Araştırma Makalesi
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ABORİJİN KADININ KONUMU

Yıl 2011, Cilt 13, Sayı 23, 75 - 96, 15.06.2011

Öz

Bu araştırmada Aborijin kadının mitsel ve dinsel inançlardaki statüsü ile günümüzdeki durumu üzerinde durulacaktır. Kadının özellikle kutsal törenlerdeki rolü ve evlilikteki konumu mercek altına alınacak, bu çerçevede mitolojik kadından günümüz kadınına doğru nasıl bir dönüşümün ve değişimin yaşandığı ortaya konulmaya çalışılacaktır.

Kaynakça

  • Aberry, Phyllis M., Aboriginal Woman: Sacred and Profane, London: George Routledge and Sons LTD., 1939.
  • Adıbelli, Ramazan, ‚Mircea Eliade’nin Türkçe’ye Çevrilen Din Bilimi Çalışmalarının Tanıtımı ve Çevirilerin Değerlendirilmesi‛, Bilimname, XVII, 2009/2, s. 187- 227.
  • Aras, Özkan, ‚Aborijinler‛, Düşünce Gezgini, http://www.dusuncegezgini.com/ Aborijinler.htm (25.02.2011).
  • Australian Aboriginal Musical Instruments: The Didjeridu, The Bullroarer And The Gumleaf, http://www.didjshop.com/austrAboriginalMusicInstruments.htm (12.02.2011),
  • Barlett, Anne, First Peoples of Australia: The Aboriginal Peoples, Singapore: Times Media Private Limited, 2002.
  • Being Black: Aboriginal Cultures in ‚Settled‛ Australia, Ed. Ian Keen, Canberra: Abori- ginal Studies Press, 1994.
  • Bell, Diana, ‚Central Australian Aboriginal Women’s Love Rituals‛, Religion in Aboriginal Australia, ed. Maxwell John Charlesworth, University of Queensland Press 1984, s. 345-369.
  • Bereson, Itiel & McDonald, Dianne, Civics and Citizenship in Australia, Nelson, Melbourne 1997.
  • Berndt, Catherine H., ‚Women and the Sacred Life‛, Aboriginal Man in Australia, ed. R.M. Berndt & C.H. Berndt, 1965, s. 238-282.
  • ―――, ‚Australian Religions: Mythic Themes‛, The Encyclopedia of Religion, Ed. Mircea Eliade, London: Mcmillan, 1987, I, 547-562.
  • ―――, ‚Mythical Women Past and Present‛, We are Bosses Our-Selves: The Status an Role of the Aboriginal Women Today, Ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Isti- tute of Aboriginal Studies, 1983, s. 13-23.
  • ―――, ‚Digging Sticks and Spears, or Two-Sex Model‛, Woman’s Role in Aboriginal Society, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1974, s. 64-81.
  • Bolle, Kees W., ‚Myth: An Overview‛, The Encyclopedia of Religion, Ed. Turner, Edith and Frese, Pamela R., Macmillian Publishing House, New York, 1987, X, 261.
  • Campbell, Joseph, İlkel Mitoloji: Tanrı’nın Maskeleri, çev. Kudret Emiroğlu, Ankara: İmge, 1995.
  • Charlesworth, Max, Kimber, Richard & Wallage Noel, Ancestor Spirits: Aspect of Australian Aboriginal Life and Spirituality, Geolong: Deakin University Press, 1990.
  • Chesson, Marlene, ‚The Social and Economic Importance of the Women in Jigalong‛, We are Bosses Our-Selves: The Status an Role of the Aboriginal Women Today, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Istitute of Aboriginal Studies, 1983, s. 40-43.
  • Cummins, Philip, Australia and its People, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
  • ―――, ‚Aboriginal Women Today‛, We are Bosses Our-Selves: The Status an Role of the Aboriginal Women Today, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Istitute of Ab- original Studies, 1983, s. 158-161.
  • Eliade, Mircae, Australian Religions: An Introduction, London: Cornell University Pres, 1977.
  • ―――, Dinler Tarihine Giriş, çev. Lale Arslan ; yay. haz. Ergun Kocabıyık, İstanbul: Kabalcı, 2003.
  • ―――, Dinsel İnançlar ve Düşünceler Tarihi: Taş Devrinden Eleusis Mysteria’larına, çev. Ali Berktay,İstanbul: Kabalcı, 2003.
  • ―――, Mitlerin Özellikleri, İstanbul: Om Yayınevi, 2001.
  • Ellis, Jean A., Australia’s Aboriginal Heritage, Melbourne: Harper Collins Publishers,, 1999.
  • ―――, Emplaced Myth: Space, Narrative, and Knowledge in Aboriginal Australia and Papua New Guinea, ed. Alan Rumsey and James Weiner, Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2001.
