Araştırma Makalesi
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Nano Fiber Reinforced Nanocomposite Production and Characterization

Yıl 2019, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 10 - 19, 18.04.2019

Öz

The present study investigates the effect of various fabricated nanofiber such as poly-vinyl-alcohol (PVA) ile poly-vinyl-pyrrolidone (PVP) nanofibers mat to interlaminar features. E-glass/epoxy composite materials are produced by Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding (VARTM) method, interleaving PVA and PVP electrospun nanofiber mat in each laminate consisted of eight ply. Tensile tests are carried out for nanomodified composite materials. Also, after tensile tests, the fracture surfaces area of both composite materials are studied using scanning electron microscobe (SEM). Results reveal that PVA and PVP nanofiber mat was not adequately impregnated with epoxy.

Kaynakça

  • S.S. Wicks, R.G. de Villoria, B.L. Wardle, Interlaminar and intralaminar reinforcement of composite laminates with aligned carbon nanotubes, Composites Science and Technology. 70 (2010) 20–28. doi:10.1016/J.COMPSCITECH.2009.09.001.
  • L. Tong, A.P. Mouritz, M.K. Bannister, 3D fibre reinforced polymer composites, Elsevier, 2002. doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-043938-9.X5012-1.
  • T.K. Tsotsis, A. Markus, AST composite wing program work Unit IV-design, analysis, and manufacturing studies, 1999.
  • F. Larsson, Damage tolerance of a stitched carbon/epoxy laminate, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 28 (1997) 923–934. doi:10.1016/S1359-835X(97)00063-8.
  • K.A. Dransfield, L.K. Jain, Y.-W. Mai, On the effects of stitching in CFRPs—I. mode I delamination toughness, Composites Science and Technology. 58 (1998) 815–827. doi:10.1016/S0266-3538(97)00229-7.
  • I.K. Partridge, D.D.R. Cartié, Delamination resistant laminates by Z-Fiber® pinning: Part I manufacture and fracture performance, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 36 (2005) 55–64. doi:10.1016/J.COMPOSITESA.2004.06.029.
  • S.K. Sharma, B. V. Sankar, Effect of Stitching on Impact and Interlaminar Properties of Graphite/Epoxy Laminates, Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials. 10 (1997) 241–253. doi:10.1177/089270579701000302.
  • A.. Mouritz, C. Baini, I. Herszberg, Mode I interlaminar fracture toughness properties of advanced textile fibreglass composites, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 30 (1999) 859–870. doi:10.1016/S1359-835X(98)00197-3.
  • J.R. Reeder, Stitching vs. a Toughened Matrix: Compression Strength Effects, Journal of Composite Materials. 29 (1995) 2464–2487. doi:10.1177/002199839502901805.
  • X. Zhang, L. Hounslow, M. Grassi, Improvement of low-velocity impact and compression-after-impact performance by z-fibre pinning, Composites Science and Technology. 66 (2006) 2785–2794. doi:10.1016/J.COMPSCITECH.2006.02.029.
  • C.A. Steeves, N.A. Fleck, In-plane properties of composite laminates with through-thickness pin reinforcement, International Journal of Solids and Structures. 43 (2006) 3197–3212. doi:10.1016/J.IJSOLSTR.2005.05.017.
  • A.P. Mouritz, Review of z-pinned composite laminates, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 38 (2007) 2383–2397. doi:10.1016/J.COMPOSITESA.2007.08.016.
  • P.K. Sinha, Composite materials and structures, Composite Centre of Excellence, AR&DB, Department of Aerospace Engineering IIT Kharagpur. (2006).
  • M. Biron, Thermosets and composites: technical information for plastics users, (2004). https://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak_download&id_clanak_jezik=9288 (erişim 27 Ocak 2019).
  • V.C.S. Chandrasekaran, M.H. Santare, P. Krishnan, S.G. Advani, Amino Functionalization of MWNTs and Their Effect on ILSS of Hybrid Nanocomposites, Composite Interfaces. 18 (2011) 339–355. doi:10.1163/092764411X584478.
  • J.-J. Luo, I.M. Daniel, Characterization and modeling of mechanical behavior of polymer/clay nanocomposites, Composites Science and Technology. 63 (2003) 1607–1616. doi:10.1016/S0266-3538(03)00060-5.
  • D. Schmidt, D. Shah, E.P. Giannelis, New advances in polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites, Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science. 6 (2002) 205–212. doi:10.1016/S1359-0286(02)00049-9.
  • F.H. Gojny, M.H.G. Wichmann, B. Fiedler, W. Bauhofer, K. Schulte, Influence of nano-modification on the mechanical and electrical properties of conventional fibre-reinforced composites, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 36 (2005) 1525–1535. doi:10.1016/J.COMPOSITESA.2005.02.007.
  • J. Njuguna, K. Pielichowski, J. Alcock, Epoxy‐based fibre reinforced nanocomposites, Wiley Online Library. 9 (2007) 835–847. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adem.200700118 (erişim 27 Ocak 2019).
  • A. Formhals, Process and apparatus for preparing artificial threads, 1934. https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/10029238153/ (erişim 27 Ocak 2019).
  • G.S. Kozanoğlu, Elektrospinning yöntemiyle nanolif üretim teknolojisi, İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, 2006. http://polen.itu.edu.tr/bitstream/11527/4631/1/3923.pdf
  • A. Süslü, M. Özdemir, Ç. Tekmen, E. Çelik, Ü. Cöcen, Gümüş katkılı TiO2 nanofiberlerin elektro-eğirme yöntemi ile üretilmesi ve karakterizasyonu, Anadolu University Journal of Sciences & Technology. 10 (2009) 277–284. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=44455220&site=eds-live&authtype=ip,uid.
  • M. Uyaner, M. Kara, Dynamic response of laminated composites subjected to low-velocity impact, Journal of Composite Materials. 41 (2007) 2877–2896. doi:10.1177/0021998307079971.
  • V. Eskizeybek, A. Yar, A. Avcı, CNT-PAN hybrid nanofibrous mat interleaved carbon/epoxy laminates with improved Mode I interlaminar fracture toughness, Composites Science and Technology. 157 (2018) 30–39. doi:10.1016/J.COMPSCITECH.2018.01.021.

