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The Effect of the Foreign Value Added on the Domestic Value Added in Exports

Yıl 2021, Cilt 16, Sayı 3, 798 - 820, 01.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.17153/oguiibf.947979

Öz

Although Global Value Chains (GVCs) have become an important topic for trade and development policy, little is known about their impact on economic performance because the data is limited. In this study, the relationship between foreign value added and domestic value added is analyzed using the World Input-Output Database (WIOD) data. The analysis is conducted using the least squares dummy variable (LSDV) approach for the period of 2000-2014 of 42 countries. The findings show that foreign value added enhances the export performance in the context of forward linkage and domestic value added.

Kaynakça

  • Amador, J. ve Cabral, S. (2016), "Global value chains: A survey of drivers and measures"., Journal of Economic Surveys, 30(2): 278-301.
  • Anderson, J. E. (1979), "A theoretical foundation for the gravity equation", The American economic review, 69(1): 106-116.
  • Anderson, J. E. ve Van Wincoop, E. (2003), "Gravity with gravitas: A solution to the border puzzle", American economic review, 93(1): 170-192.
  • Aristei, D., Castellani, D. ve Franco, C. (2013), "Firms’ exporting and importing activities: is there a two-way relationship? ", Review of World Economics, 149(1): 55-84.
  • Assamoi, G. R., Wang, S., Gnangoin, Y. T. B. ve Edjoukou, A. J. R. (2019), "Foreign Inputs and Changes in Domestic Value Added Exports: Empirical Evidence from Latin American Countries", International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 9(3): 244.
  • Baltagi, B. (2008), Econometric analysis of panel data, John Wiley & Sons, England.
  • Baldwin, R. (2013), "Trade and industrialization after globalization's second unbundling: How building and joining a supply chain are different and why it matters ", R. C., Feenstra and A. M. Taylor (Ed.), Globalization in an age of crisis: Multilateral economic cooperation in the twenty-first century, University of Chicago Press, Chicago: 165-212.
  • Baldwin, R. ve Lopez‐Gonzalez, J. (2015), "Supply‐chain trade: A portrait of global patterns and several testable hypotheses", The World Economy, 38(11): 1682-1721.
  • Banga, K. (2016), "Impact of global value chains on employment in India", Journal of Economic Integration: 631-673.
  • Bas, M. ve Strauss-Kahn, V. (2014), "Does importing more inputs raise exports? Firm-level evidence from France", Review of World Economics, 150(2): 241-275.
  • Caraballo, J. G. ve Jiang, X. (2016), "Value-added erosion in global value chains: an empirical assessment", Journal of Economic Issues, 50(1): 288-296.
  • Constantinescu, C., Mattoo, A. ve Ruta, M. (2017), Does vertical specialization increase productivity?, Policy Research Working Paper. World Bank, Washington DC: 1-15.
  • Daudin, G., Rifflart, C. ve Schweisguth, D. (2011), "Who produces for whom in the world economy?", Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienned'économique, 44(4), 1403-1437.
  • Degain, C., Meng, B. ve Wang, Z. (2017), "Recent trends in global trade and global value chains. Global Value Chain Development Report 2017", Measuring and Analyzing the Impact of GVCs on Economic Development: 37-68.
  • Ebenstein, A., Harrison, A., McMillan, M. ve Phillips, S. (2014), "Estimating The Impact of Trade and Offshoring on American Workers Using The Current Population Surveys", The Review of Economics and Statistics: 581-595.
  • Evenett, S. J. ve W. Keller (2002), "On Theories Explaining the Success of the Gravity Equation, Journal of Political Economy, 110(2): 281-316.
  • Farole, T. ve Winkler, D. (Eds.). (2014), "Making foreign direct investment work for Sub-Saharan Africa: local spillovers and competitiveness in global value chains", The World Bank, Washington DC.
  • Feenstra, R. C. (1998), "Integration of trade and disintegration of production in the global economy", Journal of economic Perspectives, 12(4): 31-50.
  • Fernandes, A., Kee, H. L. ve Winkler, D. (2020), Determinants of Global Value Chain Participation: Cross-Country Evidence, Policy Research Working Paper No:91-97, The World Bank, Washington.
  • Heise, S., Pierce, J. R., Schaur, G. ve Schott, P. K. (2017), Trade Policy Uncertainty and the Structure of Supply Chains, Technical Report, Working Paper.
  • Hummels, D., Ishii, J. ve Yi, K. M. (2001), "The nature and growth of vertical specialization in world trade", Journal of international Economics, 54(1): 75-96.
  • Johnson, R. C. ve Noguera, G. (2012a), "Accounting for intermediates: Production sharing and trade in value added", Journal of international Economics, 86(2): 224-236.
