Yıl 2018, Cilt 30 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 241 - 248 2018-09-30

Otomobil Disk Fren Balatalarının Deneysel Yöntemlerle Karakterizasyonu ve Karşılaştırılması
Characterization and Comparison of Automobile Disc Brake Pads With Experimental Methods

Polat TOPUZ [1]


Bu çalışmada ülkemizde kullanılan otomobillere ait yerli ve yabancı olmak üzere 3 adet fren disk balatasının bileşenleri; aşınma-sürtünme karakteristikleri, mekanik ve fiziksel özellikleri açısından deneysel çalışmalarla incelenmiş, yerli, yabancı ve orijinal (OEM) olanların birbirleri ile çevre ve kullanım açısından karşılaştırılmaları yapılmıştır. Kimyasal analizlerde, tarama elektron mikroskobu EDS sistemi ve XRF kullanılmıştır. Balata malzemelerinin sıcaktaki kütle kayıplarını belirlemek için TG (Termo Gravimetrik) analizleri yapılmıştır. Ayrıca ısısal değişiklikleri tespit amacıyla DT (Diferansiyel Termal) analizleri gerçekleştirilmiştir. Balataların aşınma sürtünme testleri JIS 4411 standardına göre yapılmıştır. Bunların dışında balataların sertlik, yoğunluk, iç kesme dayanım değerleri ölçülmüştür. Deneysel veriler yabancı ve yerli balatalar için çevre ve kullanım açısından karşılaştırılmıştır.

Brake linings are a key brake part because they are the component that contacts and applies pressure and friction to a vehicle’s brake rotors
– – those flat, shiny discs that you can sometimes see just behind the wheels of some vehicles. The pressure and friction applied to the
brake rotor is what slows and stops the wheel. Once the wheels stop turning, the vehicle stops moving, too. Though the role of brake linings
as braking parts is pretty simple, the brake linings themselves are anything but. If the car in motion cannot be stopped, there may be situations
that could lead to loss of life and property. For this reason, the most important system in terms of safety of life and property in road
vehicles such as automobiles is brake system. The most important part of the brake mechanism, which provides friction to the vehicle by
slowing down, is the brake lining. Brake linings must be at an acceptable cost proportional to a balanced coefficient of friction, low wear
rate, low noise level, lightness, environmental damage, good mechanical strength, corrosion resistance and performance. High temperature
during braking; fading phenomenon, premature wear, evaporation of brake fluid, bearing failures, thermal cracks and thermally induced
vibrations. Brake decline is a decrease in stopping power, especially in overload or repeated braking situations in high speed conditions.
Brake weakening is a phenomenon that occurs due to temperature in vehicles such as cars, trucks, motorcycles, planes and bicycles that
have a friction wheel. Proper driving style, brake equipment, material design and choice are factors that can significantly affect brake attenuation.
Brake pads were formerly manufactured using mainly asbestos as the friction material. That’s because brake pads are exposed to
[Açıklamalar]a lot of friction, which generates a lot of heat. Asbestos is a good material for absorbing and dissipating heat. So what was the
problem? When asbestos breaks down, it’s creates dust that’s dangerous to breathe – – and brake pads can create a lot of brake dust when
they’re slowing and stopping vehicles on the roads. Now, some brake pads and other brake parts are made from safer organic materials.
Organic brake pads, sometimes called nonasbestos organic brake pads, are made from natural materials liked glass and rubber, as well as
resins that can withstand high heat.All these features can be provided by composite brake linings containing many different components. These components are used as binders
(phenolic resins and rubber), as abrasives (steel, copper, brass, aramid, potassium titanate, rock wool, glass fiber), abrasive (zirconium
silicate, aluminum oxide, SiO2), fillers (barium sulphate, calcium carbonate, vermiculite), as a lubricant and as a friction modifier
(graphite, petroleum coke, molybdenum sulfur, antimony trioxide, zinc sulphide). For a composite brake lining, at least 10 of the above components are used in different quantities to produce pillars with
very different compositions and performances. Brake linings,
which are mainly produced by powder metallurgy, are obtained by
passing through mixing, molding and sintering steps. The materials
that make up the lining material are first mixed homogeneously for
a certain period of time. This mixture is then pressed into the mold
in the shape of a lining at a certain pressure, temperature and time.
After pressing, the mixture, which has been shaped like a mold, is
subjected to heat treatment in a sintering furnace at a certain temperature
and for a certain period of time. After the heat treatment,
the cooled sample of the lining becomes ready for the pre-use tests.
Composite brake linings are important safety elements used in friction
brake systems. Composite materials in brake linings; metallic,
semi-metallic, composite and carbon based. Some performance
characteristics of composites such as friction coefficient and wear
in brakes and clutches are the complex functions of matrix components
and compound components that the process cannot ignore.
In this study, the components of 3 disk brake linings, local and foreign,
belonging to automobiles used in our country; abrasion-friction
characteristics, mechanical and physical properties of these
materials were investigated by experimental studies and compared
with those of local, foreign and original (OEM) in terms of environment
and usage. In chemical analyzes, scanning electron microscopy
EDS (energy dispersive X-ray analysis) system and XRF
(X-ray fluorescence spectrometry) were used. TG (Thermo Gravimetric)
analyzes were performed to determine the mass losses in
the disc brake lining materials. In addition, DT (Differential Thermal)
analyzes were performed to detect the thermal changes. Wear
friction tests of linings were made according to JIS 4411 standard.
Apart from these, the hardness, density and internal shear strength
values of the linings are measured. The experimental data are compared
for the environment and use for foreign and local linings.

