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Slovakya ve Avusturya’da Covid-19 ile Mücadele: Türkiye için ve Türkiye’den Dersler

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 10 Sayı: 1, 1 - 20, 30.06.2023
https://doi.org/10.34232/pjess.1258378

Öz

Küresel bir mücadeleyi zorunlu kılan COVID-19 Pandemisi, ülkelerde bir belirsizlik dönemini başlatmıştır. Mevcut belirsiz durum, Pandemi ile mücadelede hangi politikaların uygulanması gerektiği konusundaki tartışmaları hızlandırdı. COVID-19 salgınını yavaşlatmak ve önlemek için farklı ülkelerde farklı politikalar uygulandı. Ulusal politikaların etkinliği değerlendirilirken başarılı örneklerden dersler çıkarılması ve benimsenmesi kritik hale geldi. Öte yandan, politika başarısızlıkları yoluyla da politikalar gözden geçirilebilir. Bu çalışma kapsamında Orta Avrupa'da Pandemi ile mücadelede başarılı olan Avusturya ve Slovakya üzerine bir vaka çalışması yapılmıştır. Bu örneklerden çıkarılacak derslerin bir kısmı Türkiye'nin Pandemi ile mücadelesine katkı sağlayacaktır. Böylece Türkiye'de uygulanabilecek politika önerileri irdelenmiştir. Bu kapsamda Avusturya, Slovakya ve Türkiye'nin COVID-19'a yönelik politikaları farklı politika alanları çerçevesinde değerlendirilerek Türkiye adına politika önerileri geliştirilmeye çalışılmıştır. İlk olarak, bu çalışmada politika transferi ve ders çıkarma yoluyla teorik çerçeve tartışılmıştır. Ardından Avusturya ve Slovakya'nın COVID-19 ile mücadele politikaları incelenmiş ve Türkiye için bazı öneriler geliştirilmiştir. Bu çalışma, Pandemi sürecinde ders çıkarmanın ülkelere verimli ve işlevsel sağlayacağını ortaya koymaktadır. Bu şekilde politika uygulamaları incelenmiş, Türkiye için ve Türkiye'den politika önerileri sunulmaya çalışılmıştır.

Kaynakça

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The Fight Against Covid-19 in Slovakia and Austria: Lessons for and from Turkey

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 10 Sayı: 1, 1 - 20, 30.06.2023
https://doi.org/10.34232/pjess.1258378

Öz

The COVID-19 Pandemic, which has necessitated a global struggle, started a period of uncertainty in countries. The current uncertain situation has precipitated discussions on which policies should be implemented in combating the Pandemic. Different policies have been implemented in different countries to slow and prevent the COVID-19 epidemic. While evaluating the effectiveness of national policies, drawing lessons from successful examples, and adopting them has become critical. On the other hand, policies can also be reviewed through policy failures. Within this study’s scope, a case study was conducted on Austria and Slovakia, which have both been successful in Central Europe in combating the Pandemic. Some of the lessons from these examples will contribute to Turkey’s fight against the Pandemic. Thus, policy recommendations that can be adopted in Turkey have been scrutinized. In this context, Austria’s, Slovakia’s, and Turkey’s policies against COVID-19 were evaluated within the framework of different policy areas, and policy proposals were sought to be developed on Turkey’s behalf. Firstly, the theoretical framework was discussed in this study through policy transfer and lesson-drawing. Then, Austria’s and Slovakia’s anti-COVID-19 policies were examined, and some recommendations were developed for Turkey. This study reveals that lesson-drawing in the Pandemic process will provide countries with efficient and functional. In this way, policy practices were examined, try to provide policy recommendations for and from Turkey.