  • Johnson, R. C. ve Noguera, G. (2012b), Fragmentation and trade in value added over four decades, National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER No. w18186, Cambridge.
  • Jona-Lasinio, C. S., Manzocchi, S. ve Meliciani, V. (2016), Intangible assets and participation in global value chains: An analysis on a sample of European countries (129), LUISS Working Paper Series No:129, Rome.
  • Kersan-Škabić, I. (2019), "The drivers of global value chain (GVC) participation in EU member states", Economic research-Ekonomskaistraživanja, 32(1): 1204-1218.
  • Koopman, R., Wang, Z. ve Wei, S. J. (2014), "Tracing value-added and double counting in gross exports", American Economic Review, 104(2): 459-94.
  • Kowalski, P., Gonzalez, J. L., Ragoussis, A. ve Ugarte, C.(2015), Participation of Developing Countries in Global Value Chains: Implications for Trade and Trade-Related Policies (No: 179), OECD Trade Policy Papers, OECD Publishing, Paris.
  • Kummritz, V. (2015), Global value chains: Benefiting the domestic economy?, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies Working Paper No. 02/2015. Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva.
  • Kummritz, V., Taglioni, D. ve Winkler, D. (2017), Economic upgrading through global value chain participation: which policies increase the value added gains?, Policy Research Working Paper, The World Bank, Washington, DC, ABD.
  • Leontief, W. W. (1936), "Quantitative input and output relations in the economic systems of the United States", The review of economic statistics: 105-125.
  • Lopez-Gonzalez, J. (2016), Using foreign factors to enhance domestic export performance: A focus on Southeast Asia (No. 191), OECD Publishing, Paris.
  • Miroudot, S., Lanz, R. ve Ragoussis, A. (2009), Trade in intermediate goods and services, OECD Trade Policy Papers, No:93.
  • Mouanda-Mouanda, G. ve Gong J. (2019), " Determinants of Global Value Chains Participation for Landlocked Countries", International Journal of Social Science and Economic Research, 4: 3265-3293.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2013), Supporting investment in knowledge capital, growth and innovation, OECD, OECD Publishing: Paris.
  • Pathikonda, V., ve Farole, T. (2016), The capabilities driving participation in global value chains, The World Bank. Washington, DC, ABD.
  • Pierola, M. D., Fernandes, A. M. ve Farole, T. (2015), The role of imports for exporter performance in Peru, The World Bank, Washington, DC, ABD.
  • Rodrik, D. (2018), New Technologies, Global Value Chains, and the Developing Economies (No. 7307), CESifo Working Paper. Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo), Munich.
  • Solaz, M. (2018), "Value added and participation in global value chains: The case of Spain", The World Economy, 41(10): 2804-2827. Taglioni, D. and Winkler, D. (2016), Making global value chains work for development, The World Bank. Washington, DC, ABD.
  • Turco, A. L. ve Maggioni, D. (2013), "On the role of imports in enhancing manufacturing exports", The World Economy, 36(1): 93-120.
  • Tinta, A. A. (2017), "The determinants of participation in global value chains: The case of ECOWAS", Cogent Economics & Finance, 5(1), 1389252: 1-14.
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (2013), World Investment Report (Global Value Chains: Investment and Trade for Development), UNCTAD, United Nations, New York and Genova.
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (2018), Trade and Development Report 2018: Power, platforms and the free trade delusion, UNCTAD, United Nations, New York.
  • Van der Marel, E. V. D. (2015), "Positioning on the global value chain map: Where do you want to be? ", Journal of World Trade, 49(6): 915-949.
  • Vrh, N. (2018), "What drives the differences in domestic value added in exports between old and new EU member states?", Economic research-Ekonomskaistraživanja, 31(1): 645-663.
  • Wang, Z., Wei, S. J. ve Zhu, K. (2013), Quantifying international production sharing at the bilateral and sector levels, National Bureau of Economic Research, NBER No. w19677, Cambridge.
  • World Trade Organization (2008), World Trade Report: Trade in a Globalizing World, World Trade Organization, Geneva.
  • World Development Report (2020), Trading for Development in the Age of Global Value Chain, World Bank, Washington, DC.
  • Yameogo, N. D. ve Jammeh, K. (2019), Determinants of Participation in Manufacturing GVCs in Africa: The Role of Skills, Human Capital Endowment and Migration, The World Bank. Policy Research Working Paper No 8938, Office of the Chief Economist, Africa Region.
  • Ziemann, V. ve Guérard, B. (2016), Reaping the benefits of global value chains in Turkey, OECD Working Papers, OECD Publishing, Paris.

