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Sandıklı havzası (Afyonkarahisar-Türkiye) içme sularında doğal radyoaktivite ve duraylı izotop özelliklerinin belirlenmesi

Yıl 2018, Cilt 24, Sayı 3, 545 - 553, 29.06.2018

Öz

Sandıklı havzası Türkiye'nin güneybatısında yeralmaktadır. Bu makalede, Sandıklı havzasındaki akifer sisteminin beslenimini anlamak için yeraltısuyu duraylı izotop analizleri değerlendirilmiştir. Bu amaçla, havzada 2009-2010 yıllarında iki dönem boyunca yeraltısuları örnekleri toplanmış ve duraylı izotop ile doğal radyoaktivite analizleri yapılmıştır. Bölgedeki yeraltısularının δ18O ve δ2H içerikleri sırasıyla ‰-8.08 ile ‰-10.77 ve ‰-52.44 ile ‰-69.53 arasındadır. Duraylı izotop verileri genellikle Küresel Meteorik Su Doğrusu üzerindedir ve sular meteorik kökenlidir. Yeraltısularının trityum içeriği kurak dönemde 0.00-4.20 TU ve yağışlı dönemde 0.30-5.40 TU arasındadır. Trityum içeriğine göre yeraltısuları derin akifer ve yavaş dolaşımı göstermektedir. Yeraltısularındaki doğal radyoaktivitenin belirlenmesi insan sağlığı açısından önemlidir. Suların toplam alfa ve beta radyoaktivite konsantrasyonları 29-162 mBq L−1 ve 70-330 mBq L−1 arasında değişmektedir. Havzadaki içme sularında toplam α ve ß radyoaktivite konsantrasyonları nispeten düşük ve Dünya Sağlık Örgütü'nün içme suyu kriterlerine uygundur.

