Yıl 2020, Cilt 12 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 54 - 71 2020-03-31

Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Smoking Cessation: A Systematic Review
Sigarayı Bırakma Tedavisinde Bilişsel Davranışçı Terapinin Etkililiği: Sistematik Bir Gözden Geçirme

Zeynep Hilal ÇELİK [1] , Oya MORTAN SEVİ [2]


Smoking has become one of the most prevalent problems worldwide that causes significant illnesses even deaths. To specify, it has been found that people suffer from cancers, heart diseases and strokes due to the use of tobacco. As soon as the investigations about this field progressed, researchers discovered the physiological and psychological dependence behind smoking. By the reason of its hazardous consequences, a variety of treatment options are now available. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is accepted as an effective method in treatment of smoking cessation. In this article, it is aimed to review the studies which investigate the effect of CBT on smoking cessation. For this purpose, MEDLINE, PsychINFO and PsychARTICLE databases has been searched and studies that include CBT intervention are selected based on defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Specifically, the studies in which the participants are not diagnosed with any psychological or physiological disorder, older than 18 years, and does not use any kind of medication were included to the review. 20 studies fitting the including criteria are assessed in detail. As a result, CBT-based treatments can be accepted as a successful method for smoking cessation, especially when combined with medication and NRT.
Günümüzde sigara tüketimi neden olduğu ciddi hastalıklar hatta ölümler dolayısıyla dünya çapındaki önemli sorunlardan biridir. Örneklendirmek gerekirse tütün ve tütün kullanımının kanser, kalp ve damar bozuklukları ve felç gibi hastalıklara sebep olduğu bilimsel olarak kanıtlanmıştır. Bu konudaki çalışmaların artmasıyla araştırmacılar sigara tüketiminin altında yatan fizyolojik ve psikolojik bağımlılığı da keşfetmiştir. Sigara tüketiminin tehlikeli sonuçlar doğuruyor oluşu sebebiyle birçok tedavi seçeneği mevcuttur. Bilişsel Davranışçı Terapi (BDT), sigarayı bırakma tedavisinde etkinliği kanıtlanmış bir yöntemdir. Bu sistematik gözden geçirme çalışmasında BDT’nin sigara bırakma tedavisinde etkisini inceleyen araştırmaların gözden geçirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla MEDLINE, PsychArticle and PsychINFO veritabanları taranmış ve belirlenen dahil etme/dışarıda bırakma kriterlerine göre değerlendirme sırasında fiziksel veya psikiyatrik herhangi bir tanısı olmayan ve ilaç kullanmayan 18 yaşından büyük katılımcıların bulunduğu çalışmalar gözden geçirmeye dahil edilmiştir. Kiterleri karşılayan 20 çalışma detaylı olarak değerlendirilmiştir. Sonuç olarak BDT temelli müdahalelerin özellikle de ilaç ve nikotin replasman tedavisi ile birleştirildiğinde sigara bırakma tedavisinde başarılı bir seçenek olduğu görülmektedir.
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Psikiyatri
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-2962-8286
Yazar: Zeynep Hilal ÇELİK
Kurum: BAHÇEŞEHİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2962-8286
Yazar: Oya MORTAN SEVİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: BAHÇEŞEHİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Kabul Tarihi : 2 Mart 2019
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Mart 2020

Bibtex @derleme { pgy534638, journal = {Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar}, issn = {1309-0658}, eissn = {1309-0674}, address = {}, publisher = {Lut TAMAM}, year = {2020}, volume = {12}, pages = {54 - 71}, doi = {10.18863/pgy.534638}, title = {Sigarayı Bırakma Tedavisinde Bilişsel Davranışçı Terapinin Etkililiği: Sistematik Bir Gözden Geçirme}, key = {cite}, author = {ÇELİK, Zeynep Hilal and MORTAN SEVİ, Oya} }
APA ÇELİK, Z , MORTAN SEVİ, O . (2020). Sigarayı Bırakma Tedavisinde Bilişsel Davranışçı Terapinin Etkililiği: Sistematik Bir Gözden Geçirme. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar , 12 (1) , 54-71 . DOI: 10.18863/pgy.534638
MLA ÇELİK, Z , MORTAN SEVİ, O . "Sigarayı Bırakma Tedavisinde Bilişsel Davranışçı Terapinin Etkililiği: Sistematik Bir Gözden Geçirme". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 (2020 ): 54-71 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pgy/issue/48348/534638>
Chicago ÇELİK, Z , MORTAN SEVİ, O . "Sigarayı Bırakma Tedavisinde Bilişsel Davranışçı Terapinin Etkililiği: Sistematik Bir Gözden Geçirme". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 (2020 ): 54-71
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Sigarayı Bırakma Tedavisinde Bilişsel Davranışçı Terapinin Etkililiği: Sistematik Bir Gözden Geçirme AU - Zeynep Hilal ÇELİK , Oya MORTAN SEVİ Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.534638 DO - 10.18863/pgy.534638 T2 - Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 54 EP - 71 VL - 12 IS - 1 SN - 1309-0658-1309-0674 M3 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.534638 UR - https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.534638 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar Sigarayı Bırakma Tedavisinde Bilişsel Davranışçı Terapinin Etkililiği: Sistematik Bir Gözden Geçirme %A Zeynep Hilal ÇELİK , Oya MORTAN SEVİ %T Sigarayı Bırakma Tedavisinde Bilişsel Davranışçı Terapinin Etkililiği: Sistematik Bir Gözden Geçirme %D 2020 %J Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar %P 1309-0658-1309-0674 %V 12 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18863/pgy.534638 %U 10.18863/pgy.534638
ISNAD ÇELİK, Zeynep Hilal , MORTAN SEVİ, Oya . "Sigarayı Bırakma Tedavisinde Bilişsel Davranışçı Terapinin Etkililiği: Sistematik Bir Gözden Geçirme". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 / 1 (Mart 2020): 54-71 . https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.534638
AMA ÇELİK Z , MORTAN SEVİ O . Sigarayı Bırakma Tedavisinde Bilişsel Davranışçı Terapinin Etkililiği: Sistematik Bir Gözden Geçirme. pgy. 2020; 12(1): 54-71.
Vancouver ÇELİK Z , MORTAN SEVİ O . Sigarayı Bırakma Tedavisinde Bilişsel Davranışçı Terapinin Etkililiği: Sistematik Bir Gözden Geçirme. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar. 2020; 12(1): 71-54.