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CONSERVATION OF TRADITIONAL HOUSES AND A CASE STUDY ON SAFETY EVALUATION BY USING LIMIT ANALYSIS

Yıl 2022, Cilt 30, Sayı 2, 270 - 279, 18.08.2022
https://doi.org/10.31796/ogummf.1041637

Öz

Most of the traditional houses in western Anatolia are a type of hımış (traditional timber frame) structure. Deterioration of these traditional houses is mostly due to their abandonment. Abandonment causes the structure’s load-bearing system vulnerable to environmental effects and ultimately weakens the structure against seismic loads. A case study is performed on the Orhaneli houses. Building-scale suggestions are proposed towards the conservation of these houses based on the performed analysis and documentation. The results of simplified limit analysis of 20 houses utilized in this study are presented and the need for finite element modeling of these structures with sophisticated connection detailing is underlined. It is observed that the majority of examined houses are resilient for the seismic events of 50% probability of exceedance in 50 years, however, they need to be retrofitted for the seismic events of 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years.

Kaynakça

  • Aktaş, Y. D., Akyuz, U. & Turer, A. (2014). Seismic resistance evaluation of traditional Ottoman timber-frame hımış houses: frame loadings and material tests. Earthquake Spectra, 30, 1711–1732. https://doi.org/10.1193%2F011412EQS011M
  • Aktaş, Y. D. (2017). Seismic resistance of traditional timber-frame hımış structures in Turkey: a brief overview, International Wood Products Journal, 8, 21–28. https://doi.org/10.1080/20426445.2016.1273683
  • Casolo, S., Neumair, S, Parisi, M.A. & Petrini, V. (2000). Analysis of seismic damage patterns in old masonry church facades. Earthquake Spectra, 16(4), 757-773.
  • Cerasi M. (1998). The formation of ottoman house types: a comparative study in interaction with neighbouring cultures, Muqarnas Online, 15(1), 116–156.
  • Chácara, C., Mendes, N., & Lourenço, P. B. (2017). Simulation of shake table tests on out-of-plane masonry buildings. Part (IV): macro and micro fem based approaches, International Journal of Architectural Heritage, 11(1), 103–116. https://doi.org/10.1080/15583058.2016.1238972
  • D'Ayala, A., & Speranza, E. (2003). Definition of collapse mechanisms and seismic vulnerability of historic masonry buildings. Earthquake Spectra, 19(3), 479-509.
  • D'Ayala, A., & Benzoni, G. (2012). Historic and traditional structures during the 2010 Chile earthquake: observations, codes, and conservation strategies. Earthquake Spectra, 28(S1), S425-S451.
  • Erdik, M., Demircioglu, M., Beyen, K., Sesetyan, K., Aydinoglu, N. & Gul, M. (2003). May 01, 2003 Bingol (Turkey) Earthquake. EERI. https://www.eeri.org/lfe/pdf/turkey_bingol_reconnaissance_report_erdik.pdf
  • International Council on Monuments and Sites. (2011). The Valletta principles for the safeguarding and management of historic cities, towns and urban areas. Paris.
  • Kamal, O. A., Hamdy, G. A., & El-Salakawy, T. S. (2014). Nonlinear analysis of historic and contemporary vaulted masonry assemblages. HBRC Journal, 10(3), 235–246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hbrcj.2013.11.004i
  • Kuban, D. (2018). Türk ahşap konut mimarisi 17. - 19. yüzyıllar. İstanbul: Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları.
  • Lagomarsino, S., Penna, A., Galasco, A. & Cattari, S. (2013). TREMURI program: An equivalent frame model for the nonlinear seismic analysis of masonry buildings. Engineering Structures, 56, 1787–1799. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2013.08.002
  • Lagomarsino, S. & Podesta, S. (2004). Seismic vulnerability of ancient churches: I. Damage assessment and emergency planning. Earthquake Spectra, 20(2), 377-394.
  • Lagomarsino, S. & Podesta, S. (2004a). Seismic vulnerability of ancient churches: II. Statistical analysis of surveyed data and methods for risk analysis. Earthquake Spectra, 20(2), 395-412.
  • Lagomarsino, S. & Resemini, S. (2009). The assessment of damage limitation state in the seismic analysis of monumental buildings. Earthquake Spectra, 25(2), 323-346.
  • Lourenco, P. B. (1996). Computational strategies for masonry structures (Ph. D. Thesis). Delft University, the Netherlands.
  • Özdemir, I. M., Tavşan, C, Özgen, S., Sağsöz, A. & Kars, F. B. (2008). The elements of forming traditional Turkish cities: Examination of houses and streets in historical city of Erzurum, Building and Environment 43: 963–982.
  • Özen, G. Ö. (2006). Comparison of elastic and inelastic behavior of historic masonry structures at the low load levels (M.S. Thesis). Middle East Technical University, Turkey.
  • Schwertheim, E. (2014). Hadrianoi'nin tarihi coğrafyası (transl. İ. H. Mert). Bursa ve İlçeleri Arkeolojik Kültür Envanteri - I, 11-19. Bursa Büyükşehir Belediyesi.
  • Sözen, M. (2001). Türklerde Ev Kültürü. İstanbul: Doğan Kitapçılık A.Ş.
  • Şahin Güçhan, N. (2007). Observations on earthquake resistance of traditional timber-framed houses in Turkey. Building and Environment, 42(2), 840–851. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2005.09.027
  • T.C. İçişleri Bakanlığı Afet ve Acil Durum Yönetimi Başkanlığı. (2018). Republic of Turkey Ministry of Interior Disaster and Emergency Management Authority 2018 Turkey seismic code.
  • T.C. İçişleri Bakanlığı Afet ve Acil Durum Yönetimi Başkanlığı. (2020, June 22). Republic of Turkey Ministry of Interior Disaster and Emergency Management Authority. Retrieved from Turkey Seismic Risk Maps Interactive Web Application: https://tdth.afad.gov.tr/TDTH/main.xhtml
  • The Directorate General of Foundations of Turkey. (2017). Guidelines for Seismic Risk Management of Historic Structures.
  • Yousefi, B. and Soltani, M. (2019). An equivalent fiber frame model for nonlinear analysis of masonry structures. International Journal of Architectural Heritage, 0(0), 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/15583058.2019.1638993

