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Kızılırmak Nehri’nden Alınan Su ve Sediment Örneklerinde Kalıcı Organik Kirleticilerin Tespiti

Yıl 2019, Cilt 12, Sayı 4, 430 - 436, 31.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.625858

Öz

Yasaklanmalarının üzerinden onlarca yıl geçmesine rağmen kalıcılıkları nedeniyle hala doğada bulunabilen Kalıcı organik kirleticiler (KOK)’den organik klorlu pestisit (OCP), polibromlu difenileter (PBDE) ve poliklorlu bifenil (PCB)’ler sedimentte birikerek çevre ve iklim koşullarına bağlı olarak suya geri salınmaktadırlar. Kızılırmak Nehri ise İç Anadolu Bölgesi’nden doğarak Karadeniz’e dökülen on ilin sınırları içinden geçen Türkiye’nin en uzun nehridir. Kızılırmak Nehri’nin Kırıkkale sınırları içindeki bölümü üzerinde organize sanayi bölgesi, petrokimya ve silah tesisleri bulunmakta, şehrin kanalizasyon deşarjı da nehre yapılmaktadır. Bu nedenle suda bulunan ve sedimentte birikmiş olan KOK’ların miktarı nehrin suyunun kullanıldığı bölgeler için önem taşımaktadır. Bu çalışmada Haziran 2018 ile Mayıs 2019 tarihleri arasındaki 1 yıl boyunca toplanan 60 sediment ve 60 su örneğinde 9 OCP (α, β, γ-hekzaklorosiklohekzan, hekzaklorobenzen, heptaklor, 4,4’-diklorodifenil dikloroetan- 4,4’-DDE, 4,4’-diklorodifenil dikloroetilen- 4,4’-DDD, 2,4’-diklorodifenil trikloroetan- 2,4’-DDT, 4,4’-diklorodifenil trikloroetan- 4,4’-DDT), 7 PCB (28, 52, 101, 118, 138, 153, 180) ve 6 PBDE (17, 47, 66, 100, 153, 183) olmak üzere toplam 22 KOK’un miktarına bakılarak varsa mevsimsel değişikliklerin ortaya konulması amaçlanmıştır. Yapılan analizler sonucunda en sık tespit edilen KOK’un 4,4’-DDE, kalıntı konsantrasyonunun en yüksek olduğu ayın ise Ağustos olduğu belirlenmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Aguilar A. Relationship of DDE/ΣDDT in marine mammals to the chronology of DDT input into the ecosystem. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 1984; 41(6): 840-844.
  • Carpenter DO. Health effects of persistent organic pollutants: the challenge for the Pacific Basin and for the world. Reviews on Environmental Health. 2011; 26(1): 61-9.
  • GoogleMaps https://www.google.com/maps/@39.8397519,33.4605956,12.25z (19.08.2019).
  • Kelly BC, Ikonomou MG, Blair JD, Morin AE, Gobas FAPC. Food web-specific biomagnification of persistent organic pollutants. Science. 2007; 317(5835): 236-239.
  • Kuzukiran O, Yurdakok-Dikmen B, Sevin S, Sireli UT, Iplikcioglu-Cil G, Filazi A. Determination of selected endocrine disruptors in organic, free-range, and battery-produced hen eggs and risk assessment. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2018; 25(35): 35376-35386.
  • Kuzukiran O, Yurdakok-Dikmen B, Totan FE, Celik C, Orhan EC, Bilir EK, Kara E, Filazi A. Analytical method development and validation for some persistent organic pollutants in water and sediments by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. International Journal of Environmental Research. 2016; 10(3): 401-410.
  • Magnusson B, Ornemark U. Eurachem guide: The Fitness for Purpose of Analytical Methods-a Laboratory Guide to Method Validation and Related Topics. 2nd ed. Eurachem; 2014. p. 57. Malik A, Ojha P, Singh KP. Levels and distribution of persistent organochlorine pesticide residues in water and sediments of Gomti River (India)-a tributary of the Ganges River. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 2009; 148(1-4): 421-435.
  • Meharg AA, Wright J, Leeks GJL, Wass PD, Owens PN, Walling DE, Osborn D. PCB congener dynamics in a heavily industrialized river catchment. Science of the total environment. 2003; 314: 439-450.
  • Noël M, Loseto LL, Stern G. Legacy contaminants in the eastern Beaufort Sea beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas): are temporal trends reflecting regulations?. Arctic Science. 2018; 4(3): 373-387.
  • R Core Team (2014). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. http://www.R-project.org/
  • Ren X, Zeng G, Tang L, Wang J, Wan J, Liu Y, Yu J, Yi H, Ye S, Deng R. Sorption, transport and biodegradation–an insight into bioavailability of persistent organic pollutants in soil. Science of the Total Environment. 2018; 610: 1154-1163.
  • Sousa JC, Ribeiro AR, Barbosa MO, Pereira MFR, Silva AMT. A review on environmental monitoring of water organic pollutants identified by EU guidelines. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2018; 344: 146-162.
  • Sun P, Backus S, Blanchard P, Hites RA. Temporal and spatial trends of organochlorine pes-ticides in Great Lakes precipitation. Environmental Science and Technology. 2006; 40: 2135-2141.
  • WHO. https://www.who.int/foodsafety/areas_work/chemical-risks/pops/en/; Accessien date: 22.09.2019.
  • You H, Ding J, Zhao XS, Li YF, Liu LY, Ma WL, Qi H, Shen, JM. Spatial and seasonal variation of polychlorinated biphenyls in Songhua River, China. Environmental geochemistry and health. 2011; 33(3): 291-299.

