SARS-CoV-2, transmitted from person to person and associated with the outbreak of atypical pneumonia, first emerged in Wuhan, China. Although bats, SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV are the primary reservoirs for COVID-19, it turns out that SARS-CoV may have been transmitted from the civet in China, MERS-CoV from camels in the Middle East, and COVID-19 from the bat to humans via the pangolin (scaly anteater). SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 are coronaviruses belonging to the Coronaviridae family and Betacoronavirus genus, which cause epidemiological outbreaks, are enveloped viruses with approximately 32 Kb long positive sense, ssRNA, and play a role in the pathogenesis of proinflammatory responses with high mortality rates associated with infection. The 2019-nCoV genome has 89% nucleotide identity with bat SARS-like CoVZXC21 and 82% with human SARS-CoV. ACE2 is the receptor of this severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. The aim of this review is to reveal the molecular structure and genetic features of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and the clinical effects of the disease, which causes COVID-19 acute respiratory disease, and to compare it to SARS and MERS. Clarifying the specific molecular details of COVID-19 will guide researchers to the discovery of its treatment. Thus, the development of the molecular genetic methods for COVID-19 will increase our control measures against the virus in the future.
|Konular||Temel Bilimler, Tıp|
: 24 Nisan 2020
|APA||Öztan, G , İşsever, H . (2020). Yeni Koronavirüsün (Covid-19) Moleküler Yapısı ve Genomik Karakterizasyonu . Sağlık Bilimlerinde İleri Araştırmalar Dergisi , 3 (2) , 61-71 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/sabiad/issue/55974/726533|