Yıl 2018, Cilt 20 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 476 - 506 2018-09-27

EXPECTED CREDIT LOSS MODEL BY IFRS 9 AND ITS POSSIBLE EARLY IMPACTS ON EUROPEAN AND TURKISH BANKING SECTOR
EXPECTED CREDIT LOSS MODEL BY IFRS 9 AND ITS POSSIBLE EARLY IMPACTS ON EUROPEAN AND TURKISH BANKING SECTOR

Banu SULTANOĞLU [1]


ÖZ

Uluslararası Muhasebe Standartları Kurulu, 2014 yılının Temmuz ayında, UMS 39'un “Finansal Araçlar: Muhasebeleştirme ve Ölçme”nin yerine UFRS 9 - “Finansal Araçlar” Standardını yayınlamıştır. Yeni standart 1 Ocak 2018'den itibaren yürülüğe girmiştir. Yeni standarttaki en önemli değişiklik, “değer düşüklüğü” bölümünde yapılan "Gerçekleşen Kredi Zararları" yerine "Beklenen Kredi Zararları" uygulamasıdır. Bu çalışmada, yeni standarda göre değer düşüklüğü karşılıklarının ölçümü ve muhasebeleştirilmesi açıklandıktan sonra, Avrupa Bankacılık Sektöründe bu geçişin beklenen muhtemel nitel ve nicel etkileri analiz edilip, sonuçları Türk Bankacılık Sektörü ile karşılaştırılmıştır. Avrupa’da bu geçiş sonucu, karşılıkların ortalama olarak % 13 -% 18 aralığında artması, buna bağlı olarak da çekirdek sermaye ve toplam sermaye yeterliliği rasyosunda sırasıyla, ortalama 45-75 ve 35-50 baz puanlık düşüş beklenmektedir. Türkiye’deki beklenti ise, sonuçların tam tersi yönde olacağıdır. Türkiye’deki bankalar için toplam karşılıklar tutarının % 4,1 düşmesi ve çekirdek sermaye ve toplam sermaye yeterliliği rasyolarında ise, sırasıyla, 33 ve 21 baz puanlık pozitif etki olması beklenmektedir. 

ABSTRACT

IFRS 9 ²Financial Instruments², the replacement of IAS 39 ²Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement² was issued by International Accounting Standards Board in July, 2014 and became mandatory on January 1, 2018. The significant change implemented in the new standard is about the “impairment” phase which is based on "Expected Credit Losses" (ECL) rather than "Incurred Credit Losses". In this study, the measurement and recognition of allowances for impairment are explained and then the expected possible qualitative and quantitative effects of this transition primarily in the European Banking Industry are analyzed and compared with Turkish Banking Industry. It is expected that, ECL application by European banks would result in on average 13%-18% increase in loss provisions and Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) and total capital ratio decrease by on average 45-75 basis points (bps) and 35-50 bps, respectively whereas the total amount of provisions will be diminishing by 4.1% and will have 33 bps and 21 bps positive impacts on CET1 and total capital adequacy ratio on average, respectively for Turkish banks.



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Yazarlar

Yazar: Banu SULTANOĞLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 27 Eylül 2018

APA Sultanoğlu, B . (2018). EXPECTED CREDIT LOSS MODEL BY IFRS 9 AND ITS POSSIBLE EARLY IMPACTS ON EUROPEAN AND TURKISH BANKING SECTOR . Muhasebe Bilim Dünyası Dergisi , 20 (3) , 476-506 . DOI: 10.31460/mbdd.422581