Araştırma Makalesi
PDF Mendeley EndNote BibTex Kaynak Göster

Konteyner Limanlarında RFID Teknolojisinin Kullanımına Yönelik Bir Fayda Maliyet Analizi Çalışması

Yıl 2021, Cilt 18, Sayı Yönetim ve Organizasyon Özel Sayısı, 1614 - 1642, 10.07.2021
https://doi.org/10.26466/opus.833607

Öz

Bilgi teknolojilerinde sürekli bir değişim ve gelişme süreci yaşanmaktadır. Bu sürecin her sektörde olduğu gibi konteyner taşımacılığı ve limanları üzerinde de etkileri bulunmaktadır. Rekabet avantajını korumayı ve müşterilerine kaliteli hizmet vermeyi amaçlayan konteyner limanları, operasyon verimliliklerini, yük ve liman güvenliklerini arttırmaya yönelik olarak bilgi teknolojilerinden yararlanmaktadır. Bu teknolojilerden en önemlilerinden birisi Radyo Frekansı Tanımlama (RFID) teknolojisidir. RFID sistemleri, radyo frekanslarını kullanarak durağan ya da hareket halinde olan canlılar ve nesneleri tekil veya çoğul halde tanımlamakta kullanılmaktadır. RFID; taşıyıcı araç, ekipman, yük ve insan bazlı olarak hem otomatik hem doğru veri toplayabilen bir teknoloji olması sebebiyle liman aktivitelerinin tamamında fayda sağlayabilmektedir. Bu teknoloji, konteyner limanlarında tanımlama, izleme ve güvenlik açısından birçok fayda sağlamaktadır. Tüm avantajları dışında dezavantajları da olan bu teknolojinin en büyük handikaplarından birisi maliyetleridir. Bu bağlamda konteyner terminalinin tüm alanlarında uygulanan, ideal yapıdaki RFID tabanlı bir sistemin ölçülebilir parametreler ile fayda-maliyet analizinin yapılarak, ilgili yatırımın ekonomikliğinin belirlenmesi önem arz etmektedir. Ayrıca RFID teknolojisinin konteyner terminallerinde kullanımına yönelik akademik çalışmalar azdır. Bu çalışmada, RFID teknolojisinin konteyner limanlarında kullanımı araştırılmış ve fayda-maliyet analizi yapılmıştır. Fayda-maliyet analizi için ölçülebilir parametreler çerçevesinde; RFID teknolojisini tüm süreçlerinde kullandığı varsayılan orta ölçekli bir konteyner terminali düşünülmüştür. İlgili yatırım; 3. yılda başa baş noktasına ulaşabilmektedir. Net Bugünkü Değere göre on yılın sonunda oluşan fayda-maliyet oranı 1,63 olarak bulunmuştur.

