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Ekolojik Sistem Kuramı Çerçevesinden Ebeveyn Yabancılaşmasına Genel Bir Bakış

Yıl 2021, Cilt 13, Sayı 3, 551 - 572, 30.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.826957

Öz

Boşanma, kısaca, eşler arasında evliliğin hukuki açıdan sona erdirilmesi olarak tanımlanabilir. Çatışmalı ayrılık veya boşanma davalarında, ebeveynlerden birinin öfke/kızgınlık hissiyle birlikte sözleri, davranışları ve tutumlarıyla diğer ebeveyni kötülemesi, çocuklarının bu ebeveyniyle olan kişisel görüşme haklarını engellemesi sonucunda çocuklar, hedefteki ebeveyne karşı yabancılaşma geliştirebilmektedir. Alanyazında ebeveyn yabancılaşması (ebeveyne yabancılaşma sendromu), özellikle yüksek çatışmalı boşanma davalarında çocukların ebeveynlerinden biriyle (yabancılaştıran ebeveyn) güçlü bir şekilde ittifak kurması ve herhangi bir meşru gerekçe olmaksızın diğer ebeveyniyle (hedefteki veya yabancılaşılan ebeveyn) ilişki kurmayı reddetmesiyle sonuçlanan dinamik bir süreç olarak kavramsallaştırılmakta ve çocuklar açısından bu sürecin duygusal istismarın bir türü olduğu belirtilmektedir. Bu derlemede ebeveyn yabancılaşması sürecinde etkili olabileceği düşünülen faktörlerin dinamik etkileşimlerinin ekolojik sistem kuramı perspektifiyle gözden geçirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu kapsamda çalışmada, ebeveyn yabancılaşması kavramının genel özellikleri üzerinde durulmuş ve her bir sistem düzeyinde (mikrosistem, mezosistem, ekzosistem, makrosistem, kronosistem) ebeveyne yabancılaşma sürecini etkileyebilecek risk faktörleri ile yabancılaşmanın çocuk üzerindeki genel etkileri gözden geçirilmiştir.

Kaynakça

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An Overview of Parental Alienation from the Framework of Ecological Systems Theory

Yıl 2021, Cilt 13, Sayı 3, 551 - 572, 30.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.826957

Öz

Divorce, in brief, can be described as the legal dissolution of marriage between the spouses. High-conflict divorce or parental separation, the children might be able to develop an alienation state towards the targeted parent because of a parent’s denigration against the other one through his/her words, behaviors, and attitudes with rage/anger, and by being precluded from the rights of personal contact with that parent. Literature on divorce, parental alienation (parental alienation syndrome) is conceptualized as a dynamic process resulting in forming a strong alliance with one of the childrens’ parents (alienating parent) and the denial of communication with the other parent (the targeted or the alienated parent) without any legitimate reason especially in high-conflict divorce suits and It is indicated that the process is a type of emotional abuse for the children. The goal of this paper is to review the dynamic interactions of the factors which are considered effective during the parental alienation process from the ecological system theory perspective. The general specifications of the parental alienation concept are emphasized and the common effects of the alienation on the children with the risk factors that might affect the parental alienation process in each system level (microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, chronosystem) are examined.

Kaynakça

  • Aloia LS, Strutzenberg C (2019) Parent–child communication apprehension: The role of parental alienation and self-esteem. Communication Reports, 32(1):1-14.
  • Amato PR, Meyers CE, Emery RE (2009) Changes in nonresident father-child contact from 1976 to 2002. Fam Relat, 58(1): 41-53.
  • Aydın O, Baran G (2010) Toplumsal değişme sürecinde evlenme ve boşanma. Toplum ve Sosyal Hizmet, 21(2):117-126.
  • Baker AJ (2005) The long-term effects of parental alienation on adult children: A qualitative research study. Am J Fam Ther, 33(4):289-302.
  • Baker AJ (2006) Patterns of parental alienation syndrome: A qualitative study of adults who were alienated from a parent as a child. Am J Fam Ther, 34(1):63-78.
  • Baker AJ, Brassard MR (2013) Adolescents caught in parental loyalty conflicts. J Divorce Remarriage, 54(5):393-413.
  • Baker AJ, Darnall D (2006) Behaviors and strategies employed in parental alienation: A survey of parental experiences. J Divorce Remarriage, 45:97-124.
  • Baker AJ, Fine P (2008) Beyond the high road: Responding to 17 parental alienation strategies without compromising your morals or harming your child. http://www. Amyjlbaker.com (10 Ocak 2021’de ulaşıldı).
  • Baker AJL, & Ben-Ami N (2011) To turn a child against a parent is to turn a child against himself: the direct and indirect effects of exposure to parental alienation strategies on self-esteem and well-being. J Divorce Remarriage, 52(7):472-489.
  • Baker AJL, Verrocchio MC (2013) Italian college student-reported childhood exposure to parental alienation: Correlates with well-being. J Divorce Remarriage, 54(8):609-628.
  • Bala N, Hunt S, McCarney C (2010) Parental alienation: Canadian court cases 1989 2008. Fam Court Rev, 48(1):164-179.
  • Balmer S, Matthewson M, Haines J (2018) Parental alienation: Targeted parent perspective. Aust J Psychol, 70(1):91-99.
  • Beiner SF, Lowenstein L, Worenklein A, Sauber SR (2014) Grandparents’ rights: Psychological and legal perspectives. Am J Fam Ther, 42(2):114-126.
  • Ben-Ami N, Baker AJ (2012) The long-term correlates of childhood exposure to parental alienation on adult self-sufficiency and well-being. Am J Fam Ther 40(2):169-183.
  • Bernet W (2008) Parental alienation disorder and DSM-V. Am J Fam Ther, 36(5):349-366.
  • Bernet W (2015) Children of high-conflict divorce face many challenges. Psychiatr Times, 32(10):9
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Psikiyatri, Psikoloji, Psikoloji, Klinik, Psikoloji, Ortak Disiplinler, Gelişim Psikolojisi
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Raziye YÜKSEL DOĞAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-9620-9081
Türkiye


Çiğdem AYTEKİN
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-2967-6456
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Eylül 2021
Kabul Tarihi 17 Mart 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 13, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

AMA Yüksel Doğan R. , Aytekin Ç. Ekolojik Sistem Kuramı Çerçevesinden Ebeveyn Yabancılaşmasına Genel Bir Bakış. pgy. 2021; 13(3): 551-572.

Creative Commons Lisansı
Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar Creative Commons Atıf-Gayriticari-Türetilemez 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.