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Tamamlayıcı çimentolu malzemelerle betonun sodyum sülfat direnci üzerine karşılaştırmalı bir çalışma

Yıl 2021, Cilt 10, Sayı 1, 241 - 246, 15.01.2021
https://doi.org/10.28948/ngumuh.754221

Öz

Sülfat etkisi betonda dayanıklılık sorunlarına neden olan ana faktörlerden biridir. Bu çalışmada, sülfat direncinin fiziksel/kimyasal etkileşimini değerlendirmek için silis dumanı, yüksek fırın cürufu, uçucu kül, kalker filleri, kireç ve Portland çimentosu ile elde edilen beton karışımları bir dizi deney yapılarak araştırılmıştır. Belirtilen tamamlayıcı çimentolu malzemeleri içeren, beş farklı seri beton karışımı, su/ bağlayıcı oranı 0.33 ve toplam bağlayıcı içeriği 400 kg/m3 alınarak üretilmiştir. Beton örnekleri, 365 gün boyunca kirece doymuş suya ve 50 g/l sodyum sülfat çözeltisine maruz bırakılmıştır. Sülfat direncinin değerlendirilmesi, numunelerin basınç dayanımı ve ağırlık değişiminin belirlenmesi ile yapılmıştır. Sülfat etkisine karşı direncin iyileştirilmesi, mineral katkı maddelerinin oranına göre değerlendirilmiş ve sonuçlar, beton karışımlarında seçilen tamamlayıcı çimentolu malzemelerin kullanılmasının, dayanıklılık performansını önemli ölçüde geliştirdiğini göstermiştir.

Kaynakça

  • F. Bellmann, W. Erfurt, and H. M. Ludwig, Field performance of concrete exposed to sulphate and low pH conditions from natural and industrial sources. Cem. Concr. Comp., 34, 86-93, 2012. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2011.07.009
  • M. Sahmaran, O. Kasap, K. Duru, and I. O. Yaman, Effects of mix composition and water-cement ratio on the sulfate resistance of blended cements. Cem. Concr. Comp., 29, 159-167, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.cemconcomp.2006.11.007
  • L. Guangcheng, X. Youjun, and T. Xuguang, Evaluating deterioration of concrete by sulfate attack. J. Wuhan University of Technology-Mater. Sci. Ed., 22, 572-576, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11595-006-3572-6
  • K. K. Sideris, A. E. Savva, and J. Papayianni, Sulfate resistance and carbonation of plain and blended cements. Cem. Concr. Comp., 28, 47-56, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2005.09.001
  • A. M. Diab, A. M. Awad, H. E. Elyamany, and A. M. AbdElmoaty, Guidelines in compressive strength assessment of concrete modified with silica fume due to magnesium sulfate attack. Constr. Build. Mater., 36, 311-318, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat. 2012.04.075
  • P. S. Mangat, and J. M. El-Khatib, Influence of initial curing on sulphate resistance of blended cement concrete, Cem. Concr. Res., 22, 1089-1100, 1992. https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-8846(92)90039-X
  • N. M. Al-Akhras, Durability of metakaolin concrete to sulfate attac. Cem. Concr. Res., 36, 1727-1734, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2006.03.026
  • W. Ouyang, J. Chen, and M. Jiang, Evolution of surface hardness of concrete under sulfate attack. Constr. Build. Mater., 53, 419-424, 2014. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.11.107
  • M. Santhanam, M. D. Cohen, and J. Olek, Mechanism of sulfate attack: A fresh look Part 1: Summary of experimental results. Cem. Concr. Res., 36, 2132-2137, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(02)00724-X
  • J. I. Bhatty, and P. C. Taylor, Sulfate resistance of concrete using blended cements or supplementary cementitious materials. Portland Cement Association, Skokie, Illinois, USA, R&D Serial No. 2916a, 2006.
  • C. Shi, A. Fernandez-Jimenez and A. Palomo, New cements for the 21st century: the pursuit of an alternative to Portland cement. Cem. Concr. Res., 41, 750-763, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-012-9953-8
  • A. E. Al-Salami and A. Salem, Effects of mix composition on the sulfate resistance of blended cements. Int. J. Civ. Environ. Eng., 10(6), 43-47, 2010.
  • A. M. Neville, Properties of concrete, 4th. ed., John Wiley & Sons Inc, New York, USA, 1997.
  • H. Rashidian-Dezfouli, and P. R. Rangaraju, A comparative study on the durability of geopolymers produced with ground glass fiber, fly ash, and glass-powder in sodium sulfate solution. Constr. Build. Mater., 153, 996-1009, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.conbuildmat.2017.07.139
  • Z. Bascarevic, M. Komljenovic, Z. Miladinovic, V. Nikolic, N. Marjanovic, Z. Zujovic and R. Petrovic, Impact of sodium sulfate solution on mechanical properties and structure of fly ash based on geopolymers. Materials and Structures, 48, 683-697, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-014-0325-4
  • N. Dzunuzovic, M. Komljenovic, V. Nikolic and T. Ivanovic, External sulfate attack on alkali-activated fly ash-blast furnaceslag composite. Constr. Build. Mater., 157, 737-747, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.conbuildmat.2017.09.159
  • Z. Zhang, Q. Wang, H. Chen and Y. Zhou, Influence of the initial moist curing time on the sulfate attack resistance of concretes with different binders. Constr. Build. Mater., 144, 541-551, 2017. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.03.235
  • R. E. Hachem, E. Roziere, F. Grondin and A. Loukili, New procedure to investigate external sulfate attack on cementitious materials. Cem. Concr. Compos., 34, 357-364, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp. 2011.11.010
  • TS 706 EN 12620, Aggregates for Concrete, Turkish Standards Institute, Ankara, 2003.