Kaynakça

  • Abajo, V.O. (2009). Analysis of ICT solutions integration for tracking purposes in container terminal management and operatio. Thesis (Master). l’Escola d'Enginyeria de Telecomunicació, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya.
  • Ali, A. ve Haseeb, M. (2019). Radio frequency identification (RFID) technology as a strategic tool towards higher performance of supply chain operations in textile and apparel industry of Malaysia. Uncertain Supply Chain Management, 7, 215–226, doi: 10.5267/j.uscm.2018.10.004.
  • Bandara, Y.M., Garaniya, V., Chin, C. and Leong, Z.H. (2015). Improving logistics management using foldable/collapsible containers: A case study. The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics, 31(1), 161 – 185.
  • Banks, J., Hanny, D., Pachano, A.M. and Thompson, L.G. (2007) RFID Applied. 1st ed., John Wiley & Sons, USA, 978-0471793656.
  • Batarlienė, N. and Jarašūniene, A. (2016). Development of Advanced Technologies (AT) in green transport corridors. Procedia Engineering, 134, 481 – 489.
  • Choi, H.R., Park, J.P. and Dong, H.Y. (2007). A study on system dynamics modeling to strengthen the competitiveness of a container terminal. WSEAS International Conference on Computer Engineering and Applications, Gold Coast, Australia, January 17-19, 978-960-8457-58-4, 372-377.
  • Choi, H.R., Park, N.K., Park, B.J., Yoo, D.H. and Kwon, H.K. (2006). A Study on The Technology Development For Nonstop Automated Gate System. 2nd International Intelligent Logistics Systems Conference, 22-23 February, Port of Brisbane, Australia, 121-129.
  • Costa, F., Carvalho, M.D.S., Fernandes, J.M., Alves, A.C. and Silva, P. (2017). Improving visibility using RFID- the case of a company in the automative sector. Procedia Manufacturing, 13, 1261–1268.
  • Haddara, M. and Staaby, A. (2018). RFID Applications and adoptions in healthcare: A review on patient safety. Procedia Computer Science, 138, 80–88.
  • IDB (Inter-Amerıcan Development Bank) (2018). Digital Innovation in Maritime Supply Chains, Institutions for Development Sector, Dıscussıon Paper Nº IDB-DP-577, 12.01.2020 tarihinde https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324862438_Digital_Innovation_in_Maritime_Supply_Chains_Experiences_from_Northwestern_Europe adresinden erişildi.
  • Kaliszewski, A. (2018). Fıfth and sıxth generatıon ports (5GP, 6GP) – evolutıon of economıc and socıal roles of ports. 12.01.2020 tarihinde https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324497972_fifth_and_sixth_generation_ports_5gp_6gp_-_evolution_of_economic_and_social_roles_of_ports adresinden erişildi.
  • Kirch, M., Poenicke, O. and Richter, K. (2017). RFID in logistics and production – applications, research and visions for smart logistics zones. Procedia Engineering, 178, 526 – 533.
  • M’hand, M.A., Boulmakoul, A., Badir, H. and Lbath, A. (2019). A scalable real-time tracking and monitoring architecture for logistics and transport in RoRo terminals. Procedia Computer Science, 151, 218–225.
  • Miragliotta, G., Perego, A. and Tumino, A. (2007). RFID Technology in a contaıner port: An actıvıty-based model to assess costs and benefıts. 02 Ocak 2012 tarihinde http://www.niinivirta.it/upl/modules/article/attachs/20090910172125033.pdf adresinden erişildi.
  • Mladineo, M., Veza, I, Gjeldum, N., Crnjac, M., Aljinovic, A. and Basic, A. (2019). Integration and testing of the RFID-enabled smart factory concept within the learning factory. Procedia Manufacturing, 31, 384-389.
  • Mondragon, A.E.C., Mondragon, C.E.C. and Coronado, E.S. (2017). ICT adoption in multimodal transport sites: Investigating institutional-related influences in international seaports terminals. Transportation Research Part A, 97,69–88.
  • Moreau, C-E. (2003). Radio frequency identificatıon: The Technology and supply chaın application. Thesis (Master). Lund University.
  • Özmen, A.G. ve Birgün, S. (2011). Radyo frekansı ile tanımlama sistemi seçiminde analitik hiyerarşi prosesi uygulaması. Havacılık Ve Uzay Teknolojileri Dergisi, 5(1), 81-88.
  • PAHO-Pan American Health Organization (2016). Cost-Benefıt Analysıs Methodology, Smart Hospıtals Toolkıt. Panayıdes, P.M. (2007). Global supply chain integration and competitiveness of port terminals, ports, cities, and global supply chains. Ashgate Publishing, Hampshire, England, 18-19.
  • Scholliers, J, Permala, A., Toivonen, S. and Salmela, H. (2016). Improving the security of containers in port related supply chains. Transportation Research Procedia, 14, 1374 – 1383.
  • Shın, S., Roh, H-S and Hur, S-H. (2018). Technical trends related to intermodal automated freight transport systems (AFTS). The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics 32(2), 161-169.
  • Tao, F., Kinkeung, L, Wang, Y-L and Fan, T. (2018). Determinant on RFID technology investment for dominant retailer subject to inventory misplacement. Internatıonal Transactıons Inoperatıonal Research, 00(2018), 1–22, DOI: 10.1111/itor.12523.
  • TCMB (2019). 2019 Yılı Mevduat Faizleri ,12.03.2020 tarihinde https://evds2.tcmb.gov.tr/index.php?/evds/portlet/lrcsQFWXtqo%3D/tr adresinden erişildi.
  • Tengler, J., Kolarovzski, P. and Kolarovszká, Z. (2017). Identification and localization of transport units for selected company. Procedia Engineering ,178, 491 – 500.
  • Tsai, F-M ve Huang, C-M. (2012). Cost-benefit analysis of implementing RFID system in port of Kaohsiung. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 57, 40-46.
  • Tsilingiris P. S., Psaraftis H. N. and Lyridis D. V. (2007). Radio frequency identification technology in ocean container transport. Annual Conference of the International Association of Maritime Economists, IAME, Greece, Athens.
  • UNCTAD (2019). Review Of Maritime Transport, United Nations Publications, New York, USA. Xu, K., Zhen, H, Li, Y. and Yue, L. (2017). Comprehensive monitoring system for multiple vehicles and its modelling study. Transportation Research Procedia, 25, 1824–1833.
  • Yadav, S. and Jha, P. (2019). RFID technology: An overview. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development, 3(3), 1242-1245.
  • Yan, B., Liu, L., Liu, S. and Yang, J. (2018). Influencing factors in the application of RFID technology in the supply chain. The Engineering Economist, 63(1), 1-19.
  • Yao, W., Chu, C-H. and Zang, L. (2012). The adoption and implementation of RFID technologies in healthcare: A literature review. Journal of Medical Systems, 36(6), 3507-3525.
  • Zhong, R.Y. (2019). RFID Data driven performance evaluation in production systems. Procedia CIRP, 81, 24-27.