Kaynakça

  • Chen Z, Nie Z, Zhang G, Wan L, Shen J. “Environmental isotopic study on the recharge and residence time of groundwater in the Heihe River Basin, northwestern China”. Hydrogeology Journal, 14, 1635-1651, 2006.
  • Subyani AM. “Use of chloride-mass balance and environ- mental isotopes for evaluation of groundwater recharge in the alluvial aquifer, Wadi Tharad, West Saudi Arabia”. Environmental Geology, (46), 741-749, 2004.
  • Gupta SK, Deshpande RD. “Groundwater isotopic investigations in India: What has been Learned?”. Current Science, 89(5), 826-830, 2005.
  • Clark ID, Fritz P. Environmental Isotopes in Hydrogeology. Lewis, Boca Raton, FL, CRC Pres, 1997.
  • Bowen GJ. “The Online Isotopes in Precipitation Calculator”. Version OIPC2.2 (7/2008) Accessible at: http://www.waterisotopes.org, (12.06.2012).
  • Zhu GF, Li ZZ, Su YH, Ma JZ, Zhang YY. “Hydrogeochemical and isotope evidence of groundwater evolution and recharge in Minqin Basin, Northwest China”. Journal of Hydrology, 333(2), 239-251, 2007.
  • Kinnon ECP, Golding SD, Boreham CJ, Baublys KA, Esterle JS. “Stable isotope and water quality analysis of coal bed methane production waters and gases from the Bowen Basin, Australia”. International Journal of Coal Geology, 82(3), 219-231, 2010.
  • Gastmans D, Chang HK, Hutcheon I. “Stable isotopes (2H, 18O and 13C) in groundwaters from the northwestern portion of the Guarani Aquifer System (Brazil)”. Hydrogeology Journal, 18(6), 1497-1513, 2010.
  • Saha D, Dwivedi SN, Roy GK, Reddy DV. “Isotope-based investigation on the groundwater flow and recharge mechanism in a hard-rock aquifer system: the case of Ranchi urban area, India”. Hydrogeology Journal, 21(5), 1101-1115, 2013.
  • Ghalib HB, Söğüt AR. “Environmental isotopic characterization of groundwater and surface water in northeast Missan Province, South Iraq”. Acta Geologica Sinica (English edition), 88(4), 1227-1238, 2014.
  • Hopkins CB, McIntosh JC, Eastoe C, Dickinson JE, Meixner T. “Evaluation of the importance of clay confining units on groundwater flow in alluvial basins using solute and isotope tracers: the case of Middle San Pedro Basin in southeastern Arizona (USA)”. Hydrogeology Journal, 22(4), 829-849, 2014.
  • Kanduč T, Grassa F, McIntosh J, Stibilj V, Ulrich-Supovec M, Supovec I, Jamnikar S. “A geochemical and stable isotope investigation of groundwater/surface-water interactions in the Velenje Basin, Slovenia”. Hydrogeology Journal, 22(4), 971-984, 2014.
  • Mokrik R, Juodkazis V, Štuopis A, Mažeika J. “Isotope geochemistry and modelling of the multi-aquifer system in the eastern part of Lithuania”. Hydrogeology Journal, 22(4), 925-941, 2014.
  • Qiu X, Zhang M, Wang S. “Preliminary research on hydrogen and oxygen stable isotope characteristics of different water bodies in the Qilian Mountains, northwestern Tibetan Plateau”. Environmental Earth Sciences, 75(23), 1491, 2016.
  • Bonotto DM, Bueno TO, Tessari BW, Silva A. “The natural radioactivity in water by gross alpha and beta measurements”. Radiation Measurements, 44(1), 92-101, 2009.
  • Zorer ÖS, Ceylan H, Doğru M. “Gross alpha and beta radioactivity concentration in water, soil and sediment of the Bendimahi River and Van Lake (Turkey)”. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 148(1-4), 39-46, 2009.
  • Mohammad Abdullah I, Al-ZubaidyNabil N. “Estimation of natural radioactivity in water and soil in some villages of ırbid city”. Applied physics research, 4(3), 39-47, 2012.
  • Agbalagba EO, Onoja R. “Evaluation of natural radioactivity in soil, sediment and water samples of Niger Delta (Biseni) flood plain lakes, Nigeria”. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 102(7), 667-671, 2011.
  • Muhammad BG, Jaafar MS, Akpa TC. “A survey of gross alpha and beta activity concentrations in groundwater from Katsina area of Northern Nigeria”. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 141(2), 127-133, 2010.
  • Turhan Ş, Özçıtak E, Taşkın H, Varinlioğlu A. “Determination of natural radioactivity by gross alpha and beta measurements in ground water samples”. Water Research, 47(9), 3103-3108, 2013.
  • Baba-Kutigi AN, Joseph E, Tikyaa EV, Sanni DM. “Investigation of the Gross Alpha and Beta Activity Concentrations of Hand Dug Well Water from Dutsin-Ma Local Government, Katsina State-Nigeria”. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, 6(22), 64-70, 2016.
  • Aksever F. Hydrogeological Investigations of the Sandıklı (Afyonkarahisar) Basin. Suleyman Demirel University, Doctoral Thesis (in Turkish-unpublished), Isparta, Turkey, 2011.
  • Afşin M. Hydrogeological Investigation of Afyon Sandıklı Kurucay plain and Hudai spa. Ankara University, Doctoral Thesis (in Turkish-unpublished), Ankara, Turkey, 1991.
  • Afşin M. “Hydrochemical evolution and water quality along the groundwater flow path in the Sandıklı plain, Afyon, Turkey”. Environmental Geology, 31(3/4), 221-230, 1997.
  • Afşin M, Ünsal N, Çelik M, Syed MA. “Sandıklı Kuruçay (Afyonkarahisar) ovasının yeraltı suyu bilançosu”. Selçuk Üniversitesi, Mühendislik-Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, 2, 10-18, 1993.
  • Aksever F, Davraz A, Karaguzel R. “Groundwater balance estimation and sustainability in the Sandıklı Basin (Afyonkarahisar/Turkey)”. Journal of Earth System Science, 124(4), 783-798, 2015.
  • Davraz A, Afsin M, Aksever F, Karakaş Z, Hınıs MA. “The interference of a deep thermal system with a shallow aquifer and health risk assessment: the case of Sandıklı (Afyonkarahisar) Basin, Turkey”. Environmental Earth Sciences, 75(4), 1-20, 2016.
  • Aksever F, Davraz A, Karagüzel R. “Relations of hydrogeologic factors and temporal variations of nitrate contents in groundwater, Sandıklı basin, Turkey”. Environmental Earth Sciences, 73(5), 2179-2196, 2015.
  • Öngür T. “Geologic situation of Sandıklı (Afyon) geothermalinvestigation field and geothermal energy facilities”. GeneralDirectorate of Mineral Research and Exploration Report No. 5520, 1973 (in Turkish-unpublished).
  • Çakmakoğlu A. “Geology of Civril-Banaz-Sandıklı-Dinar. District (K23-c1, c2, c3, c4, d3; K24-d3, d4; L23-a2, a3, b1, b2, b3, b4; L24-a1, a2, a3, a4)”. Maden Tetkik Arama Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara, Türkiye, Report No: 8062, 1986.
  • Piper AM. “A graphic procedure in the geochemical interpretation of water‐analyses”. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 25(6), 914-928, 1944.
  • Dansgaard W. “Stable sotopes in precipitation”. Tellus, 16(4), 436-468, 1964.
  • WHO. Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality. 4th ed.Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization, 2011.
  • Freeze RA, Cherry JA. Groundwater. 1st ed. London, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall, Inc. 1979.
  • Craig H. “Isotopic variations in meteoric waters”. Science, 133, 1833-1834, 1961.
  • Sayın M, Eyüpoğlu SO. “Determination of local meteoric water lines using stable isotope contents of precipitation in Turkey”. II. Use of Isotope Techniques in Hydrology Symposium, Ankara, Turkey, 26-30 September 2005.
  • Aggarwal PK, Basu AR, Poreda RJ, Kulkarni KM, Froehlich K, Tarafdar SA, Ali M, Ahmed N, Hussain A, Rahman M, Ahmed SR. “Isotope hydrology of groundwater in Bangladesh: implications for characterization and mitigation of arsenic in groundwater”. A report on, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)-TC Project BGD/8/016, Vienna, Austria, 64, 2000.
  • Schlosser P, Stute M, Sonntag C, Munnich KO. “Tritiogenic 3He in shallow groundwater”. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 94(3-4), 245-256, 1988.
  • Busenberg E, Plummer LN. “Concentrations of chlorofluorocarbons and other gases in ground water at Mirror Lake, New Hampshire”. In: US Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report USA, 94–4015, 151-158, 1996
  • Plummer LN, Friedman LC. Tracing and dating youn ground water: US. Dept. of the Interior, US. Geological Survey Report, US. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, USA, 134-99, 4, 1999.
  • Merlivat L, Jouzel J. “Global climatic interpretation of the deuterium‐oxygen 18 relationship for precipitation”. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 84(8), 5029-5033, 1979.
  • Gleeson T, Novakowski K, Cook PG, Kyser TK. “Constraining groundwater discharge in a large watershed: Integrated isotopic, hydraulic, and thermal data from the Canadian Shield”. Water Resources Research, 45(8), 1-16, 2009.
  • Forte M, Rusconi R, Cazzaniga MT, Sgorbati G. “The measurement of radioactivity in Italian drinking waters”. Microchemical Journal, 85, 998-102, 2007.
  • Vesterbacka P. “Natural radioactivity in drinking water in Finland, Boreal”. Environment Research, 12, 11-16, 2007.