A comparative study on the sodium sulfate resistance of concrete with the supplementary cementitious materials

Yıl 2021, Cilt 10, Sayı 1, 241 - 246, 15.01.2021
https://doi.org/10.28948/ngumuh.754221

Öz

Sulfate attack is one of the main factors causing durability problems in concrete. In this study, in order to evaluate the physical/chemical interaction of sulfate resistance, concrete mixtures with silica fume, blast furnace slag, fly ash, limestone filler, hydrated lime and Portland cement are investigated by conducting a series of experiments. Five different series of concrete mixtures containing the specified supplementary cementitious materials were developed with a water-binder ratio of 0.33 and a total binder content of 400 kg/m3. The concrete samples were exposed to lime-saturated water and sodium sulfate solution of 50 g/l for 365 days. The evaluation of sulfate resistance was done by the determination of compressive strength and change in weight. The improvement of the resistance to sulfate attack is assessed concerning the ratio of the mineral additives and results indicated that using the selected supplementary cementitious materials in the concrete mixtures significantly improves the durability performance.

Kaynakça

  • F. Bellmann, W. Erfurt, and H. M. Ludwig, Field performance of concrete exposed to sulphate and low pH conditions from natural and industrial sources. Cem. Concr. Comp., 34, 86-93, 2012. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2011.07.009
  • M. Sahmaran, O. Kasap, K. Duru, and I. O. Yaman, Effects of mix composition and water-cement ratio on the sulfate resistance of blended cements. Cem. Concr. Comp., 29, 159-167, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.cemconcomp.2006.11.007
  • L. Guangcheng, X. Youjun, and T. Xuguang, Evaluating deterioration of concrete by sulfate attack. J. Wuhan University of Technology-Mater. Sci. Ed., 22, 572-576, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11595-006-3572-6
  • K. K. Sideris, A. E. Savva, and J. Papayianni, Sulfate resistance and carbonation of plain and blended cements. Cem. Concr. Comp., 28, 47-56, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2005.09.001
  • A. M. Diab, A. M. Awad, H. E. Elyamany, and A. M. AbdElmoaty, Guidelines in compressive strength assessment of concrete modified with silica fume due to magnesium sulfate attack. Constr. Build. Mater., 36, 311-318, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat. 2012.04.075
  • P. S. Mangat, and J. M. El-Khatib, Influence of initial curing on sulphate resistance of blended cement concrete, Cem. Concr. Res., 22, 1089-1100, 1992. https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-8846(92)90039-X
  • N. M. Al-Akhras, Durability of metakaolin concrete to sulfate attac. Cem. Concr. Res., 36, 1727-1734, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2006.03.026
  • W. Ouyang, J. Chen, and M. Jiang, Evolution of surface hardness of concrete under sulfate attack. Constr. Build. Mater., 53, 419-424, 2014. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.11.107
  • M. Santhanam, M. D. Cohen, and J. Olek, Mechanism of sulfate attack: A fresh look Part 1: Summary of experimental results. Cem. Concr. Res., 36, 2132-2137, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(02)00724-X
  • J. I. Bhatty, and P. C. Taylor, Sulfate resistance of concrete using blended cements or supplementary cementitious materials. Portland Cement Association, Skokie, Illinois, USA, R&D Serial No. 2916a, 2006.
  • C. Shi, A. Fernandez-Jimenez and A. Palomo, New cements for the 21st century: the pursuit of an alternative to Portland cement. Cem. Concr. Res., 41, 750-763, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-012-9953-8
  • A. E. Al-Salami and A. Salem, Effects of mix composition on the sulfate resistance of blended cements. Int. J. Civ. Environ. Eng., 10(6), 43-47, 2010.
  • A. M. Neville, Properties of concrete, 4th. ed., John Wiley & Sons Inc, New York, USA, 1997.
  • H. Rashidian-Dezfouli, and P. R. Rangaraju, A comparative study on the durability of geopolymers produced with ground glass fiber, fly ash, and glass-powder in sodium sulfate solution. Constr. Build. Mater., 153, 996-1009, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.conbuildmat.2017.07.139
  • Z. Bascarevic, M. Komljenovic, Z. Miladinovic, V. Nikolic, N. Marjanovic, Z. Zujovic and R. Petrovic, Impact of sodium sulfate solution on mechanical properties and structure of fly ash based on geopolymers. Materials and Structures, 48, 683-697, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-014-0325-4
  • N. Dzunuzovic, M. Komljenovic, V. Nikolic and T. Ivanovic, External sulfate attack on alkali-activated fly ash-blast furnaceslag composite. Constr. Build. Mater., 157, 737-747, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.conbuildmat.2017.09.159
  • Z. Zhang, Q. Wang, H. Chen and Y. Zhou, Influence of the initial moist curing time on the sulfate attack resistance of concretes with different binders. Constr. Build. Mater., 144, 541-551, 2017. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.03.235
  • R. E. Hachem, E. Roziere, F. Grondin and A. Loukili, New procedure to investigate external sulfate attack on cementitious materials. Cem. Concr. Compos., 34, 357-364, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp. 2011.11.010
  • TS 706 EN 12620, Aggregates for Concrete, Turkish Standards Institute, Ankara, 2003.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular İnşaat Mühendisliği
Bölüm İnşaat Mühendisliği
Yazarlar