Kaynakça

  • Bahna, M., Klobucký, R., Mrva, M., & Zagrapan, J. (2020). Slovakia during the Pandemic: The first three months. Working Papers in Sociology, 1, 1-49.
  • Bakir, C. (2020) The Turkish state's responses to existential COVID-19 crisis. Policy and Society, 39(3), 424-441. doi: 10.1080/14494035.2020.1783786.
  • Bakırcı, F. (2013). On the Austrian Parliament. Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University Journal of Faculty of Law Review, 17(2), 1181-1242.
  • Bi-Team (2020). How Slovakia tested its whole population. https://www.bi.team/wp- content/uploads/2020/11/Slovakia-COVID-19-Popula. [Access Date: 10.09.2020].
  • Bundesministerium für Digitalisierung und Wirtschaftsstandort (2021). https://www.bmdw.gv.at/Themen/International/Covid-19/Unterstuetzung-fuer- Unternehmen.html. [accessed: 17.01.2021].
  • Busvine, D. (2020). Switzerland, Austria align with ‘Gapple’ on corona contact tracing. Discover Thomson Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/health-coronavirus-europe-tech- idUSL3N2CA36L. [Access Date: 15.01.2021].
  • Canşen, F (2020). Köln. https://t24.com.tr/video/finlandiya-koronavirus-salgininda-nasil- basarili-oldu, 33918. [accessed: 11.09.2020].
  • Capano, G., Howlett M., Jarvis, D. S. L., Ramesh, M., & Goyal N. (2020). Mobilizing Policy (In) Capacity to Fight COVID-19: Understanding Variations in State Responses. Policy and Society, 39(3), 285-308, doi: 10.1080/14494035.2020.1787628
  • Čiefová, M. (2020). Slovakia socialbriefing: Education challenges in the time of Pandemic. Chine CEE Institute, 29(3), 1-5.
  • Çınar, M. (2018). Ideal of constitutional democracy of the founding philosophy of Turkish Republic. Toros University FEAS Journal of Social Sciences. 5(9), 271-288.
  • Desson, Z., Lambertz, L., Peters, J.W., Falkenbach, M. & Kauer, L. (2020). Europe’s covid-19 outliers: German, Austrian and Swiss policy responses during the early stages of the 2020 pandemic. Health Policy and Technology. 9(2020), 405-418.
  • Demirkan, T. (2021). Slovakya AB'den acil yardım talep etti: Vakalardaki artışla baş edemiyoruz (Slovakia asks EU for emergency aid: we can't cope with increase in cases), BBC. (2021 February 18) https://www.bbc.com/turkce/live/56108369 [Access Date: 02.05.2021].
  • Dolowitz, D. P. (2003). A policy-maker’s guide to policy transfer. The Political Quarterly, 74(1), 101-108.
  • Dolowitz, D. (2017). Transfer and learning: One coin two elements. Novos estudos CEBRAP. 36(1), 35-56.
  • Dolowitz, D. & Marsh, D. (1996). Who learns what from whom: A review of the policy transfer literatüre. Political Studies. XLIV, 343-357.
  • Donicova, V. (2020). How Slovakia is handling the outbreak?. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 14(4), 729- The Fight Against Covid-19 in Slovakia and Austria: Lessons for and from Türkiye. 730. doi: 10.1177/1932296820930269.
  • Dorn, F., Fuest, C., Göttert, M., Krolage, C., Lautenbacher, S., Lehmann, R., Link, S., Möhrle, S., Peichl, A., Reif, M., Sauer, S., Stöckli, M., Wohlrabe, K., & Wollmershäuser, T. (2020). The economic costs of the coronavirus shutdown for selected european countries: A scenario calculation. EconPol Policy Brief, No. 25. Munich: ifo Institute-Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  • Ebner, M., Schön, S., Braun, C., Ebner, M., Grigoriadis, Y., Haas, M., Leitner, P., & Taraghi B. (2020). Covid-19 epidemic as e-learning boost? Chronological development and effects at an Austrian university against the background of the concept of “E-learning readiness”. Future Internet. 12(94), 1-20.
  • Escarus (2020). Bir eko-sosyal kriz olarak Covid-19 salgını ve sürdürülebilirlik (Covid-19 pandemic as an eco-social crisis and sustainability). http://www.escarus.com/i/content/512_2_Escarus_Bir_Eko-Sosyal_Kriz_Olarak_Covid- 19_Salgini_ve_Surdurulebilirlik_052020.pdf. [Access Date: 02.10.2020].
  • Euromil (2020). How armed forces are dealing with the Covid. At http://euromil.org/wp- content/uploads/2020/04/COVİD19_ZVSR.pdf. [Access Date: 08.09.2020].
  • Euronews (2020). Slovakya, halkın tamamının Covid-19 testi yaptırdığı ilk ülke olma yolunda. https://tr.euronews.com/2020/11/01/slovakya-halk-n-tamam-n-n-Covid-19-testi-yapt-rd- g-ilk-ulke-olma-yolunda. [Access Date: 05.09.2020].
  • Evans, M., & Davies, J. (1999). Understanding policy transfer: A multi-level. Multi-disciplinary perspective. Public Administration. 77(2), 361-385.
  • Fechner, I. (2020). Austria’s Covid-19 exit strategy. ING Think Economic and Financial Analysis Global Economics. 1-3.
  • Fenz, G., Ragacs, C., Schneider, M., & Vondra, K. (2020). Covid-19-induced recession: biggest economic policy challenge for Austria in the “second republic”. Monetary Policy and The Economy Q1–Q2/20. 213-250.
  • Fouda, A., Mahmoudi, N., Moy, N., & Paolucci, F. (2020). The COVID-19 Pandemic in Greece, Iceland, New Zealand, and Singapore: Health policies and lessons learned. Health Policy and Technology. 9(2020). 510-524.
  • FRA (2020). Coronavirus Covid-19 outbreak in the EU fundamental rights implications. https://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/slovakia-report-Covid-19-april- 2020_en.pdf. [accessed: 10.09.2020].
  • Geržová, S. R., Grigeľ, D., Mikušová, J., Lenzová, Z., Luhová, D., Antal, M., & Dalimír Jančovič (2020). Corona and Covid-19 legal handbook Slovakia. Futej ve Partners Law Firm.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Siyaset Bilimi
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Oğuzhan ERDOĞAN