Determination of stable isotope characteristics and natural radioactivity in drinking waters in Sandıklı basin (Afyonkarahisar-Turkey)

Yıl 2018, Cilt 24, Sayı 3, 545 - 553, 29.06.2018

Öz

The Sandıklı basin is located in the southwestern part of Turkey. In this paper, groundwater stable isotope analyzes were evaluated to understand the recharge of the aquifer system in the Sandıklı basin. For this, samples of groundwater were collected for two periods in 2009-2010 years and the stable isotope and natural radioactivity analyzes were made in the basin. The δ18O and δ2H contents of groundwaters in the region range from -8.08 to -10.77‰ and from-52.44 to -69.53‰, respectively. The stable isotope data lie generally above the Global Meteoric Water Line and waters are meteoric origin. The tritium content of the groundwaters ranges from 0.00 to 4.20 TU in dry period and from 0.30 to 5.40 TU in rainy period, respectively. These δ3H values of waters could be represented that this waters are deep aquifer waters and slow circulation. The determination of the natural radioactivity in groundwater is important in terms of human health. The gross alpha and gross beta radioactivity concentrations of waters varied between 29-162 mBq L−1 and 70-330 mBq L−1, respectively. The results have shown that gross α and ß radioactivity concentrations in drinking waters in the basin are relatively low and suitable the World Health Organization regulations for drinking water.

