Araştırma Makalesi
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Okul Müdürlerinin Liderlik Tarzlarının Öğretmenlerin Sosyal ve Duygusal Zekalarına Etkisi

Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 51, 123 - 151, 14.01.2021
https://doi.org/10.9779/pauefd.731133

Öz

Bu çalışmada okul müdürlerinin öğretmenler tarafından algılanan liderlik tarzlarının, öğretmenlerin duygusal zekâsına etkisi ve bu etkide öğretmenlerin sosyal zekâlarının aracılık rolü incelenmiştir. Araştırmanın modeli ilişkisel tarama modelidir. Değişkenler arasındaki ilişkileri test etmek için yapısal eşitlik modeli kullanılmıştır. Analiz verileri 2017-2018 eğitim öğretim yılında Antalya ili merkez ilçelerde görev yapan 478 öğretmenden elde edilmiştir. Yapısal eşitlik modeli testleri sonucunda yapısal liderlik tarzının öğretmenlerin duygusal zekâları üzerinde herhangi bir etki yaratmadığı bulunmuştur. İnsan kaynağı liderliği, politik liderlik ve sembolik liderlik ise öğretmenlerin duygusal zekalarını olumlu yönde etkilemektedir. İnsan kaynağı, politik ve sembolik liderlik tarzları öğretmenlerin duygusal zekalarını hem doğrudan hem de sosyal zekâ aracılığıyla dolaylı olarak etkilemektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Acar, F. (2002). Duygusal zekâ ve liderlik. Erciyes Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 12(1), 53–68.
  • Ashforth, B.E., & Humphrey, R.H. (1993). Emotional labor in service roles: The influence of identity. Academy of Management Review, 18(1), 88-115.
  • Atabek, E. (2000). Bizim duygusal zekâmız. İstanbul: Altın Kitaplar Yayınevi.
  • Barnes, M.L., & Sternberg, R.J. (1989). Social intelligence and decoding of nonverbal cues. Intelligence, 13, 263-287.
  • Bar-On, R. (1997). The emotional quotient inventory (EQ-i): Technical manual. Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems Inc.
  • Bayram, N. (2016). Yapısal eşitlik modellemesine giriş: Amos uygulamaları. Bursa: Ezgi Kitabevi.
  • Bennis, W., & Nanus, B. (1985). Leaders: Strategies for taking charge. New York: Harperand Row.
  • Bolman, L., & Deal, T. E. (1991a). Images of leadership. Nashville, TN: National Center for Educational Leadership.
  • Bolman, L, & Deal, T. E. (1991b). Leadership and management effectiveness: A multi-frame, multi-sector analysis. Human Resource Management, 30(4), 509-534.
  • Bolman, L., & Deal, T. E. (2015). Think—or sink leading in a vuca world. Leader to Leader, 2015(76), 35-40.
  • Boudreau, J.W., & Rice, S. (2015). Bright, shiny objects and the future of HR. Harvard Business Review, July–August 2015, 72-78.
  • Boyatzis, R. E., Good, D., & Massa, R. (2012). Emotional, social, and cognitive ıntelligence and personality as predictors of sales leadership performance. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 19(2), 191–201.
  • Büyüköztürk, S. (2006). Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabı: Istatistik, araştırma deseni, spss uygulamaları ve yorum. Ankara: Pegem Yayıncılık.
  • Byrne, B. M. (2010). Structural equation modeling with AMOS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming (2nd ed.). New York: Taylor and Francis Group.
  • Cherniss, C., Goleman, D., Emmerling, R., Cowan, K., & Adler, M. (1998). Bringing emotional intelligence to the workplace a technical report issued by the consortium for research on emotional intelligence in organizations. New Jersey: The Consortium for Research on Emotional Intelligence in Organizations.
