Yıl 2020, Cilt 59 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 145 - 156 2020-09-01

INVESTIGATION OF BLAST FRAGMENTATION MODELS IN A SANDSTONE QUARRY
PATLATMA KAYNAKLI PARÇALANMA MODELLERİNİN BİR KUMTAŞI OCAĞINDA İNCELENMESİ

Türker HÜDAVERDİ [1] , Özge AKYILDIZ [2]


The existing blast fragmentation models were investigated in a sandstone quarry for bench blasting operations. It was tried to present different perspectives for evaluation of blast fragmentation. Size distribution curves were created for each blast. KuzRam model provided successful results. Kuznetsov-Cunningham-Ouchterlony (KCO) model was useful especially for the fine size predictions. Capability of the models for fine, mean and coarse size predictions were evaluated in detail. Uniformity coefficients proposed by the models were examined. Chung & Katsabanis model was practically tested and a modification implemented for the studied quarry. Model validation was performed using ten different error metrics. Applicability of symmetric errors and scaled errors was investigated for evaluation of blast fragmentation. KuzRam model predicted mean fragment size with an error lower than three centimeters. The results of the modified Chung & Katsabanis model is quite promise.
Parçalanma modelleri bir kumtaşı ocağında basamak patlatması operasyonları için incelenmiştir. Patlatma kaynaklı parçalanmanın değerlendirilmesi amacıyla farklı bakış açıları ortaya konmuştur. Her atım için boyut dağılım eğrileri çizilmiştir. KuzRam modelinin başarılı sonuçlar verdiği görülmüştür. KCO modeli özellikle ince boyutlu malzemenin tahmininde başarılıdır. Modellerin yetkinliği ince, orta ve iri boyutlu malzeme miktarının tahmini açısından detaylı bir şekilde incelenmiştir. Chung ve Katsabanis modeli pratik olarak uygulanmış ve ocak için bir modifikasyon önerilmiştir. Modellerin validasyonu için on farklı hata ölçütü kullanılmıştır. Simetrik hata ve ölçekli hata ölçütlerinin parçalanmanın değerlendirilmesi amacıyla kullanılabilirliği incelenmiştir. KuzRam modeli ortalama parça boyutunu üç santimetrenin altında bir hata ile tahmin edebilmektedir. Modifiye edilmiş Chung ve Katsabanis modeli de başarılı sonuçlar vermiştir.
  • Akyıldız, Ö., 2015. Investigation of Blast Fragmentation Models in Sandstone Quarries, MSc Thesis (In Turkish). Istanbul Technical University, Graduate School of Science, Engineering and Technology.
  • Armstrong, J. S., Collopy, F., 1992. Error Measures for Generalizing About Forecasting Methods: Empirical Comparisons. International Journal of Forecasting, 8 (1), 69-80.
  • Badroddin, M., Bakhtavar, E., Khoshrou, H., Rezaei, B., 2013. Efficiency of Standardized Image Processing in The Fragmentation Prediction In The Case of Sungun Open-Pit Mine. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 6 (9), 3319–3329. Bond, F. C., 1952. The Third Theory of Comminution. Transactions on AIME Mining Engineering, 193, 484- 494.
  • Chung, S. H., Katsabanis, P. D., 2000. Fragmentation Prediction Using Improved Engineering Formulae. Fragblast, 4 (3-4), 198-207.
  • Cunningham, C. V. B., 1983. The KuzRam Model for Prediction of Fragmentation From Blasting. In: Proceedings of 1st International Symposium on Rock Fragmentation by Blasting, Lulea, Sweden, 440-453.
  • Cunningham, C. V. B., 1987. Fragmentation Estimations and KuzRam Model – Four Years On. In: Proceedings of 2nd Int. Symposium on Rock Fragmentation by Blasting, Keystone, Colorado, 475-487.
  • Cunningham, C. V. B., 2005. The Kuz-Ram Fragmentation Model – 20 Years On. In: Proceedings of The EFEE 5th World Conference on Explosives and Blasting, European Federation of Explosives Engineers, Brighton, 201-210.
  • Djordjevic, N., 1999. Two-Component Model of Blast Fragmentation. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Rock Fragmentation by Blasting, SAIMM, Johannesburg, 213–219.
  • Gheibie, S., Aghababaei, H., Hoseinie S. H., Pourrahimian, Y., 2009. Modified Kuz—Ram Fragmentation Model and Its Use at the Sungun Copper Mine. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 46 (6), 967–973.
  • Hudaverdi, T., Kuzu, C., Fisne, A., 2012. Investigation of the Blast Fragmentation Using The Mean Fragment Size and Fragmentation Index. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 56, 136–145.
  • Hyndman, R. J., Koehler, A. B., 2006. Another Look at Measures of Forecast Accuracy. International Journal of Forecasting, 22 (4), 679–688.
  • Kanchibotla, S. S, Valery, W., Morrell, S., 1999. Modelling Fines In Blast Fragmentation and Its Impact on Crushing and Grinding. In: Proceedings of the Explo’99: A Conference on Rock Breaking, Kalgoorlie, WA, 137-344.
  • Kou, S., Rustan, A., 1993. Computerized Design and Result Prediction of Bench Blasting. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Rock Fragmentation by Blasting, Vienna, Austria, 263-271.
  • Kuznetsov, V. M., 1973. Mean Diameter of Fragments Formed by Blasting Rock. Soviet Mining Science, 9 (2), 144–148.
  • Larsson, B., 1974. Report on Blasting of High and Low Benches – Fragmentation From Production Blasts. In: Proceedings of The Swedish Rock Construction Committee Discussion Meeting BK 74, Stockholm, 247-273.
