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Analysis of the Relationship between Organizational Justice and Organizational Identification

Yıl 2019, Cilt 11, Sayı 18, 1001 - 1024, 30.06.2019
https://doi.org/10.26466/opus.556322

Öz

The concepts of organizational justice and organizational identification have always been found interesting by researchers in terms of determining employees’  behavior in organizations. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between organizational justice and organizational identification. In order to realize this aim, 192 of 260 employees in a manufacturing company operating in Izmir province were able to obtain data using questionnaire technique. These data were analyzed using SPSS and AMOS statistical programs. As a result of the analyses made, it has been found that there is a positive relationship between organizational justice and organizational identification. According to the results of the relationship between organizational justice dimensions and organizational identification, there is a positive relationship between distributive justice and organizational identification, and there is no statistically significant relationship between procedural and interactional justice dimensions and organizational identification. The results were similar to the results of the study investigating the relationship between organizational justice and organizational identification. In consequence of these findings, the theoretical and practical effects of the obtained data were discussed and suggestions were made to managers and future studies.

Kaynakça

  • Adams, J. S. (1965). Inequity in social exchange. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), “Advances in experimental social psychology”, New York: Academic Press. 2, 267–299. Aksoy, S. ve Ertürk, A. (2014). Influence of organizational justice perception on organizational identification. Research Journal of Business & Management-RJBM, 1(3), 253-262.
  • Ashforth, B. E. ve Mael, F. (1989). Social identity theory and the organization. Academy of Management Review, 14(1), 20-39.
  • Başar, U. ve Sığrı, Ü. (2015). Effects of teachers' organizational justice perceptions on intention to quit: mediation role of organizational identification. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 15(1), 45-59.
  • Blau, P. (1964). Power and exchange in social life. New York: J Wiley & Sons, 352.
  • Castillo, C. ve Fernández Alarcón, V. (2017). Relationships between the dimensions of organizational justice and students’ satisfaction in university Contexts. Intangible Capital, 13(2), 282-301.
  • Chen, S. Y., Wu, W. C., Chang, C. S., Lin, C. T., Kung, J. Y., Weng, H. C., ve Lee, S. I. (2015). Organizational justice, trust, and identification and their effects on organizational commitment in hospital nursing staff. BMC Health Services Research, 15(1), 1-17.
  • Cheung, M. F., ve Law, M. C. (2008). Relationships of organizational justice and organizational identification: The mediating effects of perceived organizational support in Hong Kong. Asia Pacific Business Review, 14(2), 213-231.
  • Cohen-Charash, Y. ve Spector, P. E. (2001). The role of justice in organizations: a meta-analysis. Organizational Behaviour and Human Decision Processes, 86, 278–321.
  • Colquitt, J. A. (2012). The Oxford handbook of organizational psychology. Kozlowski, S. W. (Ed.). Vol. 1. Oxford University Press.
  • Cronbach L. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychomerika, 16, 297-334.
  • Dutton, J. E., Dukerich, J. M., ve Harquail, C. V. (1994). Organizational Images and Member Identification. Administrative Science Quarterly, 39(2), 239-263.
  • Edwards, M. R. (2005) Organizational identification: A conceptual and operational review. Journal of Management Reviews, 7(4), 207–230.
  • Eib, C. (2015). Processes of organizational justice: insights into the perception and enactment of justice (Doctoral Dissertation, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University).
  • Eisenberger, R., Fasolo, P. M. ve Davis-LaMastro, V. (1990) Effects of perceived organizational support on employee diligence, innovation, and commitment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 53, 51– 59.
  • Fettahlıoğlu, Ö.O. ve Koca, N. (2015). Örgütsel özdeşleşme ve örgüt-sel vatandaşlık ilişkisinde örgütsel desteğin düzenleyici etkisi. Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 2(4), 1-10.
  • Greenberg, J. (1987). A taxonomy of organizational justice theories. Academy of Management Review, 12(1), 9-22.