  • Çokluk, Ö., Şekercioğlu, G., & Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2014). Sosyal bilimler için çok değişkenli istatistik spss ve lisrel uygulamaları. Ankara: Pegem Yayıncılık.
  • Damasio, A. R. (1994). Descartes’ error. New York: Putnam.
  • Dereli, M. (2003). A survey research of leadership styles of elementary school principals. Unpublished master dissertation, Middle East Technical University, Ankara.
  • Dogan, T., & Cetin, B. (2009). Tromso sosyal zekâ ölçeği Türkçe formunun faktör yapısı, geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Bilimleri, 9 (2), 691-720.
  • Dörnyei, Z. (2007). Research methods in applied linguistics: Quantitative, qualitative and mixed methodologies. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Ferris, G.R., Treadway, D.C., Kolodinsky, R.W., Hochwarter, W.A., Kacmar, C.J., Douglas, C., & Frink, D.D. (2005). Development and validation of the political skill inventory. Journal of Management,31, 126-152.
  • Ferris, G.R., Treadway, D.C., Perrewé, P.L., Brouer, R.L., Douglas, C., & Lux, S. (2007). Political skill in organizations. Journal of Management, 33(3), 290-320.
  • Garver, M.S., & Mentzer, J.T. (1999). Logistics research methods: Employing structural equation modeling to test for construct validity. Journal of Business Logistics, 20(1), 33-57.
  • George, D. & Mallery, M. (2010). SPSS for windows step by step: A simple guide and reference, 17.0 update. Boston: Pearson
  • Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers the story of success. London: Little, Brown and Company.
  • Goleman, D. (1997). Emotional intelligence why it can matter more than? New York: Bantam Books.
  • Goleman, D., Boyatzis, R., & McKee, A. (2002). The emotional reality of teams. Journal of Organizational Exeellence, 2002(spring), 55-65.
  • Guilford, J.P. (1967). The nature of intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hil.
  • Iacobucci, D. (2010). Structural equations modeling: Fit indices, sample size, and advanced topics. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 20(1), 90-98.
  • İşliel, K. (2013). Duygusal zekâ ve liderlik. Unpublished master dissertation, University of Dokuz Eylül, İzmir.
  • Jackson, DL., Gillaspy, J.A., & Stephenson, R., P. (2009). Reporting practices in confirmatory factor analysis: An overview and some recommendations. Psychological Methods, 14 (1), 6–23.
  • Joo, M.T.H. (2014). The influence of multi-frame leadership style on organizatıonal climate in a private university in malaysia: a case study (Unpibleshed doctoral thesis). Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya.
  • Karagöz, Y. (2016). Spss ve amos23 uygulamalı istatistiksel analizler. Ankara: Nobel Yayınları.
  • Kihlstrom, J.F., & Cantor, N. (2011). Handbook of intelligence. In R.J. Sternberg & Kaufman S.B. (Ed.), Social intelligence. (564-581). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Kline, R.B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Kosmitzki, C., & John, O.P. (1993). The implicit use of explicit conceptions of social intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 15(1), 11-23.
  • Kotter, J. P. (1990). A force for change: How leadership differs from management. New York, Free Press.
  • Lewis, K. M. (2000). When leaders display emotion: How followers respond to negative emotional expression of male and female leaders. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 21, 221-234.
