Yıl 2020, Cilt 12 , Sayı 4, Sayfalar 476 - 493 2020-12-28

Sosyal Kaynak Belleği: Sosyal Etkileşimde Bulunduğumuz Kişileri Nasıl Hatırlıyoruz?
Social Source Memory: How Do We Remember the People We Have Social Interaction with?

Pınar BÜRHAN ÇAVUŞOĞLU [1]


Kaynak belleği, bir bilgiyi diğer bilgilerden farklılaştıran, o bilginin daha çok bağlamsal özelliklerinin saklandığı bir bellek tü-rüdür. Sosyal hayatın bir parçası olan sosyal etkileşimlerden elde ettiğimiz bilgilerin kaynak belleği üzerindeki etkisi son zaman-larda araştırmacıların ilgisini çekmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı sosyal kaynak belleğinin temel mekanizmalarını açıklamaya yönelik olan çalışmaları derlemektir. Bu derlemenin ilk bölümünde sosyal etkileşim ilgili öne sürülen varsayımlar özetlenmiştir. Sonraki iki bölümde sırasıyla davranış detayları verilen yüzlerin ve sosyal işbirliği oyunundan (tutsak ikileminden) elde edilen sosyal bilginin kaynak belleği performansını nasıl etkilediği incelenmiştir. Sosyal bilgiye ilişkin kaynağın izlenmesi sürecinde negatif bilgiye daha çok eğilim gösterildiği görünmektedir. Ancak bu basit bir açıklama olacaktır. Genel olarak, kaynak belleği kategorik bir hatırlama sürecini gösteriyor gibi görünmektedir. Kaynak belleğinin bütün detayları bilinen bir hatırlama sürecine işaret etmemesi bellek yanlılıklarına sebep olmaktadır. Bellek bilgisinin zayıf olduğu durumlarda bilginin kaynağını takip ede-bilmek zorlaşır. Bu gibi bir durumda bilginin kaynağını atfederken daha çok kişinin sahip olduğu şemalar, inançlar, beklentiler veya kalıp yargılar etkili olur. Bu sebeple kaynak belleği yanlılıklarını araştırmak yanlış bilgi atfını önlemek için önemlidir. Kaynak belleğinin temel işleyiş mekanizmasını anlamak özellikle görgü tanıklığı konusuna ışık tutacaktır.
Source memory is a type of memory that differentiates information from other information, where more contextual properties of that information are stored. Recently, researchers have shown increased attention in the effect of the information obtained from social interactions, which are a part of social life, on source memory. This paper aims to review recent researches into the underly-ing mechanisms of social source memory. In the first part of this review summarized the assumptions put forward about social interactions. In the next two chapters, the faces of which the behavior details are given and the social information obtained from the social cooperation game (or the prisoner’s dilemma) are viewed in terms of how they affect source memory performance. There seems to be a greater tendency towards negative information in the process of monitoring the source of social information. However, it would be a simple explanation. In general, source memory seems to be a categorical remembering process. The fact that the source memory does not point to a remembering process with all the details known causes memory biases. When memory is weak, it becomes difficult to trace the source of information. In such a case, the schemas, beliefs, expectations, or stereotypes are mostly effective in referring to the source of information. For this reason, it is essential to consider source memory biases in order to prevent false information. Understanding the underlying mechanism of source memory will shed light on eyewitnesses, mainly.
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Psikoloji, Psikoloji, Deneysel, Psikoloji, Ortak Disiplinler, Psikoloji, Sosyal
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-1171-5971
Yazar: Pınar BÜRHAN ÇAVUŞOĞLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: SÜLEYMAN DEMİREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Kabul Tarihi : 5 Mart 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 28 Aralık 2020

Bibtex @derleme { pgy676942, journal = {Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar}, issn = {1309-0658}, eissn = {1309-0674}, address = {}, publisher = {Lut TAMAM}, year = {2020}, volume = {12}, pages = {476 - 493}, doi = {10.18863/pgy.676942}, title = {Sosyal Kaynak Belleği: Sosyal Etkileşimde Bulunduğumuz Kişileri Nasıl Hatırlıyoruz?}, key = {cite}, author = {Bürhan Çavuşoğlu, Pınar} }
APA Bürhan Çavuşoğlu, P . (2020). Sosyal Kaynak Belleği: Sosyal Etkileşimde Bulunduğumuz Kişileri Nasıl Hatırlıyoruz? . Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar , 12 (4) , 476-493 . DOI: 10.18863/pgy.676942
MLA Bürhan Çavuşoğlu, P . "Sosyal Kaynak Belleği: Sosyal Etkileşimde Bulunduğumuz Kişileri Nasıl Hatırlıyoruz?" . Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 (2020 ): 476-493 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pgy/issue/48354/676942>
Chicago Bürhan Çavuşoğlu, P . "Sosyal Kaynak Belleği: Sosyal Etkileşimde Bulunduğumuz Kişileri Nasıl Hatırlıyoruz?". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 (2020 ): 476-493
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Sosyal Kaynak Belleği: Sosyal Etkileşimde Bulunduğumuz Kişileri Nasıl Hatırlıyoruz? AU - Pınar Bürhan Çavuşoğlu Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.676942 DO - 10.18863/pgy.676942 T2 - Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 476 EP - 493 VL - 12 IS - 4 SN - 1309-0658-1309-0674 M3 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.676942 UR - https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.676942 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar Sosyal Kaynak Belleği: Sosyal Etkileşimde Bulunduğumuz Kişileri Nasıl Hatırlıyoruz? %A Pınar Bürhan Çavuşoğlu %T Sosyal Kaynak Belleği: Sosyal Etkileşimde Bulunduğumuz Kişileri Nasıl Hatırlıyoruz? %D 2020 %J Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar %P 1309-0658-1309-0674 %V 12 %N 4 %R doi: 10.18863/pgy.676942 %U 10.18863/pgy.676942
ISNAD Bürhan Çavuşoğlu, Pınar . "Sosyal Kaynak Belleği: Sosyal Etkileşimde Bulunduğumuz Kişileri Nasıl Hatırlıyoruz?". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 / 4 (Aralık 2021): 476-493 . https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.676942
AMA Bürhan Çavuşoğlu P . Sosyal Kaynak Belleği: Sosyal Etkileşimde Bulunduğumuz Kişileri Nasıl Hatırlıyoruz?. pgy. 2020; 12(4): 476-493.
Vancouver Bürhan Çavuşoğlu P . Sosyal Kaynak Belleği: Sosyal Etkileşimde Bulunduğumuz Kişileri Nasıl Hatırlıyoruz?. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar. 2020; 12(4): 476-493.
IEEE P. Bürhan Çavuşoğlu , "Sosyal Kaynak Belleği: Sosyal Etkileşimde Bulunduğumuz Kişileri Nasıl Hatırlıyoruz?", Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar, c. 12, sayı. 4, ss. 476-493, Ara. 2021, doi:10.18863/pgy.676942