GELENEKSEL KONUTLARDA KORUMA VE LİMİT ANALİZİ KULLANILARAK GÜVENLİK DEĞERLENDİRMESİ ÜZERİNE BİR VAKA ÇALIŞMASI

Yıl 2022, Cilt 30, Sayı 2, 270 - 279, 18.08.2022
https://doi.org/10.31796/ogummf.1041637

Öz

Batı Anadolu'daki geleneksel konutların çoğu hımış (geleneksel ahşap karkas) yapı tekniğiyle inşa edilmiştir. Bu geleneksel konutların bozulmaları daha çok terk edilmelerinden kaynaklanmaktadır. Terk, yapının taşıyıcı sisteminin çevresel etkilere karşı savunmasız kalmasına neden olmakta ve zamanla yapıyı sismik yüklere karşı zayıflatmaktadır. Bu kapsamda, Orhaneli evleri üzerinde bir vaka çalışması yapılmıştır. Yapılan analiz ve belgelere dayalı olarak bu evlerin korunmasına yönelik yapı ölçeğinde öneriler sunulmuştur. Bu çalışmada kullanılan 20 evin basitleştirilmiş limit analizinin sonuçları sunulmuş ve bu yapıların karmaşık bağlantı detaylandırması ile sonlu elemanlar modellemesine olan ihtiyacın altı çizilmiştir. İncelenen evlerin çoğunluğunun 50 yılda aşılma olasılığı %50 olan sismik olaylara dayanıklı olduğu, ancak 50 yılda aşılma olasılığı %10 olan sismik olaylar için evlerde güçlendirme yapılması gerektiği görülmüştür.