  • Lopes, P. N., Salovey, P., & Straus, R. (2003). Emotional intelligence, personality, and the perceived quality of social relationships. Personality and Individual Differences, 35 (2003) 641–658.
  • Mayer, J.D., Caruso, D.R., & Salovey, P. (2000). Emotional intelligence meets traditional standards for an intelligence. Intelligence, 27(4), 267-298. Mayer, J.D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D.R. (2004). Emotional intelligence:Theory, findings, and implications. Psychological Inquiry, 15(3), 197-215. Mayer, J.D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D.R. (2008). Emotional intelligence new ability or eclectic traits? American Psychologist, 63(6), 503–517.
  • McDonald, R. P., & Ho, M.H.R. (2002). Principles and practice in reporting structural equation analyses. Psychological Methods, 7(1), 64-82.
  • Mintzberg, H. (1984). Power and organization life cycles. The Academy of Management Review, 9(2), 207-224.
  • Moore, B. (2007). The emotional intelligence coaching of school administrators: A comparative case study. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Ashland University, Ohio. Moss, F.A., & Hunt, T. (1927). Are you socially intelligent? Scientific American, 137(2), 108-110.
  • Mulaik, S.A., James, L.R., Alstine, J.A, Bennet, N., Lind, S., & Stilwell, C.D. (1989). Evaluation of goodness-of-fit indices for structural equation models. Psychological Bulletin, 105(3), 430-445.
  • Palmer, В. (2003). An analysis of the relationships between various models and measures of emotional intelligence. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Swinburne University, Victoria. Oxford Dictionaries (2016). https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/word-of-the-year/word-of-the-year-2016, Accessed 29 June 2019.
  • Pekaar, K. A., Bakker, A.B., Linden, D., & Born, M. (2017). Self- and other-focused emotional intelligence: development and validation of the rotterdam emotional intelligence scale (REIS). Personality and Individual Differences, 120 (2018), 222-233.
  • Robbins, S.P., & Judge, T.A. (2014). Organizational behavior. New Jersey: Pearson Education Sasnett, B. & Ross, T. (2007). Leadership frames and perceptions of effectiveness among health information management program directors. Perspectives in Health Information Management, 4(8), 1-15.
  • Seçer, I. (2017). Spss ve lisrel ile pratik veri analizi analiz ve raporlaştırma. Ankara: Anı Yayıncılık.
  • Silvera, D.H., Martinussen, M., & Dahl, T.I. (2001). The Tromso Social Intelligence Scale a self report measurment of social intelligence. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 42, 313-319.
  • Swart, A. (1996). The relationship between well-being and academic performance. Unpublished master dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria.
  • Tabachnick, B., & Fidell, L. (2001). Using multivariate statistics. Boston: Pearson.
  • Tanrıöğen, A., & Türker, Y. (2019). Rotterdam Duygusal Zekâ Ölçeği’nin Türkçeye uyarlanması. Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 47, 348-369.
  • Thorndike, E.L. (1920). Intelligence and its uses. Harper’s Magazine, 140, 227-235.
  • Vernon, P.E. (1933). Some characteristics of the good judge of personality. Journal of Social Psychology, 4(1), 42-57. Wedeck, J. (1947). The relationship between personality and psychological ability. British Journal of Psychology, 37, 133-151.
  • World Economic Forum (2018). The future of jobs report 2018. Davos: WEF.