Determination of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Water and Sediment Samples from Kızılırmak River

Yıl 2019, Cilt 12, Sayı 4, 430 - 436, 31.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.625858

Öz

The organic chlorinated pesticide (OCP), polybrominated diphenylether (PBDE) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), which can be found in nature due to their persistence even decades after their prohibition, are deposited in sediment and released back to water depending on environmental and climatic conditions. Kızılırmak, the longest river of Turkey, passes through ten provinces and flows from the Central Anatolia to the Black Sea. There is an organized industrial zone, petrochemical and weapon facilities on  Kızılırmak River within Kırıkkale border and the city’s sewage is discharged into the river. Therefore, the amount of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) present in water and deposited in sediment is important for the areas where river water is used. In this study, it was aimed to determine the seasonal changes, if any, by evaluating the total amount of 22 POPs; 9 OCPs (α, β, γ-hexachlorocyclohexane, hexachlorobenzene, heptachlor, 4,4'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane-4,4'-DDE, 4,4'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene-4,4'-DDD, 2,4'- dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane-2,4'-DDT, 4,4'-dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane-4,4'-DDT), 7 PCBs (28, 52, 101, 118, 138, 153, 180) and 6 PBDEs (17, 47, 66, 100, 153, 183) in 60 sediment and 60 water samples collected for 1 year between June 2018 and May 2019. The most frequently detected POP was 4,4'-DDE and the highest residue concentration was in August.

