Yıl 2020, Cilt 59 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 0 - 0 2020-09-01

TRİBOELEKTROSTATİK AYIRMA İLE İNCE BOYDA KÖMÜR ZENGİNLEŞTİRİLMESİNİN İNCELENMESİ

Ergin GÜLCAN [1] , T.onur DİZDAR [2] , Özcan Y. GÜLSOY [3]


Bu çalışma kapsamında bir triboelektrik ayrım düzeneği tasarımı ve bu düzeneğin ülkemizdeki belli başlı kömür cevherlerinin ince boyda zenginleştirilmesinde kullanımı incelenmiştir. Deneysel çalışmalarda kullanılmak üzere Tunçbilek ve Soma bölgelerinde konumlanmış, işletmesi devam eden dört farklı lavvardan kömür numuneleri temin edilmiştir. Deneysel çalışmalarda kullanılmak üzere Hacettepe Üniversitesi Maden Mühendisliği Bölümü’nde geliştirilen triboelektrostatik ayrım düzeneği 35 kV’a kadar statik yük üretebilmektedir. Gerekli statik yükün sürtünme ile sağlanmasına ilişkin öncül testleri takiben kömür numuneleri ile zenginleştirme işlemleri gerçekleştirilmiştir. İki ayrı bölgeden temin edilen dört farklı kömür numunesi ile gerçekleştirilen deneysel çalışmalar sonucunda, triboelektrostatik ayrım ile kömürün yapısına bağlı olarak ince tane boylarında %50’leri aşan kül uzaklaştırma verimleri elde edilebildiği görülmüştür.
Triboelektrostatik ayrım, Kömür, Zenginleştirme
  • Alfano, G., Carbini, P., Carta, M., Ciccu, R., Del Fa, C., Peretti, R., Zucca, A., 1985. Applications of Static Electricity in Coal and Ore Beneficiation. J. Electrost., 16, 315–328.
  • Allen R. C., 2000. Triboelectric Generation: Getting Charged Reproduced with Permission, EE-Evaluation Engineering, 1-6.
  • Baltrus J. P., Diehl J. R., Soong Y., Sands W., 2002. Triboelectrostatic Separation of Fly Ash and Change Reversal. Fuel, 81, 757-762.
  • Ban H., Li T. X., Hower J. C., Schaefer J. L., Stencel J. M., 1997. Dry Triboelectrostatic Beneficiation of Fly Ash. Fuel, 76 (8), 801-805.
  • Bittnera J. D., Hracha F. J., Gasiorowskia S. A., Canellopoulusb L. A., Guicherd H., 2014. Triboelectric Belt Separator for Beneficiation of Fine Minerals. 2nd International Symposium on Innovation and Technology in the Phosphate Industry Procedia Engineering, 83, 122-129.
  • Cangialosi F., Notarnicola M., Liberti L., Stencel J. M., 2008. The Effects of Particle Concentration and Charge Exchange on Fly Ash Beneficiation with Pneumatic Triboelectrostatic Separation. Separation and Purification Technology, 62, 240-248.
  • Çelik M. S., Yaşar E., 1995. Effect of Temperature and Impurities on Electrostatic Separation of Boron Minerals. Mineral Engineering, Technical Note, 8 (7), 829-833.
  • Chen J., Honaker R., 2015. Dry Separation on Coal–Silica Mixture Using Rotary Triboelectrostatic Separator. Fuel Processing Technology, 131, 317-324.
  • Das S., Samuila A., Dragan C., Dascalescu L., 2009. Behaviour of Charged Insulating Particles in Contact with a Rotating Roll Electrode. Journal of Electrostatics, 67, 189–192.
  • Diaza A. F., Felix-Navarrob R. M., 2004. A Semi- Quantitative Tribo-Electric Series for Polymeric Materials: The Influence of Chemical Structure and properties, Journal of Electrostatics, 62, 277-290.