Nano Elyaf Takviyeli Nanokompozit Üretimi ve Karakterizasyonu

Yıl 2019, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 10 - 19, 18.04.2019

Öz

Bu çalışma polivinilalkol (PVA) ve polivinilpirolidon (PVP) den elde edilen nano liflerin kompozitin tabakalar arasına olan etkisini incelemektedir. E-camı/epoksi kompozit malzemelerin arasına PVA ve PVP elektro eğirme nano elyaf yerleştirilerek Vakum Destekli Reçine Transferi Kalıplama (VARTM) yöntemi ile kompozit malzeme üretimi gerçekleştirilmiştir. Nano elyaf ile modifiye edilmiş kompozit malzemelerin çekme testleri yapılmıştır. Ayrıca çekme testinden sonra kompozit malzemelerin kırılma yüzeyleri SEM ile incelenmiştir. Bu çalışma, PVA ve PVP nano elyafların epoksi ile yeteri kadar ıslanmadığını göstermektedir.

Kaynakça

  • S.S. Wicks, R.G. de Villoria, B.L. Wardle, Interlaminar and intralaminar reinforcement of composite laminates with aligned carbon nanotubes, Composites Science and Technology. 70 (2010) 20–28. doi:10.1016/J.COMPSCITECH.2009.09.001.
  • L. Tong, A.P. Mouritz, M.K. Bannister, 3D fibre reinforced polymer composites, Elsevier, 2002. doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-043938-9.X5012-1.
  • T.K. Tsotsis, A. Markus, AST composite wing program work Unit IV-design, analysis, and manufacturing studies, 1999.
  • F. Larsson, Damage tolerance of a stitched carbon/epoxy laminate, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 28 (1997) 923–934. doi:10.1016/S1359-835X(97)00063-8.
  • K.A. Dransfield, L.K. Jain, Y.-W. Mai, On the effects of stitching in CFRPs—I. mode I delamination toughness, Composites Science and Technology. 58 (1998) 815–827. doi:10.1016/S0266-3538(97)00229-7.
  • I.K. Partridge, D.D.R. Cartié, Delamination resistant laminates by Z-Fiber® pinning: Part I manufacture and fracture performance, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 36 (2005) 55–64. doi:10.1016/J.COMPOSITESA.2004.06.029.
  • S.K. Sharma, B. V. Sankar, Effect of Stitching on Impact and Interlaminar Properties of Graphite/Epoxy Laminates, Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials. 10 (1997) 241–253. doi:10.1177/089270579701000302.
  • A.. Mouritz, C. Baini, I. Herszberg, Mode I interlaminar fracture toughness properties of advanced textile fibreglass composites, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 30 (1999) 859–870. doi:10.1016/S1359-835X(98)00197-3.
  • J.R. Reeder, Stitching vs. a Toughened Matrix: Compression Strength Effects, Journal of Composite Materials. 29 (1995) 2464–2487. doi:10.1177/002199839502901805.
  • X. Zhang, L. Hounslow, M. Grassi, Improvement of low-velocity impact and compression-after-impact performance by z-fibre pinning, Composites Science and Technology. 66 (2006) 2785–2794. doi:10.1016/J.COMPSCITECH.2006.02.029.
  • C.A. Steeves, N.A. Fleck, In-plane properties of composite laminates with through-thickness pin reinforcement, International Journal of Solids and Structures. 43 (2006) 3197–3212. doi:10.1016/J.IJSOLSTR.2005.05.017.
