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Evaluation of Industry 4.0 Transformation Barriers for SMEs in Turkey

Yıl 2022, Cilt 17, Sayı 1, 239 - 255, 01.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.17153/oguiibf.991213

Öz

Industry 4.0 advancements have become substantial issues for many countries. SMEs are considered the backbone of the economy and have a significant place in terms of employment and entrepreneurship and have great significance regarding the application of Industry 4.0 advancements. When the current digital transformation level of Turkey is considered; identification and prioritization of the barriers of SMEs will guide the policies to be developed. In this study, the literature on the barriers faced by Turkish SMEs in their Industry 4.0 transformation efforts is evaluated, prominent barriers are prioritized based on the opinions of experts using AHP method.

Kaynakça

  • Bayram, B.; İnce, G. (2018), "Advances in Robotics in the Era of Industry 4.0". In A. Ustundag & E. Cevikcan (Eds.), Industry 4.0: Managing the Digital Transformation. Springer International Publishing: 187–200.
  • Başçı, S.; Durucan, A. (2017), “A Review of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Turkey” Yıldız Social Science Review, Vol. 3, No.1: 59–79.
  • Birkel, H. S.; Veile, J. W.; Müller, J. M., Hartmann, E., & Voigt, K.-I. (2019), "Development of a Risk Framework for Industry 4.0 in the Context of Sustainability for Established Manufacturers", Sustainability, Vol. 11, No.2: 384.
  • Cagle, M. N. (2020), "Reflections of Digitalization on Accounting: The Effects of Industry 4.0 on Financial Statements and Financial Ratios." In U. Hacioglu (Ed.), Digital Business Strategies in Blockchain Ecosystems: Transformational Design and Future of Global Business. Springer International Publishing: 473–501.
  • Çakmak, M. (2018), "Impacts of Industry 4.0 on Labour Force and Business Organizations: A Qualitative Analysis of Consultants, Experts and Unions’ Introspections" [Master’s Thesis]. Istanbul Bilgi University.
  • Cevik Onar, S.; Ustundag, A.; Kadaifci, Ç.; Oztaysi, B.; (2018), "The Changing Role of Engineering Education in Industry 4.0 Era" In A. Ustundag & E. Cevikcan (Eds.), Industry 4.0: Managing the Digital Transformation, Springer International Publishing: 137–151.
  • Cimini, C.; Pezzotta, G.; Pinto, R.; Cavalieri, S. (2019), "Industry 4.0 technologies impacts in the manufacturing and supply chain landscape: An overview" Vol. 803: 109–120.
  • Culot, G.; Nassimbeni, G.; Orzes, G.; Sartor, M. (2020), "Behind the definition of Industry 4.0: Analysis and open questions", International Journal of Production Economics: Vol. 226.
  • Czekster, R. M.; Webber, T.; Jandrey, A. H.; Marcon, C. A. M. (2019), "Selection of enterprise resource planning software using analytic hierarchy process" Enterprise Information Systems, Vol. 13, No.6: 895–915.
  • Doğru, B. N.; Meçik, O. (2018), "Türkiye’de Endüstri 4.0’in İşgücü Piyasasina Etkileri: Firma Beklentileri." Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, Vol.23: 1581–1606.
  • Ervural, B. C.; Ervural, B. (2018), "Overview of Cyber Security in the Industry 4.0 Era", In A. Ustundag & E. Cevikcan (Eds.), Industry 4.0: Managing the Digital Transformation. Springer International Publishing: 267–284.
  • Fettermann, D. C.; Cavalcante, C. G. S.; Almeida, T. D. de; Tortorella, G. L. (2018), "How does Industry 4.0 contribute to operations management?" Journal of Industrial and Production Engineering, Vol. 35, No.4: 255–268.
  • Frank, A. G.; Dalenogare, L. S.; Ayala, N. F. (2019), "Industry 4.0 technologies: Implementation patterns in manufacturing companies" International Journal of Production Economics, Vol.210: 15–26.
  • Gagnon, F. (2018), "The Importance of Processes in the Industry 4.0 Age" https://www.createch.ca/blog/processes-in-industry-40-age (Accessed 07.09.2020).
  • Gartner. (2018), "Create a Strategic I&T Roadmap for Digital Success" www.gartner.com/smarterwithgartner/create-a-strategic-it-roadmap-for-digital-success/ (Accessed 21.08.2020).