Yabancı Katma Değerin İhracat İçerisindeki Yerli Katma Değere Etkisi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 16, Sayı 3, 798 - 820, 01.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.17153/oguiibf.947979

Öz

Küresel Değer Zinciri (KDZ), ticaret ve kalkınma politikaları için önemli bir unsur olmasına rağmen verilerin kısıtlı olması sebebiyle KDZ’nin iktisadi performans üzerindeki etkisine dair çok az bilgi bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, Dünya Girdi-Çıktı Veri Tabanı (WIOD) verileri kullanılarak yabancı katma değer ile yerli katma değer arasındaki ilişki incelenmektedir. Analiz, En Küçük Kareler Kukla Değişkeni (LSDV) yöntemi aracılığıyla 42 ülke ve 2000-2014 dönemi için yapılmıştır. Analiz bulguları, yabancı katma değerin, ileri katılım ve yerli katma değer bağlamında ihracat performansını artırdığını göstermektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Amador, J. ve Cabral, S. (2016), "Global value chains: A survey of drivers and measures"., Journal of Economic Surveys, 30(2): 278-301.
  • Anderson, J. E. (1979), "A theoretical foundation for the gravity equation", The American economic review, 69(1): 106-116.
  • Anderson, J. E. ve Van Wincoop, E. (2003), "Gravity with gravitas: A solution to the border puzzle", American economic review, 93(1): 170-192.
  • Aristei, D., Castellani, D. ve Franco, C. (2013), "Firms’ exporting and importing activities: is there a two-way relationship? ", Review of World Economics, 149(1): 55-84.
  • Assamoi, G. R., Wang, S., Gnangoin, Y. T. B. ve Edjoukou, A. J. R. (2019), "Foreign Inputs and Changes in Domestic Value Added Exports: Empirical Evidence from Latin American Countries", International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 9(3): 244.
  • Baltagi, B. (2008), Econometric analysis of panel data, John Wiley & Sons, England.
  • Baldwin, R. (2013), "Trade and industrialization after globalization's second unbundling: How building and joining a supply chain are different and why it matters ", R. C., Feenstra and A. M. Taylor (Ed.), Globalization in an age of crisis: Multilateral economic cooperation in the twenty-first century, University of Chicago Press, Chicago: 165-212.
  • Baldwin, R. ve Lopez‐Gonzalez, J. (2015), "Supply‐chain trade: A portrait of global patterns and several testable hypotheses", The World Economy, 38(11): 1682-1721.
  • Banga, K. (2016), "Impact of global value chains on employment in India", Journal of Economic Integration: 631-673.
  • Bas, M. ve Strauss-Kahn, V. (2014), "Does importing more inputs raise exports? Firm-level evidence from France", Review of World Economics, 150(2): 241-275.
  • Caraballo, J. G. ve Jiang, X. (2016), "Value-added erosion in global value chains: an empirical assessment", Journal of Economic Issues, 50(1): 288-296.
  • Constantinescu, C., Mattoo, A. ve Ruta, M. (2017), Does vertical specialization increase productivity?, Policy Research Working Paper. World Bank, Washington DC: 1-15.
  • Daudin, G., Rifflart, C. ve Schweisguth, D. (2011), "Who produces for whom in the world economy?", Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienned'économique, 44(4), 1403-1437.
  • Degain, C., Meng, B. ve Wang, Z. (2017), "Recent trends in global trade and global value chains. Global Value Chain Development Report 2017", Measuring and Analyzing the Impact of GVCs on Economic Development: 37-68.