  • A.P. Mouritz, Review of z-pinned composite laminates, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 38 (2007) 2383–2397. doi:10.1016/J.COMPOSITESA.2007.08.016.
  • P.K. Sinha, Composite materials and structures, Composite Centre of Excellence, AR&DB, Department of Aerospace Engineering IIT Kharagpur. (2006).
  • M. Biron, Thermosets and composites: technical information for plastics users, (2004). https://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak_download&id_clanak_jezik=9288 (erişim 27 Ocak 2019).
  • V.C.S. Chandrasekaran, M.H. Santare, P. Krishnan, S.G. Advani, Amino Functionalization of MWNTs and Their Effect on ILSS of Hybrid Nanocomposites, Composite Interfaces. 18 (2011) 339–355. doi:10.1163/092764411X584478.
  • J.-J. Luo, I.M. Daniel, Characterization and modeling of mechanical behavior of polymer/clay nanocomposites, Composites Science and Technology. 63 (2003) 1607–1616. doi:10.1016/S0266-3538(03)00060-5.
  • D. Schmidt, D. Shah, E.P. Giannelis, New advances in polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites, Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science. 6 (2002) 205–212. doi:10.1016/S1359-0286(02)00049-9.
  • F.H. Gojny, M.H.G. Wichmann, B. Fiedler, W. Bauhofer, K. Schulte, Influence of nano-modification on the mechanical and electrical properties of conventional fibre-reinforced composites, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 36 (2005) 1525–1535. doi:10.1016/J.COMPOSITESA.2005.02.007.
  • J. Njuguna, K. Pielichowski, J. Alcock, Epoxy‐based fibre reinforced nanocomposites, Wiley Online Library. 9 (2007) 835–847. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adem.200700118 (erişim 27 Ocak 2019).
  • A. Formhals, Process and apparatus for preparing artificial threads, 1934. https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/10029238153/ (erişim 27 Ocak 2019).
  • G.S. Kozanoğlu, Elektrospinning yöntemiyle nanolif üretim teknolojisi, İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, 2006. http://polen.itu.edu.tr/bitstream/11527/4631/1/3923.pdf
  • A. Süslü, M. Özdemir, Ç. Tekmen, E. Çelik, Ü. Cöcen, Gümüş katkılı TiO2 nanofiberlerin elektro-eğirme yöntemi ile üretilmesi ve karakterizasyonu, Anadolu University Journal of Sciences & Technology. 10 (2009) 277–284. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=44455220&site=eds-live&authtype=ip,uid.
  • M. Uyaner, M. Kara, Dynamic response of laminated composites subjected to low-velocity impact, Journal of Composite Materials. 41 (2007) 2877–2896. doi:10.1177/0021998307079971.
  • V. Eskizeybek, A. Yar, A. Avcı, CNT-PAN hybrid nanofibrous mat interleaved carbon/epoxy laminates with improved Mode I interlaminar fracture toughness, Composites Science and Technology. 157 (2018) 30–39. doi:10.1016/J.COMPSCITECH.2018.01.021.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Mesut UYANER> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi, Havacılık ve Uzay Bilimleri Fakültesi, Uçak Mühendisliği Bölümü
0000-0003-2743-2340
Türkiye


