Araştırma Makalesi
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Investigation of (n,p) and (γ,p) Reaction Cross-Sections of Zr Isotopes Used as Imaging Tracers

Yıl 2020, Cilt 2, Sayı 1, 44 - 49, 15.06.2020

Öz

The feature of the radioisotopes used in the progress of diagnostic development studies using nuclear imaging agents plays an effective role in image quality. In our study, reaction cross section calculation of (n,p) and (γ, p) were done for zirconium isotopes used as imaging tracers that interact with gamma and neutron of by using empirical and semi empirical formulae. Some cross section formulae were used in the calculations for zirconium isotopes that interact with gamma and neutron. Also, TALYS 1.6 code used for (n, p) and (γ, p) reaction cross section calculations. The calculation results were compared with the experimental EXFOR data in the literature.

Kaynakça

  • 1. National Research Council (U. S.). Committee on the Mathematics and Physics of Emerging Dynamic Biomedical Imaging, 1996. Mathematics and Physics of Emerging Biomedical Imaging, National Academy Press, 260 pages, Washington DC.
  • 2. Nikunj B. B., Darpan N. P. and Thaddeus J. W. 2018. Recent Advances in Zirconium-89 Chelator Development, Molecules, 23, 638.
  • 3. Bulduk B. G., Ünak P., Yurt Kılçar A., Kozguş Güldü A., Tekin V. 2019. Analyzing of Production Conditions of 89Zr in the Particle Accelerator, Cumhuriyet Sci. J., Vol.40-2, 388-395.
  • 4. Çapalı V., Özdoğan H., Doğan S., Kaplan A., 2014. 27Al, 54Fe, 58Ni ve 90Zr Hedef Çekirdekleriİçin 10–30 MeV Enerji Aralığında (γ,p) Reaksiyon Tesir Kesiti Hesaplamaları, SDU Journal of Science (E-Journal), 9 (2): 107-112.
  • 5. Saha, G.B., Porile, N.T., Yaffe, L. 1966. (P,Xn) and (P,Pxn) Reactions of Yttrium-89 with 5-85-Mev Protons. Phys. Rev. 144, 962–982.
  • 6. Kasbollah, A., Eu, P., Cowell, S., Deb, P. 2013. Review on production of 89Zr in a medical cyclotron for PET radiopharmaceuticals. J. Nucl. Med. Technol. 41, 35–41.
  • 7. Tel, E., et al., 2003. A new empirical formula for 14–15 MeV neutron-induced (n, p) reaction cross sections, J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 29,2169–2177.
  • 8. Tel, E., Aydin, A. And Tanir, G. 2007. Investigation of the pairing effect using newly evaluated empirical studies for 14–15 MeV neutron reaction cross sections, Physical Review C 75, 034614 (2007).
  • 9. E. Tel, Y. Kavun, M. Sahan, A. Aydin, 2018. A Study on the New Empirical Cross Section Formulae for (γ, p) Reactions at 20 ± 1 MeV Incident Energy, Journal of Fusion Energy, 37, 3–4.
  • 10. Koning, A., Hilaire, S., Goriely, S. 2013. TALYS-1.6 A Nuclear Reaction Program, User Manual , First Edition: December 23, NRG, The Netherlands.
  • 11. Salman H.,, Akçaalan U., Ünal R., Yalım H.A., Oruncak B. 2014. Zr, I, Pr, Au and Pb Photoneutron Reaction Cross Sections, SDU Journal of Science (E-Journal), 9 (2): 83-87.
  • 12. Brookhaven National Laboratory, National Nuclear Data Center, 2018. EXFOR/CSISRS (Experimental Nuclear Reaction Data File). Database Version of October 3, 2019. (http://www.nndc.bnl. gov/exfor/)
  • 13. Krane, Kennth S. 1988. Introductory Nuclear Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 858 pages.
  • 14. Levkovskii V.Net al. 1969. Empırıcal Behavıor Of The (n,p) Cross Sectıon For 14-15 MeV Neutrons, YF,10, 1, 44.
  • 15. Kumabe I and Fukuda K J 1987. Empirical Formulas for 14-MeV (n, p) and (n, α) Cross Sections, Nucl. Sci. Tech. 24, 10, 839-843.
  • 16. C.Konno, Y.Ikeda, K.Oishi, K.Kawade, H.Yamamoto and H.Maekawa, 1993. Activation Cross Section Measurements at Neutron Energy from 13.3 to 14.9 MeV Using the FNS Facility, JAERI 1329, Tokai-mura.
  • 17. Semkova V., et al., 2010. Neutron activation cross sections for zirconium İsotopes, J. Nucl. Phys. A, 832, 149.
  • 18. Filatenkov A.A., 2016. Neutron activation cross sections measured at KRI in neutron energy region 13.4 - 14.9 MeV, R,INDC(CCP)-0460.
  • 19. D.G.Vallıs, J.L.Perkın., 1961. Yttrıum-96 And Strontıum-93, New Nuclear Data, J,JIN,22,1,6112.
  • 20. Levkovskii V.N., Vinitskaya G.P., Kovel'skaya G.E., Stepanov V.M. 1970. Cross sections for (n,p) and (n,alpha) reactions with 14.8-MeV neutrons, Yadernaya Fizika, Vol.10, Issue.1, p.44.