A Benefit-Cost Analysis Study of Usage of RFID Technology in Container Ports

Yıl 2021, Cilt 18, Sayı Yönetim ve Organizasyon Özel Sayısı, 1614 - 1642, 10.07.2021
https://doi.org/10.26466/opus.833607

Öz

There is an ongoing process of change and development in information technologies. This process has also impacts on container transportation and ports as in every sector. Container ports which aim to provide high quality service to their customers and to maintain competitive advantage, utilize information technologies for increasing efficiency and security of cargo and port. One of the most important of these technologies is Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology. RFID systems use the radio frequencies and define the lively beings and/or objects, stable or moving, as singular or plural. RFID is a technology that gathers accurate and automated information in terms of vehicle, equipment and people; therefore it is of great use in port activities. This technology provides many benefits in container ports in terms of identification, monitoring and security. Out of all advantages, RFID technology has also disadvantages and costs are the biggest handicap. In this context it is important to apply benefit-cost analysis with measurable parameters for a container terminal where has been applied RFID technology to its all areas and determine the economy of related investment. In addition academic research on the use of RFID technology in container ports is poor. In this study, the use of RFID technology in container ports was investigated and cost-benefit analysis was performed. Within the framework of measurable parameters for cost-benefit analysis; a medium-sized container terminal that is assumed to use RFID technology in all its processes, is considered. Related investment can reach the breakeven point in the 3rd year. The benefit-cost ratio occurred at the end of the ten years according to the Net Present Value was found to be 1.63.

