Yıl 2020, Cilt 3 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 136 - 155 2020-12-30

Dijitalleşme ve Dijital Sosyal Sorumluluk İletişimi
DIGITIZATION AND DIGITAL SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY COMMUNICATION

Zeynep Mine ALPTEKİN [1]


Kurumsal sosyal sorumluluk ve dijital dönüşüm günümüzde küresel rekabet gücünün en önemli faktörlerindendir. Hızla gelişen teknoloji hayatımızda iş ve sosyal ortamları sürekli değiştirmektedir. Bu değişiklikler, teknolojik gelişmelerden büyük ölçüde etkilenmektedir. Teknoloji şu anda medeniyet ve sosyal değişim için kilittir. Bu gelişim, bizler için üçüncü temel değişim dalgasının gelişini işaret etmektedir. İlk dalga, tarımsal, insanlığı avcılardan çiftçilere ve yetiştiriciler olarak değiştirmiştir. Oldukça yakın olan ikinci dalga, sanayileşme ve seri üretim dünyası, kitle iletişim araçları, kitle eğitimi, kitle iletişimidir. Son yıllarda, medeniyet değişimlerinin üçüncü dalgasını ve yeni bir çağın doğuşunu giderek daha fazla yaşıyoruz (Zbigniew Orbik ve Viera Zozuľaková, 2019). İnternetin ve World Wide Web’in Halkla İlişkiler Sürecinin hızını arttırma potansiyeline sahip olmaları (Esrock ve Leichty, 1998:308) her geçen gün, kurumların kurumsal sosyal sorumluluk çalışmalarını çevrim içi ortama taşımalarını zorunlu hale getirmektedir. Tek yönlü iletişimden çift yönlü iletişime geçişi sağlayan ve ilk olarak Tim O’Reilly tarafından kullanılan Web 2.0, bloglar, sosyal ağlar ve Wiki’ler vb. platformların gelişimini sağlamıştır ( Fieseler, Fleck ve Meckel, 2010:601). Web 2.0nin hayatımıza kazandırdığı sosyal medya gibi yeni iletişim ortamları, daha fazla iletişim dinamiklerine sahip olup, interaktif iletişimi büyük bir hızda ve coğrafi dağılımda daha geniş kitlelere birkaç saat içerisinde tüm çevrelere yaymaktadır (Schultz, Castello ve Morsing, 2013:681-682). Geçmişte, KSS ile ilgili projelere baktığımızda, projeler ağırlıklı olarak kurumsal filantropi dediğimiz yardım ve hayırseverlik odaklıydı. Bu güne geldiğimizde odak noktası, sosyal etkiyi ekonomik etkiyle uyumlu hale getirebilecek projeler ile ilgilidir (Icsb.org, 2018). Bu nedenle benzeri projeler, günümüzde dijital dönüşümün etkisiyle artarak daha fazla firmanın yetkinliklerine, teknolojilerine ve müşterileri ile ana paydaşları ile ilgili faaliyetleri dikkate almaktadır. Makale, Dijital Sosyal Sorumluluk (DSS) kavramı üzerinden değerlendirme yapıp, dijitalleşme ile Kurumsal Sosyal Sorumluluk (KDS) projelerinin sosyal medyanın kullanımında sosyal medya iletişiminin farkı ile ilgili konuyu ele almaktadır.
Corporate Social Responsibility and digital transformation are the most important factors of global competitiveness today. Rapidly developing technology is constantly changing the business and Noble environment in our lives. These changes are heavily influenced by technological developments. Technology is now key to civilization and social change. This development marks the arrival of the third fundamental wave of change for us. The first wave, agriculture, changed humanity from hunters to farmers and breeders. The second wave, which is quite close, is the world of industrialization and mass production, Mass Media, Mass Education, Mass Communication. In recent years, we are increasingly experiencing the third wave of civilizational changes and the birth of a new era (Zbigniew Orbik ve Viera Zozuľaková, 2019). The internet and World Wide Web have the potential to increase the speed of the process of Public Relations (Esrock and Leichty, 1998:308) with each passing day, the online environment requires organisations to carry Corporate Social Responsibility efforts. Web 2.0, which allows the transition from one-way to two-way communication and was first used by Tim O'reilly, blogs, social networks and wikis, etc. it provided the development of platforms ( Fieseler, Fleck ve Meckel, 2010:601). New media, such as social media, which Web 2.0 brings to our lives, have more communication dynamics, spreading interactive communication globally in a matter of hours at great speed and geographic distribution to a wider audience (Schultz, Castello ve Morsing, 2013:681-682). In the past, when we looked at CSR-related projects, it was focused on charity and philanthropy, which we call corporate philanthropy. As we come to this day, the focus is on projects that can align social impact with economic impact (Icsb.org, 2018). For these reasons, such projects are increasingly taking into account the competencies, technologies and activities related to their customers and main stakeholders of more and more companies due to the impact of digital transformation today. The article examines the concept of Digital Social Responsibility (CDR) and discusses the difference between social media communication in the use of social media in digitalization and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) projects.
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Halkla İlişkiler, Sosyal Bilimler, Disiplinler Arası, İletişim
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-7850-6920
Yazar: Zeynep Mine ALPTEKİN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: İSTANBUL TİCARET ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Teşekkür Akademik çalışmalarımda katkılarını sürekli hissettiğim değerli akademisyen ve Doktora tez danışmanım Prof. Dr. R. Gülay Öztürk'e minnetlerimle.
Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Aralık 2020

APA Alptekin, Z . (2020). Dijitalleşme ve Dijital Sosyal Sorumluluk İletişimi . Uluslararası Medya ve İletişim Araştırmaları Hakemli Dergisi , 3 (2) , 136-155 . DOI: 10.33464/mediaj.829079