  • Dizdar T. O., Kocausta G., Gülcan E., Gülsoy Ö. Y., 2018. A New Method to Produce High Voltage Static Electric Load for Electrostatic Separation–Triboelectric Charging. Powder Technology, 327, 89-95.
  • Dwari R. K., Hanumantha Rao K., 2006. Triboelectrostatic Behaviour of High Ash Non-Coking, Indian Thermal Coal. Int. J. Miner. Process, 81, 93–104.
  • Dwari R. K., Hanumantha Rao K., Somasundaran P., 2009. Characterisation of Particle Tribo-Charging and Electron Transfer with Reference to Electrostatic Dry Coal Cleaning. Int. J. Miner. Process, 91, 100-110.
  • Dwari R. K., Mohanta S. K., Rout B., Soni R. K., Reddy P. S. R., Mishra B. K., 2015. Studies on the Effect of Electrode Plate Position and Feed Temperature on the Tribo-Electrostatic Separation of High Ash Indian Coking Coal. Advanced Powder Technology, 26, 31-41.
  • Finseth, D., Newby, T., Elstrodt, R., 1993. Dry Electrostatic Separation of Fine Coal. In: Parekh, V.B.K., Gropps, J.G. (Eds.), Processing and Utilization of High-Sulfur Coals. Elsevier Science Publisher, B.V., Amsterdam, 91-98.
  • Hangsubcharoen M., 1999(a). Thesis. A Study of Triboelectrification Mechanisms for Coal, Quartz and Pyrite. Blacksburg, Virginia Tech., 193-224.
  • Hangsubcharoen M., 1999(b). Thesis. A Study of Triboelectrification Mechanisms for Coal, Quartz and Pyrite. Blacksburg, Virginia Tech., 1-25.
  • Higashiyama Y., Asano K., 1998. Recent Progress in Electrostatic Separation Technology, Particulate Science and Technology, 16:1, 77-90.
  • Iuga A., Cuglesan I., Samuila A., Blajan M., Vadan D., Ascalescu L., 2001. Electrostatic Separation of Muscovite Mica from Feldspathic Pegmatites, 0-7803- 7116-X/01 (C) IEEE, 2249- 2255.
  • Iuga A., Samuila A., Morar R., Bilici M., Dascalescu L., 2016. Tribocharging Techniques for the Electrostatic Separation of Granular Plastics from Waste Electric and Electronic Equipment. Particulate Science and Technology, 34 (1), 45-54.
  • Kelly E.G., Spottiswood D.J., 1982. Introduction to Mineral Processing. Wiley-Interscience Publication, 291-300.
  • Li T. X., Ban H., Hower J. C., Stencel J. M., Saito K., 1999. Dry Triboelectrostatic Separation of Mineral Particles: A Potential Application in Space Exploration. Journal of Electrostatics, 47, 133-142.
  • Mirkowska M., Kratzer M., Teichert C., Flachberger H., 2014. Atomic Force Microscopy as a Tool to Explore Triboelectrostatic Phenomena in Mineral Processing. Chem. Ing. Tech., 86 (6), 857-864.
  • Mular A. L., Halbe D. N., Barratt D. J., 2002. Mineral Processing Plant Design, Practice, and Control. Editörler: Mular A. L. Vancouver: SME, Halbe D. Salt Lake City: SME, Barratt D.J. North Vancouver: SME. p.168.
  • Panat R., Wang J, Parks E., 2014. Effects of Triboelectrostatic Charging Between Polymer Surfaces in Manufacturing and Test of Integrated Circuit Packages, IEEE Transactions on Components. Packaging And Manufacturing Technology, 4 (5), 943- 946.
  • Park C. H., Park J. K., Jeon H. S., Chul Chun B., 2008. Triboelectric Series and Charging Properties of Plastics Using the Designed Vertical-Reciprocation Charger. Journal of Electrostatics, 66, 578-583.