  • Fox, Len, The Aboriginals, Melbourne: Thomas Nelson Limited, 1978.
  • Franklin, Margaret Ann, Black and White Australians, South Yarra: Heinemann Educational Australia, 1976.
  • Woman’s Role in Aboriginal Society, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1974.
  • Glass, Amee, Into Another World: A Glimpse of the Culture of the Ngaanyatjara People, Alice Springs: Institute for Aboriginal Development, 1990.
  • Gündüz, Şinasi, ‚Efsane‛, Din ve İnanç Sözlüğü, Ankara: Vadi, 1998.
  • Hamilton, Annette, ‚The Role of Women in Aboriginal Marriage Arrengements‛, Woman’s Role in Aboriginal Society, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1974, s. 28-35.
  • Hart, C.W.M. and Pilling, Arnold, R., The Tiwi of North Australia, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1960.
  • Hiatt, Betty, ‚Women the Gatherer‛, Woman’s Role in Aboriginal Society, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1974, s. 4-15
  • Hiatt, L. R, Kinship and Conflict: A Study of an Aboriginal Community in Northern Arnhem Land, Canberra: The Australian Natioanal University, 1965.
  • Hume, Lynne, Ancestral Power: The Dreaming, Conciousness, and Aboriginal Australians, Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2002.
  • Kaberry, Phyllis M., Aboriginal Woman: Sacred and Profane, London: George Routledge and Sons Ltd, 1939.
  • ―――, Kamilaroi and Assimilation, Derleyen, Fred Woodgate, Canberra: National Library of Australia, 1995.
  • Kolig, Erich, The Silent Revolution: The Effects of Modernization on Australian Aboriginal Religion, Philadelphia 1981.
  • Komatrie, Janis, ‚Abriginal Women in Education‛, We are Bosses Our-Selves: The Sta- tus an Role of the Aboriginal Women Today, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Istitute of Aboriginal Studies, 1983, s. 124-125
  • Maddock, Kenneth, ‚The World-Creative Powers‛, Religion in Aboriginal Australia: An Anthology, Eds. Max Charlesworth, Howard Morphy, Diane Bell and Kenneth Maddock, Queensland: University of Queensland Press, 1984.
  • McCloy, Peter, The Survival Dreaming, Lindfield: Australian Print Group, 1995.
  • Montagu, Ashley, Coming into Being Among the Australian Aborigines: A Study of the Procreative Beliefs of the Native Tribes of Australia, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1937.
  • Mountford, Charles P., The Tiwi: Their Art, Myth and Ceromony, London 1958.
  • Noss, John B., Man’s Religions, London: The Macmillan Company, 1969.
  • Pettazzoni, Raffaele, ‚Mitin Hakikati‛, Tanrıya Dair, çev. Fuat Aydın, İstanbul: İz Ya- yıncılık, 2002.
  • Piddington, R., ‚Totemic System of the Karadjeri Tribe‛, Oceania, 1932a, 2, s. 395-398.
  • Robinson, Roland, Aboriginal Myths and Legends, Melbourne: Sun Books, 1977.
  • Rose, Deborah Bird, ‚Sacred Site, Ancestral Clearing, and Environmental Ethics‛, Emplaced Myth: Space, Narrative, and Knowledge in Aboriginal Australia and Papua New Guinea, ed. Alan Rumsey and James Weiner, Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2001.
  • Stanner, W. E. H., On Aboriginal Religion, Sydney: Sydney University, 1966.
  • The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Australia, ed. Susan Bambrick, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • The Encyclopaedia of Aboriginal Australia, ed. David Horton, Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press for the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, 1994.
  • Tonkinson, Robert, The Mardudjara Aborigines: Living the Dream in Australia’s Desert, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1978.
  • Unaipon, David, Aborijin Efsaneleri, çev. Ayşen Türkmen, İstanbul: Epsilon Yayıncı- lık, 2003.
  • White, Isabel M., ‚Aboriginal Women’s Status: A Paradox Resolved‛, Woman’s Role in Aboriginal Society, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1974.
  • Yasdıman, Hakkı Şah, Avustralya Yerlilerinde Mitoloji ve Din, İzmir: Tibyan, 2005.

