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Social and Administrative Dimensions of Urban Transformation and Urban Identity: Sample of Yozgat (Turkey)

Yıl 2022, Cilt 9, Sayı 1, 93 - 114, 01.01.2022
https://doi.org/10.17541/optimum.997034

Öz

The methods and tools, which increase the quality of life, change based on the macro form of the cities and the level of urbanization. As a matter of fact, reasons such as the property system, expropriation practices, lack of resources and lack of urbanization make it technically and financially difficult to re-plan the cities. Urban transformation projects are carried out in order to overcome these difficulties and reorganize the worn out, aging and unhealthy areas of the cities. In this study, the city of Yozgat, which is a medium-sized city model and there is no scientific study on urban transformation applications, was chosen as a sample area. The factors that led to the spread of the concept of urban transformation in Yozgat were explained by using the literature review method, field research, on-site observation, examination and survey methods. At the same time, the causes of urban transformation, its implementation stages and its effects on urban identity were evaluated by using the survey method in legal, administrative dimensions and in line with the participation of citizens. Another aim of this study is to evaluate the compliance of the Old Industrial Zone Area, one of the urban transformation projects in Yozgat, with the national legislation and to examine the relationship between the fragmented urban transformation applications with the urban identity and the whole city.

Kaynakça

  • Akin E. S., Özen H. (2013). Reuse Problems in Historical Buildings Tokat Meydan ve Sulu Sokak. Journal of Social Sciences Research, 8 (1), 21-48. Available online: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gopsbad/issue/48563/616675 (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Bahceci, H.I., Görmez, K. (2018). Turkey's Urban Transformation Practice, Mengi, Ayşegül and Deniz İşoğlu (Ed.), Urban Politics, Ankara: Palme Yayıncılık.
  • Capolongo, S., Sdino, L., Dell’Ovo, M., Moioli, R., Della Torre, S. (2019). How to Assess Urban Regeneration Proposals by Considering Conflicting Values. Sustainability, 11, 3877. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143877.
  • Çatalbaş, F. (2016). Major Urbanization Problems of Yozgat City Center and Solution Suggestions, Journal of Erciyes University Institute of Science and Technology, 32 (1), 38-47. Available online: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/235966 (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Cervelló-Royo, R., Garrido-Yserte, R., Segura-García del Río, B. (2012). An urban regeneration model in heritage areas in search of sustainable urban development and internal cohesion. J. Cult. Herit. Manag. Sustain. Dev. https://doi.org/10.1080/14649357.2015.1058972.
  • Constitution of the Republic of Turkey, Available online: https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/1.5.2709.pdf (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Desert, S. (1998). The Problem of Identity in Our Cities and a Method Trial to Measure the Degree of Identity of Today's Cities, Mimar Sinan University Ph.D. Thesis, Istanbul. Available online: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/339043281_Kent_Mobilyalarinin_Kentsel_Mekanlarda_Kent_Kimligi_Ile_Iliskilendirilmesi_Isparta_Kaymakkapi_Meydani_Ornegi (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Expropriation Law No. 2942, Available online: https://www.mevzuat .gov.tr/mevzuat?MevzuatNo=2942&MevzuatTur=1&MevzuatTertip=5 (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Hölscher, K, Frantzeskaki, N. (2021). Perspectives on urban transformation research: transformations in, of, and by cities, Urban Transformations, 3 (2) 2-14. https://doi.org/10.1186/s42854-021-00019-z.
  • Implementation Regulation of the Law No. 6306, Available online: https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/mevzuat?MevzuatNo=16849&MevzuatTur=7&MevzuatTertip=5 (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Keleş, R. (1998). Dictionary of Urban Sciences, Ankara: İmge Kitabevi Yayınları.
  • Keleş, R. (2004). Urbanization Policy, Ankara: İmge Kitabevi Yayınları.
  • Keles, R., Mengi, A. (2021). City Law, Ankara: İmge Kitabevi Yayınları
  • Keles, R., Mengi, A. (2019). Zoning Law with Legal, Administrative and Political Dimensions, Ankara: İmge Kitabevi Yayınları.
