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: Western City and Urban Memory in the Postmodern Age

Yıl 2019, Cilt 1, Sayı 2, 145 - 169, 31.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3572331

Öz

Nowadays, local/regional history of the city which constitutes the memory of it, dynamic verbal reminiscences about its prominent figures and characters, its original local arts and micro-architecture, urban literature sticking every street in its memory by scanning each of them, its folklore that protects the original of the town and local policies enabling micro-municipality come to the forefront.

Post-urbanism, reflecting the concept of post-modern city points out to human beings with exalted identity, to a city with localness containing collective subjectivity and to the limits of belonging to a place with micron scales. If protecting the historical contexture and memory of the city as it is, is a modern concept; having critical perspectives to develop it with tools such as inspiration and intuition, and to update and elaborate it in accordance with the necessities of the age could be a postmodern one.

Kaynakça

  • Carpo, Mario. “The Postmodern Cult of Monuments”. Future Anterior: Journal of Historic Preservation, History, Theory, and Criticism 4/2 (2007): 50-60.
  • Ellin, Nan. Postmodern Urbanism. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1999.
  • Giddens, Anthony. Central Problems in Social Theory: Action, Structure, and Contradiction in Social Analysis. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979.
  • Giddens, Anthony. Modernity and Self-identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1991.
  • Giddens, Anthony. The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity in Association with Blackwell, 1990.
  • Gotham, K. F. “Urban Sociology and the Postmodern Challenge”. Humboldt Journal of Social Relations 26/1-2 (2001): 57-80.
  • Habermas, Jürgen. Theory of Communicative Action Vol. 2: Lifeworld and System. Çev. Thomas McCarthy, Cambridge: Beacon Press, 1987.
  • Hicks, Stephen Ronald Craig. Explaining Postmodernism: Skepticism and Socialism from Rousseau to Foucault. New Berlin: Scholarly Publishing, 2004.
  • Huizinga, Johan. Homo Ludens: A Study of the Play-Element in Culture. Boston: Beacon Press, 1955.
  • Kalın, İbrahim. Barbar Modern Medeni. İstanbul: İnsan Yayınları, 2018.
  • León, Bárbara Barreiro. “Urban Theory in Postmodern Cities: Amnesiac Spaces and Ephemeral Aesthetics”. Revista de Estudios Urbanos y Ciencias Sociales 7/1 (2017): 57-65.
  • Lyotard, Jean François. The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984.
  • Macit, M. Hanifi & Alper İplikçi. Tarih Felsefesi. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık, 2017.
  • Nas, P. J. M. “Congealed Time, Compressed Place; Roots and Branches of Urban Symbolic Ecology”. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 22/4 (1998): 545-549.
  • Phillips, Timothy R & Dennis L. Okholm. Christian Apologetics in the Postmodern World. Downers Grove, Illionis: InterVarsity Press, 1995.
  • Rose-Redwood, Reuben v.dğr. “Collective Memory and the Politics of Urban Space: An Introduction”. GeoJournal 73/3 (2008): 161-164.
  • Schmandt, Michael J. “The Importance of History and Context in the Postmodern Urban Landscape”. Landscape Journal 18/2 (1999): 157-165.
  • Tarter, Jim. “Collective Subjectivity and Postmodern Ecology”. Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment 2/2 (1996): 65-84.
  • Tucker, Kenneth H. “Aesthetics, Play, and Cultural Memory: Giddens and Habermas on the Postmodern Challenge”. Sociological Theory 11/2 (1993): 194-211.
  • Wang, Fang. Beijing Urban Memory: Historic Buildings and Historic Areas, Central Axes and City Walls. Peking: Springer Publication, 2016.