Kaynakça

  • Chen Z, Nie Z, Zhang G, Wan L, Shen J. “Environmental isotopic study on the recharge and residence time of groundwater in the Heihe River Basin, northwestern China”. Hydrogeology Journal, 14, 1635-1651, 2006.
  • Subyani AM. “Use of chloride-mass balance and environ- mental isotopes for evaluation of groundwater recharge in the alluvial aquifer, Wadi Tharad, West Saudi Arabia”. Environmental Geology, (46), 741-749, 2004.
  • Gupta SK, Deshpande RD. “Groundwater isotopic investigations in India: What has been Learned?”. Current Science, 89(5), 826-830, 2005.
  • Clark ID, Fritz P. Environmental Isotopes in Hydrogeology. Lewis, Boca Raton, FL, CRC Pres, 1997.
  • Bowen GJ. “The Online Isotopes in Precipitation Calculator”. Version OIPC2.2 (7/2008) Accessible at: http://www.waterisotopes.org, (12.06.2012).
  • Zhu GF, Li ZZ, Su YH, Ma JZ, Zhang YY. “Hydrogeochemical and isotope evidence of groundwater evolution and recharge in Minqin Basin, Northwest China”. Journal of Hydrology, 333(2), 239-251, 2007.
  • Kinnon ECP, Golding SD, Boreham CJ, Baublys KA, Esterle JS. “Stable isotope and water quality analysis of coal bed methane production waters and gases from the Bowen Basin, Australia”. International Journal of Coal Geology, 82(3), 219-231, 2010.
  • Gastmans D, Chang HK, Hutcheon I. “Stable isotopes (2H, 18O and 13C) in groundwaters from the northwestern portion of the Guarani Aquifer System (Brazil)”. Hydrogeology Journal, 18(6), 1497-1513, 2010.
  • Saha D, Dwivedi SN, Roy GK, Reddy DV. “Isotope-based investigation on the groundwater flow and recharge mechanism in a hard-rock aquifer system: the case of Ranchi urban area, India”. Hydrogeology Journal, 21(5), 1101-1115, 2013.
  • Ghalib HB, Söğüt AR. “Environmental isotopic characterization of groundwater and surface water in northeast Missan Province, South Iraq”. Acta Geologica Sinica (English edition), 88(4), 1227-1238, 2014.
  • Hopkins CB, McIntosh JC, Eastoe C, Dickinson JE, Meixner T. “Evaluation of the importance of clay confining units on groundwater flow in alluvial basins using solute and isotope tracers: the case of Middle San Pedro Basin in southeastern Arizona (USA)”. Hydrogeology Journal, 22(4), 829-849, 2014.
  • Kanduč T, Grassa F, McIntosh J, Stibilj V, Ulrich-Supovec M, Supovec I, Jamnikar S. “A geochemical and stable isotope investigation of groundwater/surface-water interactions in the Velenje Basin, Slovenia”. Hydrogeology Journal, 22(4), 971-984, 2014.
  • Mokrik R, Juodkazis V, Štuopis A, Mažeika J. “Isotope geochemistry and modelling of the multi-aquifer system in the eastern part of Lithuania”. Hydrogeology Journal, 22(4), 925-941, 2014.
  • Qiu X, Zhang M, Wang S. “Preliminary research on hydrogen and oxygen stable isotope characteristics of different water bodies in the Qilian Mountains, northwestern Tibetan Plateau”. Environmental Earth Sciences, 75(23), 1491, 2016.
  • Bonotto DM, Bueno TO, Tessari BW, Silva A. “The natural radioactivity in water by gross alpha and beta measurements”. Radiation Measurements, 44(1), 92-101, 2009.
  • Zorer ÖS, Ceylan H, Doğru M. “Gross alpha and beta radioactivity concentration in water, soil and sediment of the Bendimahi River and Van Lake (Turkey)”. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 148(1-4), 39-46, 2009.
  • Mohammad Abdullah I, Al-ZubaidyNabil N. “Estimation of natural radioactivity in water and soil in some villages of ırbid city”. Applied physics research, 4(3), 39-47, 2012.
  • Agbalagba EO, Onoja R. “Evaluation of natural radioactivity in soil, sediment and water samples of Niger Delta (Biseni) flood plain lakes, Nigeria”. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 102(7), 667-671, 2011.
  • Muhammad BG, Jaafar MS, Akpa TC. “A survey of gross alpha and beta activity concentrations in groundwater from Katsina area of Northern Nigeria”. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 141(2), 127-133, 2010.
  • Turhan Ş, Özçıtak E, Taşkın H, Varinlioğlu A. “Determination of natural radioactivity by gross alpha and beta measurements in ground water samples”. Water Research, 47(9), 3103-3108, 2013.
  • Baba-Kutigi AN, Joseph E, Tikyaa EV, Sanni DM. “Investigation of the Gross Alpha and Beta Activity Concentrations of Hand Dug Well Water from Dutsin-Ma Local Government, Katsina State-Nigeria”. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, 6(22), 64-70, 2016.
