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Yıl 2018, Cilt 1, Sayı 2, 66 - 86, 30.05.2018

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  • ReferencesAltaş, L., Büyükgüngör, H. (2007) Heavy metal pollution in the Black Sea shore and offshore of Turkey. Environmental Geology, 52(3): 469-476. DOI 10.1007/s00254-006-0480-1Anninsky BE, Finenko GA, Abolmasova GI, Hubareva ES, Svetlichny LS, Bat L, Kideys AE. (2005) Effect of starvation on the biochemical compositions and respiration rates of ctenophores Mnemiopsis leidyi and Beroe ovata in the Black Sea. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K, 85: 549-561.Bakan, G., Büyükgüngör, H. (2000) The Black Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 41(1-6): 24-43. Bakan, G., Özkoç, H.B. (2007) An ecological risk assessment of the impact of heavy metals in surface sediments on biota from the mid-Black Sea coast of Turkey. International Journal of Environmental Studies 64 (1): 45-57.Bat, L., Gökkurt, O., Sezgin, M., Üstün, F., Sahin, F. (2009) Evaluation of the Black Sea land based sources of pollution the coastal region of Turkey. The Open Marine Biology Journal, 3: 112-124.Bat, L., Kaya, Y., Öztekin, H.C. (2014) Heavy metal levels in the Black Sea anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) as biomonitor and potential risk of human health. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 14 (4): 14: 845-851. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v14_4_01Bat, L., Özkan, E.Y., Öztekin, H.C. (2015a) The contamination status of trace metals in Sinop coast of the Black Sea, Turkey. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences (CJES). 13 (1): 1-10.Bat, L., Öztekin, H.C., Üstün, F. (2015b) Heavy Metal Levels in Four Commercial Fishes Caught in Sinop Coasts of the Black Sea, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 15: 393-399. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v15_2_25 Bat, L., Arıcı, E., Sezgin, M., Şahin, F. (2016) Heavy metals in edible tissues of benthic organisms from Samsun coasts, South Black Sea, Turkey and their potential risk to human health. Journal of Food and Health Science, 2 (2): 57-66. doi: 10.3153/JFHS16006. Bat, L., Öztekin, H.C. (2016) Heavy metals in Mytilus galloprovincialis, Rapana venosa and Eriphia verrucosa from the Black Sea coasts of Turkey as bioindicators of pollution. Walailak Journal of Science and Technology, 13 (9): 715-728.Bat, L. (2017) The Contamination Status of Heavy Metals in Fish from the Black Sea, Turkey and Potential Risks to Human Health. In: Sezgin, M., Bat, L., Ürkmez, D., Arıcı, E., Öztürk, B. (Eds.) Black Sea Marine Environment: The Turkish Shelf. Turkish Marine Research Foundation (TUDAV), Publication No: 46, ISBN- 978-975-8825-38-7, Istanbul, TURKEY, pp. 322-418.Bat, L., Arıcı, E., Sezgin, M., Şahin, F. (2017a) Heavy metal levels in commercial fishes caught in the southern Black Sea coast. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, 4 (2): 94-102.Bat, L., Arıcı, E., Ürkmez, D. (2017b) Heavy metal levels in the Black Sea sprat (Sprattus sprattus). International Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry, 4 (6): 1-8.Bat, L., Arici, E., Öztekin, A. (2017c) Metal levels in commercial pelagic fishes and their contribution to their exposure in Turkish people of the Black Sea. J Fish Res., 1(1) : 1-4.Bat, L., Öztekin, A., Arıcı, E. (2017d) Marine Litter Pollution in the Black Sea: Assessment of the Current Situation