Elvettin AKMAN

Cenay BABAOĞLU

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2023
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2023 Cilt: 10 Sayı: 1

Kaynak Göster

APA ERDOĞAN, O., AKMAN, E., & BABAOĞLU, C. (2023). The Fight Against Covid-19 in Slovakia and Austria: Lessons for and from Turkey. Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies, 10(1), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.34232/pjess.1258378
AMA ERDOĞAN O, AKMAN E, BABAOĞLU C. The Fight Against Covid-19 in Slovakia and Austria: Lessons for and from Turkey. pjess. Haziran 2023;10(1):1-20. doi:10.34232/pjess.1258378
Chicago ERDOĞAN, Oğuzhan, Elvettin AKMAN, ve Cenay BABAOĞLU. “The Fight Against Covid-19 in Slovakia and Austria: Lessons for and from Turkey”. Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies 10, sy. 1 (Haziran 2023): 1-20. https://doi.org/10.34232/pjess.1258378.
EndNote ERDOĞAN O, AKMAN E, BABAOĞLU C (01 Haziran 2023) The Fight Against Covid-19 in Slovakia and Austria: Lessons for and from Turkey. Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies 10 1 1–20.
IEEE O. ERDOĞAN, E. AKMAN, ve C. BABAOĞLU, “The Fight Against Covid-19 in Slovakia and Austria: Lessons for and from Turkey”, pjess, c. 10, sy. 1, ss. 1–20, 2023, doi: 10.34232/pjess.1258378.
ISNAD ERDOĞAN, Oğuzhan vd. “The Fight Against Covid-19 in Slovakia and Austria: Lessons for and from Turkey”. Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies 10/1 (Haziran 2023), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.34232/pjess.1258378.
JAMA ERDOĞAN O, AKMAN E, BABAOĞLU C. The Fight Against Covid-19 in Slovakia and Austria: Lessons for and from Turkey. pjess. 2023;10:1–20.
MLA ERDOĞAN, Oğuzhan vd. “The Fight Against Covid-19 in Slovakia and Austria: Lessons for and from Turkey”. Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies, c. 10, sy. 1, 2023, ss. 1-20, doi:10.34232/pjess.1258378.
Vancouver ERDOĞAN O, AKMAN E, BABAOĞLU C. The Fight Against Covid-19 in Slovakia and Austria: Lessons for and from Turkey. pjess. 2023;10(1):1-20.

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