: Postmodern Çağda Batılı Şehir ve Hafızası

Yıl 2019, Cilt 1, Sayı 2, 145 - 169, 31.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3572331

Öz

Günümüzde bir şehrin hafızasını oluşturan mahalli/yerel tarihi, önemli şahsiyet veya figürleri hakkındaki dinamik sözlü hatıratlar, özgün mahalli sanat ve mikro mimari, her bir sokağı tarayarak belleğine alan şehir edebiyatı, şehrin orijinal dokusunu koruyan folkloru ve mikro beldeciliğe imkân tanıyan yerel politikalar öne çıkmaktadır.
Postmodern şehir anlayışını yansıtan posturbanizm, yüceltilmiş benlikle insana, kolektif subjektifliğe sahip yerellik ile şehre ve mikron ölçeklerle mekâna aidiyetin sınırlarına işaret etmektedir. Şehrin tarihsel doku ve hafızasını olduğu gibi korumak, modern bir kavram ise onu ilham, sezgi gibi araçlarla geliştirecek eleştirel bakışa sahip olmak ve onu çağımıza uygun güncelleyerek detaylandırmak postmodern bir kavramdır.

Kaynakça

  • Carpo, Mario. “The Postmodern Cult of Monuments”. Future Anterior: Journal of Historic Preservation, History, Theory, and Criticism 4/2 (2007): 50-60.
  • Ellin, Nan. Postmodern Urbanism. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1999.
  • Giddens, Anthony. Central Problems in Social Theory: Action, Structure, and Contradiction in Social Analysis. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979.
  • Giddens, Anthony. Modernity and Self-identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1991.
  • Giddens, Anthony. The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity in Association with Blackwell, 1990.
  • Gotham, K. F. “Urban Sociology and the Postmodern Challenge”. Humboldt Journal of Social Relations 26/1-2 (2001): 57-80.
  • Habermas, Jürgen. Theory of Communicative Action Vol. 2: Lifeworld and System. Çev. Thomas McCarthy, Cambridge: Beacon Press, 1987.
  • Hicks, Stephen Ronald Craig. Explaining Postmodernism: Skepticism and Socialism from Rousseau to Foucault. New Berlin: Scholarly Publishing, 2004.
  • Huizinga, Johan. Homo Ludens: A Study of the Play-Element in Culture. Boston: Beacon Press, 1955.
  • Kalın, İbrahim. Barbar Modern Medeni. İstanbul: İnsan Yayınları, 2018.
  • León, Bárbara Barreiro. “Urban Theory in Postmodern Cities: Amnesiac Spaces and Ephemeral Aesthetics”. Revista de Estudios Urbanos y Ciencias Sociales 7/1 (2017): 57-65.
  • Lyotard, Jean François. The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984.
  • Macit, M. Hanifi & Alper İplikçi. Tarih Felsefesi. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık, 2017.
  • Nas, P. J. M. “Congealed Time, Compressed Place; Roots and Branches of Urban Symbolic Ecology”. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 22/4 (1998): 545-549.
  • Phillips, Timothy R & Dennis L. Okholm. Christian Apologetics in the Postmodern World. Downers Grove, Illionis: InterVarsity Press, 1995.
  • Rose-Redwood, Reuben v.dğr. “Collective Memory and the Politics of Urban Space: An Introduction”. GeoJournal 73/3 (2008): 161-164.
  • Schmandt, Michael J. “The Importance of History and Context in the Postmodern Urban Landscape”. Landscape Journal 18/2 (1999): 157-165.
  • Tarter, Jim. “Collective Subjectivity and Postmodern Ecology”. Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment 2/2 (1996): 65-84.
  • Tucker, Kenneth H. “Aesthetics, Play, and Cultural Memory: Giddens and Habermas on the Postmodern Challenge”. Sociological Theory 11/2 (1993): 194-211.
  • Wang, Fang. Beijing Urban Memory: Historic Buildings and Historic Areas, Central Axes and City Walls. Peking: Springer Publication, 2016.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Mustafa ALİCİ> (Sorumlu Yazar)
ERZİNCAN BİNALİ YILDIRIM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İLAHİYAT FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-8070-8425
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2019
Başvuru Tarihi 17 Haziran 2019
Kabul Tarihi 3 Ağustos 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 1, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

ISNAD Alici, Mustafa . ": Postmodern Çağda Batılı Şehir ve Hafızası". Oksident 1 / 2 (Aralık 2019): 145-169 . https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3572331