  • Greenberg, J. (1990). Organizational justice: Yesterday, today, and tomorrow. Journal of Management, 16(2), 399-432.
  • Gürbüz,S. ve Mert, İ.S. (2009), Örgütsel adalet ölçeğinin geçerlilik ve güvenilirlik uygulaması: kamuda görgül bir çalışma, Amme İdaresi Dergisi, 42(3), 117-139.
  • Huseman, R. C., Hatfield, J. D., ve Miles, E. W. (1987). A new perspective on equity theory: The equity sensitivity construct. Academy of management Review, 12(2), 222-234.
  • Ismail, M., ve Bebenroth, R. (2016). Organizational justice and organizational identification of millennials in mergers and acquisitions: A conceptual framework. European Journal of Social Sciences, 51(4), 397-409.
  • İyigün, N. Ö. (2012). Örgütsel adalet: Kuramsal bir yaklaşım. İstanbul Ticaret Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 11(21), 49-64.
  • Judge, T. A., ve Colquitt, J. A. (2004). Organizational justice and stress: The mediating role of work-family conflict. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89(3), 395-404.
  • Karabey, C. N., ve Iscan, O. F. (2007). Örgütsel özdeslesme, orgutsel imaj ve orgutsel vatandaslik davranisi iliskisi: Bir uygulama. Ataturk Universitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 2(21), 231-241.
  • Kerse, G., ve Karabey, C. N. (2017). Algılanan örgütsel desteğin örgütsel özdeşleşmeye etkisi: Örgütsel sinizmin aracı rolü. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 6(4), 375-398.
  • Mael, F., ve Ashforth, B. E. (1992). Alumni and their alma mater: A partial test of the reformulated model of organizational ıidentification. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 13(2), 103-123.
  • Meydan, C. H. ve Şeşen, H. (2011). Yapısal eşitlik modellemesi AMOS uygulamaları. Detay Yayıncılık, 2. Baskı, Ankara.
  • Miller, V. D., Allen, M., Casey, M. K., ve Johnson, J. R. (2000). Reconsidering the organizational identification questionnaire. Management Communication Quarterly, 13(4), 626-658.
  • Moorman, R. H. (1991). Relationship between organizational justice and organizational citizenship behaviors: Do fairness perceptions influence employee citizenship?. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76(6), 845-855.
  • Niehoff, B.P. ve Moorman, R.H. (1993). Justice as a mediator of the relationship between methods of monitoring and organizational citizenship behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 36 (3), 527-556.
  • Olkkonen, M. E. ve Lipponen, J. (2006) Relationships between organizational justice, identification with organizational and work unit and group-related outcomes. Organizational Behaviour and Human Decision Processes, 100(2), 202–215.
  • Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J. Y., ve Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 879-903.
  • Rahman, A., Shahzad, N., Mustafa, K., Khan, M. F., ve Qurashi, F. (2016). Effects of organizational justice on organizational commitment. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 6(3S), 188-196.
  • Reade, C. (2001) Antecedents of organizational identification in multinational corporations: fostering psychological attachment to the local subsidiary and the global organization. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 12(8), 1269–1291.
  • Srivastava, U. R. (2015). Multiple Dimensions of Organizational Justice and Work-Related Outcomes among Health-Care Professionals. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 5(11), 666-685.
  • Tajfel, H., Turner, J. C., Austin, W. G., ve Worchel, S. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. Organizational identity: A reader, 56-65.
  • Tak, B. ve Aydemir, B. A. (2004). Örgütsel özdeşleşme üzerine iki görgül çalışma. 12. Ulusal Yonetim ve Organizasyon Kongresi.
  • Tavakol, M., ve Dennick, R. (2011). Making sense of Cronbach's alpha. International Journal of Medical Education, 2, 53-55.
  • Terzi, A. R., Dülker, A. P., Altın, F., Çelik, F., Dalkıran, M., Yulcu, N. T., ... ve Deniz, Ü. (2017). An analysis of organizational justice and organizational identification relation based on teachers' perceptions. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 5(3), 488-495.
  • Tolman, E. C. (1943). Identification and the postwar world. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 38(2), 141.
  • Tüzün, I. K., ve Çaglar, I. (2008). Örgütsel özdeslesme kavrami ve iletisim etkinligi iliskisi. Journal of Yasar University, 3(9), 1011-1027.

Örgütsel Adalet ile Örgütsel Özdeşleşme Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi

Yıl 2019, Cilt 11, Sayı 18, 1001 - 1024, 30.06.2019
https://doi.org/10.26466/opus.556322