  • Kiper, P. (2006). Preservation of Historical-Cultural Values of Cities in the Process of Globalization; The Case of Turkey-Bodrum, Social Research Foundation Publications, Istanbul; pp. 30-48.
  • Kropf, P. (2011). Urbanism, Politics and Language: The Role of Urban Morphology. Urban Morphol. 15, 157-161. Available online: http://www.urbanform.org/online/pdf2011/201115_155.pdf (accessed on 15 June 2021).
  • Law No. 5366 on the Renewal, Protection and Use of Worn Historical and Cultural Immovable Assets, Available online: https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/1.5.5366.pdf (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Law No. 6306 on Transformation of Areas Under Disaster Risk, Available online: https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2012/05/20120531-1.htm (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Li, X., Wang, M., Liu, X., Chen, Z., Wei, X., Che, W. (2021). MCR-Modified CA–Markov Model for the Simulation of Urban Expansion. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3116. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093116.
  • Metropolitan Municipality Law No. 5216 , Available online: https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/mevzuat?MevzuatNo=5216&MevzuatTur=1&MevzuatTertip=5 (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Meydan Yıldız, S. G. (2019). Women as Users of Urban Squares: Investigation of Yozgat City Square in the Context of Design Principles and Perception of Security. 13. International Public Administration Symposium (KAYSEM 13).
  • Meydan Yildiz, S.G., Bahçeci, H.I. (2018). Evaluation of Historical Environment in Yozgat City Center. III. International Bozok Symposium Regional Development and Socio-Cultural Structure, 2018, pp. 1177-1186.
  • Ministry of Public Works and Settlement, Urbanization Council 2009: Urban Transformation, Housing and Land Policies, Ankara, 2009. Available online: https://webdosya.csb.gov.tr/db/kentges/editordosya/kitap3.pdf (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Municipal Law No. 5393, Available online: https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/1.5.5393.pdf (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Naseeb, T.H., Lee, J., Choi, H. (2021). Elevating Cultural Preservation Projects into Urban Regeneration: A Case Study of Bahrain’s Pearling Trail. Sustainability 2021, 13 (12), 6629. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126629.
  • Republic of Turkey Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, KENTGES, Available online: https://kentges.csb.gov.tr/ (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Republic of Turkey Ministry of Industry and Technology, Social and Economic Development Ranking of Provinces, Available online: http s://www.sanayi.gov.tr/ana Sayfa (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Roberts: (2000). The Evolution, Definition and Purpose of Urban Regeneration Urban Regeneration Handbook. SAGE Publications, London.
  • Sakin, O. (2012). Bozok Sanjak and Yozgat from History to the Present, Eastern Library Publications, Istanbul. Transformation Projects Special Account Regulation, Available online: https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2017/02/20170225-1.htm (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Trisciuoglio, M., Barosio, M., Ricchiardi, A., Tulumen, Z., Crapolicchio, M., Gugliotta, R. (2021).Transitional Morphologies and Urban Forms: Production and Renewal Processes—An Agenda. Sustainability, 2021, 13, 6233. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116233.
  • Turkish Statistical Institute, (2021). Yozgat City Center Address Based Population Registration System, 2021. Available online: https://www.tuik.gov.tr/ (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Ucar, M., Rifaioğlu, M. (2011). Spatial Representation of Local Identity and its Conservation in Québec City. İdealkent, 2011, 2 (3), 62-81. Available online: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/idealkent/issue/36633/417050 (accessed on 16 June 2021). Yozgat Municipality Archive Data, Yozgat Municipality, Yozgat, 2021.
  • Zhou, X., Zhang, X., Dai, Z., Hermaputi, R.L., Hua, C., Li, Y. (2021). Spatial Layout and Coupling of Urban Cultural Relics: Analyzing Historical Sites and Commercial Facilities in District III of Shaoxing. Sustainability, 2021, 13, 6877. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126877.