  • Aksever F. Hydrogeological Investigations of the Sandıklı (Afyonkarahisar) Basin. Suleyman Demirel University, Doctoral Thesis (in Turkish-unpublished), Isparta, Turkey, 2011.
  • Afşin M. Hydrogeological Investigation of Afyon Sandıklı Kurucay plain and Hudai spa. Ankara University, Doctoral Thesis (in Turkish-unpublished), Ankara, Turkey, 1991.
  • Afşin M. “Hydrochemical evolution and water quality along the groundwater flow path in the Sandıklı plain, Afyon, Turkey”. Environmental Geology, 31(3/4), 221-230, 1997.
  • Afşin M, Ünsal N, Çelik M, Syed MA. “Sandıklı Kuruçay (Afyonkarahisar) ovasının yeraltı suyu bilançosu”. Selçuk Üniversitesi, Mühendislik-Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, 2, 10-18, 1993.
  • Aksever F, Davraz A, Karaguzel R. “Groundwater balance estimation and sustainability in the Sandıklı Basin (Afyonkarahisar/Turkey)”. Journal of Earth System Science, 124(4), 783-798, 2015.
  • Davraz A, Afsin M, Aksever F, Karakaş Z, Hınıs MA. “The interference of a deep thermal system with a shallow aquifer and health risk assessment: the case of Sandıklı (Afyonkarahisar) Basin, Turkey”. Environmental Earth Sciences, 75(4), 1-20, 2016.
  • Aksever F, Davraz A, Karagüzel R. “Relations of hydrogeologic factors and temporal variations of nitrate contents in groundwater, Sandıklı basin, Turkey”. Environmental Earth Sciences, 73(5), 2179-2196, 2015.
  • Öngür T. “Geologic situation of Sandıklı (Afyon) geothermalinvestigation field and geothermal energy facilities”. GeneralDirectorate of Mineral Research and Exploration Report No. 5520, 1973 (in Turkish-unpublished).
  • Çakmakoğlu A. “Geology of Civril-Banaz-Sandıklı-Dinar. District (K23-c1, c2, c3, c4, d3; K24-d3, d4; L23-a2, a3, b1, b2, b3, b4; L24-a1, a2, a3, a4)”. Maden Tetkik Arama Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara, Türkiye, Report No: 8062, 1986.
  • Piper AM. “A graphic procedure in the geochemical interpretation of water‐analyses”. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 25(6), 914-928, 1944.
  • Dansgaard W. “Stable sotopes in precipitation”. Tellus, 16(4), 436-468, 1964.
  • WHO. Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality. 4th ed.Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization, 2011.
  • Freeze RA, Cherry JA. Groundwater. 1st ed. London, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall, Inc. 1979.
  • Craig H. “Isotopic variations in meteoric waters”. Science, 133, 1833-1834, 1961.
  • Sayın M, Eyüpoğlu SO. “Determination of local meteoric water lines using stable isotope contents of precipitation in Turkey”. II. Use of Isotope Techniques in Hydrology Symposium, Ankara, Turkey, 26-30 September 2005.
  • Aggarwal PK, Basu AR, Poreda RJ, Kulkarni KM, Froehlich K, Tarafdar SA, Ali M, Ahmed N, Hussain A, Rahman M, Ahmed SR. “Isotope hydrology of groundwater in Bangladesh: implications for characterization and mitigation of arsenic in groundwater”. A report on, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)-TC Project BGD/8/016, Vienna, Austria, 64, 2000.
  • Schlosser P, Stute M, Sonntag C, Munnich KO. “Tritiogenic 3He in shallow groundwater”. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 94(3-4), 245-256, 1988.
  • Busenberg E, Plummer LN. “Concentrations of chlorofluorocarbons and other gases in ground water at Mirror Lake, New Hampshire”. In: US Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report USA, 94–4015, 151-158, 1996
  • Plummer LN, Friedman LC. Tracing and dating youn ground water: US. Dept. of the Interior, US. Geological Survey Report, US. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, USA, 134-99, 4, 1999.
  • Merlivat L, Jouzel J. “Global climatic interpretation of the deuterium‐oxygen 18 relationship for precipitation”. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 84(8), 5029-5033, 1979.
  • Gleeson T, Novakowski K, Cook PG, Kyser TK. “Constraining groundwater discharge in a large watershed: Integrated isotopic, hydraulic, and thermal data from the Canadian Shield”. Water Resources Research, 45(8), 1-16, 2009.
  • Forte M, Rusconi R, Cazzaniga MT, Sgorbati G. “The measurement of radioactivity in Italian drinking waters”. Microchemical Journal, 85, 998-102, 2007.
  • Vesterbacka P. “Natural radioactivity in drinking water in Finland, Boreal”. Environment Research, 12, 11-16, 2007.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makale
Yazarlar