The Status of Aboriginal Women

Yıl 2011, Cilt 13, Sayı 23, 75 - 96, 15.06.2011

Öz

This study will focus on the status of Aboriginal women in Australian mythical and religious beliefs structures together with her current positions. Especially, the roles of women in marriage and their positions in holy ceremonies will be closely studied. In this context, we will explain how a transformation and change has occured in carrying the mythological women to the women of today.

Kaynakça

  • Aberry, Phyllis M., Aboriginal Woman: Sacred and Profane, London: George Routledge and Sons LTD., 1939.
  • Adıbelli, Ramazan, ‚Mircea Eliade’nin Türkçe’ye Çevrilen Din Bilimi Çalışmalarının Tanıtımı ve Çevirilerin Değerlendirilmesi‛, Bilimname, XVII, 2009/2, s. 187- 227.
  • Aras, Özkan, ‚Aborijinler‛, Düşünce Gezgini, http://www.dusuncegezgini.com/ Aborijinler.htm (25.02.2011).
  • Australian Aboriginal Musical Instruments: The Didjeridu, The Bullroarer And The Gumleaf, http://www.didjshop.com/austrAboriginalMusicInstruments.htm (12.02.2011),
  • Barlett, Anne, First Peoples of Australia: The Aboriginal Peoples, Singapore: Times Media Private Limited, 2002.
  • Being Black: Aboriginal Cultures in ‚Settled‛ Australia, Ed. Ian Keen, Canberra: Abori- ginal Studies Press, 1994.
  • Bell, Diana, ‚Central Australian Aboriginal Women’s Love Rituals‛, Religion in Aboriginal Australia, ed. Maxwell John Charlesworth, University of Queensland Press 1984, s. 345-369.
  • Bereson, Itiel & McDonald, Dianne, Civics and Citizenship in Australia, Nelson, Melbourne 1997.
  • Berndt, Catherine H., ‚Women and the Sacred Life‛, Aboriginal Man in Australia, ed. R.M. Berndt & C.H. Berndt, 1965, s. 238-282.
  • ―――, ‚Australian Religions: Mythic Themes‛, The Encyclopedia of Religion, Ed. Mircea Eliade, London: Mcmillan, 1987, I, 547-562.
  • ―――, ‚Mythical Women Past and Present‛, We are Bosses Our-Selves: The Status an Role of the Aboriginal Women Today, Ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Isti- tute of Aboriginal Studies, 1983, s. 13-23.
  • ―――, ‚Digging Sticks and Spears, or Two-Sex Model‛, Woman’s Role in Aboriginal Society, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1974, s. 64-81.
  • Bolle, Kees W., ‚Myth: An Overview‛, The Encyclopedia of Religion, Ed. Turner, Edith and Frese, Pamela R., Macmillian Publishing House, New York, 1987, X, 261.
  • Campbell, Joseph, İlkel Mitoloji: Tanrı’nın Maskeleri, çev. Kudret Emiroğlu, Ankara: İmge, 1995.
  • Charlesworth, Max, Kimber, Richard & Wallage Noel, Ancestor Spirits: Aspect of Australian Aboriginal Life and Spirituality, Geolong: Deakin University Press, 1990.
  • Chesson, Marlene, ‚The Social and Economic Importance of the Women in Jigalong‛, We are Bosses Our-Selves: The Status an Role of the Aboriginal Women Today, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Istitute of Aboriginal Studies, 1983, s. 40-43.
  • Cummins, Philip, Australia and its People, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
  • ―――, ‚Aboriginal Women Today‛, We are Bosses Our-Selves: The Status an Role of the Aboriginal Women Today, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Istitute of Ab- original Studies, 1983, s. 158-161.
  • Eliade, Mircae, Australian Religions: An Introduction, London: Cornell University Pres, 1977.
  • ―――, Dinler Tarihine Giriş, çev. Lale Arslan ; yay. haz. Ergun Kocabıyık, İstanbul: Kabalcı, 2003.
  • ―――, Dinsel İnançlar ve Düşünceler Tarihi: Taş Devrinden Eleusis Mysteria’larına, çev. Ali Berktay,İstanbul: Kabalcı, 2003.
  • ―――, Mitlerin Özellikleri, İstanbul: Om Yayınevi, 2001.
  • Ellis, Jean A., Australia’s Aboriginal Heritage, Melbourne: Harper Collins Publishers,, 1999.
  • ―――, Emplaced Myth: Space, Narrative, and Knowledge in Aboriginal Australia and Papua New Guinea, ed. Alan Rumsey and James Weiner, Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2001.
  • Fox, Len, The Aboriginals, Melbourne: Thomas Nelson Limited, 1978.
  • Franklin, Margaret Ann, Black and White Australians, South Yarra: Heinemann Educational Australia, 1976.
  • Woman’s Role in Aboriginal Society, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1974.