Kentsel Dönüşüm ve Kentsel Kimlik Algısının Sosyal ve Yönetimsel Boyutu: Yozgat Kenti Örneği

Yıl 2022, Cilt 9, Sayı 1, 93 - 114, 01.01.2022
https://doi.org/10.17541/optimum.997034

Öz

Yaşam kalitesinin artırılmasını sağlayan yöntem ve araçlar kent makroformuna ve kentlileşme düzeyine göre farklılaşmaktadır. Nitekim özel mülkiyet sistemi, kamulaştırma uygulamaları, kaynak yetersizliği ve kentlileşememe gibi nedenler kentlerin yeniden planlanmasını teknik ve maddi açıdan zorlaştırmaktadır. Bu zorlukları aşmak ve kentlerin yıpranan, eskiyen ve sağlıksız gelişen mekân parçalarını yeniden düzenlemek amacıyla kentsel dönüşüm projeleri yapılmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, orta büyüklükteki bir kent modeli olan ve kentsel dönüşüm uygulamalarına yönelik bilimsel bir çalışmanın olmadığı Yozgat kenti örnek alan olarak seçilmiştir. Yozgat kentinde kentsel dönüşüm uygulamalarının yaygınlaşmasına yol açan etmenler, literatür tarama metodu, alan araştırması, yerinde gözlem, inceleme ve anket yöntemleri kullanılarak açıklanmıştır. Aynı zamanda, kentsel dönüşümün nedenleri ve uygulama etapları ile kentsel kimliğe etkileri yasal, yönetsel boyutta ve kenttaş katılımı doğrultusunda anket yöntemi kullanılarak değerlendirilmiştir. Yozgat kentindeki kentsel dönüşüm projelerinden Eski Sanayi Bölgesi’nin ulusal mevzuata uygunluğunun değerlendirilmesi ve parçacıl tasarlanan kentsel dönüşüm uygulamalarının kent kimliğiyle ve kent bütünüyle ilişkisinin irdelenmesi bu çalışmanın bir diğer amacıdır.

