Yıl 2020, Cilt 12 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 396 - 408 2020-09-30

Doğum Sonrası Depresyonda Otobiyografik Bellek
Autobiographical Memory in Postpartum Depression

Çağla AYDIN [1]


Doğum sonrası depresyon, annelerin ruh sağlığını ve dolayısı ile bebeğin yaşam, beslenme ve duygusal bağlanma gibi temel ihtiyaçlarını etkileyen bir ruhsal bozukluktur. Doğum başlangıçlı tetiklenmesi dışında, tanı ölçütleri bakımından, majör depresyona benzer olduğu kabul edilmektedir. Bilişsel psikoloji alanındaki güncel çalışmalar, bireylerin kendi yaşam olaylarına ilişkin bilginin yer aldığı sistem olan otobiyografik sistemindeki bazı karakteristik bozuklukları; örneğin, epizodik özgüllükte (anıların detay oranı) azalma ve aşırı genelleme gibi özellikleri depresif belirtiler ile eşleştirmiştir. Otobiyografik bellek özelliklerini iyileştirici çalışmalar ise, depresif belirtilerde de azalma ve bireysel iyi oluşta artış ile sonuçlanmıştır. Doğum sonrası depresyonun, anne, bebek ve toplum geneli için maddi ve manevi yükü göz önüne alındığında, majör depresyon ve otobiyografik bellek ilişkisinin bulgularını, bu alana uyarlayarak önleyici ve tedavi edici düşük-yüklü müdahale programlarının geliştirilmesi yararlıdır. Bu çalışma, ilgili literatürü değerlendirerek kuramsal alana katkıda bulunmanın yanı sıra, sahada çalışan sağlık personelinin doğum sonrası depresyon risk grubunda bulunan kişileri belirlemesine yardımcı olacak ve doğum sonrası depresyonun önlenmesi ve tedavisini kolaylaştıracak önerilerde bulunmayı amaçlamaktadır.

Post-partum depression is a serious disorder that has implications both for the mother’s mental health and for the newborn’s basic needs, such as nutrition, safety and emotional attachment. It is considered to have the same diagnostic criteria as the major depressive disorder except for the fact that postpartum depression is triggered by giving birth. Recent work in cognitive psychology has put forward that autobiographical memory which is defined as the ability to remember specific personal experiences may be related to some of the depressive symptomology. In particular, reductions in the levels of episodic specificity as well as an increase in the level of over-generality of memories were correlated with increased depression levels in both clinical and subclinical populations. In addition, intervention programs designed to increase episodic specificity -the episodic details in an autobiographical event account- of the memories resulted in psychological well-being and general decrease in the depression levels. Given the burden of postpartum depression for both the mother-newborn pair as well as the cost for the general public, findings from studies that investigate the association between major depression and autobiographical memory could be adapted to postpartum depression. Designing low-cost preventive and therapeutic intervention programs is beneficial. By reviewing the recent development in the respective fields, the present work aims to contribute both to the theory behind the mechanisms of postpartum depression as well as to the practical suggestions for the health service providers in order to determine the risk groups early on.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Psikoloji
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-3078-7065
Yazar: Çağla AYDIN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Sabancı University
Ülke: Turkey


Destekleyen Kurum Tübitak
Proje Numarası 155K308
Teşekkür Bu çalışma Tübitak tarafından 3501 Kariyer Geliştirme Programı kapsamında (Proje No: 155K308) desteklenmektedir.
Tarihler

Kabul Tarihi : 13 Ocak 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Eylül 2020

Bibtex @derleme { pgy641620, journal = {Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar}, issn = {1309-0658}, eissn = {1309-0674}, address = {}, publisher = {Lut TAMAM}, year = {2020}, volume = {12}, pages = {396 - 408}, doi = {10.18863/pgy.641620}, title = {Doğum Sonrası Depresyonda Otobiyografik Bellek}, key = {cite}, author = {Aydın, Çağla} }
APA Aydın, Ç . (2020). Doğum Sonrası Depresyonda Otobiyografik Bellek . Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar , 12 (3) , 396-408 . DOI: 10.18863/pgy.641620
MLA Aydın, Ç . "Doğum Sonrası Depresyonda Otobiyografik Bellek" . Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 (2020 ): 396-408 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pgy/issue/48353/641620>
Chicago Aydın, Ç . "Doğum Sonrası Depresyonda Otobiyografik Bellek". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 (2020 ): 396-408
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Doğum Sonrası Depresyonda Otobiyografik Bellek AU - Çağla Aydın Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.641620 DO - 10.18863/pgy.641620 T2 - Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 396 EP - 408 VL - 12 IS - 3 SN - 1309-0658-1309-0674 M3 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.641620 UR - https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.641620 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar Doğum Sonrası Depresyonda Otobiyografik Bellek %A Çağla Aydın %T Doğum Sonrası Depresyonda Otobiyografik Bellek %D 2020 %J Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar %P 1309-0658-1309-0674 %V 12 %N 3 %R doi: 10.18863/pgy.641620 %U 10.18863/pgy.641620
ISNAD Aydın, Çağla . "Doğum Sonrası Depresyonda Otobiyografik Bellek". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 / 3 (Eylül 2020): 396-408 . https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.641620
AMA Aydın Ç . Doğum Sonrası Depresyonda Otobiyografik Bellek. pgy. 2020; 12(3): 396-408.
Vancouver Aydın Ç . Doğum Sonrası Depresyonda Otobiyografik Bellek. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar. 2020; 12(3): 396-408.