Yıl 2020, Cilt 12 , Sayı 4, Sayfalar 562 - 574 2020-12-28

Perfectionism in Major Depressive Disorder
Majör Depresif Bozuklukta Mükemmeliyetçilik

Gülen SAY [1]


Perfectionism is individuals setting hard-to-reach goals for themselves or others and striving to achieve them. People have difficulties in their lives because of their perfectionist thinking. One of the reasons for major depressive disorder is dysfunctional thinking style. In this context, it can be argued that dysfunctional perfectionist thinking is a risk factor for major depressive disorder. A wide range of research results shows that there is a relationship between perfectionism and major depressive disorder. Consequently, this review investigates the relation of perfectionism and sub-dimensions with major depressive disorder.

Mükemmeliyetçilik, bireylerin kendileri ya da başkaları için ulaşılması zor hedefler belirlemesi ve bu hedefleri gerçekleştirmek için aşırı çaba göstermesidir. Bireyler işlevsiz mükemmeliyetçi düşünceleri nedeniyle yaşamlarında sorunlar yaşayabilmektedir. Majör depresif bozukluğun neden olan faktörlerden biri işlevsel olmayan düşünme biçimidir. Bu bağlamda işlevsel olmayan mükemmeliyetçi düşüncenin majör depresif bozukluk için bir risk faktörü olabileceği söylenebilir. Çok sayıdaki araştırma sonuçları majör depresif bozukluk ile mükemmeliyetçilik arasındaki ilişkiyi göstermektedir. Sonuç olarak bu gözden geçirme çalışmasında mükemmeliyetçilik ve alt boyutlarının majör depresif bozuklukla ilişkisi kapsamlı olarak incelenmiştir.
  • Akram U, Ellis JG, Myachykov A, Chapman AJ, Barclay NL (2017) Anxiety mediates the relationship between multidimensional perfectionism and insomnia disorder. Personality and Individual Differences, 104:82–86.
  • APA (2013) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV). Washington DC, American Psychiatric Association.
  • Aslan D, Demir EY (2008) Yineleyici ve tek dönem majör depresif bozukluğu olan hastaların kişilik ve affektif mizaç özellikleri. Klinik Psikiyatri, 11:61-71.
  • Bardone-Cone AM, Lin SL, Butler RM (2017) Perfectionism and contingent self-worth in relation to disordered eating and anxiety. Behavior Therapy, 48:380–390.
  • Barrow JC, Moore CA (1983) Group interventions with perfectionistic thinking. Personnel and Guidance Journal, 61:612-615.
  • Black J, Reynolds WM (2013) Examining the relationship of perfectionism, depression, and optimism: Testing for mediation and moderation. Personality and Individual Differences, 54:426-431.
  • Beck AT (1979) Cognitive therapy and emotional disorders. 2nd ed. New York, New American Library.
  • Beck AT, Rush AJ, Shaw BF, Emery G (1979) Cognitive therapy of depression. 1st ed. New York, Guilford Press.
  • Bieling PJ, Israeli AL, Antony MM (2004) Is perfectionism good, bad, or both? Examining models of the perfectionism construct. Personality and Individual Differences, 36:1373–1385.
  • Blatt, SJ (1995) The destructiveness of perfectionism. Implications for the treatment of depression. American Psychologist, 50:1003–1020.
  • Burns DD (1980) The perfectionist’s script for self-defeat. Psychology Today, 34-52.
  • Chemisquy S (2018) Theoretical review on maladaptive perfectionism's cognitive profile. Apuntes Universitarios, 8:16-40.
  • Cook LC, Kearney CA (2009) Parent and youth perfectionism and internalizing psychopathology. Personality and Individual Differences, 46:325-330.
  • Corry J, Green M, Roberts G, Frankland A, Wright A, Lau P et all (2013) Anxiety, stress and perfectionism in bipolar disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, 151:1016–1024.
  • Crăciun B, Holdevici I (2013) Cognitive-behavioural intervention in diminishing perfectionistic self-presentation and depression. Social and Behavioral Science, 78:476-480.
  • DiBartolo PM, Li CY, Frost RO (2008) How do the dimensions of perfectionism relate to mental health? Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32:401-417.
  • Domocu IM, Damian LE (2018) The role of parents and teachers in changing adolescents' perfectionism: A short-term longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences, 131:244–248.
  • Enns MW, Cox BJ (1999) Perfectionism and depression symptom severity in majör depressive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37:783-794.
  • Enns MW, Cox BJ, Clara I (2002) Adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism: Developmental origins and association with depression proneness. Personality and Individual Differences, 33:921–935.