Kaynakça

  • Akin E. S., Özen H. (2013). Reuse Problems in Historical Buildings Tokat Meydan ve Sulu Sokak. Journal of Social Sciences Research, 8 (1), 21-48. Available online: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gopsbad/issue/48563/616675 (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Bahceci, H.I., Görmez, K. (2018). Turkey's Urban Transformation Practice, Mengi, Ayşegül and Deniz İşoğlu (Ed.), Urban Politics, Ankara: Palme Yayıncılık.
  • Capolongo, S., Sdino, L., Dell’Ovo, M., Moioli, R., Della Torre, S. (2019). How to Assess Urban Regeneration Proposals by Considering Conflicting Values. Sustainability, 11, 3877. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143877.
  • Çatalbaş, F. (2016). Major Urbanization Problems of Yozgat City Center and Solution Suggestions, Journal of Erciyes University Institute of Science and Technology, 32 (1), 38-47. Available online: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/235966 (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Cervelló-Royo, R., Garrido-Yserte, R., Segura-García del Río, B. (2012). An urban regeneration model in heritage areas in search of sustainable urban development and internal cohesion. J. Cult. Herit. Manag. Sustain. Dev. https://doi.org/10.1080/14649357.2015.1058972.
  • Constitution of the Republic of Turkey, Available online: https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/1.5.2709.pdf (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Desert, S. (1998). The Problem of Identity in Our Cities and a Method Trial to Measure the Degree of Identity of Today's Cities, Mimar Sinan University Ph.D. Thesis, Istanbul. Available online: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/339043281_Kent_Mobilyalarinin_Kentsel_Mekanlarda_Kent_Kimligi_Ile_Iliskilendirilmesi_Isparta_Kaymakkapi_Meydani_Ornegi (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Expropriation Law No. 2942, Available online: https://www.mevzuat .gov.tr/mevzuat?MevzuatNo=2942&MevzuatTur=1&MevzuatTertip=5 (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Hölscher, K, Frantzeskaki, N. (2021). Perspectives on urban transformation research: transformations in, of, and by cities, Urban Transformations, 3 (2) 2-14. https://doi.org/10.1186/s42854-021-00019-z.
  • Implementation Regulation of the Law No. 6306, Available online: https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/mevzuat?MevzuatNo=16849&MevzuatTur=7&MevzuatTertip=5 (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Keleş, R. (1998). Dictionary of Urban Sciences, Ankara: İmge Kitabevi Yayınları.
  • Keleş, R. (2004). Urbanization Policy, Ankara: İmge Kitabevi Yayınları.
  • Keles, R., Mengi, A. (2021). City Law, Ankara: İmge Kitabevi Yayınları
  • Keles, R., Mengi, A. (2019). Zoning Law with Legal, Administrative and Political Dimensions, Ankara: İmge Kitabevi Yayınları.
  • Kiper, P. (2006). Preservation of Historical-Cultural Values of Cities in the Process of Globalization; The Case of Turkey-Bodrum, Social Research Foundation Publications, Istanbul; pp. 30-48.
  • Kropf, P. (2011). Urbanism, Politics and Language: The Role of Urban Morphology. Urban Morphol. 15, 157-161. Available online: http://www.urbanform.org/online/pdf2011/201115_155.pdf (accessed on 15 June 2021).
  • Law No. 5366 on the Renewal, Protection and Use of Worn Historical and Cultural Immovable Assets, Available online: https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/1.5.5366.pdf (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Law No. 6306 on Transformation of Areas Under Disaster Risk, Available online: https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2012/05/20120531-1.htm (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Li, X., Wang, M., Liu, X., Chen, Z., Wei, X., Che, W. (2021). MCR-Modified CA–Markov Model for the Simulation of Urban Expansion. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3116. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093116.
  • Metropolitan Municipality Law No. 5216 , Available online: https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/mevzuat?MevzuatNo=5216&MevzuatTur=1&MevzuatTertip=5 (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Meydan Yıldız, S. G. (2019). Women as Users of Urban Squares: Investigation of Yozgat City Square in the Context of Design Principles and Perception of Security. 13. International Public Administration Symposium (KAYSEM 13).
  • Meydan Yildiz, S.G., Bahçeci, H.I. (2018). Evaluation of Historical Environment in Yozgat City Center. III. International Bozok Symposium Regional Development and Socio-Cultural Structure, 2018, pp. 1177-1186.
  • Ministry of Public Works and Settlement, Urbanization Council 2009: Urban Transformation, Housing and Land Policies, Ankara, 2009. Available online: https://webdosya.csb.gov.tr/db/kentges/editordosya/kitap3.pdf (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Municipal Law No. 5393, Available online: https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/1.5.5393.pdf (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Naseeb, T.H., Lee, J., Choi, H. (2021). Elevating Cultural Preservation Projects into Urban Regeneration: A Case Study of Bahrain’s Pearling Trail. Sustainability 2021, 13 (12), 6629. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126629.
  • Republic of Turkey Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, KENTGES, Available online: https://kentges.csb.gov.tr/ (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Republic of Turkey Ministry of Industry and Technology, Social and Economic Development Ranking of Provinces, Available online: http s://www.sanayi.gov.tr/ana Sayfa (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Roberts: (2000). The Evolution, Definition and Purpose of Urban Regeneration Urban Regeneration Handbook. SAGE Publications, London.
  • Sakin, O. (2012). Bozok Sanjak and Yozgat from History to the Present, Eastern Library Publications, Istanbul. Transformation Projects Special Account Regulation, Available online: https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2017/02/20170225-1.htm (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Trisciuoglio, M., Barosio, M., Ricchiardi, A., Tulumen, Z., Crapolicchio, M., Gugliotta, R. (2021).Transitional Morphologies and Urban Forms: Production and Renewal Processes—An Agenda. Sustainability, 2021, 13, 6233. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116233.
  • Turkish Statistical Institute, (2021). Yozgat City Center Address Based Population Registration System, 2021. Available online: https://www.tuik.gov.tr/ (accessed on 16 June 2021).
  • Ucar, M., Rifaioğlu, M. (2011). Spatial Representation of Local Identity and its Conservation in Québec City. İdealkent, 2011, 2 (3), 62-81. Available online: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/idealkent/issue/36633/417050 (accessed on 16 June 2021). Yozgat Municipality Archive Data, Yozgat Municipality, Yozgat, 2021.
  • Zhou, X., Zhang, X., Dai, Z., Hermaputi, R.L., Hua, C., Li, Y. (2021). Spatial Layout and Coupling of Urban Cultural Relics: Analyzing Historical Sites and Commercial Facilities in District III of Shaoxing. Sustainability, 2021, 13, 6877. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126877.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Siyasi Bilimler
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Seçil Gül MEYDAN YILDIZ
YOZGAT BOZOK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-9869-4159
Türkiye