  • Ebenstein, A., Harrison, A., McMillan, M. ve Phillips, S. (2014), "Estimating The Impact of Trade and Offshoring on American Workers Using The Current Population Surveys", The Review of Economics and Statistics: 581-595.
  • Evenett, S. J. ve W. Keller (2002), "On Theories Explaining the Success of the Gravity Equation, Journal of Political Economy, 110(2): 281-316.
  • Farole, T. ve Winkler, D. (Eds.). (2014), "Making foreign direct investment work for Sub-Saharan Africa: local spillovers and competitiveness in global value chains", The World Bank, Washington DC.
  • Feenstra, R. C. (1998), "Integration of trade and disintegration of production in the global economy", Journal of economic Perspectives, 12(4): 31-50.
  • Fernandes, A., Kee, H. L. ve Winkler, D. (2020), Determinants of Global Value Chain Participation: Cross-Country Evidence, Policy Research Working Paper No:91-97, The World Bank, Washington.
  • Heise, S., Pierce, J. R., Schaur, G. ve Schott, P. K. (2017), Trade Policy Uncertainty and the Structure of Supply Chains, Technical Report, Working Paper.
  • Hummels, D., Ishii, J. ve Yi, K. M. (2001), "The nature and growth of vertical specialization in world trade", Journal of international Economics, 54(1): 75-96.
  • Johnson, R. C. ve Noguera, G. (2012a), "Accounting for intermediates: Production sharing and trade in value added", Journal of international Economics, 86(2): 224-236.
  • Johnson, R. C. ve Noguera, G. (2012b), Fragmentation and trade in value added over four decades, National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER No. w18186, Cambridge.
  • Jona-Lasinio, C. S., Manzocchi, S. ve Meliciani, V. (2016), Intangible assets and participation in global value chains: An analysis on a sample of European countries (129), LUISS Working Paper Series No:129, Rome.
  • Kersan-Škabić, I. (2019), "The drivers of global value chain (GVC) participation in EU member states", Economic research-Ekonomskaistraživanja, 32(1): 1204-1218.
  • Koopman, R., Wang, Z. ve Wei, S. J. (2014), "Tracing value-added and double counting in gross exports", American Economic Review, 104(2): 459-94.
  • Kowalski, P., Gonzalez, J. L., Ragoussis, A. ve Ugarte, C.(2015), Participation of Developing Countries in Global Value Chains: Implications for Trade and Trade-Related Policies (No: 179), OECD Trade Policy Papers, OECD Publishing, Paris.
  • Kummritz, V. (2015), Global value chains: Benefiting the domestic economy?, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies Working Paper No. 02/2015. Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva.
  • Kummritz, V., Taglioni, D. ve Winkler, D. (2017), Economic upgrading through global value chain participation: which policies increase the value added gains?, Policy Research Working Paper, The World Bank, Washington, DC, ABD.
  • Leontief, W. W. (1936), "Quantitative input and output relations in the economic systems of the United States", The review of economic statistics: 105-125.
  • Lopez-Gonzalez, J. (2016), Using foreign factors to enhance domestic export performance: A focus on Southeast Asia (No. 191), OECD Publishing, Paris.
  • Miroudot, S., Lanz, R. ve Ragoussis, A. (2009), Trade in intermediate goods and services, OECD Trade Policy Papers, No:93.
  • Mouanda-Mouanda, G. ve Gong J. (2019), " Determinants of Global Value Chains Participation for Landlocked Countries", International Journal of Social Science and Economic Research, 4: 3265-3293.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2013), Supporting investment in knowledge capital, growth and innovation, OECD, OECD Publishing: Paris.