  • Gergin, Z.; Üney-Yüksektepe, F.; Güneş Gençyılmaz, M.; Tülin Aktin, A.; Gülen, K. G.; İlhan, D. A.; Dündar, U.; Cebeci, Ö.; Çavdarlı, A. İ. (2019), "Industry 4.0 Scorecard of Turkish SMEs" In N. M. Durakbasa; M. G. Gencyilmaz (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Symposium for Production Research, Springer International Publishing: 426–437.
  • Ghobakhloo, M. (2018), "The future of manufacturing industry: A strategic roadmap toward Industry 4.0" Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Vol.29, No.6: 910–936.
  • Goksoy, A. (2020), "Can Internal social media and Data Mining Be a Powerful Communication Vehicle in Reaching Employees in Change Management in Industry 4.0?" Business Management and Communication Perspectives in Industry 4.0: 132–151.
  • Grandhi, S.; Chugh, R. (2012), "Implementation Strategies for ERP Adoption by SMEs" In T. Kim, D. Ko, T. Vasilakos, A. Stoica, & J. Abawajy (Eds.), Computer Applications for Communication, Networking, and Digital Contents, Springer Berlin Heidelberg: 210–216.
  • Günebakan, İ. (2016), "KOBİ’ler İçin Bulut Bilişimin Avantaj ve Dezavantajları" International Journal of Academic Value Studies (Javstudies JAVS), Vol.2, No.4: 116–132.
  • Haddara, M., & Zach, O. (2012), "ERP Systems in SMEs: An Extended Literature Review" International Journal of Information Science, Vol.2, No.6: 106–116.
  • Hermann, M.; Pentek, T.; Otto, B. (2016), Design Principles for Industrie 4.0 Scenarios. 2016 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS): 3928–3937.
  • Horváth, D.; Szabó, R. Zs. (2019), "Driving forces and barriers of Industry 4.0: Do multinational and small and medium-sized companies have equal opportunities?" Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol.146: 119–132.
  • Huh, J.-H.; Lee, H.-G. (2018), "Simulation and Test Bed of a Low-Power Digital Excitation System for Industry 4.0" Processes, Vol.6, No.9: 145.
  • Igor, H.; Bohuslava, J.; Martin, J. (2016), "Proposal of communication standardization of industrial networks in Industry 4.0" 2016 IEEE 20th Jubilee International Conference on Intelligent Engineering Systems (INES). 2016 IEEE 20th Jubilee International Conference on Intelligent Engineering Systems (INES), Budapest, Hungary.
  • Jovanovski, D. B.; Seykova, D.; Boshnyaku, A.; Fischer, D. C. (2019), "The Impact of Industry 4.0 on the Competitiveness" International Scientific Journal ‘Industry 4.0’, Vol.5: 250–255.
  • Kagnicioglu, C. H.; Ozdemir, E. (2017), "Evaluation of SMEs In Eskisehir within the context of industry 4.0" Pressacademia, Vol.3, No.1: 900–908.
  • Karacay, G.; Aydın, B. (2018), "Internet of Things and New Value Proposition" In A. Ustundag & E. Cevikcan (Eds.), Industry 4.0: Managing the Digital Transformation Springer International Publishing: 173-185.
  • Lasi, H.; Fettke, P.; Kemper, H.-G.; Feld, T.; Hoffmann, M. (2014), "Industry 4.0" Business & Information Systems Engineering, Vol.6, No.4: 239–242.
  • Ludwig, T.; Kotthaus, C.; Stein, M.; Pipek, V.; Wulf, V. (2018), "Revive Old Discussions! Socio-technical Challenges for Small and Medium Enterprises within Industry 4.0" Proceedings, Vol.2, 15.
  • Marcon, É.; Marcon, A.; Le Dain, M.-A.; Ayala, N. F.; Frank, A. G.; Matthieu, J. (2019), Barriers for the digitalization of servitization, Procedia CIRP; Vol.83 254–259.
  • Milanesi, C. (2020), "Digital Transformation And Digital Divide Post COVID-19" https://www.forbes.com/sites/carolinamilanesi/2020/05/11/digital-transformation-and-digital-divide-post-covid-19/ (Accessed 21.08.2020).
  • Moeuf, A.; Pellerin, R.; Lamouri, S.; Tamayo-Giraldo, S.; & Barbaray, R. (2018), "The industrial management of SMEs in the era of Industry 4.0", International Journal of Production Research, Vol.56, No.3: 1118–1136.
  • Motaki, N.; Kamach, O. (2017), "ERP selection: A step-by-step application of AHP Method" International Journal of Computer Applications, Vol.176, No.7: 15-21.
  • Müller, J. M.; Buliga, O.; Voigt, K.-I. (2018), "Fortune favors the prepared: How SMEs approach business model innovations in Industry 4.0" Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol.132: 2–17.
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Türkiye’deki KOBİ’lerin Endüstri 4.0 Dönüşüm Engellerinin Değerlendirilmesi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 17, Sayı 1, 239 - 255, 01.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.17153/oguiibf.991213