  • 1. Priyanka S. Bankar; S. N. Khan: “A Review Paper on Composite Brake Friction Lining for lining Applications on Band Brake” International Journal of Emerging Engineering Research and Technology Volume 2, Issue 8, November 2014, PP 116-122. ISSN 2349-4409 (Online)
  • 2. http://www.bilgiustam.com/otomobillerde-fren-sistemi-ve-disk-frenler-nasil-calisir/(erişim 08.03.2018)
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  • 7. S. Mohanty, Y.P. Chugh,: “Development of Fly Ash Based Automotive Brake Lining”, Tribology International 40, 1217–1224, 2007. doi:10.1016/j.triboint.2007.01.005
  • 8. James Gary Pruett: “Matrix Contribution to Composite Properties” in: ASM Handbook: Composites, ASM International, Materials Park, OH, 2001; 21
Birincil Dil tr
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Yazar: Polat TOPUZ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: İSTANBUL GEDİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, GEDİK MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Eylül 2018

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { marufbd403700, journal = {Marmara Fen Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2146-5150}, address = {}, publisher = {Marmara Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {30}, pages = {241 - 248}, doi = {10.7240/marufbd.403700}, title = {Otomobil Disk Fren Balatalarının Deneysel Yöntemlerle Karakterizasyonu ve Karşılaştırılması}, key = {cite}, author = {TOPUZ, Polat} }
APA TOPUZ, P . (2018). Otomobil Disk Fren Balatalarının Deneysel Yöntemlerle Karakterizasyonu ve Karşılaştırılması. Marmara Fen Bilimleri Dergisi , 30 (3) , 241-248 . DOI: 10.7240/marufbd.403700
MLA TOPUZ, P . "Otomobil Disk Fren Balatalarının Deneysel Yöntemlerle Karakterizasyonu ve Karşılaştırılması". Marmara Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 30 (2018 ): 241-248 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/marufbd/issue/38853/403700>
Chicago TOPUZ, P . "Otomobil Disk Fren Balatalarının Deneysel Yöntemlerle Karakterizasyonu ve Karşılaştırılması". Marmara Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 30 (2018 ): 241-248
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Otomobil Disk Fren Balatalarının Deneysel Yöntemlerle Karakterizasyonu ve Karşılaştırılması AU - Polat TOPUZ Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.7240/marufbd.403700 DO - 10.7240/marufbd.403700 T2 - Marmara Fen Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 241 EP - 248 VL - 30 IS - 3 SN - -2146-5150 M3 - doi: 10.7240/marufbd.403700 UR - https://doi.org/10.7240/marufbd.403700 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Marmara Fen Bilimleri Dergisi Otomobil Disk Fren Balatalarının Deneysel Yöntemlerle Karakterizasyonu ve Karşılaştırılması %A Polat TOPUZ %T Otomobil Disk Fren Balatalarının Deneysel Yöntemlerle Karakterizasyonu ve Karşılaştırılması %D 2018 %J Marmara Fen Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2146-5150 %V 30 %N 3 %R doi: 10.7240/marufbd.403700 %U 10.7240/marufbd.403700
ISNAD TOPUZ, Polat . "Otomobil Disk Fren Balatalarının Deneysel Yöntemlerle Karakterizasyonu ve Karşılaştırılması". Marmara Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 30 / 3 (Eylül 2018): 241-248 . https://doi.org/10.7240/marufbd.403700
AMA TOPUZ P . Otomobil Disk Fren Balatalarının Deneysel Yöntemlerle Karakterizasyonu ve Karşılaştırılması. MFBD. 2018; 30(3): 241-248.
Vancouver TOPUZ P . Otomobil Disk Fren Balatalarının Deneysel Yöntemlerle Karakterizasyonu ve Karşılaştırılması. Marmara Fen Bilimleri Dergisi. 2018; 30(3): 248-241.