  • Pathikonda, V., ve Farole, T. (2016), The capabilities driving participation in global value chains, The World Bank. Washington, DC, ABD.
  • Pierola, M. D., Fernandes, A. M. ve Farole, T. (2015), The role of imports for exporter performance in Peru, The World Bank, Washington, DC, ABD.
  • Rodrik, D. (2018), New Technologies, Global Value Chains, and the Developing Economies (No. 7307), CESifo Working Paper. Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo), Munich.
  • Solaz, M. (2018), "Value added and participation in global value chains: The case of Spain", The World Economy, 41(10): 2804-2827. Taglioni, D. and Winkler, D. (2016), Making global value chains work for development, The World Bank. Washington, DC, ABD.
  • Turco, A. L. ve Maggioni, D. (2013), "On the role of imports in enhancing manufacturing exports", The World Economy, 36(1): 93-120.
  • Tinta, A. A. (2017), "The determinants of participation in global value chains: The case of ECOWAS", Cogent Economics & Finance, 5(1), 1389252: 1-14.
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (2013), World Investment Report (Global Value Chains: Investment and Trade for Development), UNCTAD, United Nations, New York and Genova.
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (2018), Trade and Development Report 2018: Power, platforms and the free trade delusion, UNCTAD, United Nations, New York.
  • Van der Marel, E. V. D. (2015), "Positioning on the global value chain map: Where do you want to be? ", Journal of World Trade, 49(6): 915-949.
  • Vrh, N. (2018), "What drives the differences in domestic value added in exports between old and new EU member states?", Economic research-Ekonomskaistraživanja, 31(1): 645-663.
  • Wang, Z., Wei, S. J. ve Zhu, K. (2013), Quantifying international production sharing at the bilateral and sector levels, National Bureau of Economic Research, NBER No. w19677, Cambridge.
  • World Trade Organization (2008), World Trade Report: Trade in a Globalizing World, World Trade Organization, Geneva.
  • World Development Report (2020), Trading for Development in the Age of Global Value Chain, World Bank, Washington, DC.
  • Yameogo, N. D. ve Jammeh, K. (2019), Determinants of Participation in Manufacturing GVCs in Africa: The Role of Skills, Human Capital Endowment and Migration, The World Bank. Policy Research Working Paper No 8938, Office of the Chief Economist, Africa Region.
  • Ziemann, V. ve Guérard, B. (2016), Reaping the benefits of global value chains in Turkey, OECD Working Papers, OECD Publishing, Paris.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Huriye ALKIN (Sorumlu Yazar)
AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-6328-3381
Türkiye


Kemal TÜRKCAN
AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-9055-7280
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Aralık 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 4 Haziran 2021
Kabul Tarihi 26 Ağustos 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 16, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Alkın, H. & Türkcan, K. (2021). Yabancı Katma Değerin İhracat İçerisindeki Yerli Katma Değere Etkisi . Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi , 16 (3) , 798-820 . DOI: 10.17153/oguiibf.947979