  • Richard G., Touhami S., Zeghloul T., Dascalescu L., 2016. Optimization of Metals and Plastics Recovery from Electric Cable Wastes Using a Plate-Type Electrostatic Separator. Waste Management. 60:112- 122.
  • Saeki M., 2010. Triboelectric Separation of Binary Plastic Mixture. World Academy of Science. Engineering and Technology, 4, 818-821.
  • Soong Y., Schoffstall M. R., Link T.A., 2001. Triboelectrostatic Benefciation of Ash. Fuel, 80, 879- 884. Tao D., AL-hwaiti M., 2010. Beneficiation Study of Eshidiya Phosphorites Using A Rotary Triboelectrostatic Separator. Mining Science and Technology, 20, 0357– 0364.
  • Tao D., Fan M., Jiang X., 2009. Dry Coal Fly Ash Cleaning Using Rotary Triboelectrostatic Separator. Mining Science and Technology, 19, 0642–0647.
  • Tao D., Sobhy A., Li Q., Honaker R., Zhao Y., 2011. Dry Cleaning of Pulverized Coal Using A Novel Rotary Triboelectrostatic Separator (RTS). International Journal of Coal Preparation and Utilization, 31, 187- 202.
  • Telford, W., Geldart, L., Sheriff, R., 1990. Electrical Properties of Rocks and Minerals. In Applied Geophysics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press., pp. 283-292.
  • Tilmatine A., Medles K., Bendimerad S.E., Boukholda F., Dascalescu L., 2009. Electrostatic Separators of Particles: Application to Plastic/Metal, Metal/Metal and Plastic/Plastic Mixtures. Waste Management, 29, 228–232.
  • Tripathy S. K., Ramamurthy Y., Kumar C. R., 2010. Modeling of High-Tension Roll Separator for Separation of Titanium Bearing Minerals. Powder Technology, 201, 181–186.
  • Tunçbilek Belediyesi. http://www.tuncbilek.bel.tr/sayfa. php?id=52. (Son erişim: 2020)
  • Wang H., Chen S., Cai B., Ge L., Chen Q., 2014. Study on the Dynamics of Tribocharged Coal and Mineral Particles in Free-Fall Triboelectric Separator. Separation Science and Technology, 49, 2990–2998.
  • Wei J., Realff M. J., 2005. Design and Optimization of Drum-type Electrostatic Separators for Plastics Recycling. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 44, 3503-3509.
  • Wills B. A., Napier-Munn T., 2006. Mineral Processing Technology an Introduction to the Practical Aspects of Ore Treatment and Mineral Recovery. Editörler: Wills, B. A., Napier-Munn T. Elsevier Science & Technology Books, 365-372.
  • Wu G., Li J., Xu Z., 2013. Triboelectrostatic Separation for Granular Plastic Waste Recycling: A Review. Waste Management, 33, 585–597.
  • Xin-xi Z., Dai-yong D., Bing T., Jin-song W., Feng D., Hai-sheng L., Rui-xin M., 2009. Research on the Triboelectrostatic Separation of Minerals from Coal. The 6th International Conference on Mining Science&Technology Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 1, 845–850.
  • Younes M., Younes A. Sayah H., Tilmatine A., Samuila A., Dascalescu L., 2013. Numerical and Experimental Study of Insulating Particles Behavior in Roll-Type Corona-Electrostatic Separators. Particulate Science and Technology, 31, 71–80.
  • Zeghloul T., Touhami S., Richard G, Miloudi M, Dahou O., Dascalescu L., 2016. Optimal Operation of a Plate- Type Corona-Electrostatic Separator for the Recovery of Metals and Plastics from Granular Wastes. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 52 (3).
  • Zhang L., Hou J., Bi X. T., Grace J. R., Janke T., 2012. Electrostatic Beneficiation of Fly Ash in A Free-Falling System. Claudio Arato Particuology, 10, 154-160.
