Yıl 2020, Cilt 12 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 382 - 395 2020-09-30

Aging and Decision-Making Processes: The Role of Emotion Regulation
Yaşlanma ve Karar Verme Süreçleri: Duygu Düzenlemenin Rolü

Aylin ÖZDEŞ [1]


This review aims to investigate the effect of emotion regulation on decision-making processes in older age in light of previous literature. Emotion regulation is defined as maintaining the positive mood and/or controlling the negative mood. Emotion regulation influence decision-making processes especially under ambiguity. Individuals might try to make optimal decisions as using their emotions. However, this ability does not always lead to optimal decisions. Alternatively, they might regulate their emotions to increase decision satisfaction or overcome their loss. In fact, these effects are more powerful in emotionally charged decisions compared to consciously monitored and effortful decisions as defined in dual-processing model. Later in life, the effect of emotion regulation on pre- and post-decision processes increases due to the decline in cognitive skills and the improvement of emotion regulation skills. However, older adults with severe chronic and fatal diseases cannot use emotion regulation as effective as their healthy peers. This leads to a decrease in the likelihood of optimal decision-making in these patients who already experience reduced cognitive skills. The present study addresses the systematic effects of emotion regulation on pre- and post-decision processes across aging. One of the main aims of the study is to provide a theoretical background for future research. Furthermore, in the clinical field, the information gained from this review can be used to improve the quality of life in late years of life by developing intervention programs.

Bu çalışmada duygu düzenlemenin karar verme mekanizmaları üzerindeki etkilerinin ve bu etkilerin yaşlılık  döneminde uğradığı değişikliklerin, alan yazındaki çalışmalar ışığında incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Duygu düzenleme bireylerin olumsuz bir tecrübe karşısında duygularını kontrol ederek olumlu duygu durumunu muhafaza edebilme becerisi olarak tanımlanır. Duygu düzenleme becerisinin bireylerin kararları üzerinde yadsınamaz bir etkisi bulunur. Karar verme sürecinde duygu düzenleme becerisi kullanıldığında karar öncesinde algılanan risk ve kazanç-kayıp algısı değişir. Karar sonrasında ise hissedilen memnuniyet artarken, yas süreci daha çabuk atlatılır. Dolayısıyla karar verme süreci birden fazla aşamada duygu düzenlemeden etkilenir. Bu etki, mantıksal çıkarım yerine duygu ve dürtülere bağlı kararlarda daha güçlü bir biçimde görülür. Yaşamın ilerleyen yıllarında bireylerin duygu düzenleme becerileri gelişir ve bu değişim duygu düzenleme ile karar verme ilişkisini daha güçlü kılar. Yaşlılar olumlu duygulara odaklandığı için daha fazla risk alır. Ancak kararlarının sonucundan daha fazla tatmin olarak iyi oluş düzeylerini yüksek tutabilirler. Bu durum sağlıklı yaşlılarda daha belirginken sağlıksız yaşlılarda duygu düzenleme becerisinin kararlar üzerindeki etkisi daha zayıftır. Mevcut çalışmada yaşlılık sürecinde duygu düzenleme becerisinin karar öncesi ve sonrasındaki süreçler üzerindeki etkisi sistematik bir biçimde ele alınmıştır.  Bu çalışmada gelecek araştırmalar için teorik bir altyapı sunulması amaçlanmıştır. Ayrıca bu ilişkilerin bilinmesi klinik alanda müdahale programları oluşturularak yaşlıların yaşam kalitelerini arttırmada kullanılabilir. 

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Psikoloji, Deneysel
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-8741-8367
Yazar: Aylin ÖZDEŞ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: NAMIK KEMAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Kabul Tarihi : 11 Ocak 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Eylül 2020

Bibtex @derleme { pgy640158, journal = {Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar}, issn = {1309-0658}, eissn = {1309-0674}, address = {}, publisher = {Lut TAMAM}, year = {2020}, volume = {12}, pages = {382 - 395}, doi = {10.18863/pgy.640158}, title = {Yaşlanma ve Karar Verme Süreçleri: Duygu Düzenlemenin Rolü}, key = {cite}, author = {Özdeş, Aylin} }
APA Özdeş, A . (2020). Yaşlanma ve Karar Verme Süreçleri: Duygu Düzenlemenin Rolü . Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar , 12 (3) , 382-395 . DOI: 10.18863/pgy.640158
MLA Özdeş, A . "Yaşlanma ve Karar Verme Süreçleri: Duygu Düzenlemenin Rolü" . Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 (2020 ): 382-395 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pgy/issue/48353/640158>
Chicago Özdeş, A . "Yaşlanma ve Karar Verme Süreçleri: Duygu Düzenlemenin Rolü". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 (2020 ): 382-395
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Yaşlanma ve Karar Verme Süreçleri: Duygu Düzenlemenin Rolü AU - Aylin Özdeş Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.640158 DO - 10.18863/pgy.640158 T2 - Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 382 EP - 395 VL - 12 IS - 3 SN - 1309-0658-1309-0674 M3 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.640158 UR - https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.640158 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar Yaşlanma ve Karar Verme Süreçleri: Duygu Düzenlemenin Rolü %A Aylin Özdeş %T Yaşlanma ve Karar Verme Süreçleri: Duygu Düzenlemenin Rolü %D 2020 %J Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar %P 1309-0658-1309-0674 %V 12 %N 3 %R doi: 10.18863/pgy.640158 %U 10.18863/pgy.640158
ISNAD Özdeş, Aylin . "Yaşlanma ve Karar Verme Süreçleri: Duygu Düzenlemenin Rolü". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 / 3 (Eylül 2020): 382-395 . https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.640158
AMA Özdeş A . Yaşlanma ve Karar Verme Süreçleri: Duygu Düzenlemenin Rolü. pgy. 2020; 12(3): 382-395.
Vancouver Özdeş A . Yaşlanma ve Karar Verme Süreçleri: Duygu Düzenlemenin Rolü. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar. 2020; 12(3): 382-395.