Kaynakça

  • Abajo, V.O. (2009). Analysis of ICT solutions integration for tracking purposes in container terminal management and operatio. Thesis (Master). l’Escola d'Enginyeria de Telecomunicació, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya.
  • Ali, A. ve Haseeb, M. (2019). Radio frequency identification (RFID) technology as a strategic tool towards higher performance of supply chain operations in textile and apparel industry of Malaysia. Uncertain Supply Chain Management, 7, 215–226, doi: 10.5267/j.uscm.2018.10.004.
  • Bandara, Y.M., Garaniya, V., Chin, C. and Leong, Z.H. (2015). Improving logistics management using foldable/collapsible containers: A case study. The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics, 31(1), 161 – 185.
  • Banks, J., Hanny, D., Pachano, A.M. and Thompson, L.G. (2007) RFID Applied. 1st ed., John Wiley & Sons, USA, 978-0471793656.
  • Batarlienė, N. and Jarašūniene, A. (2016). Development of Advanced Technologies (AT) in green transport corridors. Procedia Engineering, 134, 481 – 489.
  • Choi, H.R., Park, J.P. and Dong, H.Y. (2007). A study on system dynamics modeling to strengthen the competitiveness of a container terminal. WSEAS International Conference on Computer Engineering and Applications, Gold Coast, Australia, January 17-19, 978-960-8457-58-4, 372-377.
  • Choi, H.R., Park, N.K., Park, B.J., Yoo, D.H. and Kwon, H.K. (2006). A Study on The Technology Development For Nonstop Automated Gate System. 2nd International Intelligent Logistics Systems Conference, 22-23 February, Port of Brisbane, Australia, 121-129.
  • Costa, F., Carvalho, M.D.S., Fernandes, J.M., Alves, A.C. and Silva, P. (2017). Improving visibility using RFID- the case of a company in the automative sector. Procedia Manufacturing, 13, 1261–1268.
  • Haddara, M. and Staaby, A. (2018). RFID Applications and adoptions in healthcare: A review on patient safety. Procedia Computer Science, 138, 80–88.
  • IDB (Inter-Amerıcan Development Bank) (2018). Digital Innovation in Maritime Supply Chains, Institutions for Development Sector, Dıscussıon Paper Nº IDB-DP-577, 12.01.2020 tarihinde https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324862438_Digital_Innovation_in_Maritime_Supply_Chains_Experiences_from_Northwestern_Europe adresinden erişildi.
  • Kaliszewski, A. (2018). Fıfth and sıxth generatıon ports (5GP, 6GP) – evolutıon of economıc and socıal roles of ports. 12.01.2020 tarihinde https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324497972_fifth_and_sixth_generation_ports_5gp_6gp_-_evolution_of_economic_and_social_roles_of_ports adresinden erişildi.
  • Kirch, M., Poenicke, O. and Richter, K. (2017). RFID in logistics and production – applications, research and visions for smart logistics zones. Procedia Engineering, 178, 526 – 533.
  • M’hand, M.A., Boulmakoul, A., Badir, H. and Lbath, A. (2019). A scalable real-time tracking and monitoring architecture for logistics and transport in RoRo terminals. Procedia Computer Science, 151, 218–225.
  • Miragliotta, G., Perego, A. and Tumino, A. (2007). RFID Technology in a contaıner port: An actıvıty-based model to assess costs and benefıts. 02 Ocak 2012 tarihinde http://www.niinivirta.it/upl/modules/article/attachs/20090910172125033.pdf adresinden erişildi.
  • Mladineo, M., Veza, I, Gjeldum, N., Crnjac, M., Aljinovic, A. and Basic, A. (2019). Integration and testing of the RFID-enabled smart factory concept within the learning factory. Procedia Manufacturing, 31, 384-389.
  • Mondragon, A.E.C., Mondragon, C.E.C. and Coronado, E.S. (2017). ICT adoption in multimodal transport sites: Investigating institutional-related influences in international seaports terminals. Transportation Research Part A, 97,69–88.
  • Moreau, C-E. (2003). Radio frequency identificatıon: The Technology and supply chaın application. Thesis (Master). Lund University.
  • Özmen, A.G. ve Birgün, S. (2011). Radyo frekansı ile tanımlama sistemi seçiminde analitik hiyerarşi prosesi uygulaması. Havacılık Ve Uzay Teknolojileri Dergisi, 5(1), 81-88.
  • PAHO-Pan American Health Organization (2016). Cost-Benefıt Analysıs Methodology, Smart Hospıtals Toolkıt. Panayıdes, P.M. (2007). Global supply chain integration and competitiveness of port terminals, ports, cities, and global supply chains. Ashgate Publishing, Hampshire, England, 18-19.
  • Scholliers, J, Permala, A., Toivonen, S. and Salmela, H. (2016). Improving the security of containers in port related supply chains. Transportation Research Procedia, 14, 1374 – 1383.
  • Shın, S., Roh, H-S and Hur, S-H. (2018). Technical trends related to intermodal automated freight transport systems (AFTS). The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics 32(2), 161-169.
  • Tao, F., Kinkeung, L, Wang, Y-L and Fan, T. (2018). Determinant on RFID technology investment for dominant retailer subject to inventory misplacement. Internatıonal Transactıons Inoperatıonal Research, 00(2018), 1–22, DOI: 10.1111/itor.12523.
  • TCMB (2019). 2019 Yılı Mevduat Faizleri ,12.03.2020 tarihinde https://evds2.tcmb.gov.tr/index.php?/evds/portlet/lrcsQFWXtqo%3D/tr adresinden erişildi.
  • Tengler, J., Kolarovzski, P. and Kolarovszká, Z. (2017). Identification and localization of transport units for selected company. Procedia Engineering ,178, 491 – 500.
  • Tsai, F-M ve Huang, C-M. (2012). Cost-benefit analysis of implementing RFID system in port of Kaohsiung. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 57, 40-46.
  • Tsilingiris P. S., Psaraftis H. N. and Lyridis D. V. (2007). Radio frequency identification technology in ocean container transport. Annual Conference of the International Association of Maritime Economists, IAME, Greece, Athens.
  • UNCTAD (2019). Review Of Maritime Transport, United Nations Publications, New York, USA. Xu, K., Zhen, H, Li, Y. and Yue, L. (2017). Comprehensive monitoring system for multiple vehicles and its modelling study. Transportation Research Procedia, 25, 1824–1833.
  • Yadav, S. and Jha, P. (2019). RFID technology: An overview. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development, 3(3), 1242-1245.
  • Yan, B., Liu, L., Liu, S. and Yang, J. (2018). Influencing factors in the application of RFID technology in the supply chain. The Engineering Economist, 63(1), 1-19.
  • Yao, W., Chu, C-H. and Zang, L. (2012). The adoption and implementation of RFID technologies in healthcare: A literature review. Journal of Medical Systems, 36(6), 3507-3525.
  • Zhong, R.Y. (2019). RFID Data driven performance evaluation in production systems. Procedia CIRP, 81, 24-27.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Yöneylem, Araştırma ve Yönetim Bilimi
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Serdar ALNIPAK (Sorumlu Yazar)
Nişantaşı Üniversitesi
0000-0002-5722-9960
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 10 Temmuz 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 18, Sayı Yönetim ve Organizasyon Özel Sayısı

Kaynak Göster

APA Alnıpak, S. (2021). Konteyner Limanlarında RFID Teknolojisinin Kullanımına Yönelik Bir Fayda Maliyet Analizi Çalışması . OPUS International Journal of Society Researches , Yönetim ve Organizasyon Özel Sayısı , 1614-1642 . DOI: 10.26466/opus.833607