Yıl 2020, Cilt 23 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 515 - 525 2020-06-01

Turkey’s Energy Efficiency and Its Relative Position against OECD and BRICS Countries
Turkey’s Energy Efficiency and Its Relative Position against OECD and BRICS Countries

Fatih KARIK [1] , Ümit İSKENDER [2] , Cuma KILINÇ [3]


The demand for energy is growing day by day, and at the same time economy is an important issue to be handled with this growing. In this respect, many countries are undertaking significant roles to decline their energy intensities (energy supply or consumption per unit of economic output) whereas this variable may be single factor for the international comparisons. This study including many factors with the energy intensity measures energy efficiency of countries and positions Turkey among them. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) using multiple input and outputs is a non-parametric technique for the efficiency evaluation of a set of decision making units (DMUs). In the analyzes, the OECD and BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, Democratic People of China and South Africa) countries were used for 2009–2013 period. For this period, the Malmquist productivity index (MPI) method was also used to observe the dynamic progress of DEA analyzes. The efficiency analysis of OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) and BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries is conducted from 2009 to 2013. According to the results, the efficient countries are members of the OECD group and MPI of an average country worsens 1.4% over the period. As a member of OECD, Turkey is not efficient country with the score of 0.048 and Turkey’s MPI also worsens 4.5% for the whole period. Because the energy imports have become a threat to Turkey’s economy in recent years, the findings will be helpful guidance in seeing its relative position and in taking precautions. As a result of this study, it is given some suggestions to increase the efficiency of Turkey in the model.
The demand for energy is growing day by day, and at the same time economy is an important issue to be handled with this growing. In this respect, many countries are undertaking significant roles to decline their energy intensities (energy supply or consumption per unit of economic output) whereas this variable may be single factor for the international comparisons. This study including many factors with the energy intensity measures energy efficiency of countries and positions Turkey among them. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) using multiple input and outputs is a non-parametric technique for the efficiency evaluation of a set of decision making units (DMUs). In the analyzes, the OECD and BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, Democratic People of China and South Africa) countries were used for 2009–2013 period. For this period, the Malmquist productivity index (MPI) method was also used to observe the dynamic progress of DEA analyzes. The efficiency analysis of OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) and BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries is conducted from 2009 to 2013. According to the results, the efficient countries are members of the OECD group and MPI of an average country worsens 1.4% over the period. As a member of OECD, Turkey is not efficient country with the score of 0.048 and Turkey’s MPI also worsens 4.5% for the whole period. Because the energy imports have become a threat to Turkey’s economy in recent years, the findings will be helpful guidance in seeing its relative position and in taking precautions. As a result of this study, it is given some suggestions to increase the efficiency of Turkey in the model.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-7830-2426
Yazar: Fatih KARIK (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: GAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8604-882X
Yazar: Ümit İSKENDER
Kurum: GAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6258-617X
Yazar: Cuma KILINÇ
Kurum: GAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 1 Haziran 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { politeknik671336, journal = {Politeknik Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2147-9429}, address = {Gazi Üniversitesi Teknoloji Fakültesi 06500 Teknikokullar - ANKARA}, publisher = {Gazi Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {23}, pages = {515 - 525}, doi = {10.2339/politeknik.671336}, title = {Turkey’s Energy Efficiency and Its Relative Position against OECD and BRICS Countries}, key = {cite}, author = {KARIK, Fatih and İSKENDER, Ümit and KILINÇ, Cuma} }
APA KARIK, F , İSKENDER, Ü , KILINÇ, C . (2020). Turkey’s Energy Efficiency and Its Relative Position against OECD and BRICS Countries. Politeknik Dergisi , 23 (2) , 515-525 . DOI: 10.2339/politeknik.671336
MLA KARIK, F , İSKENDER, Ü , KILINÇ, C . "Turkey’s Energy Efficiency and Its Relative Position against OECD and BRICS Countries". Politeknik Dergisi 23 (2020 ): 515-525 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/politeknik/issue/53587/671336>
Chicago KARIK, F , İSKENDER, Ü , KILINÇ, C . "Turkey’s Energy Efficiency and Its Relative Position against OECD and BRICS Countries". Politeknik Dergisi 23 (2020 ): 515-525
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Turkey’s Energy Efficiency and Its Relative Position against OECD and BRICS Countries AU - Fatih KARIK , Ümit İSKENDER , Cuma KILINÇ Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.2339/politeknik.671336 DO - 10.2339/politeknik.671336 T2 - Politeknik Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 515 EP - 525 VL - 23 IS - 2 SN - -2147-9429 M3 - doi: 10.2339/politeknik.671336 UR - https://doi.org/10.2339/politeknik.671336 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Politeknik Dergisi Turkey’s Energy Efficiency and Its Relative Position against OECD and BRICS Countries %A Fatih KARIK , Ümit İSKENDER , Cuma KILINÇ %T Turkey’s Energy Efficiency and Its Relative Position against OECD and BRICS Countries %D 2020 %J Politeknik Dergisi %P -2147-9429 %V 23 %N 2 %R doi: 10.2339/politeknik.671336 %U 10.2339/politeknik.671336
ISNAD KARIK, Fatih , İSKENDER, Ümit , KILINÇ, Cuma . "Turkey’s Energy Efficiency and Its Relative Position against OECD and BRICS Countries". Politeknik Dergisi 23 / 2 (Haziran 2020): 515-525 . https://doi.org/10.2339/politeknik.671336
AMA KARIK F , İSKENDER Ü , KILINÇ C . Turkey’s Energy Efficiency and Its Relative Position against OECD and BRICS Countries. Politeknik Dergisi. 2020; 23(2): 515-525.
Vancouver KARIK F , İSKENDER Ü , KILINÇ C . Turkey’s Energy Efficiency and Its Relative Position against OECD and BRICS Countries. Politeknik Dergisi. 2020; 23(2): 525-515.