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The Assessment of the Validity and Reliability of the Three-Dimensional Contribution Scale in Adults and the Analysis of the Scale with Different Variables

Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 3, 1 - 12, 25.07.2021

Öz

This study has two aims: to examine the psychometric properties of the Three-Dimensional Contribution Scale in adults and to reveal how the contribution supports authenticity. To attain the first aim, a total of 198 individuals (105 females, 93 males) were included in the study. The result of the confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the scale maintained its three-factor structure. The internal consistency coefficient of the scale was determined to be.88. Regarding the criterion-related validity, a significant positive relationship was determined between the Three-Dimensional Contribution Scale and the Brief Resilience Scale. As a result, it can be said that the present scale is a valid and reliable measurement tool that can be used to determine contribution levels in adults. To accomplish the second aim of the study, a total of 383 individuals (184 females, 197 males, and two individuals with no sex specification) were enrolled in the study. The examination of the findings of the simple linear regression analysis of authenticity and the subscales of authenticity indicated that contribution supported the authentic living subscale of the authenticity positively. However, it was also found that contribution supported the self-alienation subscale of the authenticity negatively and that there was no significant relationship between the acceptance of external influences subscale and the total score of authenticity. In conclusion, it can be said that as the level of contribution increases, the authenticity of individuals will increase, as well.

Kaynakça

  • Aldemir, A., & Balcı-Çelik, S. (2020). Üç boyutlu katkı ölçeğinin türkçe ’ye uyarlanması: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması, Kastamonu Education Journal, 28(1), 539–548. doi:10.24106/kefdergi.3763
  • Alpar, R. C. (2013). Uygulamalı çok değişkenli istatistiksel yöntemler. Detay Yayıncılık.
  • Aydoğan, D., Özbay, Y., & Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2017). Özgünlük Ölçeği'nin uyarlanması ve özgünlük ile mutluluk arasındaki ilişkide maneviyatın aracı rolü. The Journal of Happiness &Well-Being, 5(1), 38–59.
  • Barrett-Lennard, G. T. (1998). Carl Rogers’ helping system: Journey and substance. Sage.
  • Bentler, P. M. (1990). Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 107, 238–246. doi:10.1037/ 0033-2909.107.2.238.
  • Bentler, P. M., & Bonett, D. G. (1980). Significance tests and goodness-of-fit in the analysis of covariance structures. Psychologica lBulletin, 88, 588–606. doi:10.1037/0033- 2909.88.3.588
  • Bollen, K. A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables. Wiley.
  • Byrne, S., & O'Brien, E. (2014). Interpersonal views of narcissism and authentic high self-esteem: ıt is not all about you. Psychological Reports, 115(1), 243–260.
  • Cohen J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (second ed.). Lawrence ErlbaumAssociates.
  • Crocetti, E., Erentaitė, R., & Žukauskienė, R. (2014). Identity styles, positive youth development, a civic engagement in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43, 1818–1828. https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s10964-014-0100-4
  • Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), s. 227–268.
  • DeVellis, R. F. (2012). Scale development: Theory and applications (3rd ed.). Sage Publications.
  • Diener, E. (1994). Assessing subjective well-being: Progress and opportunities. Social Indicators Research, 31(2), 103–157. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01207052 Doğan, T. (2015). Kısa psikolojik sağlamlık ölçeği’nin Türkçe uyarlaması: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. The Journal of Happiness & Well-Being, 3(1), 93–102.
  • Duman, S. (2014). Öğretmen adaylarında özgünlük ve özduyarlılığın mutluluk ile ilişkisinin incelenmesi [Yüksek lisans tezi]. Karadeniz Teknik University.
  • Elder, G., Jr., & Shanahan, M. J. (2006). The life course and human development. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) ve R. M. Lerner (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 1. Theoretical models of human development (6th ed.; pp. 665–715). Wiley.
  • Ellis, P. D. (2010). The essential guide to effectsizes: Statistical power, meta-analysis, and the interpretation of research results. Cambridge University Press.
  • Fleeson, W., & Wilt, J. (2010). The relevance of big five trait content in behavior to subjective authenticity: do high levels of with in person behavioral variability undermine or enable authenticity achievement? Journal of Personality, 78(4), 1353–1382
  • Fromm, E. (2017). Olma sanatı. Say yayınları.
  • Geçtan, E. (2004). İnsan olmak. (3. Basım). Metis Yayınları.
  • Gottlieb, G., Wahlsten, D., & Lickliter, R. (2006). The significance of biology for human development: A developmental psychobiological systems view. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) and R. M. Lerner (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 1. Theoretical models of human development (6th ed., pp. 210–257). Wiley.
  • Harter, S. (2002). Authenticity. Oxford University Press.
  • Harter, S. (2003). The development of self-representations during childhood and adolescence. M. R. Leary ve J. P. Tangney (Ed.), Handbook of self andidentity (pp. 610–642). The Guilford Press.
  • Işık, Ş. (2018). Psikolojiye giriş (1. Basım). Pegem Akademi.
  • İlhan, T., & Özdemir, Y. (2013). Otantiklik ölçeğinin Türkçe’ye uyarlanması: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 4(40), 142–153.
  • İmamoğlu, E. O., Günaydın, G., & Selçuk, E. (2011). Özgün benliğin yordayıcıları olarak kendileşme ve ilişkililik: Cinsiyetin ve kültürel yönelimlerin ötesinde. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 26(67), 27–48.
  • Jelicic, H., Bobek, D. L., Phelps, E., Lerner, R. M., & Lerner, J. V. (2007). Using positive youth development to predict contribution and risk behaviors in early adolescence: Findings from the first two waves of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31(3), 263–273. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0165025407076439.
  • Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1988). LISREL 7: A guide to the program and applications. SPSS Inc.

Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 3, 1 - 12, 25.07.2021

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Aldemir, A., & Balcı-Çelik, S. (2020). Üç boyutlu katkı ölçeğinin türkçe ’ye uyarlanması: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması, Kastamonu Education Journal, 28(1), 539–548. doi:10.24106/kefdergi.3763
  • Alpar, R. C. (2013). Uygulamalı çok değişkenli istatistiksel yöntemler. Detay Yayıncılık.
  • Aydoğan, D., Özbay, Y., & Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2017). Özgünlük Ölçeği'nin uyarlanması ve özgünlük ile mutluluk arasındaki ilişkide maneviyatın aracı rolü. The Journal of Happiness &Well-Being, 5(1), 38–59.
  • Barrett-Lennard, G. T. (1998). Carl Rogers’ helping system: Journey and substance. Sage.
  • Bentler, P. M. (1990). Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 107, 238–246. doi:10.1037/ 0033-2909.107.2.238.
  • Bentler, P. M., & Bonett, D. G. (1980). Significance tests and goodness-of-fit in the analysis of covariance structures. Psychologica lBulletin, 88, 588–606. doi:10.1037/0033- 2909.88.3.588
  • Bollen, K. A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables. Wiley.
  • Byrne, S., & O'Brien, E. (2014). Interpersonal views of narcissism and authentic high self-esteem: ıt is not all about you. Psychological Reports, 115(1), 243–260.
  • Cohen J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (second ed.). Lawrence ErlbaumAssociates.
  • Crocetti, E., Erentaitė, R., & Žukauskienė, R. (2014). Identity styles, positive youth development, a civic engagement in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43, 1818–1828. https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s10964-014-0100-4
  • Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), s. 227–268.
  • DeVellis, R. F. (2012). Scale development: Theory and applications (3rd ed.). Sage Publications.
  • Diener, E. (1994). Assessing subjective well-being: Progress and opportunities. Social Indicators Research, 31(2), 103–157. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01207052 Doğan, T. (2015). Kısa psikolojik sağlamlık ölçeği’nin Türkçe uyarlaması: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. The Journal of Happiness & Well-Being, 3(1), 93–102.
  • Duman, S. (2014). Öğretmen adaylarında özgünlük ve özduyarlılığın mutluluk ile ilişkisinin incelenmesi [Yüksek lisans tezi]. Karadeniz Teknik University.
  • Elder, G., Jr., & Shanahan, M. J. (2006). The life course and human development. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) ve R. M. Lerner (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 1. Theoretical models of human development (6th ed.; pp. 665–715). Wiley.
  • Ellis, P. D. (2010). The essential guide to effectsizes: Statistical power, meta-analysis, and the interpretation of research results. Cambridge University Press.
  • Fleeson, W., & Wilt, J. (2010). The relevance of big five trait content in behavior to subjective authenticity: do high levels of with in person behavioral variability undermine or enable authenticity achievement? Journal of Personality, 78(4), 1353–1382
  • Fromm, E. (2017). Olma sanatı. Say yayınları.
  • Geçtan, E. (2004). İnsan olmak. (3. Basım). Metis Yayınları.
  • Gottlieb, G., Wahlsten, D., & Lickliter, R. (2006). The significance of biology for human development: A developmental psychobiological systems view. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) and R. M. Lerner (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 1. Theoretical models of human development (6th ed., pp. 210–257). Wiley.
  • Harter, S. (2002). Authenticity. Oxford University Press.
  • Harter, S. (2003). The development of self-representations during childhood and adolescence. M. R. Leary ve J. P. Tangney (Ed.), Handbook of self andidentity (pp. 610–642). The Guilford Press.
  • Işık, Ş. (2018). Psikolojiye giriş (1. Basım). Pegem Akademi.
  • İlhan, T., & Özdemir, Y. (2013). Otantiklik ölçeğinin Türkçe’ye uyarlanması: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 4(40), 142–153.
  • İmamoğlu, E. O., Günaydın, G., & Selçuk, E. (2011). Özgün benliğin yordayıcıları olarak kendileşme ve ilişkililik: Cinsiyetin ve kültürel yönelimlerin ötesinde. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 26(67), 27–48.
  • Jelicic, H., Bobek, D. L., Phelps, E., Lerner, R. M., & Lerner, J. V. (2007). Using positive youth development to predict contribution and risk behaviors in early adolescence: Findings from the first two waves of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31(3), 263–273. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0165025407076439.
  • Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1988). LISREL 7: A guide to the program and applications. SPSS Inc.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Eğitim, Eğitim Araştırmaları
Bölüm Research Article
Yazarlar

Abdullah ALDEMİR (Sorumlu Yazar)
ONDOKUZ MAYIS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF EDUCATION
0000-0001-5887-1050
Türkiye


Seher BALCI ÇELİK
ONDOKUZ MAYIS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF EDUCATION
0000-0001-9506-6528
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 25 Temmuz 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Aldemir, A. & Balcı Çelik, S. (2021). The Assessment of the Validity and Reliability of the Three-Dimensional Contribution Scale in Adults and the Analysis of the Scale with Different Variables . International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies , 8 (3) , 1-12 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pes/issue/64305/976255