Kaynakça

  • Aguilar A. Relationship of DDE/ΣDDT in marine mammals to the chronology of DDT input into the ecosystem. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 1984; 41(6): 840-844.
  • Carpenter DO. Health effects of persistent organic pollutants: the challenge for the Pacific Basin and for the world. Reviews on Environmental Health. 2011; 26(1): 61-9.
  • GoogleMaps https://www.google.com/maps/@39.8397519,33.4605956,12.25z (19.08.2019).
  • Kelly BC, Ikonomou MG, Blair JD, Morin AE, Gobas FAPC. Food web-specific biomagnification of persistent organic pollutants. Science. 2007; 317(5835): 236-239.
  • Kuzukiran O, Yurdakok-Dikmen B, Sevin S, Sireli UT, Iplikcioglu-Cil G, Filazi A. Determination of selected endocrine disruptors in organic, free-range, and battery-produced hen eggs and risk assessment. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2018; 25(35): 35376-35386.
  • Kuzukiran O, Yurdakok-Dikmen B, Totan FE, Celik C, Orhan EC, Bilir EK, Kara E, Filazi A. Analytical method development and validation for some persistent organic pollutants in water and sediments by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. International Journal of Environmental Research. 2016; 10(3): 401-410.
  • Magnusson B, Ornemark U. Eurachem guide: The Fitness for Purpose of Analytical Methods-a Laboratory Guide to Method Validation and Related Topics. 2nd ed. Eurachem; 2014. p. 57. Malik A, Ojha P, Singh KP. Levels and distribution of persistent organochlorine pesticide residues in water and sediments of Gomti River (India)-a tributary of the Ganges River. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 2009; 148(1-4): 421-435.
  • Meharg AA, Wright J, Leeks GJL, Wass PD, Owens PN, Walling DE, Osborn D. PCB congener dynamics in a heavily industrialized river catchment. Science of the total environment. 2003; 314: 439-450.
  • Noël M, Loseto LL, Stern G. Legacy contaminants in the eastern Beaufort Sea beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas): are temporal trends reflecting regulations?. Arctic Science. 2018; 4(3): 373-387.
  • R Core Team (2014). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. http://www.R-project.org/
  • Ren X, Zeng G, Tang L, Wang J, Wan J, Liu Y, Yu J, Yi H, Ye S, Deng R. Sorption, transport and biodegradation–an insight into bioavailability of persistent organic pollutants in soil. Science of the Total Environment. 2018; 610: 1154-1163.
  • Sousa JC, Ribeiro AR, Barbosa MO, Pereira MFR, Silva AMT. A review on environmental monitoring of water organic pollutants identified by EU guidelines. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2018; 344: 146-162.
  • Sun P, Backus S, Blanchard P, Hites RA. Temporal and spatial trends of organochlorine pes-ticides in Great Lakes precipitation. Environmental Science and Technology. 2006; 40: 2135-2141.
  • WHO. https://www.who.int/foodsafety/areas_work/chemical-risks/pops/en/; Accessien date: 22.09.2019.
  • You H, Ding J, Zhao XS, Li YF, Liu LY, Ma WL, Qi H, Shen, JM. Spatial and seasonal variation of polychlorinated biphenyls in Songhua River, China. Environmental geochemistry and health. 2011; 33(3): 291-299.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Veteriner Hekimlik
Bölüm ARAŞTIRMA MAKALESİ
Yazarlar

Özgür KUZUKIRAN> (Sorumlu Yazar)
ÇANKIRI KARATEKİN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ELDİVAN SAĞLIK HİZMETLERİ MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU, VETERİNERLİK BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0001-9294-2801
Türkiye


Ayhan FİLAZİ>
ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-2800-6215
Türkiye


Pınar ARSLAN>
ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN FAKÜLTESİ, BİYOLOJİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0001-5910-2835
Türkiye


Begüm YURDAKÖK-DİKMEN Bu kişi benim
ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-0385-3602
Türkiye