Görüntüleme İzleyici Olarak Kullanılan Zirkonyum İzotoplarının (n,p) ve (γ, p) Reaksiyon Tesir Kesitlerinin İncelenmesi

Yıl 2020, Cilt 2, Sayı 1, 44 - 49, 15.06.2020

Öz

Nükleer görüntüleme ajanlarını kullanarak tanı geliştirme çalışmalarının ilerlemesinde kullanılan radyoizotopların özelliği görüntü kalitesinde etkin bir rol oynamaktadır. çalışmamızda ampirik ve yarı ampirik formüller kullanılarak gama ve nötron ile etkileşime giren görüntüleme izleyicileri olarak kullanılan zirkonyum izotopları için (n, p) ve (γ, p) reaksiyon tesir kesiti hesaplamaları gerçekleştirilmiştir. Ayrıca, TALYS 1.6 kodu ile (n, p) ve (γ, p) reaksiyon tesir kesitleri hesaplanmıştır. Hesaplama sonuçları literatürdeki deneysel EXFOR verileri ile karşılaştırıldı.

Kaynakça

  • 1. National Research Council (U. S.). Committee on the Mathematics and Physics of Emerging Dynamic Biomedical Imaging, 1996. Mathematics and Physics of Emerging Biomedical Imaging, National Academy Press, 260 pages, Washington DC.
  • 2. Nikunj B. B., Darpan N. P. and Thaddeus J. W. 2018. Recent Advances in Zirconium-89 Chelator Development, Molecules, 23, 638.
  • 3. Bulduk B. G., Ünak P., Yurt Kılçar A., Kozguş Güldü A., Tekin V. 2019. Analyzing of Production Conditions of 89Zr in the Particle Accelerator, Cumhuriyet Sci. J., Vol.40-2, 388-395.
  • 4. Çapalı V., Özdoğan H., Doğan S., Kaplan A., 2014. 27Al, 54Fe, 58Ni ve 90Zr Hedef Çekirdekleriİçin 10–30 MeV Enerji Aralığında (γ,p) Reaksiyon Tesir Kesiti Hesaplamaları, SDU Journal of Science (E-Journal), 9 (2): 107-112.
  • 5. Saha, G.B., Porile, N.T., Yaffe, L. 1966. (P,Xn) and (P,Pxn) Reactions of Yttrium-89 with 5-85-Mev Protons. Phys. Rev. 144, 962–982.
  • 6. Kasbollah, A., Eu, P., Cowell, S., Deb, P. 2013. Review on production of 89Zr in a medical cyclotron for PET radiopharmaceuticals. J. Nucl. Med. Technol. 41, 35–41.
  • 7. Tel, E., et al., 2003. A new empirical formula for 14–15 MeV neutron-induced (n, p) reaction cross sections, J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 29,2169–2177.
  • 8. Tel, E., Aydin, A. And Tanir, G. 2007. Investigation of the pairing effect using newly evaluated empirical studies for 14–15 MeV neutron reaction cross sections, Physical Review C 75, 034614 (2007).
  • 9. E. Tel, Y. Kavun, M. Sahan, A. Aydin, 2018. A Study on the New Empirical Cross Section Formulae for (γ, p) Reactions at 20 ± 1 MeV Incident Energy, Journal of Fusion Energy, 37, 3–4.
  • 10. Koning, A., Hilaire, S., Goriely, S. 2013. TALYS-1.6 A Nuclear Reaction Program, User Manual , First Edition: December 23, NRG, The Netherlands.
  • 11. Salman H.,, Akçaalan U., Ünal R., Yalım H.A., Oruncak B. 2014. Zr, I, Pr, Au and Pb Photoneutron Reaction Cross Sections, SDU Journal of Science (E-Journal), 9 (2): 83-87.
  • 12. Brookhaven National Laboratory, National Nuclear Data Center, 2018. EXFOR/CSISRS (Experimental Nuclear Reaction Data File). Database Version of October 3, 2019. (http://www.nndc.bnl. gov/exfor/)
  • 13. Krane, Kennth S. 1988. Introductory Nuclear Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 858 pages.
  • 14. Levkovskii V.Net al. 1969. Empırıcal Behavıor Of The (n,p) Cross Sectıon For 14-15 MeV Neutrons, YF,10, 1, 44.
  • 15. Kumabe I and Fukuda K J 1987. Empirical Formulas for 14-MeV (n, p) and (n, α) Cross Sections, Nucl. Sci. Tech. 24, 10, 839-843.
  • 16. C.Konno, Y.Ikeda, K.Oishi, K.Kawade, H.Yamamoto and H.Maekawa, 1993. Activation Cross Section Measurements at Neutron Energy from 13.3 to 14.9 MeV Using the FNS Facility, JAERI 1329, Tokai-mura.
  • 17. Semkova V., et al., 2010. Neutron activation cross sections for zirconium İsotopes, J. Nucl. Phys. A, 832, 149.
  • 18. Filatenkov A.A., 2016. Neutron activation cross sections measured at KRI in neutron energy region 13.4 - 14.9 MeV, R,INDC(CCP)-0460.
  • 19. D.G.Vallıs, J.L.Perkın., 1961. Yttrıum-96 And Strontıum-93, New Nuclear Data, J,JIN,22,1,6112.
  • 20. Levkovskii V.N., Vinitskaya G.P., Kovel'skaya G.E., Stepanov V.M. 1970. Cross sections for (n,p) and (n,alpha) reactions with 14.8-MeV neutrons, Yadernaya Fizika, Vol.10, Issue.1, p.44.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Fen
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Yusuf KAVUN> (Sorumlu Yazar)
KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, KAHRAMANMARAŞ SAĞLIK HİZMETLERİ MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
0000-0001-9635-4388
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Haziran 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 2, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Kavun, Y. (2020). Investigation of (n,p) and (γ,p) Reaction Cross-Sections of Zr Isotopes Used as Imaging Tracers . Osmaniye Korkut Ata Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi , 2 (1) , 44-49 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/okufed/issue/54962/688813