Öz

Endüstri 4.0 ile ilgili gelişmeler birçok ülke için önemli bir konu haline gelmiştir. Ekonominin bel kemiği olarak kabul edilen istihdam ve girişimcilik açısından kilit bir noktada olan KOBİ’ler, Endüstri 4.0’ın uygulanması konusunda önemli bir yere sahiptirler. Türkiye’nin mevcut dijital dönüşüm seviyesi dikkate alındığında KOBİ lerin Endüstri 4.0 çalışmalarında engellerin belirlenmesi ve önceliklendirilmesi KOBİ lerle ilgili geliştirilecek politikalara yön verecektir. Bu çalışmada Türkiye’de KOBİ lerin Endüstri 4.0 dönüşüm çalışmalarında karşılaştıkları engeller konusundaki literatür çalışmaları değerlendirlmiş, öne çıkan engeller belirlenmiş, engellere ait öncelikler uzman görüşlerinden yararlanılarak AHP yöntemiyle analiz edilmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Bayram, B.; İnce, G. (2018), "Advances in Robotics in the Era of Industry 4.0". In A. Ustundag & E. Cevikcan (Eds.), Industry 4.0: Managing the Digital Transformation. Springer International Publishing: 187–200.
  • Başçı, S.; Durucan, A. (2017), “A Review of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Turkey” Yıldız Social Science Review, Vol. 3, No.1: 59–79.
  • Birkel, H. S.; Veile, J. W.; Müller, J. M., Hartmann, E., & Voigt, K.-I. (2019), "Development of a Risk Framework for Industry 4.0 in the Context of Sustainability for Established Manufacturers", Sustainability, Vol. 11, No.2: 384.
  • Cagle, M. N. (2020), "Reflections of Digitalization on Accounting: The Effects of Industry 4.0 on Financial Statements and Financial Ratios." In U. Hacioglu (Ed.), Digital Business Strategies in Blockchain Ecosystems: Transformational Design and Future of Global Business. Springer International Publishing: 473–501.
  • Çakmak, M. (2018), "Impacts of Industry 4.0 on Labour Force and Business Organizations: A Qualitative Analysis of Consultants, Experts and Unions’ Introspections" [Master’s Thesis]. Istanbul Bilgi University.
  • Cevik Onar, S.; Ustundag, A.; Kadaifci, Ç.; Oztaysi, B.; (2018), "The Changing Role of Engineering Education in Industry 4.0 Era" In A. Ustundag & E. Cevikcan (Eds.), Industry 4.0: Managing the Digital Transformation, Springer International Publishing: 137–151.
  • Cimini, C.; Pezzotta, G.; Pinto, R.; Cavalieri, S. (2019), "Industry 4.0 technologies impacts in the manufacturing and supply chain landscape: An overview" Vol. 803: 109–120.
  • Culot, G.; Nassimbeni, G.; Orzes, G.; Sartor, M. (2020), "Behind the definition of Industry 4.0: Analysis and open questions", International Journal of Production Economics: Vol. 226.
  • Czekster, R. M.; Webber, T.; Jandrey, A. H.; Marcon, C. A. M. (2019), "Selection of enterprise resource planning software using analytic hierarchy process" Enterprise Information Systems, Vol. 13, No.6: 895–915.
  • Doğru, B. N.; Meçik, O. (2018), "Türkiye’de Endüstri 4.0’in İşgücü Piyasasina Etkileri: Firma Beklentileri." Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, Vol.23: 1581–1606.
  • Ervural, B. C.; Ervural, B. (2018), "Overview of Cyber Security in the Industry 4.0 Era", In A. Ustundag & E. Cevikcan (Eds.), Industry 4.0: Managing the Digital Transformation. Springer International Publishing: 267–284.
  • Fettermann, D. C.; Cavalcante, C. G. S.; Almeida, T. D. de; Tortorella, G. L. (2018), "How does Industry 4.0 contribute to operations management?" Journal of Industrial and Production Engineering, Vol. 35, No.4: 255–268.
  • Frank, A. G.; Dalenogare, L. S.; Ayala, N. F. (2019), "Industry 4.0 technologies: Implementation patterns in manufacturing companies" International Journal of Production Economics, Vol.210: 15–26.
  • Gagnon, F. (2018), "The Importance of Processes in the Industry 4.0 Age" https://www.createch.ca/blog/processes-in-industry-40-age (Accessed 07.09.2020).
  • Gartner. (2018), "Create a Strategic I&T Roadmap for Digital Success" www.gartner.com/smarterwithgartner/create-a-strategic-it-roadmap-for-digital-success/ (Accessed 21.08.2020).
  • Gergin, Z.; Üney-Yüksektepe, F.; Güneş Gençyılmaz, M.; Tülin Aktin, A.; Gülen, K. G.; İlhan, D. A.; Dündar, U.; Cebeci, Ö.; Çavdarlı, A. İ. (2019), "Industry 4.0 Scorecard of Turkish SMEs" In N. M. Durakbasa; M. G. Gencyilmaz (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Symposium for Production Research, Springer International Publishing: 426–437.
