Age of Enlightenment and the French Revolution began with the idea of nationalism and modernism, influenced nation-states making the transition from a traditional society to a modern society such as Turkey and Afghanistan. Experts in various fields were sent to Afghanistan as a result of the reform movements and Turkish-Afghan friendly relations during the period of King Amanullah Khan (1862-1960) in Afghanistan. Within the framework of these bilateral relations, the military delegation sent within the scope of the modernization of the Afghan army, also included instructors in the field of military music. Military band conductor, music teacher and composer Halit Recep (Onut) Arman (1902-1981) was sent to Afghanistan twice between 1933-37 and 1938-42 as officer for military music. During his years in Afghanistan, he formed harmonica and fanfighter teams and gave music theory, note reading and instrument lessons to the band staff. He founded the royal band called Nümûne Mızıkası, opened the Harmonica School, and formed fanfare teams in the processions, opened music courses and was the conductor of the royal band. He wrote methods for instruments such as education, marching band and fanfare ceremonial posture and transition. Methods written in Persian for marching bands include fret and interval exercises for instruments, small morso’s, exercises, ceremonial situations, and more than twenty compositions of Arman. In the light of the Persian documents obtained in the Beşiktaş Naval Museum and Archive, first the documents were transcribed and the subject was examined on the basis of nation-state and modernization. As a result of this examination of the documents, 12 compositions by Halit Recep Arman, which were not available and unknown in the literature until now, and 12 small musical works called morso were determined. This article, written in the field of historical musicology, examines Arman’s new compositions, as well as his studies in the field of Afghan military music institutions, fanfaer and band ensembles that changed with modernization.
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 28 Aralık 2020
|APA||Tekin, E . (2020). Bando Yarbay Halit Recep Arman’ın Afganistan’da modernleşme bağlamında askeri müzik ve bando çalışmaları . Rast Müzikoloji Dergisi , 8 (2) , 2444-2470 . DOI: 10.12975/pp2444-2470|