Hazal Ilgın BAHÇECİ BAŞARMAK (Sorumlu Yazar)
ANKARA HACI BAYRAM VELİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-3967-0960
Türkiye


Emine Saka AKIN
YOZGAT BOZOK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-5887-5553
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Yozgat Bozok Üniversitesi
Proje Numarası 6602a-MÜH/21-442[D6]
Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Ocak 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 17 Eylül 2021
Kabul Tarihi 21 Kasım 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 9, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { optimum997034, journal = {Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-4228}, address = {}, publisher = {Uşak Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {9}, pages = {93 - 114}, doi = {10.17541/optimum.997034}, title = {Social and Administrative Dimensions of Urban Transformation and Urban Identity: Sample of Yozgat (Turkey)}, key = {cite}, author = {Meydan Yıldız, Seçil Gül and Bahçeci Başarmak, Hazal Ilgın and Akın, Emine Saka} }
APA Meydan Yıldız, S. G. , Bahçeci Başarmak, H. I. & Akın, E. S. (2022). Social and Administrative Dimensions of Urban Transformation and Urban Identity: Sample of Yozgat (Turkey) . Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi , 9 (1) , 93-114 . DOI: 10.17541/optimum.997034
MLA Meydan Yıldız, S. G. , Bahçeci Başarmak, H. I. , Akın, E. S. "Social and Administrative Dimensions of Urban Transformation and Urban Identity: Sample of Yozgat (Turkey)" . Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi 9 (2022 ): 93-114 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/optimum/issue/66298/997034>
Chicago Meydan Yıldız, S. G. , Bahçeci Başarmak, H. I. , Akın, E. S. "Social and Administrative Dimensions of Urban Transformation and Urban Identity: Sample of Yozgat (Turkey)". Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi 9 (2022 ): 93-114
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Social and Administrative Dimensions of Urban Transformation and Urban Identity: Sample of Yozgat (Turkey) AU - Seçil Gül Meydan Yıldız , Hazal Ilgın Bahçeci Başarmak , Emine Saka Akın Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.17541/optimum.997034 DO - 10.17541/optimum.997034 T2 - Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 93 EP - 114 VL - 9 IS - 1 SN - -2148-4228 M3 - doi: 10.17541/optimum.997034 UR - https://doi.org/10.17541/optimum.997034 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi Social and Administrative Dimensions of Urban Transformation and Urban Identity: Sample of Yozgat (Turkey) %A Seçil Gül Meydan Yıldız , Hazal Ilgın Bahçeci Başarmak , Emine Saka Akın %T Social and Administrative Dimensions of Urban Transformation and Urban Identity: Sample of Yozgat (Turkey) %D 2022 %J Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2148-4228 %V 9 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17541/optimum.997034 %U 10.17541/optimum.997034
ISNAD Meydan Yıldız, Seçil Gül , Bahçeci Başarmak, Hazal Ilgın , Akın, Emine Saka . "Social and Administrative Dimensions of Urban Transformation and Urban Identity: Sample of Yozgat (Turkey)". Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi 9 / 1 (Ocak 2022): 93-114 . https://doi.org/10.17541/optimum.997034
AMA Meydan Yıldız S. G. , Bahçeci Başarmak H. I. , Akın E. S. Social and Administrative Dimensions of Urban Transformation and Urban Identity: Sample of Yozgat (Turkey). OEYBD. 2022; 9(1): 93-114.
Vancouver Meydan Yıldız S. G. , Bahçeci Başarmak H. I. , Akın E. S. Social and Administrative Dimensions of Urban Transformation and Urban Identity: Sample of Yozgat (Turkey). Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi. 2022; 9(1): 93-114.
IEEE S. G. Meydan Yıldız , H. I. Bahçeci Başarmak ve E. S. Akın , "Social and Administrative Dimensions of Urban Transformation and Urban Identity: Sample of Yozgat (Turkey)", Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 9, sayı. 1, ss. 93-114, Oca. 2022, doi:10.17541/optimum.997034

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