in Light of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. In: Sezgin, M., Bat, L., Ürkmez, D., Arıcı, E., Öztürk, B. (Eds.) Black Sea Marine Environment: The Turkish Shelf. Turkish Marine Research Foundation (TUDAV), Publication No: 46, ISBN- 978-975-8825-38-7, Istanbul, TURKEY.Bat, L., Arıcı, E. (2018) Chapter 5. Heavy Metal Levels in Fish, Molluscs, and Crustacea From Turkish Seas and Potential Risk of Human Health. In: Holban AM, Grumezescu AM. (Eds.) Handbook of Food Bioengineering, Volume 13, Food Quality: Balancing Health and Disease. Elsevier, Academic Press, ISBN: 978-0-12-811442-1, pp. 159-196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-811442-1.00005-5Bat, L., Arici, E., Öztekin, A. (2018a) Human Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in the Black Sea: Evaluating Mussels. Current World Environment 13(1). Available from: http://www.cwejournal.org/?p=18973Bat, L., Arıcı, E., Öztekin, A., Yardım, O., Üstün, F. (2018b) Use of the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819 from Sinop coasts of the Black Sea as bio-monitor, International Journal of Marine Science, 8(5): 44-47 doi:10.5376/ijms.2018.08.0005Borysova, O., Kondakov, A., Paleari, S., Rautalahti-Miettinen, E., Stolberg, F., Daler, D. (2005) Eutrophication in the Black Sea region; Impact assessment and Causal chain analysis. University of Kalmar, Kalmar, Sweden.Bråte, I. L. N., Eidsvoll, D.P., Steindal, C.C., Thomas, K.V. (2016) Plastic ingestion by Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) from the Norwegian coast. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 112: 105–110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.08.034BSC Marine Litter Report (2009) Marine litter in the Black Sea Region: A review of the problem. Black Sea Commission Publications 2007-1, Istanbul, Turkey, 148 ppChikina, M. V., Kucheruk, N.V. (2005) Long-term changes in the structure of coastal benthic communities in the northeastern part of the Black Sea: influence of alien species. Russian Academy of Sciences. Oceanology, 45.Chukhchin, V. D. (1961a) The Growth of Rapa Whelk Rapana bezoar (L.) in Sevastopol Bay. Tr. Sevastop. Biol. St, 14, 169-177.Chukhchin, V. D. (1961b) Development of Rapana (Rapana bezoar L) in the Black Sea. Tr Sevastopol Biol St, 14, 163-168.ÇŞB (2015) Çevre ve Şehircilik Bakanlığı, 2014 Yılı Trabzon İli Çevre Durum Raporu (Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation, Trabzon Province Environmental Status Report 2014). ÇŞB (2016) Çevre ve Şehircilik Bakanlığı, 2015 Yılı İl Çevre Durum Raporları (Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation, Provincial Environmental Status Reports 2015). Environment Foundation of Turkey (1995) Environmental profile of Turkey. Önder Matbaa, Ankara, ISBN 975-7250-16-3, 280 p.GEF BSEP (1996) Global Environmental Facility Black Sea Environmental Programme. Black Sea Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis. Available online at: http://www.grid.unep.ch/bsein/tda/main.htm Gordina, A.D., Zagorodnyaya, J.A., Kideys, A.E., Bat, L., Satilmis, H.H. (2005) Impact of summer ichthyoplankton, food supply of fish larvae and invasive ctenophores on the nutrition of fish larvae in the Black Sea during 2000 and 2001. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K, 85: 537-548. Güven, O., Gokdag, K., Jovanovic B. and A. E. Kıdeys. 2017. Microplastic litter composition of the Turkish territorial waters of the Mediterranean Sea, and its occurrence in the gastrointestinal tract of fish. Environmental Pollution 223: 286-294. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.01.025Kırkım, F., Sezgin, M., Katagan, T., Bat, L., Aydemir, E. (2006) Some Benthic Soft-Bottom Crustaceans along the Anatolian Coast of the Black Sea. Crustaceana, 79 (11): 1323-1332Mee, L.D. (1992) The Black Sea in Crisis: A Need for Concerted International Action. Ambio 21(4): 278-286.MTA (2010) General Directorate Of Mineral Research And Explorations, Province Mine Potentials. Available online at: http://www.mta.gov.tr/v3.0/bilgi-merkezi/il-maden-potansiyelleri National Reports (1996) "Assessment of Land-Based Sources of Pollution" taken from Black Sea Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis. Available online at: http://www.grid.unep.ch/bsein/tda/main.htm Özsoy, E., Oǧuz, T., Latif, M.A., Ünlüata, Ü., Sur, H.İ., Beşiktepe, Ş. (1988) Oceanography of the Turkish Straits — 2nd Annual Report, Vol. I. Physical Oceanography of the Turkish Straits, Inst. Mar. Sci., METU, Erdemli, İçel Öztekin, A. Bat, L. (2017) Seafloor Litter in the Sinop İnceburun Coast in the Southern Black Sea. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics (IJEGEO). Vol: 4 Issue:3 Nov 2017.Polikarpov, G.G., Egorov, V.N., Gulin, S.B., Mirzoyeva, N.Yu. (2004) Pollution of the Black sea and suggestions on solutions. (In: The Black Sea Foundation for Education Culture and Protection of Nature, Ed. M.S. Çelikkale) Workshop A glance to the Black Sea, 31 October 2003, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 91-128.Rouholahnejad, E., Abbaspour, K.C., Srinivasan, R., Bacu, V., Lehmann, A. (2013) A high resolution spatiotemporal distribution of water resources quantity and quality in the Black Sea Basin. Water Resources Research.Sezgin, M., Bat, L., Katağan, T., Ateş, AS. (2010) Likely effects of global climate change on the Black Sea benthic ecosystem. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 11 (1): 238-246.Sorokin, Y.I. (1983) The Black Sea. In: B.H. Ketchum (Ed.), Estuaries and Enclosed Seas. Ecosystems of the World, Elsevier, Amsterdam pp. 253-292Suaria, G., Melinte-Dobrinescu, M.C., Ion, G. Aliani, S. (2015) First observations on the abundance and composition of floating debris in the North-Western Black Sea, Marine Environmental Research 107:45-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2015.03.011 ,Svetlichny, L.S., Abolmasova, G.I., Hubareva, E.S., Finenko, G.A., Bat, L., Kideys, A.E. (2004) Respiration rates of Beroe ovata in the Black Sea. Marine Biology, 145: 585-593.Topcu, E. N., Tonay, A. M., Dede, A., Ozturk, A. A., Ozturk, B. (2013) Origin and abundance of marine litter along sandy beaches of the Turkish Western Black Sea Coast. Marine Environmental Research, 85:21-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2012.12.006Ünlüata, Ü., Aubrey, D. G., Belberov, Z., Bologa, A., Eremeev, V., Vinogradov, M. (1993) International program investigates the Black Sea. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 74(36), 401-412.The Earth Report 3 (1992) An A-Z guide to environmental issues (Eds. E. Goldsmith and N. Hildyard). Mitchell Beazley Publishers, London, 175 p.Zaitsev, Y., Mamaev, V. (1997) Marine biological diversity in the Black Sea. A study of change and decline. GEF Black Sea Environmental Series, 3, 208.Zaitsev, Y. (2008) An introduction to the Black Sea ecology. Smil Editing and Publishing Agency Ltd. Odessa, pp. 228. ISBN 978-966-8127-83-0