  • Lilly, P. A., 1986. An Empirical Method of Assessing Rock Mass Blastability. In: Proceedings of the Large Open Pit Mining Conference, Victoria, Australia, 89–92.
  • Ouchterlony, F., 2003. Influence of Blasting on the Size Distribution and Properties of Muckpile Fragments, A State-Of-The-Art Review, MinFo project P2000-10: Energy Optimization in Comminution. Swebrec, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden, p. 27
  • Ouchterlony, F., 2005a. The Swebrec© Function: Linking Fragmentation by Blasting and Crushing. Mining Technology, 114 (1), 29-44.
  • Ouchterlony, F., 2005b. What Does the Fragment Size Distribution of Blasted Rock Look Like? In: Proceedings of the 3rd EFEE World Conference on Explosive and Blasting, Brighton, 189-199.
  • Rosin, P., Rammler, E., 1933. The Laws Governing the Fineness of Powdered Coal. Journal of the Institute of Fuel, 7, 29–36.
  • Sanchidrián, J. A. Ouchterlony, F., Segarra, P., Moser, P., 2014. Size Distribution Functions for Rock Fragments. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 71, 381–394.
  • Shcherbakov, M. V., Brebels, A., Shcherbakova, N. L., Tyukov, A. P., Janovsky, T. A., Kamaev, V. A., 2013. A Survey of Forecast Error Measures. World Applied Science Journal, 24, 171–176.
  • Stagg, M. S., Rholl, S. A., 1987. Effects of Accurate Delays on Fragmentation for Single-Row Blasting In A 6.7 M (22-Ft) Bench. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Rock Fragmentation by Blasting, Keystone, Colorado, 210-223.
  • Tosun, A., Konak, G., Toprak, T., Karakus, D., Onur, A. H., 2014. Development of the Kuz-Ram Model to Blasting in a Limestone Quarry. Archives of Mining Sciences 59 (2), 477–488.
  • Tugrul, A., Undul, O., 2006. Engineering Geological Characteristics of Istanbul Greywackes. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Association for Engineering Geology and the Environment (IAEG) Congress, Nottingham, United Kingdom, 395.
  • Weibull, W., 1951. A Statistical Distribution Function of Wide Applicability. ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics, 18, 293–297.
  • WipFrag Operating Manual, 2016. WipWare Inc., Ontario, Canada.
Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik, Ortak Disiplinler
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-9326-9935
Yazar: Türker HÜDAVERDİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: İSTANBUL TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5538-4211
Yazar: Özge AKYILDIZ
Kurum: İSTANBUL TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 1 Eylül 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { madencilik792386, journal = {Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi}, issn = {2564-7024}, address = {Selanik Cad. No: 19/4 06650 Kızılay-Çankaya / ANKARA - TURKEY}, publisher = {TMMOB Maden Mühendisleri Odası}, year = {2020}, volume = {59}, pages = {145 - 156}, doi = {10.30797/madencilik.792386}, title = {INVESTIGATION OF BLAST FRAGMENTATION MODELS IN A SANDSTONE QUARRY}, key = {cite}, author = {Hüdaverdi̇, Türker and Akyıldız, Özge} }
APA Hüdaverdi̇, T , Akyıldız, Ö . (2020). INVESTIGATION OF BLAST FRAGMENTATION MODELS IN A SANDSTONE QUARRY . Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi , 59 (3) , 145-156 . DOI: 10.30797/madencilik.792386
MLA Hüdaverdi̇, T , Akyıldız, Ö . "INVESTIGATION OF BLAST FRAGMENTATION MODELS IN A SANDSTONE QUARRY" . Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi 59 (2020 ): 145-156 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/madencilik/issue/56728/792386>
Chicago Hüdaverdi̇, T , Akyıldız, Ö . "INVESTIGATION OF BLAST FRAGMENTATION MODELS IN A SANDSTONE QUARRY". Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi 59 (2020 ): 145-156
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - INVESTIGATION OF BLAST FRAGMENTATION MODELS IN A SANDSTONE QUARRY AU - Türker Hüdaverdi̇ , Özge Akyıldız Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.30797/madencilik.792386 DO - 10.30797/madencilik.792386 T2 - Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 145 EP - 156 VL - 59 IS - 3 SN - 2564-7024- M3 - doi: 10.30797/madencilik.792386 UR - https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.792386 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi INVESTIGATION OF BLAST FRAGMENTATION MODELS IN A SANDSTONE QUARRY %A Türker Hüdaverdi̇ , Özge Akyıldız %T INVESTIGATION OF BLAST FRAGMENTATION MODELS IN A SANDSTONE QUARRY %D 2020 %J Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi %P 2564-7024- %V 59 %N 3 %R doi: 10.30797/madencilik.792386 %U 10.30797/madencilik.792386
ISNAD Hüdaverdi̇, Türker , Akyıldız, Özge . "INVESTIGATION OF BLAST FRAGMENTATION MODELS IN A SANDSTONE QUARRY". Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi 59 / 3 (Eylül 2020): 145-156 . https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.792386
AMA Hüdaverdi̇ T , Akyıldız Ö . INVESTIGATION OF BLAST FRAGMENTATION MODELS IN A SANDSTONE QUARRY. Madencilik. 2020; 59(3): 145-156.
Vancouver Hüdaverdi̇ T , Akyıldız Ö . INVESTIGATION OF BLAST FRAGMENTATION MODELS IN A SANDSTONE QUARRY. Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi. 2020; 59(3): 145-156.