  • Glass, Amee, Into Another World: A Glimpse of the Culture of the Ngaanyatjara People, Alice Springs: Institute for Aboriginal Development, 1990.
  • Gündüz, Şinasi, ‚Efsane‛, Din ve İnanç Sözlüğü, Ankara: Vadi, 1998.
  • Hamilton, Annette, ‚The Role of Women in Aboriginal Marriage Arrengements‛, Woman’s Role in Aboriginal Society, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1974, s. 28-35.
  • Hart, C.W.M. and Pilling, Arnold, R., The Tiwi of North Australia, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1960.
  • Hiatt, Betty, ‚Women the Gatherer‛, Woman’s Role in Aboriginal Society, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1974, s. 4-15
  • Hiatt, L. R, Kinship and Conflict: A Study of an Aboriginal Community in Northern Arnhem Land, Canberra: The Australian Natioanal University, 1965.
  • Hume, Lynne, Ancestral Power: The Dreaming, Conciousness, and Aboriginal Australians, Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2002.
  • Kaberry, Phyllis M., Aboriginal Woman: Sacred and Profane, London: George Routledge and Sons Ltd, 1939.
  • ―――, Kamilaroi and Assimilation, Derleyen, Fred Woodgate, Canberra: National Library of Australia, 1995.
  • Kolig, Erich, The Silent Revolution: The Effects of Modernization on Australian Aboriginal Religion, Philadelphia 1981.
  • Komatrie, Janis, ‚Abriginal Women in Education‛, We are Bosses Our-Selves: The Sta- tus an Role of the Aboriginal Women Today, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Istitute of Aboriginal Studies, 1983, s. 124-125
  • Maddock, Kenneth, ‚The World-Creative Powers‛, Religion in Aboriginal Australia: An Anthology, Eds. Max Charlesworth, Howard Morphy, Diane Bell and Kenneth Maddock, Queensland: University of Queensland Press, 1984.
  • McCloy, Peter, The Survival Dreaming, Lindfield: Australian Print Group, 1995.
  • Montagu, Ashley, Coming into Being Among the Australian Aborigines: A Study of the Procreative Beliefs of the Native Tribes of Australia, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1937.
  • Mountford, Charles P., The Tiwi: Their Art, Myth and Ceromony, London 1958.
  • Noss, John B., Man’s Religions, London: The Macmillan Company, 1969.
  • Pettazzoni, Raffaele, ‚Mitin Hakikati‛, Tanrıya Dair, çev. Fuat Aydın, İstanbul: İz Ya- yıncılık, 2002.
  • Piddington, R., ‚Totemic System of the Karadjeri Tribe‛, Oceania, 1932a, 2, s. 395-398.
  • Robinson, Roland, Aboriginal Myths and Legends, Melbourne: Sun Books, 1977.
  • Rose, Deborah Bird, ‚Sacred Site, Ancestral Clearing, and Environmental Ethics‛, Emplaced Myth: Space, Narrative, and Knowledge in Aboriginal Australia and Papua New Guinea, ed. Alan Rumsey and James Weiner, Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2001.
  • Stanner, W. E. H., On Aboriginal Religion, Sydney: Sydney University, 1966.
  • The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Australia, ed. Susan Bambrick, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • The Encyclopaedia of Aboriginal Australia, ed. David Horton, Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press for the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, 1994.
  • Tonkinson, Robert, The Mardudjara Aborigines: Living the Dream in Australia’s Desert, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1978.
  • Unaipon, David, Aborijin Efsaneleri, çev. Ayşen Türkmen, İstanbul: Epsilon Yayıncı- lık, 2003.
  • White, Isabel M., ‚Aboriginal Women’s Status: A Paradox Resolved‛, Woman’s Role in Aboriginal Society, ed. Fay Gale, Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1974.
  • Yasdıman, Hakkı Şah, Avustralya Yerlilerinde Mitoloji ve Din, İzmir: Tibyan, 2005.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Hakkı Şah YASDIMAN Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Haziran 2011
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2011, Cilt 13, Sayı 23

Kaynak Göster

ISNAD Yasdıman, Hakkı Şah . "ABORİJİN KADININ KONUMU". Sakarya Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 13 / 23 (Haziran 2011): 75-96 .

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