Yıl 2020, Cilt 12 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 182 - 194 2020-06-30

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in the Elderly
Yaşlılarda Dikkat Eksikliği ve Hiperaktivite Bozukluğu

Çağatay ÇAVUŞOĞLU [1] , Mehmet Emin DEMİRKOL [2] , Lut TAMAM [3]


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neuropsychiatric syndrome which is hereditarily inherited, affected by environmental factors, and most commonly seen in childhood. It is a disorder that can continue in adulthood and is seen even in the geriatric population. ADHD, which may manifest itself with different symptoms in the geriatric population and the diagnosis of which is often overlooked, may sometimes present itself with dementia or depressive symptoms. Its prevalence is thought to be 3-4% in the elderly population. However, the diagnostic criteria of the ADHD in the elderly population are not yet available and the diagnosis is made based on the criteria found in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders, 5th edition). Although some imaging and neurophysiological methods are utilized, there is no specific finding or image for ADHD. Defects in gray matter lesions in frontal and prefrontal areas can be demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Some researchers think that functional MRI will provide more promising results in the future. Although the pathophysiology of ADHD has not yet been fully elucidated, clinical features are observed in a wide spectrum ranging from sleep disorders to dementia in the geriatric population. Therefore, ADHD should be examined in detail in the elderly population and new diagnostic criteria should be developed for the disorder by new studies. Because it is thought that the frequency of ADHD in the current literature is much less than that in real life.

Dikkat eksikliği hiperaktivite bozukluğu (DEHB), kalıtsal olarak geçebilen, çevresel faktörlerden etkilenen, çocukluk çağının en yaygın görülen nöropsikiyatrik sendromu olup, yetişkin çağda da devam edebilen ve hatta geriatrik popülasyonda görülebilen bir bozukluktur. Geriatrik popülasyonda kendini farklı semptomlarla gösterebilen, tanısı genelde göz ardı edilen DEHB, kimi zaman kendini demans ya da depresyon belirtileri ile de gösterebilmektedir. Yaşlı popülasyonda prevalansın %3-4 oranında olduğu düşünülmektedir. Henüz yaşlılara özgül DEHB tanı ölçütleri mevcut olmamakla birlikte DSM-5’de bulunan ölçütlerdenyararlanılarak tanı konulmaktadır. Görüntüleme ve nörofizyolojik yöntemlerden yararlanılsa da DEHB’ye yönelik özgül bir bulgu ya da görüntü yoktur. Frontal ve prefrontal alanlarda, gri cevher lezyonlarında bozukluklar manyetik rezonans görüntüleme (MRI) ile gösterilebilmektedir. DEHB patofizyolojisi tam olarak aydınlatılamamış olsa da geriatrik popülasyonda uyku bozukluklarından demansa kadar uzanan geniş bir spektrumda klinik özellikler gözlenmektedir. Dolayısıyla yaşlı bireylerde DEHB ayrıntılı bir şekilde incelenmeli ve yeni çalışmalarla hastalığa özgül tanı ölçütleri geliştirilmelidir çünkü mevcut literatürde belirtilen DEHB sıklığının gerçek yaşamdakinden çok daha az olduğu düşünülmektedir.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Psikiyatri
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-4725-8095
Yazar: Çağatay ÇAVUŞOĞLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, GERIATRICS (MEDICINE)
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3965-7360
Yazar: Mehmet Emin DEMİRKOL (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: CUKUROVA UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH AND DISEASE
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9750-7531
Yazar: Lut TAMAM
Kurum: CUKUROVA UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH AND DISEASE
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Kabul Tarihi : 23 Nisan 2019
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Haziran 2020

Bibtex @derleme { pgy548052, journal = {Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar}, issn = {1309-0658}, eissn = {1309-0674}, address = {}, publisher = {Lut TAMAM}, year = {2020}, volume = {12}, pages = {182 - 194}, doi = {10.18863/pgy.548052}, title = {Yaşlılarda Dikkat Eksikliği ve Hiperaktivite Bozukluğu}, key = {cite}, author = {ÇAVUŞOĞLU, Çağatay and DEMİRKOL, Mehmet Emin and TAMAM, Lut} }
APA ÇAVUŞOĞLU, Ç , DEMİRKOL, M , TAMAM, L . (2020). Yaşlılarda Dikkat Eksikliği ve Hiperaktivite Bozukluğu. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar , 12 (2) , 182-194 . DOI: 10.18863/pgy.548052
MLA ÇAVUŞOĞLU, Ç , DEMİRKOL, M , TAMAM, L . "Yaşlılarda Dikkat Eksikliği ve Hiperaktivite Bozukluğu". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 (2020 ): 182-194 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pgy/issue/48351/548052>
Chicago ÇAVUŞOĞLU, Ç , DEMİRKOL, M , TAMAM, L . "Yaşlılarda Dikkat Eksikliği ve Hiperaktivite Bozukluğu". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 (2020 ): 182-194
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Yaşlılarda Dikkat Eksikliği ve Hiperaktivite Bozukluğu AU - Çağatay ÇAVUŞOĞLU , Mehmet Emin DEMİRKOL , Lut TAMAM Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.548052 DO - 10.18863/pgy.548052 T2 - Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 182 EP - 194 VL - 12 IS - 2 SN - 1309-0658-1309-0674 M3 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.548052 UR - https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.548052 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar Yaşlılarda Dikkat Eksikliği ve Hiperaktivite Bozukluğu %A Çağatay ÇAVUŞOĞLU , Mehmet Emin DEMİRKOL , Lut TAMAM %T Yaşlılarda Dikkat Eksikliği ve Hiperaktivite Bozukluğu %D 2020 %J Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar %P 1309-0658-1309-0674 %V 12 %N 2 %R doi: 10.18863/pgy.548052 %U 10.18863/pgy.548052
ISNAD ÇAVUŞOĞLU, Çağatay , DEMİRKOL, Mehmet Emin , TAMAM, Lut . "Yaşlılarda Dikkat Eksikliği ve Hiperaktivite Bozukluğu". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 / 2 (Haziran 2020): 182-194 . https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.548052
AMA ÇAVUŞOĞLU Ç , DEMİRKOL M , TAMAM L . Yaşlılarda Dikkat Eksikliği ve Hiperaktivite Bozukluğu. pgy. 2020; 12(2): 182-194.
Vancouver ÇAVUŞOĞLU Ç , DEMİRKOL M , TAMAM L . Yaşlılarda Dikkat Eksikliği ve Hiperaktivite Bozukluğu. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar. 2020; 12(2): 194-182.