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A Multidisciplinary Assessment on the dominance of contemporary western culture and EU civilization

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 2, 28 - 43, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.52539/mad.1069323

Öz

After the Cold War, the Clash of Civilizations thesis defended conflict between the West and Muslims. Samuel Huntington was instrumental in legitimizing and supporting the conflict between Islam and the West. According to this theory, conflicts will arise from cultural and religious reasons, not between ideologies and states. They will be the scene of clashes, especially between Western and Islamic civilizations. Although nation-states continue to be the main actors in the global system, their traditional sovereignty structures will erode, continuing their essential functions under the umbrella of civilization. While this theory is being discussed, statistics reveal that social, cultural, economic discrimination and intolerance, called Islamophobia, is being developed against Muslims, whose members are constantly increasing in western countries after the Cold War. This article examines the relationship between Islamophobia, rising in Europe, and the Clash of Civilizations thesis, with a multidisciplinary approach of theology, history, economics, and politics of assertions done in the Risale-i Nur Collection writings by Said Nursi.

Kaynakça

  • Ahmed, A. (2002) Ibn Khaldun's Understanding of Civilizations and the Dilemmas of Islam and the West Today, Middle East Journal, Vol. 56, No. 1 (Winter, 2002), pp. 20-45 (26 pages)
  • Said, Edward (1979) Orientalism, New York: Vintage Books.
  • Huntington, Samuel P. (1989) "The End of History? The Fukuyama Thesis". Quadrant, October.
  • Huntington, Samuel P. (1991) The Third Wave, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
  • Aydın Mehmed, (1992) Manevi Değerler, Ahlak ve Bilim", Felsefe Dünyası
  • Yazır Hamdi (1991) Dibâce, Sad. Recep Kılıç
  • Spengler Oswald (1978) Batının Çöküşü, İstanbul.
  • Arkun Muhammed (1989) "İslâm Düşüncesine İtibarını Yeniden Kazandırması I-II" el-Kermil, 34.
  • Abbany, Z. (2018) Opinion: Science is scared of religion, DW, https://www.dw.com/en/opinion-science-is-scared-of-religion/a-43189947
  • Abbott, Andrew (2001). "Chaos of Disciplines." Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Aristotle (1952). "On the Parts of Animals." Great Books of the Western World. Robert Hutchins (der.) içinde. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.
  • Becher, Tony ve Ludwick Huber (1990). "Editorial." European Journal of Education. 25(3): 235.
  • Bradbeer, John (1999). "Barriers to Interdisciplinarity: Disciplinary Discourses and Student Learning." Journal of Geography in Higher Education. 23 (3): 381-396.
  • Buanes, Arild ve Svein Jentoft (2009). "Building Bridges: Institutional Perspectives on Interdisciplinarity." Futures. 41: 446–454.
  • Cluck, Anne (1980). "Reflections in the Interdisciplinary Approach to the Humanities." Liberal Education. 66 (1): 67-77.
  • Chebankova Elena (2021) What is civilization? Problems and definitions in book Civilizations and World Order, DOI: 10.4324/9780367822378-2
  • Cole, Stephen (1992). "Making Science: Between Nature and Society." Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. David Hume, "Of Miracles", An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, https://socialsciences.mcmaster.ca/econ/ugcm/3ll3/hume/enquiry.pdf
  • Değirmenci Koray (2017) Revisiting the Issue of Interdisciplinarity and Disciplinary Distinctions in Social Sciences, European Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies September-December Volume 2, Issue 6
  • DiMaggio, Paul (1997). "Epilogue: Sociology as a Discipline". Sociological Visions. Kai Erikson (der.) in. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. Disciplinary Perspectives on Higher Education and Research (Report 37: Papers presented at an International Seminar) içinde. Sweeden. Stockholm University.
  • Drews C, Han W (2010) Dynamics of Wind Setdown at Suez and the Eastern Nile Delta. PLoS ONE 5(8): e12481. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012481
  • Elzinga, Aant (1987). “Internal and External Regularities in Research and Higher Education Systems”. Sosyal Bilimlerde Disiplinlerarasılığı ve Disipliner Ayrımları Yeniden Düşünmek
  • Førland, T. E. (2008). Acts of God? Miracles and Scientific Explanation. History and Theory, 47(4), 483–494. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25478791 Francıs A. Schaeffer, Escape from Reason, Inter-Varsity Press, London, 1972, s. 30-1.
