İş Yükü Envanterinin Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması. İş-Güç Endüstri İlişkileri Dergisi, 19(2), 55-78.
  • Kline, R. B. (2013). Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Y. Petscher ve C. Schatsschneider, (Ed.), Applied Quantitative Analysis in the Social Sciences içinde (171- 207). New York: Routledge.
  • Lance, C.E. (1991), “Evaluation of a structural model relating job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and precursors to voluntary turnover”, Multivariate Behavioral Research, Vol. 26, pp. 137‐62.
  • Locke, E.A. (1970), “Job satisfaction and job performance: a theoretical analysis”, Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, Vol. 5, pp. 484‐500.
  • Locke, E. A. (1976). The nature and causes of job satisfaction. In M. D. Dunnette (Ed.), Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology (pp. 1297–1349). Chicago: Rand McNally.
  • Lund, D. B. (2003). Organizational culture and job satisfaction. Journal of business & industrial marketing.
  • Nystrom, P.C. (1993), “Organizational cultures, strategies, and commitments in health care organizations”, Health Care Management Review, Vol. 18, pp. 43‐9.
  • Odom, R.Y., Boxx, W.R. and Dunn, M.G. (1990), “Organizational cultures, commitment, satisfaction, and cohesion”, Public Productivity and Management Review, Vol. 14, pp. 157‐69.
  • Pincus, D. (1986). “Communication satisfaction, job satisfaction, and job performance”. Human Communication Research, (12):395-419.
  • Saari, L. M., & Judge, T. A. (2004). Employee attitudes and job satisfaction. Human Resource Management: Published in Cooperation with the School of Business Administration, The University of Michigan and in alliance with the Society of Human Resources Management, 43(4), 395-407.
  • Spector, P. E. (1994). Job satisfaction survey.
  • Spector, P.E. (1997). Job satisfaction: Application, assessment, causes and consequences,Thousand Oaks, CA,Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Sample Size Calculator. Erişim 15 Kasım 2020, https://www.surveysystem.com/sscalc.htm
  • Şimşek, Ö. F. (2007). Yapısal Eşitlik Modellemesine Giriş, Ankara: Ekinoks
  • Taber, K. (2018). The Use of Cronbach’s Alpha When Developing and Reporting Research Instruments in Science Education, Research in Science Education, 48(6), 1273-1296.
  • Tvorik, S.J. & McGivern, M.H. (1997), “Determinants of organizational performance”, Management Decision, Vol. 35, pp. 417‐35.
  • Vroom, V.H. (1964). Work and motivation, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
  • Walther, J.B. (1988). “Communication satisfaction in the bank: An audit evaluation”. Journal of Business Communication, 25 (3):79-86.

