Yıl 2020, Cilt 9 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 844 - 857 2020-04-24

CO2 Emisyonu, Yenilenmeyen Enerji Tüketimi ve Ekonomik Büyüme Arasındaki İlişki: Türkiye Örneği
The Relationship between CO2 Emission, Non-Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Case of Turkey

Kemal ERKİŞİ [1] , Duygu ÇELİK [2]


Bu çalışmada karbondioksit salınımı, yenilenemeyen enerji tüketimi ve iktisadi büyüme arasındaki ilişkiler incelenmiştir. Analiz, Türkiye için 1990-2015 arasındaki 25 yılı kapsamaktadır. Kısa dönem nedensellik analiz için VAR Granger Nedensellik Analizi kullanılmıştır. Buna göre kısa dönemde yenilenemeyen enerji tüketiminden, CO2 salınımına doğru tek yönlü pozitif bir ilişki olduğu ortaya konmuştur. Kısa dönemde CO2 salınımını etkileyen tek değişken yenilenemeyen enerji tüketimidir. Varyans ayrıştırma testi sonucuna göre, ikinci dönemde, CO2 salınımının % 13,8'i yenilenemeyen enerji tüketiminden, % 2'si ekonomik büyümeden kaynaklanırken, 8. dönemde, CO2 salınımının % 44’ü yenilenmeyen enerji tüketiminden ve % 12'si iktisadi büyümeden kaynaklandığı görülmektedir. Bu sonuç, enerji tüketimi ile ekonomik büyüme arasında doğrudan bir ilişki olmadığını öne süren “Tarafsızlık Hipotezini” desteklemektedir. Buna göre enerji tüketimi ile iktisadi büyüme arasında bir ilişki olmadığından, enerji tüketimi ile ilgili alınacak tedbirler karbondioksit salınımını azaltırken iktisadi büyüme üzerinde olumsuz bir etki doğurmayacaktır.

In this study, the relationships between carbon dioxide emission, non-renewable energy consumption and economic growth were examined. The analysis covers 25 years of period between 1990-2015 for Turkey. VAR Granger Causality Analysis was employed for the short-term causality analysis. The results indicated that there is a unidirectional relationship from non-renewable energy consumption to CO2 emission in the short-term. The only variable affecting CO2 in the short-term is non-renewable energy consumption. According to the variance decomposition test, in the second period, 13.8% of CO2 emissions were caused by non-renewable energy consumption, 2% was due to economic growth, while in the 8th period, 44% of CO2 emissions were caused by non-renewable energy consumption and 12% from economic growth. This result supports the “Neutrality Hypothesis”, which asserts that there is no direct relationship between energy consumption and economic growth. Since it is revealed a unidirectional causality from NREC to CO2, measures regarding energy consumption will not have a negative impact on economic growth while reducing carbon dioxide emissions in Turkey.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-7197-8768
Yazar: Kemal ERKİŞİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3298-2152
Yazar: Duygu ÇELİK
Kurum: İSTANBUL GELİŞİM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İSTANBUL GELİŞİM MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 24 Nisan 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { mjss509570, journal = {MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi}, issn = {1694-7215}, address = {Chyngyz Aytmatov Campus, 720038, Djal, Bishkek, KYRGYZSTAN}, publisher = {Kırgızistan Türkiye Manas Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {9}, pages = {844 - 857}, doi = {10.33206/mjss.509570}, title = {The Relationship between CO2 Emission, Non-Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Case of Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {ERKİŞİ, Kemal and ÇELİK, Duygu} }
APA ERKİŞİ, K , ÇELİK, D . (2020). The Relationship between CO2 Emission, Non-Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Case of Turkey. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi , 9 (2) , 844-857 . DOI: 10.33206/mjss.509570
MLA ERKİŞİ, K , ÇELİK, D . "The Relationship between CO2 Emission, Non-Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Case of Turkey". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 (2020 ): 844-857 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/mjss/issue/53880/509570>
Chicago ERKİŞİ, K , ÇELİK, D . "The Relationship between CO2 Emission, Non-Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Case of Turkey". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 (2020 ): 844-857
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Relationship between CO2 Emission, Non-Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Case of Turkey AU - Kemal ERKİŞİ , Duygu ÇELİK Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33206/mjss.509570 DO - 10.33206/mjss.509570 T2 - MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 844 EP - 857 VL - 9 IS - 2 SN - 1694-7215- M3 - doi: 10.33206/mjss.509570 UR - https://doi.org/10.33206/mjss.509570 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi The Relationship between CO2 Emission, Non-Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Case of Turkey %A Kemal ERKİŞİ , Duygu ÇELİK %T The Relationship between CO2 Emission, Non-Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Case of Turkey %D 2020 %J MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi %P 1694-7215- %V 9 %N 2 %R doi: 10.33206/mjss.509570 %U 10.33206/mjss.509570
ISNAD ERKİŞİ, Kemal , ÇELİK, Duygu . "The Relationship between CO2 Emission, Non-Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Case of Turkey". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 / 2 (Nisan 2020): 844-857 . https://doi.org/10.33206/mjss.509570
AMA ERKİŞİ K , ÇELİK D . The Relationship between CO2 Emission, Non-Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Case of Turkey. MJSS. 2020; 9(2): 844-857.
Vancouver ERKİŞİ K , ÇELİK D . The Relationship between CO2 Emission, Non-Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Case of Turkey. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2020; 9(2): 857-844.