  • Frank, Roberta (1988). "Interdisciplinary: the First Half-Century." Words: for Robert Burchfield's Sixty-FiftynBirthday". in Eric G. Stanley (der.) içinde. Woodbridge: DS. Brewer.
  • Geertz, Clifford J. (2005). "Rearticulating Anthropology". Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle: Reconfiguring the discipline of Anthropolog. Daniel Segal ve Sylvia Yanagisako (der.) içinde.Durham: Duke University Press.
  • Hale, H. E. (2014). Civilizations Reframed Towards A Theoretical Upgrade For A Stalled Paradigm. Medeniyet Araştırmaları Dergisi, 1 (1), 5-23. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/mad/issue/35958/403520
  • Hanisch, Thor Einar ve Wolfgang Vollman (der.) (1983). "Interdisciplinarity in Higher Education." Bükreş: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.
  • Horgan, J., (2020) One of the World's Most Powerful Scientists Believes in Miracles, https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/cross-check/one-of-the-worlds-most-powerful-scientists-believes-in-miracles/
  • Işık, A. (2007), Din-bilim ilişkisi problemine mucizeler üzerinden genel bir Bakış: Vahiy Nesnesinin Mucizeliği Tartışması Kelam Araştırmaları 5: 1, S.87-102.
  • John, Mary (1996). "Discrepant Dislocations: Feminism, Theory, and Postcolonial Histories." Berkeley, CA:University of California Press.
  • Kelley, Donald (1997). "The Problem of Knowledge and the Concept of Discipline." History and the Disciplines:
  • Klein, Julie Thompson (2000). "A Conceptual Vocabulary of Interdisciplinary Science." Practicing Interdisciplinarity. Peter Weingart ve Nico Stehr (der.) içinde. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
  • Klein, Julie Thompson ve William H. Newell (1998). "Advancing Interdisciplinary Studies." Interdisciplinarity: Essays from the Literature. William H. Newell (der.) içinde. New York: College Entrance Examination Board.
  • Meister C. (2014) Religion, Science, and Miracles. In: Philosophy of Religion. Palgrave Philosophy Today. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137314758_6
  • Miller, Raymond C. "Varieties of interdisciplinary approaches in the social sciences: A 1981 overview." Issues in integrative studies 1 (1982): 1-37. Moran, Joe (2010)." Interdisciplinarity". Londra: Routledge.
  • Murphy, John (2000). “Postmodern Sosyal Analiz ve Postmodern Eleştiri.” Çev., Hüsamettin Arslan. İstanbul: Paradigma Yayınları.
  • Norris P., and Inglehart R. (2002) Islamic Culture and Democracy: Testing the 'Clash of Civilizations' Thesis, Comparative Sociology, Volume 1, issue 3-4
  • Nursi, BS (1960) The Words, Sozler Publications, Istanbul
  • Rosenau, Pauline Marie (1992). "Post-modernism and the Social Sciences." Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Steinmetz, George (der.) (1999). "State/Culture: State-Formation after the Cultural Turn." Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
  • Stember, Marilyn (1998). "Advancing the Social Sciences Through the Interdisciplinary Enterprise." Interdisciplinarity: Essays from the Literature. William H. Newell (der.) içinde. New York: College Entrance Examination Board.
  • Szostak, Rick (2007). “Modernism, Postmodernism and Interdisciplinarity.” Issues in Integrative Studies. 25:32-83. The Reclassification of Knowledge in Early Modem Europe. Donald R. Kelley (der.) içinde. Rochester: University of Rochester Press. Theodore M. Drange, Science and Miracles, 1998 www.infidels.org/library/modern/theodore_drange/miracles.html
  • Wallerstein, Immanuel (2004). "The Three Meanings of 'Discipline'." Reinventing the Social Sciences (OECD Proceedings) içinde. Paris.
  • Wallerstein, Immanuel (der.) (1996). "Open the Social Sciences: Report of the Gulbenkian Commission on the Restructuring of the Social Sciences." Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Weismann, L. (2014). Material Progress And Spiritual Superiorid: Muslim Brotherhood Conceptualizations Of Civilization. Medeniyet Araştırmaları Dergisi, 1 (2), 25-41. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/mad/issue/35959/467494
  • Wigner E., (1960) "The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences", Communications in Pure and Applied Mathematics, vol. 13, No. I (February)

Çağdaş Batı Kültürü ve AB Medeniyetinin Egemenliği Üzerine Çok Disiplinli Bir Değerlendirme

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 2, 28 - 43, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.52539/mad.1069323