  • Enns MW, Cox BJ, Sareen F, Freeman P (2001) Adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism in medical students: a longitudinal investigation. Medical Education, 35:1034-1042.
  • Esfahani FS, Besharat MA (2010). Perfectionism and anger. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5:803–807.
  • Ferrari M, Yap K, Scott N, Einstein DA, Ciarrocghi J (2018) Self-compassion moderates the perfectionism and depression link in both adolescence and adulthood. Plos One, 13.
  • Flett GL, Madorsky D, Hewitt PL, Helsel M (2002) Perfectionism, cognitions, rumination, psychological distress. Journal of Rational-Emotive&Cognitive Behavior Therapy, 20:33-47.
  • Flett GL, Nepon T, Hewitt PL, Fitzgerald K (2016) Perfectionism, components of stress reactivity, and depressive symptoms. J Psychopathol Behav Assess, 38:645-654.
  • Frost RO, Heimberg RG, Holt CS, Mattia JI, Neubauser AL (1993) A comparison two measures of perfectionism. Personality and Individual Differences, 14:119-126.
  • Frost RO, Lahart C, Rosanblate R (1991) The development of perfectionism:A study of daughters and their parents. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 15:469-489.
  • Frost RO, MartenP, Lahart C, Rosanblate R (1990) The dimension of perfectionism. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14:449-468.
  • Frost RO, Steketee G (1997) Perfectionism in obsessive-compulsive disorder patients. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35:291-296.
  • Geranmayeporur S, Besharat MA (2010) Perfectionism and mental health. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5:643-647.
  • Gnilka PB, Broda MD (2019) Multidimensional perfectionism, depression, and anxiety: Tests of a social support mediation model. Personality and Individual Differences, 139:295-300.
  • Gnilka PB, Ashby JS, Noble CM (2013) Adaptive and Maladaptive Perfectionism as Mediators of Adult Attachment Styles and Depression, Hopelessness, and Life Satisfaction. Journal of Counseling&Development, 91:78-86.
  • Graham AR, Sherry SB, Stewart, SH, Sherry DL, McGrath D, Fossum K, et al. (2010) The existential model of perfectionism and depressive symptoms: A short-term, four-wave longitudinal study. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 57:423–438.
  • Hamachek DE (1978) Psychodynamics of normal and neurotic perfectionism. Psychology, 15:27-33.
  • Harris PW, Pepper CM, Maack DJ (2008) The relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and depressive symptoms: The mediating role of rumination. Personality and Individual Differences, 44:150–160.
  • Hewitt PL, Flett GL (1991a) Dimensions of perfectionism in unipolar depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100: 98-101.
  • Hewitt PL, Flett GL (1991b) Perfectionism in the self and social contexts: Conceptualization, assessment, and association with psychopathology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60:456-470.
  • Hewitt PL, Flett GL (1993) Dimensions of perfectionism, Daily stress, and depression: A test of the specific vulnerability hypothesis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102:58-65.
  • Hewitt PL, Flett GL, Blanstein KR, Gray L (1998) Psychological distress and the frequency of perfectionistic thinking. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 75:1363-1381.
  • Hewitt PL, Flett GL, Blanstein, KR, Koledin S (1991) Dimensions of perfectionism and irrational thinking. Journal of Rational-Emotive&Cognitive Behavior Therapy, 9:185-201.
  • Hewitt PL, Flett GL, Ediger E (1996) Perfectionism and depression: Longitudinal assessment of a specific vulnerability hypothesis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105:276-280.
  • Hollander MH (1965) Perfectionism. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 6:94-103.
  • Iqbal N, Dar KA (2015) Negative affectivity, depression, and anxiety: Does rumination mediate the links? Journal of Affective Disorders, 181:18–23.
  • Işık E (2003) Duygudurum Bozuklukları Depresyon ve Bipolar Bozukluklar, 1. basım. Ankara, Görsel Sanatlar Matbaacılık.
  • Jensen SN, Ivarsson, A, Fallby J, Dankers S, Elbe A (2018) Depression in Danish and Swedish elite football players and its relation to perfectionism and anxiety. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 36:147–155.
  • Levinson CA, Rodebaugh TL, Shumaker EA, Menatti, AR, Weeks JW, White EK (2015) Perception matters for clinical perfectionism and social anxiety. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 29:61–71.
  • Limburg K, Watson HJ, Hagger MS, Egan SJ (2017) The relationship between perfectionism and psychopathology: A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 73:1301-1326.
  • Lynd-Stevenson RM, Hearne CM (1999) Perfectionism and depressive a€ect: The pros and cons of being a perfectionist. Personality and Individual Differences, 26:549-562.