Effect of School Principals’ Leadership Style on Teachers' Social and Emotional Intelligence

Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 51, 123 - 151, 14.01.2021
https://doi.org/10.9779/pauefd.731133

Öz

In this study, the effects of school principals' leadership styles as perceived by teachers on teachers' emotional intelligence and the mediating role of teachers' social intelligence in this effect were investigated. The research model is the relational survey model. In order to test the relationships among variables, structural equation modeling was employed. The analysis data were obtained from 478 teachers working in central districts of Antalya province during the 2017-2018 academic year. As a result of structural equality model tests, it was found that the structural leadership style did not affect teachers' emotional intelligence. Human resource, political, and symbolic leadership positively affect teachers' emotional intelligence. Human resource, political, and symbolic leadership styles, affect teachers' emotional intelligence, both directly and indirectly, through social intelligence.

Kaynakça

  • Acar, F. (2002). Duygusal zekâ ve liderlik. Erciyes Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 12(1), 53–68.
  • Ashforth, B.E., & Humphrey, R.H. (1993). Emotional labor in service roles: The influence of identity. Academy of Management Review, 18(1), 88-115.
  • Atabek, E. (2000). Bizim duygusal zekâmız. İstanbul: Altın Kitaplar Yayınevi.
  • Barnes, M.L., & Sternberg, R.J. (1989). Social intelligence and decoding of nonverbal cues. Intelligence, 13, 263-287.
  • Bar-On, R. (1997). The emotional quotient inventory (EQ-i): Technical manual. Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems Inc.
  • Bayram, N. (2016). Yapısal eşitlik modellemesine giriş: Amos uygulamaları. Bursa: Ezgi Kitabevi.
  • Bennis, W., & Nanus, B. (1985). Leaders: Strategies for taking charge. New York: Harperand Row.
  • Bolman, L., & Deal, T. E. (1991a). Images of leadership. Nashville, TN: National Center for Educational Leadership.
  • Bolman, L, & Deal, T. E. (1991b). Leadership and management effectiveness: A multi-frame, multi-sector analysis. Human Resource Management, 30(4), 509-534.
  • Bolman, L., & Deal, T. E. (2015). Think—or sink leading in a vuca world. Leader to Leader, 2015(76), 35-40.
  • Boudreau, J.W., & Rice, S. (2015). Bright, shiny objects and the future of HR. Harvard Business Review, July–August 2015, 72-78.
  • Boyatzis, R. E., Good, D., & Massa, R. (2012). Emotional, social, and cognitive ıntelligence and personality as predictors of sales leadership performance. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 19(2), 191–201.
  • Büyüköztürk, S. (2006). Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabı: Istatistik, araştırma deseni, spss uygulamaları ve yorum. Ankara: Pegem Yayıncılık.
  • Byrne, B. M. (2010). Structural equation modeling with AMOS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming (2nd ed.). New York: Taylor and Francis Group.
  • Cherniss, C., Goleman, D., Emmerling, R., Cowan, K., & Adler, M. (1998). Bringing emotional intelligence to the workplace a technical report issued by the consortium for research on emotional intelligence in organizations. New Jersey: The Consortium for Research on Emotional Intelligence in Organizations.
  • Çokluk, Ö., Şekercioğlu, G., & Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2014). Sosyal bilimler için çok değişkenli istatistik spss ve lisrel uygulamaları. Ankara: Pegem Yayıncılık.
  • Damasio, A. R. (1994). Descartes’ error. New York: Putnam.
  • Dereli, M. (2003). A survey research of leadership styles of elementary school principals. Unpublished master dissertation, Middle East Technical University, Ankara.
  • Dogan, T., & Cetin, B. (2009). Tromso sosyal zekâ ölçeği Türkçe formunun faktör yapısı, geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Bilimleri, 9 (2), 691-720.
  • Dörnyei, Z. (2007). Research methods in applied linguistics: Quantitative, qualitative and mixed methodologies. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Ferris, G.R., Treadway, D.C., Kolodinsky, R.W., Hochwarter, W.A., Kacmar, C.J., Douglas, C., & Frink, D.D. (2005). Development and validation of the political skill inventory. Journal of Management,31, 126-152.
  • Ferris, G.R., Treadway, D.C., Perrewé, P.L., Brouer, R.L., Douglas, C., & Lux, S. (2007). Political skill in organizations. Journal of Management, 33(3), 290-320.
  • Garver, M.S., & Mentzer, J.T. (1999). Logistics research methods: Employing structural equation modeling to test for construct validity. Journal of Business Logistics, 20(1), 33-57.
  • George, D. & Mallery, M. (2010). SPSS for windows step by step: A simple guide and reference, 17.0 update. Boston: Pearson
  • Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers the story of success. London: Little, Brown and Company.
  • Goleman, D. (1997). Emotional intelligence why it can matter more than? New York: Bantam Books.
  • Goleman, D., Boyatzis, R., & McKee, A. (2002). The emotional reality of teams. Journal of Organizational Exeellence, 2002(spring), 55-65.
  • Guilford, J.P. (1967). The nature of intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hil.