Fatma AKSEVER>

0000-0002-9907-8451


Ayşen DAVRAZ>

0000-0003-2442-103X


Remzi KARAGÜZEL>

0000-0001-5470-7763

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Haziran 2018
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2018, Cilt 24, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { pajes437370, journal = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1300-7009}, eissn = {2147-5881}, address = {}, publisher = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {24}, number = {3}, pages = {545 - 553}, title = {Determination of stable isotope characteristics and natural radioactivity in drinking waters in Sandıklı basin (Afyonkarahisar-Turkey)}, key = {cite}, author = {Aksever, Fatma and Davraz, Ayşen and Karagüzel, Remzi} }
APA Aksever, F. , Davraz, A. & Karagüzel, R. (2018). Determination of stable isotope characteristics and natural radioactivity in drinking waters in Sandıklı basin (Afyonkarahisar-Turkey) . Pamukkale Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi , 24 (3) , 545-553 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pajes/issue/38095/437370
MLA Aksever, F. , Davraz, A. , Karagüzel, R. "Determination of stable isotope characteristics and natural radioactivity in drinking waters in Sandıklı basin (Afyonkarahisar-Turkey)" . Pamukkale Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 24 (2018 ): 545-553 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pajes/issue/38095/437370>
Chicago Aksever, F. , Davraz, A. , Karagüzel, R. "Determination of stable isotope characteristics and natural radioactivity in drinking waters in Sandıklı basin (Afyonkarahisar-Turkey)". Pamukkale Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 24 (2018 ): 545-553
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Sandıklı havzası (Afyonkarahisar-Türkiye) içme sularında doğal radyoaktivite ve duraylı izotop özelliklerinin belirlenmesi AU - FatmaAksever, AyşenDavraz, RemziKaragüzel Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Pamukkale Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 545 EP - 553 VL - 24 IS - 3 SN - 1300-7009-2147-5881 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Pamukkale Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi Determination of stable isotope characteristics and natural radioactivity in drinking waters in Sandıklı basin (Afyonkarahisar-Turkey) %A Fatma Aksever , Ayşen Davraz , Remzi Karagüzel %T Determination of stable isotope characteristics and natural radioactivity in drinking waters in Sandıklı basin (Afyonkarahisar-Turkey) %D 2018 %J Pamukkale Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1300-7009-2147-5881 %V 24 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Aksever, Fatma , Davraz, Ayşen , Karagüzel, Remzi . "Determination of stable isotope characteristics and natural radioactivity in drinking waters in Sandıklı basin (Afyonkarahisar-Turkey)". Pamukkale Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 24 / 3 (Haziran 2018): 545-553 .
AMA Aksever F. , Davraz A. , Karagüzel R. Determination of stable isotope characteristics and natural radioactivity in drinking waters in Sandıklı basin (Afyonkarahisar-Turkey). Pamukkale Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi. 2018; 24(3): 545-553.
Vancouver Aksever F. , Davraz A. , Karagüzel R. Determination of stable isotope characteristics and natural radioactivity in drinking waters in Sandıklı basin (Afyonkarahisar-Turkey). Pamukkale Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi. 2018; 24(3): 545-553.
IEEE F. Aksever , A. Davraz ve R. Karagüzel , "Determination of stable isotope characteristics and natural radioactivity in drinking waters in Sandıklı basin (Afyonkarahisar-Turkey)", Pamukkale Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 24, sayı. 3, ss. 545-553, Haz. 2018





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