Yıl 2020, Cilt 12 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 131 - 142 2020-03-31

Nomophobia: Differential Diagnosis and Treatment
Nomofobi: Ayırıcı Tanı ve Tedavisi

Ece TATHAN BEKAROĞLU [1] , Tuğba YILMAZ [2]


Developing communication technologies have enabled mobile phones to develop and perform many functions. Common and frequently used mobile phones can cause some behaviors and emotions in humans. Nomophobia is one of these disorders and is called fear of people being away from mobile phones. Nomophobia was found to be related with some demographic variables (young age), personality characteristics (extraversion), emotions (fear of missing out), and needs (need for touch). From a clinical psychology viewpoint, depression, anxiety and stress were examined in the etiology of nomophobia. Diagnostic criteria for nomophobia were developed and nomophobia was proposed to be included in psychiatric disorders in DSM-5. In this study, nomophobia and a range of psychological disorders such as separation anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, impulse control disorders and addictions were compared in terms of differential diagnosis criteria. In addition to being risky in terms of physical health of the person, nomophobia negatively affects psychological health. Nomophobia increases stress and it is associated with depression and anxiety disorders. Moreover, it can cause insomnia and it adversely affects the academic success of the young adult group. Cognitive behavioral treatment interventions and existential psychotherapy approaches are known to be effective in the treatment of nomophobia.

Gelişen iletişim teknolojileri cep telefonlarının da gelişmesine ve birçok fonksiyonu yerine getirmesine olanak sağlamıştır. Yaygın ve sık olarak kullanılan cep telefonları, insanlarda bazı davranış ve duygu bozukluklarına yol açabilmektedir. Nomofobi de bu bozukluklardan biridir ve insanların cep telefonlarından uzak kalma korkusu olarak adlandırılmaktadır. Nomofobi çeşitli demografik değişkenler (genç yaş), kişilik özellikleri (dışa dönüklük), duygular (gelişmeleri kaçırma korkusu) ve ihtiyaçlar (dokunsal ihtiyaç) ile ilişkili bulunmuştur. Klinik psikoloji açısından nomofobinin kökenlerinde depresyon, kaygı ve stresin etkisini araştırılmıştır. Nomofobinin tanı ölçütleri geliştirilmiş ve bir psikiyatrik tanı olarak DSM-5’e kabul edilmesi için öneriler geliştirilmiştir. Bu çalışmada nomofobi; ayrılık kaygısı, obsesif kompülsif bozukluk, panik bozukluk, dürtü kontrol bozukluğu ve bağımlılık gibi ruhsal rahatsızlıklarla ayırıcı tanı ölçütleri açısından karşılaştırılmıştır. Nomofobinin trafikte ve günlük hayatta kişinin fiziksel sağlığı açısından riskli yönleri olmasının yanı sıra, psikolojik sağlığı da olumsuz olarak etkilediği bilinmektedir. Stresi artırdığı, depresyon ve kaygı bozuklukları ile ilişkili olduğu, insomniaya sebep olabildiği ifade edildiği gibi, genç yetişkin grubun akademik başarısını da olumsuz yönde etkilediği bilinmektedir. Nomofobinin tedavisinde bilişsel davranışçı tedavi müdahalelerinin ve varoluşçu psikoterapi yaklaşımının etkili olduğu belirtilebilir.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Psikiyatri, Psikoloji, Klinik
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-8039-9116
Yazar: Ece TATHAN BEKAROĞLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9187-7665
Yazar: Tuğba YILMAZ
Kurum: İZMİR BAKIRÇAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Kabul Tarihi : 9 Nisan 2019
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Mart 2020

Bibtex @derleme { pgy528897, journal = {Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar}, issn = {1309-0658}, eissn = {1309-0674}, address = {}, publisher = {Lut TAMAM}, year = {2020}, volume = {12}, pages = {131 - 142}, doi = {10.18863/pgy.528897}, title = {Nomofobi: Ayırıcı Tanı ve Tedavisi}, key = {cite}, author = {TATHAN BEKAROĞLU, Ece and YILMAZ, Tuğba} }
APA TATHAN BEKAROĞLU, E , YILMAZ, T . (2020). Nomofobi: Ayırıcı Tanı ve Tedavisi. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar , 12 (1) , 131-142 . DOI: 10.18863/pgy.528897
MLA TATHAN BEKAROĞLU, E , YILMAZ, T . "Nomofobi: Ayırıcı Tanı ve Tedavisi". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 (2020 ): 131-142 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pgy/issue/48348/528897>
Chicago TATHAN BEKAROĞLU, E , YILMAZ, T . "Nomofobi: Ayırıcı Tanı ve Tedavisi". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 (2020 ): 131-142
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Nomofobi: Ayırıcı Tanı ve Tedavisi AU - Ece TATHAN BEKAROĞLU , Tuğba YILMAZ Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.528897 DO - 10.18863/pgy.528897 T2 - Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 131 EP - 142 VL - 12 IS - 1 SN - 1309-0658-1309-0674 M3 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.528897 UR - https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.528897 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar Nomofobi: Ayırıcı Tanı ve Tedavisi %A Ece TATHAN BEKAROĞLU , Tuğba YILMAZ %T Nomofobi: Ayırıcı Tanı ve Tedavisi %D 2020 %J Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar %P 1309-0658-1309-0674 %V 12 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18863/pgy.528897 %U 10.18863/pgy.528897
ISNAD TATHAN BEKAROĞLU, Ece , YILMAZ, Tuğba . "Nomofobi: Ayırıcı Tanı ve Tedavisi". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 / 1 (Mart 2020): 131-142 . https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.528897
AMA TATHAN BEKAROĞLU E , YILMAZ T . Nomofobi: Ayırıcı Tanı ve Tedavisi. pgy. 2020; 12(1): 131-142.
Vancouver TATHAN BEKAROĞLU E , YILMAZ T . Nomofobi: Ayırıcı Tanı ve Tedavisi. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar. 2020; 12(1): 142-131.