  • Iacobucci, D. (2010). Structural equations modeling: Fit indices, sample size, and advanced topics. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 20(1), 90-98.
  • İşliel, K. (2013). Duygusal zekâ ve liderlik. Unpublished master dissertation, University of Dokuz Eylül, İzmir.
  • Jackson, DL., Gillaspy, J.A., & Stephenson, R., P. (2009). Reporting practices in confirmatory factor analysis: An overview and some recommendations. Psychological Methods, 14 (1), 6–23.
  • Joo, M.T.H. (2014). The influence of multi-frame leadership style on organizatıonal climate in a private university in malaysia: a case study (Unpibleshed doctoral thesis). Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya.
  • Karagöz, Y. (2016). Spss ve amos23 uygulamalı istatistiksel analizler. Ankara: Nobel Yayınları.
  • Kihlstrom, J.F., & Cantor, N. (2011). Handbook of intelligence. In R.J. Sternberg & Kaufman S.B. (Ed.), Social intelligence. (564-581). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Kline, R.B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Kosmitzki, C., & John, O.P. (1993). The implicit use of explicit conceptions of social intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 15(1), 11-23.
  • Kotter, J. P. (1990). A force for change: How leadership differs from management. New York, Free Press.
  • Lewis, K. M. (2000). When leaders display emotion: How followers respond to negative emotional expression of male and female leaders. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 21, 221-234.
  • Lopes, P. N., Salovey, P., & Straus, R. (2003). Emotional intelligence, personality, and the perceived quality of social relationships. Personality and Individual Differences, 35 (2003) 641–658.
  • Mayer, J.D., Caruso, D.R., & Salovey, P. (2000). Emotional intelligence meets traditional standards for an intelligence. Intelligence, 27(4), 267-298. Mayer, J.D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D.R. (2004). Emotional intelligence:Theory, findings, and implications. Psychological Inquiry, 15(3), 197-215. Mayer, J.D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D.R. (2008). Emotional intelligence new ability or eclectic traits? American Psychologist, 63(6), 503–517.
  • McDonald, R. P., & Ho, M.H.R. (2002). Principles and practice in reporting structural equation analyses. Psychological Methods, 7(1), 64-82.
  • Mintzberg, H. (1984). Power and organization life cycles. The Academy of Management Review, 9(2), 207-224.
  • Moore, B. (2007). The emotional intelligence coaching of school administrators: A comparative case study. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Ashland University, Ohio. Moss, F.A., & Hunt, T. (1927). Are you socially intelligent? Scientific American, 137(2), 108-110.
  • Mulaik, S.A., James, L.R., Alstine, J.A, Bennet, N., Lind, S., & Stilwell, C.D. (1989). Evaluation of goodness-of-fit indices for structural equation models. Psychological Bulletin, 105(3), 430-445.
  • Palmer, В. (2003). An analysis of the relationships between various models and measures of emotional intelligence. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Swinburne University, Victoria. Oxford Dictionaries (2016). https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/word-of-the-year/word-of-the-year-2016, Accessed 29 June 2019.
  • Pekaar, K. A., Bakker, A.B., Linden, D., & Born, M. (2017). Self- and other-focused emotional intelligence: development and validation of the rotterdam emotional intelligence scale (REIS). Personality and Individual Differences, 120 (2018), 222-233.
  • Robbins, S.P., & Judge, T.A. (2014). Organizational behavior. New Jersey: Pearson Education Sasnett, B. & Ross, T. (2007). Leadership frames and perceptions of effectiveness among health information management program directors. Perspectives in Health Information Management, 4(8), 1-15.
  • Seçer, I. (2017). Spss ve lisrel ile pratik veri analizi analiz ve raporlaştırma. Ankara: Anı Yayıncılık.
  • Silvera, D.H., Martinussen, M., & Dahl, T.I. (2001). The Tromso Social Intelligence Scale a self report measurment of social intelligence. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 42, 313-319.
  • Swart, A. (1996). The relationship between well-being and academic performance. Unpublished master dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria.
  • Tabachnick, B., & Fidell, L. (2001). Using multivariate statistics. Boston: Pearson.
  • Tanrıöğen, A., & Türker, Y. (2019). Rotterdam Duygusal Zekâ Ölçeği’nin Türkçeye uyarlanması. Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 47, 348-369.
  • Thorndike, E.L. (1920). Intelligence and its uses. Harper’s Magazine, 140, 227-235.
  • Vernon, P.E. (1933). Some characteristics of the good judge of personality. Journal of Social Psychology, 4(1), 42-57. Wedeck, J. (1947). The relationship between personality and psychological ability. British Journal of Psychology, 37, 133-151.
  • World Economic Forum (2018). The future of jobs report 2018. Davos: WEF.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yusuf TÜRKER (Sorumlu Yazar)
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı
0000-0003-4276-6648
Türkiye