Öz

Soğuk Savaş'tan sonra, Medeniyetler Çatışması tezi, Batı ile Müslümanlar arasındaki çatışmayı savunmuştur. Samuel Huntington, İslam ile Batı arasındaki çatışmayı meşrulaştırmada ve desteklemede etkili olmuştur. Bu teoriye göre çatışmalar ideolojiler ve devletler arasında değil, kültürel ve dini nedenlerden kaynaklanacaktır. Özellikle Batı ve İslam medeniyetleri arasında çatışmalara sahne olacaklardır. Ulus-devletler küresel sistemin ana aktörleri olmaya devam etseler de, geleneksel egemenlik yapıları aşınacak ve temel işlevlerini medeniyet çatısı altında sürdürecektir. Bu teori tartışılırken istatistikler, Soğuk Savaş sonrası batı ülkelerinde üyeleri sürekli artan Müslümanlara karşı İslamofobi adı verilen sosyal, kültürel, ekonomik ayrımcılık ve hoşgörüsüzlüğün geliştirildiğini ortaya koymaktadır. Bu makale, Said Nursi'nin Risale-i Nur külliyatında “Avrupa Medeniyeti” ile ilgili iddiaların teoloji, tarih, ekonomi ve siyaset alanlarında multidisipliner bir yaklaşımla Avrupa'da yükselen İslamofobi ile Medeniyetler Çatışması tezi arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Ahmed, A. (2002) Ibn Khaldun's Understanding of Civilizations and the Dilemmas of Islam and the West Today, Middle East Journal, Vol. 56, No. 1 (Winter, 2002), pp. 20-45 (26 pages)
  • Said, Edward (1979) Orientalism, New York: Vintage Books.
  • Huntington, Samuel P. (1989) "The End of History? The Fukuyama Thesis". Quadrant, October.
  • Huntington, Samuel P. (1991) The Third Wave, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
  • Aydın Mehmed, (1992) Manevi Değerler, Ahlak ve Bilim", Felsefe Dünyası
  • Yazır Hamdi (1991) Dibâce, Sad. Recep Kılıç
  • Spengler Oswald (1978) Batının Çöküşü, İstanbul.
  • Arkun Muhammed (1989) "İslâm Düşüncesine İtibarını Yeniden Kazandırması I-II" el-Kermil, 34.
  • Abbany, Z. (2018) Opinion: Science is scared of religion, DW, https://www.dw.com/en/opinion-science-is-scared-of-religion/a-43189947
  • Abbott, Andrew (2001). "Chaos of Disciplines." Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Aristotle (1952). "On the Parts of Animals." Great Books of the Western World. Robert Hutchins (der.) içinde. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.
  • Becher, Tony ve Ludwick Huber (1990). "Editorial." European Journal of Education. 25(3): 235.
  • Bradbeer, John (1999). "Barriers to Interdisciplinarity: Disciplinary Discourses and Student Learning." Journal of Geography in Higher Education. 23 (3): 381-396.
  • Buanes, Arild ve Svein Jentoft (2009). "Building Bridges: Institutional Perspectives on Interdisciplinarity." Futures. 41: 446–454.
  • Cluck, Anne (1980). "Reflections in the Interdisciplinary Approach to the Humanities." Liberal Education. 66 (1): 67-77.
  • Chebankova Elena (2021) What is civilization? Problems and definitions in book Civilizations and World Order, DOI: 10.4324/9780367822378-2
  • Cole, Stephen (1992). "Making Science: Between Nature and Society." Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. David Hume, "Of Miracles", An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, https://socialsciences.mcmaster.ca/econ/ugcm/3ll3/hume/enquiry.pdf
  • Değirmenci Koray (2017) Revisiting the Issue of Interdisciplinarity and Disciplinary Distinctions in Social Sciences, European Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies September-December Volume 2, Issue 6
  • DiMaggio, Paul (1997). "Epilogue: Sociology as a Discipline". Sociological Visions. Kai Erikson (der.) in. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. Disciplinary Perspectives on Higher Education and Research (Report 37: Papers presented at an International Seminar) içinde. Sweeden. Stockholm University.
  • Drews C, Han W (2010) Dynamics of Wind Setdown at Suez and the Eastern Nile Delta. PLoS ONE 5(8): e12481. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012481
  • Elzinga, Aant (1987). “Internal and External Regularities in Research and Higher Education Systems”. Sosyal Bilimlerde Disiplinlerarasılığı ve Disipliner Ayrımları Yeniden Düşünmek
  • Førland, T. E. (2008). Acts of God? Miracles and Scientific Explanation. History and Theory, 47(4), 483–494. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25478791 Francıs A. Schaeffer, Escape from Reason, Inter-Varsity Press, London, 1972, s. 30-1.
  • Frank, Roberta (1988). "Interdisciplinary: the First Half-Century." Words: for Robert Burchfield's Sixty-FiftynBirthday". in Eric G. Stanley (der.) içinde. Woodbridge: DS. Brewer.