Kaynakça

  • Aktaş, Y. D., Akyuz, U. & Turer, A. (2014). Seismic resistance evaluation of traditional Ottoman timber-frame hımış houses: frame loadings and material tests. Earthquake Spectra, 30, 1711–1732. https://doi.org/10.1193%2F011412EQS011M
  • Aktaş, Y. D. (2017). Seismic resistance of traditional timber-frame hımış structures in Turkey: a brief overview, International Wood Products Journal, 8, 21–28. https://doi.org/10.1080/20426445.2016.1273683
  • Casolo, S., Neumair, S, Parisi, M.A. & Petrini, V. (2000). Analysis of seismic damage patterns in old masonry church facades. Earthquake Spectra, 16(4), 757-773.
  • Cerasi M. (1998). The formation of ottoman house types: a comparative study in interaction with neighbouring cultures, Muqarnas Online, 15(1), 116–156.
  • Chácara, C., Mendes, N., & Lourenço, P. B. (2017). Simulation of shake table tests on out-of-plane masonry buildings. Part (IV): macro and micro fem based approaches, International Journal of Architectural Heritage, 11(1), 103–116. https://doi.org/10.1080/15583058.2016.1238972
  • D'Ayala, A., & Speranza, E. (2003). Definition of collapse mechanisms and seismic vulnerability of historic masonry buildings. Earthquake Spectra, 19(3), 479-509.
  • D'Ayala, A., & Benzoni, G. (2012). Historic and traditional structures during the 2010 Chile earthquake: observations, codes, and conservation strategies. Earthquake Spectra, 28(S1), S425-S451.
  • Erdik, M., Demircioglu, M., Beyen, K., Sesetyan, K., Aydinoglu, N. & Gul, M. (2003). May 01, 2003 Bingol (Turkey) Earthquake. EERI. https://www.eeri.org/lfe/pdf/turkey_bingol_reconnaissance_report_erdik.pdf
  • International Council on Monuments and Sites. (2011). The Valletta principles for the safeguarding and management of historic cities, towns and urban areas. Paris.
  • Kamal, O. A., Hamdy, G. A., & El-Salakawy, T. S. (2014). Nonlinear analysis of historic and contemporary vaulted masonry assemblages. HBRC Journal, 10(3), 235–246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hbrcj.2013.11.004i
  • Kuban, D. (2018). Türk ahşap konut mimarisi 17. - 19. yüzyıllar. İstanbul: Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları.
  • Lagomarsino, S., Penna, A., Galasco, A. & Cattari, S. (2013). TREMURI program: An equivalent frame model for the nonlinear seismic analysis of masonry buildings. Engineering Structures, 56, 1787–1799. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2013.08.002
  • Lagomarsino, S. & Podesta, S. (2004). Seismic vulnerability of ancient churches: I. Damage assessment and emergency planning. Earthquake Spectra, 20(2), 377-394.
  • Lagomarsino, S. & Podesta, S. (2004a). Seismic vulnerability of ancient churches: II. Statistical analysis of surveyed data and methods for risk analysis. Earthquake Spectra, 20(2), 395-412.
  • Lagomarsino, S. & Resemini, S. (2009). The assessment of damage limitation state in the seismic analysis of monumental buildings. Earthquake Spectra, 25(2), 323-346.
  • Lourenco, P. B. (1996). Computational strategies for masonry structures (Ph. D. Thesis). Delft University, the Netherlands.
  • Özdemir, I. M., Tavşan, C, Özgen, S., Sağsöz, A. & Kars, F. B. (2008). The elements of forming traditional Turkish cities: Examination of houses and streets in historical city of Erzurum, Building and Environment 43: 963–982.
  • Özen, G. Ö. (2006). Comparison of elastic and inelastic behavior of historic masonry structures at the low load levels (M.S. Thesis). Middle East Technical University, Turkey.
  • Schwertheim, E. (2014). Hadrianoi'nin tarihi coğrafyası (transl. İ. H. Mert). Bursa ve İlçeleri Arkeolojik Kültür Envanteri - I, 11-19. Bursa Büyükşehir Belediyesi.
  • Sözen, M. (2001). Türklerde Ev Kültürü. İstanbul: Doğan Kitapçılık A.Ş.
  • Şahin Güçhan, N. (2007). Observations on earthquake resistance of traditional timber-framed houses in Turkey. Building and Environment, 42(2), 840–851. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2005.09.027
  • T.C. İçişleri Bakanlığı Afet ve Acil Durum Yönetimi Başkanlığı. (2018). Republic of Turkey Ministry of Interior Disaster and Emergency Management Authority 2018 Turkey seismic code.
  • T.C. İçişleri Bakanlığı Afet ve Acil Durum Yönetimi Başkanlığı. (2020, June 22). Republic of Turkey Ministry of Interior Disaster and Emergency Management Authority. Retrieved from Turkey Seismic Risk Maps Interactive Web Application: https://tdth.afad.gov.tr/TDTH/main.xhtml
  • The Directorate General of Foundations of Turkey. (2017). Guidelines for Seismic Risk Management of Historic Structures.
  • Yousefi, B. and Soltani, M. (2019). An equivalent fiber frame model for nonlinear analysis of masonry structures. International Journal of Architectural Heritage, 0(0), 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/15583058.2019.1638993

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular İnşaat Mühendisliği
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Zahide Sena GÜNEŞ KAYA>
İSTANBUL TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1595-6991
Türkiye


Selahattin ERSOY> (Sorumlu Yazar)
ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-9426-9841
Türkiye


Kemal Kutgün EYÜPGİLLER>
ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-9328-7829
Türkiye