Birincil Dil tr
Konular Mühendislik, Ortak Disiplinler
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-8861-8061
Yazar: Ergin GÜLCAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: T.onur DİZDAR
Kurum: Labris Madencilik
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7063-7432
Yazar: Özcan Y. GÜLSOY
Kurum: HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 1 Eylül 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { madencilik792395, journal = {Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi}, issn = {2564-7024}, address = {Selanik Cad. No: 19/4 06650 Kızılay-Çankaya / ANKARA - TURKEY}, publisher = {TMMOB Maden Mühendisleri Odası}, year = {2020}, volume = {59}, pages = {0 - 0}, doi = {10.30797/madencilik.792395}, title = {TRİBOELEKTROSTATİK AYIRMA İLE İNCE BOYDA KÖMÜR ZENGİNLEŞTİRİLMESİNİN İNCELENMESİ}, key = {cite}, author = {Gülcan, Ergin and Di̇zdar, T.onur and Gülsoy, Özcan Y.} }
APA Gülcan, E , Di̇zdar, T , Gülsoy, Ö . (2020). TRİBOELEKTROSTATİK AYIRMA İLE İNCE BOYDA KÖMÜR ZENGİNLEŞTİRİLMESİNİN İNCELENMESİ . Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi , 59 (3) , 0-0 . DOI: 10.30797/madencilik.792395
MLA Gülcan, E , Di̇zdar, T , Gülsoy, Ö . "TRİBOELEKTROSTATİK AYIRMA İLE İNCE BOYDA KÖMÜR ZENGİNLEŞTİRİLMESİNİN İNCELENMESİ" . Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi 59 (2020 ): 0-0 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/madencilik/issue/56728/792395>
Chicago Gülcan, E , Di̇zdar, T , Gülsoy, Ö . "TRİBOELEKTROSTATİK AYIRMA İLE İNCE BOYDA KÖMÜR ZENGİNLEŞTİRİLMESİNİN İNCELENMESİ". Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi 59 (2020 ): 0-0
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - TRİBOELEKTROSTATİK AYIRMA İLE İNCE BOYDA KÖMÜR ZENGİNLEŞTİRİLMESİNİN İNCELENMESİ AU - Ergin Gülcan , T.onur Di̇zdar , Özcan Y. Gülsoy Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.30797/madencilik.792395 DO - 10.30797/madencilik.792395 T2 - Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 0 EP - 0 VL - 59 IS - 3 SN - 2564-7024- M3 - doi: 10.30797/madencilik.792395 UR - https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.792395 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi TRİBOELEKTROSTATİK AYIRMA İLE İNCE BOYDA KÖMÜR ZENGİNLEŞTİRİLMESİNİN İNCELENMESİ %A Ergin Gülcan , T.onur Di̇zdar , Özcan Y. Gülsoy %T TRİBOELEKTROSTATİK AYIRMA İLE İNCE BOYDA KÖMÜR ZENGİNLEŞTİRİLMESİNİN İNCELENMESİ %D 2020 %J Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi %P 2564-7024- %V 59 %N 3 %R doi: 10.30797/madencilik.792395 %U 10.30797/madencilik.792395
ISNAD Gülcan, Ergin , Di̇zdar, T.onur , Gülsoy, Özcan Y. . "TRİBOELEKTROSTATİK AYIRMA İLE İNCE BOYDA KÖMÜR ZENGİNLEŞTİRİLMESİNİN İNCELENMESİ". Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi 59 / 3 (Eylül 2020): 0-0 . https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.792395
AMA Gülcan E , Di̇zdar T , Gülsoy Ö . TRİBOELEKTROSTATİK AYIRMA İLE İNCE BOYDA KÖMÜR ZENGİNLEŞTİRİLMESİNİN İNCELENMESİ. Madencilik. 2020; 59(3): 0-0.
Vancouver Gülcan E , Di̇zdar T , Gülsoy Ö . TRİBOELEKTROSTATİK AYIRMA İLE İNCE BOYDA KÖMÜR ZENGİNLEŞTİRİLMESİNİN İNCELENMESİ. Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi. 2020; 59(3): 0-0.