Adem YAR Bu kişi benim
Bingöl Üniversitesi, Mühendislik ve Mimarlık Fakültesi, Makina Mühendisliği Bölümü
0000-0002-1432-9590
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 18 Nisan 2019
Kabul Tarihi 5 Şubat 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 1, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { neufmbd518455, journal = {Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi}, eissn = {2667-7989}, address = {Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Selver Mahallesi Eski Meram Caddesi No:211 Meram/KONYA}, publisher = {Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {1}, number = {1}, pages = {10 - 19}, title = {Nano Elyaf Takviyeli Nanokompozit Üretimi ve Karakterizasyonu}, key = {cite}, author = {Uyaner, Mesut and Yar, Adem} }
APA Uyaner, M. & Yar, A. (2019). Nano Elyaf Takviyeli Nanokompozit Üretimi ve Karakterizasyonu . Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi , 1 (1) , 10-19 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/neufmbd/issue/44699/518455
MLA Uyaner, M. , Yar, A. "Nano Elyaf Takviyeli Nanokompozit Üretimi ve Karakterizasyonu" . Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 1 (2019 ): 10-19 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/neufmbd/issue/44699/518455>
Chicago Uyaner, M. , Yar, A. "Nano Elyaf Takviyeli Nanokompozit Üretimi ve Karakterizasyonu". Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 1 (2019 ): 10-19
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Nano Elyaf Takviyeli Nanokompozit Üretimi ve Karakterizasyonu AU - MesutUyaner, AdemYar Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 10 EP - 19 VL - 1 IS - 1 SN - -2667-7989 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi Nano Elyaf Takviyeli Nanokompozit Üretimi ve Karakterizasyonu %A Mesut Uyaner , Adem Yar %T Nano Elyaf Takviyeli Nanokompozit Üretimi ve Karakterizasyonu %D 2019 %J Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2667-7989 %V 1 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Uyaner, Mesut , Yar, Adem . "Nano Elyaf Takviyeli Nanokompozit Üretimi ve Karakterizasyonu". Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 1 / 1 (Nisan 2019): 10-19 .
AMA Uyaner M. , Yar A. Nano Elyaf Takviyeli Nanokompozit Üretimi ve Karakterizasyonu. NEU Fen Muh Bil Der. 2019; 1(1): 10-19.
Vancouver Uyaner M. , Yar A. Nano Elyaf Takviyeli Nanokompozit Üretimi ve Karakterizasyonu. Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 1(1): 10-19.
IEEE M. Uyaner ve A. Yar , "Nano Elyaf Takviyeli Nanokompozit Üretimi ve Karakterizasyonu", Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 1, sayı. 1, ss. 10-19, Nis. 2019

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