Öz

Örgütsel adalet ve örgütsel özdeşleşme kavramları, örgütlerde çalışanların davranışlarını belirlemeleri açısından araştırmacılar tarafından daima ilgi çekici bulunmuşlardır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, örgütsel adalet ile örgütsel özdeşleşme arasındaki ilişkinin tespit edilmesidir. Bu amacın gerçekleştirilmesine yönelik olarak İzmir ilinde faaliyet gösteren bir üretim firmasındaki 260 çalışanın 192’sinden anket tekniği kullanılarak veri toplanmıştır. Elde edilen bu veriler SPSS ve AMOS istatistik programları kullanılarak analiz edilmişlerdir. Yapılan analizler sonucunda, örgütsel adalet ile örgütsel özdeşleşme arasında pozitif yönlü bir ilişki olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Örgütsel adalet boyutları ile örgütsel özdeşleşme ilişkisine ait sonuçlara göre ise; dağıtım adaleti ile örgütsel özdeşleşme arasında pozitif yönlü bir ilişki olduğu, prosedür ve etkileşim adaleti boyutları ile örgütsel özdeşleşme arasında ise istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir ilişki olmadığı sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. Ortaya çıkan sonuçlar örgütsel adalet ve örgütsel özdeşleşme arasındaki ilişkiyi araştıran çalışma sonuçları ile benzer çıkmıştır. Bu bulgular sonucunda, elde edilen verilerin teorik ve pratik etkileri tartışılmış, yöneticilere ve gelecekte yapılacak çalışmalara önerilerde bulunulmuştur. 