An overview of the Black Sea pollution in Turkey

Yıl 2018, Cilt 1, Sayı 2, 66 - 86, 30.05.2018

Öz

In the last four decades the Black Sea has suffered important changes induced by human activities. Some 162 million people live in the catchment area of the Black Sea and they make extraordinary demands on its resources. Waste from towns and cities, farms and factories pours into the Black Sea; some comes directly from the coast, but most flows relentlessly from the region's major rivers, River Danube, Dnieper and Dniester. Hence, coming trends will depend largely on human-related menaces. Depending on place and time ecologists have been principally interested in eutrophication, heavy metals, synthetic chemicals, radionuclides sedimentation, acid-rain and hot water. Airborne pollution also contaminates the sea; while the consequences of a changing climate brought about by greenhouse gases building up in the atmosphere seem certain to add to the stress already suffered by the Black Sea environment. A special threat comes from the many big ships or petrol tankers. Coupled with the unremitting pressure from the effects of the fıshing industry, and the tourist developments that are destroying the natural life that attracts thousands people to the region every year, it is not surprising that the Black Sea is one of the world's most threatened marine ecosystems. This review is to make a general assessment of the pollution of the Black Sea coast of Turkey.

Kaynakça

  • ReferencesAltaş, L., Büyükgüngör, H. (2007) Heavy metal pollution in the Black Sea shore and offshore of Turkey. Environmental Geology, 52(3): 469-476. DOI 10.1007/s00254-006-0480-1Anninsky BE, Finenko GA, Abolmasova GI, Hubareva ES, Svetlichny LS, Bat L, Kideys AE. (2005) Effect of starvation on the biochemical compositions and respiration rates of ctenophores Mnemiopsis leidyi and Beroe ovata in the Black Sea. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K, 85: 549-561.Bakan, G., Büyükgüngör, H. (2000) The Black Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 41(1-6): 24-43. Bakan, G., Özkoç, H.B. (2007) An ecological risk assessment of the impact of heavy metals in surface sediments on biota from the mid-Black Sea coast of Turkey. International Journal of Environmental Studies 64 (1): 45-57.Bat, L., Gökkurt, O., Sezgin, M., Üstün, F., Sahin, F. (2009) Evaluation of the Black Sea land based sources of pollution the coastal region of Turkey. The Open Marine Biology Journal, 3: 112-124.Bat, L., Kaya, Y., Öztekin, H.C. (2014) Heavy metal levels in the Black Sea anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) as biomonitor and potential risk of human health. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 14 (4): 14: 845-851. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v14_4_01Bat, L., Özkan, E.Y., Öztekin, H.C. (2015a) The contamination status of trace metals in Sinop coast of the Black Sea, Turkey. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences (CJES). 13 (1): 1-10.Bat, L., Öztekin, H.C., Üstün, F. (2015b) Heavy Metal Levels in Four Commercial Fishes Caught in Sinop Coasts of the Black Sea, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 15: 393-399. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v15_2_25 Bat, L., Arıcı, E., Sezgin, M., Şahin, F. (2016) Heavy metals in edible tissues of benthic organisms from Samsun coasts, South Black Sea, Turkey and their potential risk to human health. Journal of Food and Health Science, 2 (2): 57-66. doi: 10.3153/JFHS16006. Bat, L., Öztekin, H.C. (2016) Heavy metals in Mytilus galloprovincialis, Rapana venosa and Eriphia verrucosa from the Black Sea coasts of Turkey as bioindicators of pollution. Walailak Journal of Science and Technology, 13 (9): 715-728.Bat, L. (2017) The Contamination Status of Heavy Metals in Fish from the Black Sea, Turkey and Potential Risks to Human Health. In: Sezgin, M., Bat, L., Ürkmez, D., Arıcı, E., Öztürk, B. (Eds.) Black Sea Marine Environment: The Turkish Shelf. Turkish Marine Research Foundation (TUDAV), Publication No: 46, ISBN- 978-975-8825-38-7, Istanbul, TURKEY, pp. 322-418.Bat, L., Arıcı, E., Sezgin, M., Şahin, F. (2017a) Heavy metal levels in commercial fishes caught in the southern Black Sea coast. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, 4 (2): 94-102.Bat, L., Arıcı, E., Ürkmez, D. (2017b) Heavy metal levels in the Black Sea sprat (Sprattus sprattus). International Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry, 4 (6): 1-8.Bat, L., Arici, E., Öztekin, A. (2017c) Metal levels in commercial pelagic fishes and their contribution to their exposure in Turkish people of the Black Sea. J Fish Res., 1(1) : 1-4.Bat, L., Öztekin, A., Arıcı, E. (2017d) Marine Litter Pollution in the Black Sea: Assessment of the Current Situation in Light of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. In: Sezgin, M., Bat, L., Ürkmez, D., Arıcı, E., Öztürk, B. (Eds.) Black Sea Marine Environment: The Turkish Shelf. Turkish Marine Research Foundation (TUDAV), Publication No: 46, ISBN- 978-975-8825-38-7, Istanbul, TURKEY.Bat, L., Arıcı, E. (2018) Chapter 5. Heavy Metal Levels in Fish, Molluscs, and Crustacea From Turkish Seas and Potential Risk of Human Health. In: Holban AM, Grumezescu AM. (Eds.) Handbook of Food Bioengineering, Volume 13, Food Quality: Balancing Health and Disease. Elsevier, Academic Press, ISBN: 978-0-12-811442-1, pp. 159-196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-811442-1.00005-5Bat, L., Arici, E., Öztekin, A. (2018a) Human Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in the Black Sea: Evaluating Mussels. Current World Environment 13(1). Available from: http://www.cwejournal.org/?p=18973Bat, L., Arıcı, E., Öztekin, A., Yardım, O., Üstün, F. (2018b) Use of the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819 from Sinop coasts of the Black Sea as bio-monitor, International Journal of Marine Science, 8(5): 44-47 doi:10.5376/ijms.2018.08.0005Borysova, O., Kondakov, A., Paleari, S., Rautalahti-Miettinen, E., Stolberg, F., Daler, D. (2005) Eutrophication in the Black Sea region; Impact assessment and Causal chain analysis. University of Kalmar, Kalmar, Sweden.Bråte, I. L. N., Eidsvoll, D.P., Steindal, C.C., Thomas, K.V. (2016) Plastic ingestion by Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) from the Norwegian coast. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 112: 105–110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.08.034BSC Marine Litter Report (2009) Marine litter in the Black Sea Region: A review of the problem. Black Sea Commission Publications 2007-1, Istanbul, Turkey, 148 ppChikina, M. V., Kucheruk, N.V. (2005) Long-term changes in the structure of coastal benthic communities in the northeastern part of the Black Sea: influence of alien species. Russian Academy of Sciences. Oceanology, 45.Chukhchin, V. D. (1961a) The Growth of Rapa Whelk Rapana bezoar (L.) in Sevastopol Bay. Tr. Sevastop. Biol. St, 14, 169-177.Chukhchin, V. D. (1961b) Development of Rapana (Rapana bezoar L) in the Black Sea. Tr Sevastopol Biol St, 14, 163-168.ÇŞB (2015) Çevre ve Şehircilik Bakanlığı, 2014 Yılı Trabzon İli Çevre Durum Raporu (Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation, Trabzon Province Environmental Status Report 2014). ÇŞB (2016) Çevre ve Şehircilik Bakanlığı, 2015 Yılı İl Çevre Durum Raporları (Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation, Provincial Environmental Status Reports 2015). Environment Foundation of Turkey (1995) Environmental profile of Turkey. Önder Matbaa, Ankara, ISBN 975-7250-16-3, 280 p.GEF BSEP (1996) Global Environmental Facility Black Sea Environmental Programme. Black Sea Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis. Available online at: http://www.grid.unep.ch/bsein/tda/main.htm Gordina, A.D., Zagorodnyaya, J.A., Kideys, A.E., Bat, L., Satilmis, H.H. (2005) Impact of summer ichthyoplankton, food supply of fish larvae and invasive ctenophores on the nutrition of fish larvae in the Black Sea during 2000 and 2001. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K, 85: 537-548. Güven, O., Gokdag, K., Jovanovic B. and A. E. Kıdeys. 2017. Microplastic litter composition of the Turkish territorial waters of the Mediterranean Sea, and its occurrence in the gastrointestinal tract of fish. Environmental Pollution 223: 286-294. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.01.025Kırkım, F., Sezgin, M., Katagan, T., Bat, L., Aydemir, E. (2006) Some Benthic Soft-Bottom Crustaceans along the Anatolian Coast of the Black Sea. Crustaceana, 79 (11): 1323-1332Mee, L.D. (1992) The Black Sea in Crisis: A Need for Concerted International Action. Ambio 21(4): 278-286.MTA (2010) General Directorate Of Mineral Research And Explorations, Province Mine Potentials. Available online at: http://www.mta.gov.tr/v3.0/bilgi-merkezi/il-maden-potansiyelleri National Reports (1996) "Assessment of Land-Based Sources of Pollution" taken from Black Sea Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis. Available online at: http://www.grid.unep.ch/bsein/tda/main.htm Özsoy, E., Oǧuz, T., Latif, M.A., Ünlüata, Ü., Sur, H.İ., Beşiktepe, Ş. (1988) Oceanography of the Turkish Straits — 2nd Annual Report, Vol. I. Physical Oceanography of the Turkish Straits, Inst. Mar. Sci., METU, Erdemli, İçel Öztekin, A. Bat, L. (2017) Seafloor Litter in the Sinop İnceburun Coast in the Southern Black Sea. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics (IJEGEO). Vol: 4 Issue:3 Nov 2017.Polikarpov, G.G., Egorov, V.N., Gulin, S.B., Mirzoyeva, N.Yu. (2004) Pollution of the Black sea and suggestions on solutions. (In: The Black Sea Foundation for Education Culture and Protection of Nature, Ed. M.S. Çelikkale) Workshop A glance to the Black Sea, 31 October 2003, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 91-128.Rouholahnejad, E., Abbaspour, K.C., Srinivasan, R., Bacu, V., Lehmann, A. (2013) A high resolution spatiotemporal distribution of water resources quantity and quality in the Black Sea Basin. Water Resources Research.Sezgin, M., Bat, L., Katağan, T., Ateş, AS. (2010) Likely effects of global climate change on the Black Sea benthic ecosystem. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 11 (1): 238-246.Sorokin, Y.I. (1983) The Black Sea. In: B.H. Ketchum (Ed.), Estuaries and Enclosed Seas. Ecosystems of the World, Elsevier, Amsterdam pp. 253-292Suaria, G., Melinte-Dobrinescu, M.C., Ion, G. Aliani, S. (2015) First observations on the abundance and composition of floating debris in the North-Western Black Sea, Marine Environmental Research 107:45-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2015.03.011 ,Svetlichny, L.S., Abolmasova, G.I., Hubareva, E.S., Finenko, G.A., Bat, L., Kideys, A.E. (2004) Respiration rates of Beroe ovata in the Black Sea. Marine Biology, 145: 585-593.Topcu, E. N., Tonay, A. M., Dede, A., Ozturk, A. A., Ozturk, B. (2013) Origin and abundance of marine litter along sandy beaches of the Turkish Western Black Sea Coast. Marine Environmental Research, 85:21-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2012.12.006Ünlüata, Ü., Aubrey, D. G., Belberov, Z., Bologa, A., Eremeev, V., Vinogradov, M. (1993) International program investigates the Black Sea. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 74(36), 401-412.The Earth Report 3 (1992) An A-Z guide to environmental issues (Eds. E. Goldsmith and N. Hildyard). Mitchell Beazley Publishers, London, 175 p.Zaitsev, Y., Mamaev, V. (1997) Marine biological diversity in the Black Sea. A study of change and decline. GEF Black Sea Environmental Series, 3, 208.Zaitsev, Y. (2008) An introduction to the Black Sea ecology. Smil Editing and Publishing Agency Ltd. Odessa, pp. 228. ISBN 978-966-8127-83-0

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Deniz ve Tatlı Su Biyolojisi
Bölüm Review Articles
Yazarlar

Levent BAT> (Sorumlu Yazar)

0000-0002-2289-6691
Türkiye


Ayşah ÖZTEKİN>

Türkiye


Fatih ŞAHİN>

Türkiye


Elif ARICI>

0000-0001-6359-9194
Türkiye


Uğur ÖZSANDIKÇI Bu kişi benim

Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Mayıs 2018
Gönderilme Tarihi 22 Şubat 2018
Kabul Tarihi 17 Mayıs 2018
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2018, Cilt 1, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Bat, L. , Öztekin, A. , Şahin, F. , Arıcı, E. & Özsandıkçı, U. (2018). An overview of the Black Sea pollution in Turkey . Mediterranean Fisheries and Aquaculture Research , 1 (2) , 66-86 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/medfar/issue/37150/397536

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