İŞ TATMİNİ ÖLÇEĞİNİN UYARLANMASI: GEÇERLİK VE GÜVENİRLİK ÇALIŞMASI

Yıl 2020, Cilt 1, Sayı 2, 17 - 31, 31.12.2020

Öz

Mevcut araştırma, Brayfield ve Rothe (1951) tarafından geliştirilen, Judge, Locke, Durham ve Kluger (1998) tarafından kısaltılan iş tatmini ölçeğinin yeniden yorumlanmış halinin Türkçe geçerlik-güvenirlik çalışmasını gerçekleştirmeyi amaçlamaktadır. 253 çalışanın katılımıyla gerçekleştirilen analiz sonuçlarına göre, ölçekte bulunan maddelerin faktör yükleri 0,841 ile 0,932 arasında değişmektedir ve açıklanan toplam varyans %77,99 olarak tespit edilmiştir. Gerçekleştirilen doğrulayıcı faktör analizi sonuçlarına göre iş tatmini ölçeği (Ki-kare/serbestlik değeri: 2,00; RMSEA: 0.06; NFI: 0.99; NNFI: 0.99; CFI: 0.99; GFI: 0.98 ve AGFI: 0.95) 5 madde ve tek faktörden oluşmaktadır. Ölçeğin içsel tutarlığı 0,929 olarak hesaplanmıştır ve madde-toplam korelasyonlarının 0,756 ile 0,886 arasında değiştiği görülmüştür. Sonuç olarak analizler, iş tatmini ölçeğinin geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçme aracı olduğunu göstermektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Aziri, B. (2011). Job Satisfaction: A Literature Review. Management Research & Practice, 3(4).
  • Bayram, N. (2004). Sosyal Bilimlerde SPSS ile Veri Analizi, Bursa: Ezgi Kitabevi.
  • Beavers, A. S., Lounsbury, J. W., Richards, J. K., Huck, S. W. Skolits, G. J. & Esquivel, S. L. (2013). Practical Considerations for Using Exploratory Factor Analysis in Educational Research, Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 18(6), 1-13.
  • Brayfield, A. Hve Rothe, H. F. (1951). An Index of Job Satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 35(5), 307-311.
  • Bulutlar, F., & Kamaşak, R. (2008). The relationship between organizational communication and job satisfaction: An empirical study of blue collar workers. Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, (22).
  • Cramer, D. (1996), “Job satisfaction and organizational continuance commitment: a two‐wave panel study”, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 17, pp. 389‐400.
  • Currivan, D.B. (1999), “The causal order of job satisfaction and organizational commitment in models of employee turnover”, Human Resource Management Review, Vol. 9, pp. 495‐524.
  • Çelik, H.E., Yılmaz, V. (2013). Lisrel 9.1 ile Yapısal Eşitlik Modellemesi, Ankara: Anı Yayıncılık.
  • Çömlekçi, M., & Başol, O. (2019). Sosyal Medya Haberlerine Güven ve Kullanıcı Teyit Alışkanlıkları Üzerine Bir İnceleme, Galatasaray Üniversitesi İletişim Dergisi, (30), 55-77.
  • De Vaus, D. A. (2002). Surveys in Social Research, Australia: Allen & Unwin.
  • Gazioğlu, S. and Tansel, A. (2004) Job satisfaction, work environment and relations with managers in Britain, ERC Working Paper no. 03/04, Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University, Ankara.
  • Gazioğlu, S. & Tansel, A. (2006) Job satisfaction in Britain: individual and job related factors, Applied Economics, 38(10), 1163-1171.
  • Gillet, B., & Schwab, D. P. (1975). Convergent and discriminant validities of corresponding Job Descriptive Index and Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire scales. Journal of Applied Psychology, 60(3), 313.
  • Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J. & Anderson, R. E (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis a Global Perspective, 7th Edition, Global Edition, USA: Pearson.
  • Hoppock, R. (1935). Job Satisfaction, Harper and Brothers, New York.
  • Hwang, M.I. & Lin, J.W. (1999), “Information dimension, information overload and decision quality”. Journal of Information Science, 25 (3):213-218.
  • Hulin, C. L., & Judge, T. A. (2003). Job attitudes. In W. C. Borman, D. R. Ilgen, & R. J. Klimoski (Eds.), Handbook of psychology: Industrial and organizational psychology (pp. 255–276). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  • Idson, T. L. (1990) Establishment size, job satisfaction and the structure of work, Applied Economics, 22, 1007–18.
  • Judge, T. A., Locke, E. A., Durham, C. C & Kluger, A. N. (1998). Dispositional Effects on Job and Life satisfaction: The Role of Core Evaluations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83(1), 17-34.
  • Judge, T. A., Zhang, S. C., & Glerum, D. R. (2020). Job satisfaction. Essentials of Job Attitudes and Other Workplace Psychological Constructs, 207-241.
  • Keser, A., Öngen Bi̇li̇r, B.K. (2019). İş Tatmini Ölçeğinin Türkçe Güvenilirlik ve Geçerlilik Çalışması. Kırklareli Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 3(3) , 229-239.
  • Keser, A., Öngen Bilir, B.K., Aytaç, S. (2017). Niceliksel İş Yükü Envanterinin Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması. İş-Güç Endüstri İlişkileri Dergisi, 19(2), 55-78.
  • Kline, R. B. (2013). Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Y. Petscher ve C. Schatsschneider, (Ed.), Applied Quantitative Analysis in the Social Sciences içinde (171- 207). New York: Routledge.
  • Lance, C.E. (1991), “Evaluation of a structural model relating job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and precursors to voluntary turnover”, Multivariate Behavioral Research, Vol. 26, pp. 137‐62.
  • Locke, E.A. (1970), “Job satisfaction and job performance: a theoretical analysis”, Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, Vol. 5, pp. 484‐500.
  • Locke, E. A. (1976). The nature and causes of job satisfaction. In M. D. Dunnette (Ed.), Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology (pp. 1297–1349). Chicago: Rand McNally.
  • Lund, D. B. (2003). Organizational culture and job satisfaction. Journal of business & industrial marketing.
  • Nystrom, P.C. (1993), “Organizational cultures, strategies, and commitments in health care organizations”, Health Care Management Review, Vol. 18, pp. 43‐9.
  • Odom, R.Y., Boxx, W.R. and Dunn, M.G. (1990), “Organizational cultures, commitment, satisfaction, and cohesion”, Public Productivity and Management Review, Vol. 14, pp. 157‐69.
  • Pincus, D. (1986). “Communication satisfaction, job satisfaction, and job performance”. Human Communication Research, (12):395-419.
  • Saari, L. M., & Judge, T. A. (2004). Employee attitudes and job satisfaction. Human Resource Management: Published in Cooperation with the School of Business Administration, The University of Michigan and in alliance with the Society of Human Resources Management, 43(4), 395-407.
  • Spector, P. E. (1994). Job satisfaction survey.
  • Spector, P.E. (1997). Job satisfaction: Application, assessment, causes and consequences,Thousand Oaks, CA,Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Sample Size Calculator. Erişim 15 Kasım 2020, https://www.surveysystem.com/sscalc.htm
  • Şimşek, Ö. F. (2007). Yapısal Eşitlik Modellemesine Giriş, Ankara: Ekinoks
  • Taber, K. (2018). The Use of Cronbach’s Alpha When Developing and Reporting Research Instruments in Science Education, Research in Science Education, 48(6), 1273-1296.
  • Tvorik, S.J. & McGivern, M.H. (1997), “Determinants of organizational performance”, Management Decision, Vol. 35, pp. 417‐35.
  • Vroom, V.H. (1964). Work and motivation, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
  • Walther, J.B. (1988). “Communication satisfaction in the bank: An audit evaluation”. Journal of Business Communication, 25 (3):79-86.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Oğuz BAŞOL
KIRKLARELİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-7523-4544
Türkiye


Mehmet Fatih ÇÖMLEKÇİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
KIRKLARELI UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-4811-5558
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 1, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Başol, O. & Çömlekçi, M. F. (2020). İŞ TATMİNİ ÖLÇEĞİNİN UYARLANMASI: GEÇERLİK VE GÜVENİRLİK ÇALIŞMASI . Kırklareli Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Meslek Yüksekokulu Dergisi , 1 (2) , 17-31 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/klusbmyo/issue/59287/839121