Ülkü Nihan YAZGAN TAVŞANOĞLU Bu kişi benim
ÇANKIRI KARATEKİN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ELDİVAN SAĞLIK HİZMETLERİ MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU, TIBBİ HİZMETLER VE TEKNİKLER BÖLÜMÜ, ÇEVRE SAĞLIĞI PR.
0000-0001-8462-4150
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 12, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { kvj625858, journal = {Kocatepe Veterinary Journal}, issn = {1308-1594}, eissn = {2147-6853}, address = {}, publisher = {Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {12}, number = {4}, pages = {430 - 436}, doi = {10.30607/kvj.625858}, title = {Kızılırmak Nehri’nden Alınan Su ve Sediment Örneklerinde Kalıcı Organik Kirleticilerin Tespiti}, key = {cite}, author = {Kuzukıran, Özgür and Filazi, Ayhan and Arslan, Pınar and Yurdakök-dikmen, Begüm and Yazgan Tavşanoğlu, Ülkü Nihan} }
APA Kuzukıran, Ö. , Filazi, A. , Arslan, P. , Yurdakök-dikmen, B. & Yazgan Tavşanoğlu, Ü. N. (2019). Kızılırmak Nehri’nden Alınan Su ve Sediment Örneklerinde Kalıcı Organik Kirleticilerin Tespiti . Kocatepe Veterinary Journal , 12 (4) , 430-436 . DOI: 10.30607/kvj.625858
MLA Kuzukıran, Ö. , Filazi, A. , Arslan, P. , Yurdakök-dikmen, B. , Yazgan Tavşanoğlu, Ü. N. "Kızılırmak Nehri’nden Alınan Su ve Sediment Örneklerinde Kalıcı Organik Kirleticilerin Tespiti" . Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 12 (2019 ): 430-436 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kvj/issue/48417/625858>
Chicago Kuzukıran, Ö. , Filazi, A. , Arslan, P. , Yurdakök-dikmen, B. , Yazgan Tavşanoğlu, Ü. N. "Kızılırmak Nehri’nden Alınan Su ve Sediment Örneklerinde Kalıcı Organik Kirleticilerin Tespiti". Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 12 (2019 ): 430-436
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Kızılırmak Nehri’nden Alınan Su ve Sediment Örneklerinde Kalıcı Organik Kirleticilerin Tespiti AU - Özgür Kuzukıran , Ayhan Filazi , Pınar Arslan , Begüm Yurdakök-dikmen , Ülkü Nihan Yazgan Tavşanoğlu Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.30607/kvj.625858 DO - 10.30607/kvj.625858 T2 - Kocatepe Veterinary Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 430 EP - 436 VL - 12 IS - 4 SN - 1308-1594-2147-6853 M3 - doi: 10.30607/kvj.625858 UR - https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.625858 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Kocatepe Veteriner Dergisi Kızılırmak Nehri’nden Alınan Su ve Sediment Örneklerinde Kalıcı Organik Kirleticilerin Tespiti %A Özgür Kuzukıran , Ayhan Filazi , Pınar Arslan , Begüm Yurdakök-dikmen , Ülkü Nihan Yazgan Tavşanoğlu %T Kızılırmak Nehri’nden Alınan Su ve Sediment Örneklerinde Kalıcı Organik Kirleticilerin Tespiti %D 2019 %J Kocatepe Veterinary Journal %P 1308-1594-2147-6853 %V 12 %N 4 %R doi: 10.30607/kvj.625858 %U 10.30607/kvj.625858
ISNAD Kuzukıran, Özgür , Filazi, Ayhan , Arslan, Pınar , Yurdakök-dikmen, Begüm , Yazgan Tavşanoğlu, Ülkü Nihan . "Kızılırmak Nehri’nden Alınan Su ve Sediment Örneklerinde Kalıcı Organik Kirleticilerin Tespiti". Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 12 / 4 (Aralık 2019): 430-436 . https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.625858
AMA Kuzukıran Ö. , Filazi A. , Arslan P. , Yurdakök-dikmen B. , Yazgan Tavşanoğlu Ü. N. Kızılırmak Nehri’nden Alınan Su ve Sediment Örneklerinde Kalıcı Organik Kirleticilerin Tespiti. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal. 2019; 12(4): 430-436.
Vancouver Kuzukıran Ö. , Filazi A. , Arslan P. , Yurdakök-dikmen B. , Yazgan Tavşanoğlu Ü. N. Kızılırmak Nehri’nden Alınan Su ve Sediment Örneklerinde Kalıcı Organik Kirleticilerin Tespiti. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal. 2019; 12(4): 430-436.
IEEE Ö. Kuzukıran , A. Filazi , P. Arslan , B. Yurdakök-dikmen ve Ü. N. Yazgan Tavşanoğlu , "Kızılırmak Nehri’nden Alınan Su ve Sediment Örneklerinde Kalıcı Organik Kirleticilerin Tespiti", Kocatepe Veterinary Journal, c. 12, sayı. 4, ss. 430-436, Ara. 2019, doi:10.30607/kvj.625858

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