Yıl 2016, Cilt 2 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 13 - 30 2016-12-01

More People Less Water: Assessing Vulnerability To Water Scarcity Among Rural Households In Katsina State, Nigeria

Amina Ibrahim Inkani [1] , Sani Abubakar Mashi [2]


In Sub-Saharan Africa, domestic water use accounts for only 9% of consumptive water demands (WRI, 1994), but limited water availability to satisfy this need is a major concern in rural areas of the semi-arid zones even though such areas support large human population. This study examined this paradox by assessing the socio-economic, political and biophysical factors in vulnerability to water scarcity among rural households in Katsina State. The data used in the study were mostly primary data on household characteristics, household water demand and water availability which were collected through field survey. Field data collection procedure involved multi-stage sampling procedure guided by the three differentiated rainfall Zones of Katsina State while secondary data was collected purposefully. A total of 400 households were sampled from each of the three rainfall zones of the state totaling 1200 households plus 12 focus group discussions and 12 key informants. The results of data analysis established that across the three rainfall zones of the rural areas of Katsina State. Water availability per capita in the state was 26 litres per day as compared to the UNDP, (2006) recommendation for Nigeria of 38 litres per day indicating general water scarcity condition. There was significant difference in per capita water availability and this difference was due to rainfall variability thus reflecting the general geography of water availability in Africa with a tendency to have water scarcity increase with the distance away from the equator especially to the north. The indicators of vulnerability to water scarcity in the study area included low levels in formal education, inappropriate training in managing water scarcity, high poverty levels, over reliance on nature for water supply, sharing of water sources with livestock and wild life, long distances to water sources and minimal government involvement in water supply.
Water, Scarcity, Vulnerability, Households, Katsina State, Nigeria
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Diğer ID JA75DN58FG
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Amina Ibrahim Inkani

Yazar: Sani Abubakar Mashi

Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 1 Aralık 2016
Kabul Tarihi : 29 Mart 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 1 Aralık 2016

Bibtex @ { pesausad274862, journal = {PESA Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi}, issn = {2528-9950}, eissn = {2149-8385}, address = {Sakarya Üniversitesi Esentepe Kampüsü Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi A Blok 420, Serdivan/SAKARYA}, publisher = {Politik Ekonomik ve Sosyal Araştırmalar Merkezi}, year = {2016}, volume = {2}, pages = {13 - 30}, doi = {}, title = {More People Less Water: Assessing Vulnerability To Water Scarcity Among Rural Households In Katsina State, Nigeria}, key = {cite}, author = {Inkani, Amina Ibrahim and Mashi, Sani Abubakar} }
APA Inkani, A , Mashi, S . (2016). More People Less Water: Assessing Vulnerability To Water Scarcity Among Rural Households In Katsina State, Nigeria. PESA Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi , 2 (3) , 13-30 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pesausad/issue/26077/274862
MLA Inkani, A , Mashi, S . "More People Less Water: Assessing Vulnerability To Water Scarcity Among Rural Households In Katsina State, Nigeria". PESA Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 2 (2016 ): 13-30 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pesausad/issue/26077/274862>
Chicago Inkani, A , Mashi, S . "More People Less Water: Assessing Vulnerability To Water Scarcity Among Rural Households In Katsina State, Nigeria". PESA Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 2 (2016 ): 13-30
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - More People Less Water: Assessing Vulnerability To Water Scarcity Among Rural Households In Katsina State, Nigeria AU - Amina Ibrahim Inkani , Sani Abubakar Mashi Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - DO - T2 - PESA Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 13 EP - 30 VL - 2 IS - 3 SN - 2528-9950-2149-8385 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 PESA Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi More People Less Water: Assessing Vulnerability To Water Scarcity Among Rural Households In Katsina State, Nigeria %A Amina Ibrahim Inkani , Sani Abubakar Mashi %T More People Less Water: Assessing Vulnerability To Water Scarcity Among Rural Households In Katsina State, Nigeria %D 2016 %J PESA Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi %P 2528-9950-2149-8385 %V 2 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Inkani, Amina Ibrahim , Mashi, Sani Abubakar . "More People Less Water: Assessing Vulnerability To Water Scarcity Among Rural Households In Katsina State, Nigeria". PESA Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 2 / 3 (Aralık 2016): 13-30 .
AMA Inkani A , Mashi S . More People Less Water: Assessing Vulnerability To Water Scarcity Among Rural Households In Katsina State, Nigeria. CC Licence. 2016; 2(3): 13-30.
Vancouver Inkani A , Mashi S . More People Less Water: Assessing Vulnerability To Water Scarcity Among Rural Households In Katsina State, Nigeria. PESA Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2016; 2(3): 30-13.