Teşekkür The authors are grateful for the support of Orhaneli Municipality and the owners of buildings during the execution of fieldwork. The results and the conclusions are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsors.
Erken Görünüm Tarihi 19 Ağustos 2022
Yayımlanma Tarihi 18 Ağustos 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 30, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ogummf1041637, journal = {Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik ve Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi}, eissn = {2630-5712}, address = {mmfdergi@ogu.edu.tr}, publisher = {Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {30}, number = {2}, pages = {270 - 279}, doi = {10.31796/ogummf.1041637}, title = {CONSERVATION OF TRADITIONAL HOUSES AND A CASE STUDY ON SAFETY EVALUATION BY USING LIMIT ANALYSIS}, key = {cite}, author = {Güneş Kaya, Zahide Sena and Ersoy, Selahattin and Eyüpgiller, Kemal Kutgün} }
APA Güneş Kaya, Z. S. , Ersoy, S. & Eyüpgiller, K. K. (2022). CONSERVATION OF TRADITIONAL HOUSES AND A CASE STUDY ON SAFETY EVALUATION BY USING LIMIT ANALYSIS . Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik ve Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi , 30 (2) , 270-279 . DOI: 10.31796/ogummf.1041637
MLA Güneş Kaya, Z. S. , Ersoy, S. , Eyüpgiller, K. K. "CONSERVATION OF TRADITIONAL HOUSES AND A CASE STUDY ON SAFETY EVALUATION BY USING LIMIT ANALYSIS" . Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik ve Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi 30 (2022 ): 270-279 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ogummf/issue/72210/1041637>
Chicago Güneş Kaya, Z. S. , Ersoy, S. , Eyüpgiller, K. K. "CONSERVATION OF TRADITIONAL HOUSES AND A CASE STUDY ON SAFETY EVALUATION BY USING LIMIT ANALYSIS". Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik ve Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi 30 (2022 ): 270-279
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - GELENEKSEL KONUTLARDA KORUMA VE LİMİT ANALİZİ KULLANILARAK GÜVENLİK DEĞERLENDİRMESİ ÜZERİNE BİR VAKA ÇALIŞMASI AU - Zahide SenaGüneş Kaya, SelahattinErsoy, Kemal KutgünEyüpgiller Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.31796/ogummf.1041637 DO - 10.31796/ogummf.1041637 T2 - Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik ve Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 270 EP - 279 VL - 30 IS - 2 SN - -2630-5712 M3 - doi: 10.31796/ogummf.1041637 UR - https://doi.org/10.31796/ogummf.1041637 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik ve Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi CONSERVATION OF TRADITIONAL HOUSES AND A CASE STUDY ON SAFETY EVALUATION BY USING LIMIT ANALYSIS %A Zahide Sena Güneş Kaya , Selahattin Ersoy , Kemal Kutgün Eyüpgiller %T CONSERVATION OF TRADITIONAL HOUSES AND A CASE STUDY ON SAFETY EVALUATION BY USING LIMIT ANALYSIS %D 2022 %J Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik ve Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi %P -2630-5712 %V 30 %N 2 %R doi: 10.31796/ogummf.1041637 %U 10.31796/ogummf.1041637
ISNAD Güneş Kaya, Zahide Sena , Ersoy, Selahattin , Eyüpgiller, Kemal Kutgün . "CONSERVATION OF TRADITIONAL HOUSES AND A CASE STUDY ON SAFETY EVALUATION BY USING LIMIT ANALYSIS". Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik ve Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi 30 / 2 (Ağustos 2022): 270-279 . https://doi.org/10.31796/ogummf.1041637
AMA Güneş Kaya Z. S. , Ersoy S. , Eyüpgiller K. K. CONSERVATION OF TRADITIONAL HOUSES AND A CASE STUDY ON SAFETY EVALUATION BY USING LIMIT ANALYSIS. ESOGÜ Müh Mim Fak Derg. 2022; 30(2): 270-279.
Vancouver Güneş Kaya Z. S. , Ersoy S. , Eyüpgiller K. K. CONSERVATION OF TRADITIONAL HOUSES AND A CASE STUDY ON SAFETY EVALUATION BY USING LIMIT ANALYSIS. Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik ve Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi. 2022; 30(2): 270-279.
IEEE Z. S. Güneş Kaya , S. Ersoy ve K. K. Eyüpgiller , "CONSERVATION OF TRADITIONAL HOUSES AND A CASE STUDY ON SAFETY EVALUATION BY USING LIMIT ANALYSIS", Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik ve Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 30, sayı. 2, ss. 270-279, Ağu. 2022, doi:10.31796/ogummf.1041637

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