  • Geertz, Clifford J. (2005). "Rearticulating Anthropology". Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle: Reconfiguring the discipline of Anthropolog. Daniel Segal ve Sylvia Yanagisako (der.) içinde.Durham: Duke University Press.
  • Hale, H. E. (2014). Civilizations Reframed Towards A Theoretical Upgrade For A Stalled Paradigm. Medeniyet Araştırmaları Dergisi, 1 (1), 5-23. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/mad/issue/35958/403520
  • Hanisch, Thor Einar ve Wolfgang Vollman (der.) (1983). "Interdisciplinarity in Higher Education." Bükreş: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.
  • Horgan, J., (2020) One of the World's Most Powerful Scientists Believes in Miracles, https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/cross-check/one-of-the-worlds-most-powerful-scientists-believes-in-miracles/
  • Işık, A. (2007), Din-bilim ilişkisi problemine mucizeler üzerinden genel bir Bakış: Vahiy Nesnesinin Mucizeliği Tartışması Kelam Araştırmaları 5: 1, S.87-102.
  • John, Mary (1996). "Discrepant Dislocations: Feminism, Theory, and Postcolonial Histories." Berkeley, CA:University of California Press.
  • Kelley, Donald (1997). "The Problem of Knowledge and the Concept of Discipline." History and the Disciplines:
  • Klein, Julie Thompson (2000). "A Conceptual Vocabulary of Interdisciplinary Science." Practicing Interdisciplinarity. Peter Weingart ve Nico Stehr (der.) içinde. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
  • Klein, Julie Thompson ve William H. Newell (1998). "Advancing Interdisciplinary Studies." Interdisciplinarity: Essays from the Literature. William H. Newell (der.) içinde. New York: College Entrance Examination Board.
  • Meister C. (2014) Religion, Science, and Miracles. In: Philosophy of Religion. Palgrave Philosophy Today. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137314758_6
  • Miller, Raymond C. "Varieties of interdisciplinary approaches in the social sciences: A 1981 overview." Issues in integrative studies 1 (1982): 1-37. Moran, Joe (2010)." Interdisciplinarity". Londra: Routledge.
  • Murphy, John (2000). “Postmodern Sosyal Analiz ve Postmodern Eleştiri.” Çev., Hüsamettin Arslan. İstanbul: Paradigma Yayınları.
  • Norris P., and Inglehart R. (2002) Islamic Culture and Democracy: Testing the 'Clash of Civilizations' Thesis, Comparative Sociology, Volume 1, issue 3-4
  • Nursi, BS (1960) The Words, Sozler Publications, Istanbul
  • Rosenau, Pauline Marie (1992). "Post-modernism and the Social Sciences." Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Steinmetz, George (der.) (1999). "State/Culture: State-Formation after the Cultural Turn." Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
  • Stember, Marilyn (1998). "Advancing the Social Sciences Through the Interdisciplinary Enterprise." Interdisciplinarity: Essays from the Literature. William H. Newell (der.) içinde. New York: College Entrance Examination Board.
  • Szostak, Rick (2007). “Modernism, Postmodernism and Interdisciplinarity.” Issues in Integrative Studies. 25:32-83. The Reclassification of Knowledge in Early Modem Europe. Donald R. Kelley (der.) içinde. Rochester: University of Rochester Press. Theodore M. Drange, Science and Miracles, 1998 www.infidels.org/library/modern/theodore_drange/miracles.html
  • Wallerstein, Immanuel (2004). "The Three Meanings of 'Discipline'." Reinventing the Social Sciences (OECD Proceedings) içinde. Paris.
  • Wallerstein, Immanuel (der.) (1996). "Open the Social Sciences: Report of the Gulbenkian Commission on the Restructuring of the Social Sciences." Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Weismann, L. (2014). Material Progress And Spiritual Superiorid: Muslim Brotherhood Conceptualizations Of Civilization. Medeniyet Araştırmaları Dergisi, 1 (2), 25-41. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/mad/issue/35959/467494
  • Wigner E., (1960) "The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences", Communications in Pure and Applied Mathematics, vol. 13, No. I (February)

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Kamu Yönetimi
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Ahmet EFE> (Sorumlu Yazar)
IFRC
0000-0002-2691-7517
Türkiye

Erken Görünüm Tarihi 30 Eylül 2022
Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Eylül 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Efe, A. (2022). A Multidisciplinary Assessment on the dominance of contemporary western culture and EU civilization . Medeniyet Araştırmaları Dergisi , 7 (2) , 28-43 . DOI: 10.52539/mad.1069323

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