  • Ghobakhloo, M. (2018), "The future of manufacturing industry: A strategic roadmap toward Industry 4.0" Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Vol.29, No.6: 910–936.
  • Goksoy, A. (2020), "Can Internal social media and Data Mining Be a Powerful Communication Vehicle in Reaching Employees in Change Management in Industry 4.0?" Business Management and Communication Perspectives in Industry 4.0: 132–151.
  • Grandhi, S.; Chugh, R. (2012), "Implementation Strategies for ERP Adoption by SMEs" In T. Kim, D. Ko, T. Vasilakos, A. Stoica, & J. Abawajy (Eds.), Computer Applications for Communication, Networking, and Digital Contents, Springer Berlin Heidelberg: 210–216.
  • Günebakan, İ. (2016), "KOBİ’ler İçin Bulut Bilişimin Avantaj ve Dezavantajları" International Journal of Academic Value Studies (Javstudies JAVS), Vol.2, No.4: 116–132.
  • Haddara, M., & Zach, O. (2012), "ERP Systems in SMEs: An Extended Literature Review" International Journal of Information Science, Vol.2, No.6: 106–116.
  • Hermann, M.; Pentek, T.; Otto, B. (2016), Design Principles for Industrie 4.0 Scenarios. 2016 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS): 3928–3937.
  • Horváth, D.; Szabó, R. Zs. (2019), "Driving forces and barriers of Industry 4.0: Do multinational and small and medium-sized companies have equal opportunities?" Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol.146: 119–132.
  • Huh, J.-H.; Lee, H.-G. (2018), "Simulation and Test Bed of a Low-Power Digital Excitation System for Industry 4.0" Processes, Vol.6, No.9: 145.
  • Igor, H.; Bohuslava, J.; Martin, J. (2016), "Proposal of communication standardization of industrial networks in Industry 4.0" 2016 IEEE 20th Jubilee International Conference on Intelligent Engineering Systems (INES). 2016 IEEE 20th Jubilee International Conference on Intelligent Engineering Systems (INES), Budapest, Hungary.
  • Jovanovski, D. B.; Seykova, D.; Boshnyaku, A.; Fischer, D. C. (2019), "The Impact of Industry 4.0 on the Competitiveness" International Scientific Journal ‘Industry 4.0’, Vol.5: 250–255.
  • Kagnicioglu, C. H.; Ozdemir, E. (2017), "Evaluation of SMEs In Eskisehir within the context of industry 4.0" Pressacademia, Vol.3, No.1: 900–908.
  • Karacay, G.; Aydın, B. (2018), "Internet of Things and New Value Proposition" In A. Ustundag & E. Cevikcan (Eds.), Industry 4.0: Managing the Digital Transformation Springer International Publishing: 173-185.
  • Lasi, H.; Fettke, P.; Kemper, H.-G.; Feld, T.; Hoffmann, M. (2014), "Industry 4.0" Business & Information Systems Engineering, Vol.6, No.4: 239–242.
  • Ludwig, T.; Kotthaus, C.; Stein, M.; Pipek, V.; Wulf, V. (2018), "Revive Old Discussions! Socio-technical Challenges for Small and Medium Enterprises within Industry 4.0" Proceedings, Vol.2, 15.
  • Marcon, É.; Marcon, A.; Le Dain, M.-A.; Ayala, N. F.; Frank, A. G.; Matthieu, J. (2019), Barriers for the digitalization of servitization, Procedia CIRP; Vol.83 254–259.
  • Milanesi, C. (2020), "Digital Transformation And Digital Divide Post COVID-19" https://www.forbes.com/sites/carolinamilanesi/2020/05/11/digital-transformation-and-digital-divide-post-covid-19/ (Accessed 21.08.2020).
  • Moeuf, A.; Pellerin, R.; Lamouri, S.; Tamayo-Giraldo, S.; & Barbaray, R. (2018), "The industrial management of SMEs in the era of Industry 4.0", International Journal of Production Research, Vol.56, No.3: 1118–1136.
  • Motaki, N.; Kamach, O. (2017), "ERP selection: A step-by-step application of AHP Method" International Journal of Computer Applications, Vol.176, No.7: 15-21.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Doğuş AYGÜN (Sorumlu Yazar)
ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-9942-7308
Türkiye


Zümrüt ECEVİT SATI
ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF POLITICAL SCIENCES
0000-0002-7246-6518
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Nisan 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 4 Eylül 2021
Kabul Tarihi 2 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 17, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Aygün, D. & Ecevit Satı, Z. (2022). Evaluation of Industry 4.0 Transformation Barriers for SMEs in Turkey . Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi , 17 (1) , 239-255 . DOI: 10.17153/oguiibf.991213