  • Macedo A, Marques C, Quaresma V, Soares MJ, Amaral AP, Araújo AI et al. (2017) Are perfectionism cognitions and cognitive emotion regulation strategies mediators between perfectionism and psychological distress? Personality and Individual Differences, 119:46–51.
  • Mackinnon SP, Ray MR, Firth SM, O’Connor RM (2019) Perfectionism, negative motives for drinking, and alcohol-related problems: A 21-day diary study. Journal of Research in Personality, 78:177–188.
  • Malinowski AS, Veselka L, Atkinson BE (2017) An investigation of vulnerability factors for depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 107:126–130.
  • Mandel T, Dunkley DM, Moroz M (2015) Self-critical perfectionism and depressive and anxious symptoms over 4 years: The mediating role of daily stress reactivity. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 62:703-717.
  • Mathew JM, Dunning C, Coats C, Whelan T (2014) The mediating influence of hope on multidimensional perfectionism and depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 70:66–71.
  • Mehr KE, Adams AC (2016) Self-compassion as a mediator of maladaptive perfectionism and depressive symptoms in college students. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 30:132-145.
  • Miloseva L, Vukosavljevic-Gvozden T (2014) Perfectionism dimensions in children: association with anxiety and depression. Social and Behavioral Sciences, 159:78-81.
  • Moretz MW, Mckay D (2009) The role of perfectionism in obsessive–compulsive symptoms: ‘‘Not just right’’experiences and checking compulsions. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23:640–644.
  • Moroz M, Dunkley DM (2015) Self-critical perfectionism and depressive symptoms: Low self-esteem and experiential avoidance as mediators. Personality and Individual Differences, 87:174-179.
  • Neff K (2003) Self-compassion: An alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self and Identity, 2:85–101.
  • Newby J, Pitura VA, Penney AM, Klein RG, Flett GL, Hewitt PL (2017) Neuroticism and perfectionism as predictors of social anxiety. Personality and Individual Differences, 106:263–267.
  • Nolen-Hoeksema S (1991) Responses to depression and their effects on the duration of depressive episodes. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100:569–582.
  • Olson ML, Kwon P (2008) Brooding perfectionism: refining the roles of rumination and perfectionism in the etiology of depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32:788–802.
  • Öztürk O. Uluşahin A. (2008) Ruh Sağlığı ve Bozuklukları I. Cilt, 11. basım. İstanbul, Nobel Tıp Kitapevleri Ltd. Şti.
  • Park H, Jeong DY (2016) Moderation effects of perfectionism and meaning in life on depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 98:25–29.
  • Pacht AR (1984) Reflection on perfection. American Psychologist, 39:386-390.
  • Peixoto-Plácido C, Soares MJ, Pereira AT, Macedo A (2015) Perfectionism and disordered eating in overweight woman. Eating Behaviors, 18:76–80.
  • Pirbaglou M, Cribbie R, Irvine J, Radhu N, Vora K, Ritvo P (2013) Perfectionism, anxiety, and depressive distress: Evidence for the mediating role of negative automatic thoughts and anxiety sensitivity. Journal of Amerıcan College Health, 61:477-483.
  • Rivière J, Douilliez C (2017) Perfectionism, rumination, and gender are related to symptoms of eating disorders: A moderated mediation model. Personality and Individual Differences, 116:63–68.
  • Rossom RC, Simon GE, Coleman KJ, Beck A, Oliver M, Stewart C et al. (2019) Are wishes for death or suicidal ideation symptoms of depression in older adults. Aging&Mental Health, 23:912-918.
  • Sassaroli S, Lauro LJR, Ruggiero GM, Mauri MC, Vinai P, Frost R (2008) Perfectionism in depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and eating disorders. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 46:757–765.
  • Schiena RD, Luminet O, Phillipot P, Doulliez C (2012) Adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism in depression: Preliminary evidence on the role of adaptive and maladaptive rumination. Personality and Individual Differences, 53:774–778.
  • Shafran R, Mansell W (2001) Perfectionism and psychopathology:a review of research and treatment. Clinical Psychology Review, 21:879 – 906.
  • Shahnaz A, Saffer BY, Klonsky ED (2018) The relationship of perfectionism to suicide ideation and attempts in a large online sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 130:117 121.
  • Sherry DL, Sherry SB, Hewitt PL, Musquash A, Flett GL (2015) The existential model of perfectionism and depressive symptoms: Tests of incremental validity, gender differences, and moderated mediation. Personality and Individual Differences, 76:104–110.