Kaynakça

  • Adams, J. S. (1965). Inequity in social exchange. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), “Advances in experimental social psychology”, New York: Academic Press. 2, 267–299. Aksoy, S. ve Ertürk, A. (2014). Influence of organizational justice perception on organizational identification. Research Journal of Business & Management-RJBM, 1(3), 253-262.
  • Ashforth, B. E. ve Mael, F. (1989). Social identity theory and the organization. Academy of Management Review, 14(1), 20-39.
  • Başar, U. ve Sığrı, Ü. (2015). Effects of teachers' organizational justice perceptions on intention to quit: mediation role of organizational identification. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 15(1), 45-59.
  • Blau, P. (1964). Power and exchange in social life. New York: J Wiley & Sons, 352.
  • Castillo, C. ve Fernández Alarcón, V. (2017). Relationships between the dimensions of organizational justice and students’ satisfaction in university Contexts. Intangible Capital, 13(2), 282-301.
  • Chen, S. Y., Wu, W. C., Chang, C. S., Lin, C. T., Kung, J. Y., Weng, H. C., ve Lee, S. I. (2015). Organizational justice, trust, and identification and their effects on organizational commitment in hospital nursing staff. BMC Health Services Research, 15(1), 1-17.
  • Cheung, M. F., ve Law, M. C. (2008). Relationships of organizational justice and organizational identification: The mediating effects of perceived organizational support in Hong Kong. Asia Pacific Business Review, 14(2), 213-231.
  • Cohen-Charash, Y. ve Spector, P. E. (2001). The role of justice in organizations: a meta-analysis. Organizational Behaviour and Human Decision Processes, 86, 278–321.
  • Colquitt, J. A. (2012). The Oxford handbook of organizational psychology. Kozlowski, S. W. (Ed.). Vol. 1. Oxford University Press.
  • Cronbach L. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychomerika, 16, 297-334.
  • Dutton, J. E., Dukerich, J. M., ve Harquail, C. V. (1994). Organizational Images and Member Identification. Administrative Science Quarterly, 39(2), 239-263.
  • Edwards, M. R. (2005) Organizational identification: A conceptual and operational review. Journal of Management Reviews, 7(4), 207–230.
  • Eib, C. (2015). Processes of organizational justice: insights into the perception and enactment of justice (Doctoral Dissertation, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University).
  • Eisenberger, R., Fasolo, P. M. ve Davis-LaMastro, V. (1990) Effects of perceived organizational support on employee diligence, innovation, and commitment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 53, 51– 59.
  • Fettahlıoğlu, Ö.O. ve Koca, N. (2015). Örgütsel özdeşleşme ve örgüt-sel vatandaşlık ilişkisinde örgütsel desteğin düzenleyici etkisi. Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 2(4), 1-10.
  • Greenberg, J. (1987). A taxonomy of organizational justice theories. Academy of Management Review, 12(1), 9-22.
  • Greenberg, J. (1990). Organizational justice: Yesterday, today, and tomorrow. Journal of Management, 16(2), 399-432.
  • Gürbüz,S. ve Mert, İ.S. (2009), Örgütsel adalet ölçeğinin geçerlilik ve güvenilirlik uygulaması: kamuda görgül bir çalışma, Amme İdaresi Dergisi, 42(3), 117-139.
  • Huseman, R. C., Hatfield, J. D., ve Miles, E. W. (1987). A new perspective on equity theory: The equity sensitivity construct. Academy of management Review, 12(2), 222-234.
  • Ismail, M., ve Bebenroth, R. (2016). Organizational justice and organizational identification of millennials in mergers and acquisitions: A conceptual framework. European Journal of Social Sciences, 51(4), 397-409.
  • İyigün, N. Ö. (2012). Örgütsel adalet: Kuramsal bir yaklaşım. İstanbul Ticaret Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 11(21), 49-64.
  • Judge, T. A., ve Colquitt, J. A. (2004). Organizational justice and stress: The mediating role of work-family conflict. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89(3), 395-404.
  • Karabey, C. N., ve Iscan, O. F. (2007). Örgütsel özdeslesme, orgutsel imaj ve orgutsel vatandaslik davranisi iliskisi: Bir uygulama. Ataturk Universitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 2(21), 231-241.
  • Kerse, G., ve Karabey, C. N. (2017). Algılanan örgütsel desteğin örgütsel özdeşleşmeye etkisi: Örgütsel sinizmin aracı rolü. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 6(4), 375-398.
  • Mael, F., ve Ashforth, B. E. (1992). Alumni and their alma mater: A partial test of the reformulated model of organizational ıidentification. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 13(2), 103-123.
  • Meydan, C. H. ve Şeşen, H. (2011). Yapısal eşitlik modellemesi AMOS uygulamaları. Detay Yayıncılık, 2. Baskı, Ankara.
  • Miller, V. D., Allen, M., Casey, M. K., ve Johnson, J. R. (2000). Reconsidering the organizational identification questionnaire. Management Communication Quarterly, 13(4), 626-658.
  • Moorman, R. H. (1991). Relationship between organizational justice and organizational citizenship behaviors: Do fairness perceptions influence employee citizenship?. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76(6), 845-855.
  • Niehoff, B.P. ve Moorman, R.H. (1993). Justice as a mediator of the relationship between methods of monitoring and organizational citizenship behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 36 (3), 527-556.
  • Olkkonen, M. E. ve Lipponen, J. (2006) Relationships between organizational justice, identification with organizational and work unit and group-related outcomes. Organizational Behaviour and Human Decision Processes, 100(2), 202–215.
  • Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J. Y., ve Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 879-903.
  • Rahman, A., Shahzad, N., Mustafa, K., Khan, M. F., ve Qurashi, F. (2016). Effects of organizational justice on organizational commitment. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 6(3S), 188-196.
  • Reade, C. (2001) Antecedents of organizational identification in multinational corporations: fostering psychological attachment to the local subsidiary and the global organization. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 12(8), 1269–1291.
  • Srivastava, U. R. (2015). Multiple Dimensions of Organizational Justice and Work-Related Outcomes among Health-Care Professionals. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 5(11), 666-685.
  • Tajfel, H., Turner, J. C., Austin, W. G., ve Worchel, S. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. Organizational identity: A reader, 56-65.
  • Tak, B. ve Aydemir, B. A. (2004). Örgütsel özdeşleşme üzerine iki görgül çalışma. 12. Ulusal Yonetim ve Organizasyon Kongresi.
  • Tavakol, M., ve Dennick, R. (2011). Making sense of Cronbach's alpha. International Journal of Medical Education, 2, 53-55.
  • Terzi, A. R., Dülker, A. P., Altın, F., Çelik, F., Dalkıran, M., Yulcu, N. T., ... ve Deniz, Ü. (2017). An analysis of organizational justice and organizational identification relation based on teachers' perceptions. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 5(3), 488-495.
  • Tolman, E. C. (1943). Identification and the postwar world. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 38(2), 141.
  • Tüzün, I. K., ve Çaglar, I. (2008). Örgütsel özdeslesme kavrami ve iletisim etkinligi iliskisi. Journal of Yasar University, 3(9), 1011-1027.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Eğitim, Bilimsel Disiplinler
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Daimi KOÇAK (Sorumlu Yazar)
ERZİNCAN BİNALİ YILDIRIM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ALİ CAVİT ÇELEBİOĞLU SİVİL HAVACILIK YÜKSEKOKULU, HAVACILIK YÖNETİMİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0001-9099-2055
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 11, Sayı 18

Kaynak Göster

APA Koçak, D. (2019). Örgütsel Adalet ile Örgütsel Özdeşleşme Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi . OPUS International Journal of Society Researches , 11 (18) , 1001-1024 . DOI: 10.26466/opus.556322