Abdurrahman TANRIÖĞEN
PAMUKKALE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-5491-3273
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 14 Ocak 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 2 Mayıs 2020
Kabul Tarihi 5 Ağustos 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 51

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { pauefd731133, journal = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1301-0085}, eissn = {1309-0275}, address = {}, publisher = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, number = {51}, pages = {123 - 151}, doi = {10.9779/pauefd.731133}, title = {Effect of School Principals’ Leadership Style on Teachers' Social and Emotional Intelligence}, key = {cite}, author = {Türker, Yusuf and Tanrıöğen, Abdurrahman} }
APA Türker, Y. & Tanrıöğen, A. (2021). Effect of School Principals’ Leadership Style on Teachers' Social and Emotional Intelligence . Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi , (51) , 123-151 . DOI: 10.9779/pauefd.731133
MLA Türker, Y. , Tanrıöğen, A. "Effect of School Principals’ Leadership Style on Teachers' Social and Emotional Intelligence" . Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi (2021 ): 123-151 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pauefd/issue/59755/731133>
Chicago Türker, Y. , Tanrıöğen, A. "Effect of School Principals’ Leadership Style on Teachers' Social and Emotional Intelligence". Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi (2021 ): 123-151
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of School Principals’ Leadership Style on Teachers' Social and Emotional Intelligence AU - Yusuf Türker , Abdurrahman Tanrıöğen Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.9779/pauefd.731133 DO - 10.9779/pauefd.731133 T2 - Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 123 EP - 151 VL - IS - 51 SN - 1301-0085-1309-0275 M3 - doi: 10.9779/pauefd.731133 UR - https://doi.org/10.9779/pauefd.731133 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi Effect of School Principals’ Leadership Style on Teachers' Social and Emotional Intelligence %A Yusuf Türker , Abdurrahman Tanrıöğen %T Effect of School Principals’ Leadership Style on Teachers' Social and Emotional Intelligence %D 2021 %J Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1301-0085-1309-0275 %V %N 51 %R doi: 10.9779/pauefd.731133 %U 10.9779/pauefd.731133
ISNAD Türker, Yusuf , Tanrıöğen, Abdurrahman . "Effect of School Principals’ Leadership Style on Teachers' Social and Emotional Intelligence". Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi / 51 (Ocak 2021): 123-151 . https://doi.org/10.9779/pauefd.731133
AMA Türker Y. , Tanrıöğen A. Effect of School Principals’ Leadership Style on Teachers' Social and Emotional Intelligence. PUJE. 2021; (51): 123-151.
Vancouver Türker Y. , Tanrıöğen A. Effect of School Principals’ Leadership Style on Teachers' Social and Emotional Intelligence. Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 2021; (51): 123-151.
IEEE Y. Türker ve A. Tanrıöğen , "Effect of School Principals’ Leadership Style on Teachers' Social and Emotional Intelligence", Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, sayı. 51, ss. 123-151, Oca. 2021, doi:10.9779/pauefd.731133

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