  • Short MM, Mazmanian D (2013) Perfectionism and negative repetitive thoughts: Examining a multiple mediator model in relation to mindfulness. Personality and Individual Differences, 55:716–721.
  • Slade BD, Owen RG (1998) A dual process model of perfectionism based on reinforcement theory. Behavior Modification, 22:372-390.
  • Smith MM, Sherry SB, Chen S, Saklofske DH, Mushquash C, Flett GL, Hewitt, PL (2017) The perniciousness of perfectionism: A meta-analytic review of the perfectionism–suicide relationship. Journal of Personality, 86:522-542.
  • Smith MM, Sherry SB, Glowacka M, Speth TA, Stewart SH, Saklofske DH et al. (2019) Who is most demanding of them all? A multisource investigation of other-oriented perfectionism, socially prescribed perfectionism, and depressive symptoms. Personality and Individual Differences, 138:328-332.
  • Smith MM, Sherry SB, Rnic K, Safloske, DH Enns M, Gralnick T (2016) Are perfectionism dimensions vulnerability factors for depressive symptoms after controlling for neuroticism? A Meta-analysis of 10 longitudinal studies. European Journal of Personality, 30:201–212.
  • Stoeber J, Otto K (2006) Positive conceptions of perfectionism: Approaches, evidence, challenges. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 10:295–319.
  • Tran L, Rimes KA (2017) Unhealthy perfectionism, negative beliefs about emotions, emotional suppression, and depression in students: A mediational analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 110:144–147.
  • van der Kaap-Deeder J, Soenens B, Boone L, Vandenkerckhove B, Stemgée E, Vansteenkiste M (2016) Evaluative concerns perfectionism and coping with failure: Effects on rumination, avoidance, and acceptance. Personality and Individual Differences, 101:114-119.
  • Wang H, Li J (2017) Positive perfectionism, negative perfectionism, and emotional eating: The mediating role of stress. Eating Behaviors, 26:45–49.
  • Xie Y, Kong Y, Yang J, Chen F (2019) Perfectionism, worry, rumination, and distress: A meta-analysis of the evidence for the perfectionism cognition theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 139:301–312.
  • Yemez B, Alptekin K (1998) Depresyon Etiyolojisi. Psikiyatri Dünyası, 1:21-25.
Birincil Dil tr
Konular Psikoloji, Klinik
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-5316-2693
Yazar: Gülen SAY (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Kabul Tarihi : 20 Nisan 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 28 Aralık 2020

Bibtex @derleme { pgy703132, journal = {Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar}, issn = {1309-0658}, eissn = {1309-0674}, address = {}, publisher = {Lut TAMAM}, year = {2020}, volume = {12}, pages = {562 - 574}, doi = {10.18863/pgy.703132}, title = {Majör Depresif Bozuklukta Mükemmeliyetçilik}, key = {cite}, author = {Say, Gülen} }
APA Say, G . (2020). Majör Depresif Bozuklukta Mükemmeliyetçilik . Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar , 12 (4) , 562-574 . DOI: 10.18863/pgy.703132
MLA Say, G . "Majör Depresif Bozuklukta Mükemmeliyetçilik" . Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 (2020 ): 562-574 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pgy/issue/48354/703132>
Chicago Say, G . "Majör Depresif Bozuklukta Mükemmeliyetçilik". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 (2020 ): 562-574
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Majör Depresif Bozuklukta Mükemmeliyetçilik AU - Gülen Say Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.703132 DO - 10.18863/pgy.703132 T2 - Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 562 EP - 574 VL - 12 IS - 4 SN - 1309-0658-1309-0674 M3 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.703132 UR - https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.703132 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar Majör Depresif Bozuklukta Mükemmeliyetçilik %A Gülen Say %T Majör Depresif Bozuklukta Mükemmeliyetçilik %D 2020 %J Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar %P 1309-0658-1309-0674 %V 12 %N 4 %R doi: 10.18863/pgy.703132 %U 10.18863/pgy.703132
ISNAD Say, Gülen . "Majör Depresif Bozuklukta Mükemmeliyetçilik". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 12 / 4 (Aralık 2021): 562-574 . https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.703132
AMA Say G . Majör Depresif Bozuklukta Mükemmeliyetçilik. pgy. 2020; 12(4): 562-574.
Vancouver Say G . Majör Depresif Bozuklukta Mükemmeliyetçilik. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar. 2020; 12(4): 562-574.
IEEE G. Say , "Majör Depresif Bozuklukta Mükemmeliyetçilik", Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar, c. 12, sayı. 4, ss. 562-574, Ara. 2021, doi:10.18863/pgy.703132