Işıl SANRI KARAPINAR (Sorumlu Yazar)
MALTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-3695-5867
Türkiye


Hasan BİRİCİK Bu kişi benim
MALTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-4346-4994
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Ocak 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 18 Haziran 2020
Kabul Tarihi 16 Eylül 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 10, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ngumuh754221, journal = {Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2564-6605}, address = {Niğde Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi, Merkez Yerleşke, Niğde}, publisher = {Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {10}, pages = {241 - 246}, doi = {10.28948/ngumuh.754221}, title = {A comparative study on the sodium sulfate resistance of concrete with the supplementary cementitious materials}, key = {cite}, author = {Sanrı Karapınar, Işıl and Biricik, Hasan} }
APA Sanrı Karapınar, I. & Biricik, H. (2021). A comparative study on the sodium sulfate resistance of concrete with the supplementary cementitious materials . Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi , 10 (1) , 241-246 . DOI: 10.28948/ngumuh.754221
MLA Sanrı Karapınar, I. , Biricik, H. "A comparative study on the sodium sulfate resistance of concrete with the supplementary cementitious materials" . Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 10 (2021 ): 241-246 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ngumuh/issue/59647/754221>
Chicago Sanrı Karapınar, I. , Biricik, H. "A comparative study on the sodium sulfate resistance of concrete with the supplementary cementitious materials". Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 10 (2021 ): 241-246
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A comparative study on the sodium sulfate resistance of concrete with the supplementary cementitious materials AU - Işıl Sanrı Karapınar , Hasan Biricik Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.28948/ngumuh.754221 DO - 10.28948/ngumuh.754221 T2 - Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 241 EP - 246 VL - 10 IS - 1 SN - -2564-6605 M3 - doi: 10.28948/ngumuh.754221 UR - https://doi.org/10.28948/ngumuh.754221 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi A comparative study on the sodium sulfate resistance of concrete with the supplementary cementitious materials %A Işıl Sanrı Karapınar , Hasan Biricik %T A comparative study on the sodium sulfate resistance of concrete with the supplementary cementitious materials %D 2021 %J Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2564-6605 %V 10 %N 1 %R doi: 10.28948/ngumuh.754221 %U 10.28948/ngumuh.754221
ISNAD Sanrı Karapınar, Işıl , Biricik, Hasan . "A comparative study on the sodium sulfate resistance of concrete with the supplementary cementitious materials". Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 10 / 1 (Ocak 2021): 241-246 . https://doi.org/10.28948/ngumuh.754221
AMA Sanrı Karapınar I. , Biricik H. A comparative study on the sodium sulfate resistance of concrete with the supplementary cementitious materials. NÖHÜ Müh. Bilim. Derg.. 2021; 10(1): 241-246.
Vancouver Sanrı Karapınar I. , Biricik H. A comparative study on the sodium sulfate resistance of concrete with the supplementary cementitious materials. Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi. 2021; 10(1): 241-246.
IEEE I. Sanrı Karapınar ve H. Biricik , "A comparative study on the sodium sulfate resistance of concrete with the supplementary cementitious materials", Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 10, sayı. 1, ss. 241-246, Oca. 2021, doi:10.28948/ngumuh.754221

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