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Birleşmiş Milletler Ortak Teftiş Birimi’nde Reformun Gerekliliği

Yıl 2010, Sayı 79, 97 - 125, 01.12.2010

Öz

Birleşmiş Milletler BM sistemi, üye devletlerin egemenlik yetkilerini korumaları üzerine kurulu olduğundan, devletlerin kurumsal süreçler üzerinde etkili olmaları, bir denetim organı olarak Ortak Teftiş Birimi’nin OTB işleyişinde aksaklıklara neden olmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, söz konusu aksaklıkları gidermek üzere OTB’nin oluşumu, işleyişi ve tavsiyelerinin uygulanmasında reform önerileri getirilmektedir. İlk olarak, OTB’nin oluşumunda bir Danışma Kurulu’nun görevlendirilmesi, devletlerin etkisini azaltarak nitelikli üye seçimini kolaylaştırabilecektir. İkinci olarak, soruşturma işlevinin güçlendirilmesi, OTB’yi örgüt yönetimleri karşısında destekleyerek; BM denetim organları arasında işbirliğinin kurumsallaştırılması ise, olası işlev tekrarlarını önleyerek, OTB’nin yetki kapsamını ve işlevini belirginleştirebilecektir. Üçüncü olarak, katılımcı örgütlerin OTB tavsiyelerini karara bağlamaları için öngörülen sürenin kısaltılması ve BM Genel Sekreterliği’ndeki bir birimin uygulamayı izlemekle görevlendirilmesi, OTB tavsiyelerinin uygulanmasını kolaylaştırabilecektir

Kaynakça

  • Abraszewski, Andrzej T. vd (1995), “Accountability, Management Improve- ment and Oversight in the United Nations”, http:// www.unjiu.org/ data/reports/1995/en95_02a.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 25.11.2010).
  • Abraszewski, Andrzej T. vd (1997), “The Challenge of Outsourcing for the United Nations System” http:// www.unjiu.org/data/ reports/1997/en97_05.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 25.11.2010).
  • ACABQ (1992), “Joint Inspection Unit”, http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/ asp/ws.asp?m=A/47/755 (Erişim Tarihi: 8.12.2010).
  • Amerasinghe, C. F. (1998), “Financing”, Handbook on International Organizations, Rene- Jean Dupuy (der.), Hague Academy of International Law.
  • Ban, Ki-Moon (2006), “Investing in the United Nations: For a Stronger Organization Worldwide”, http:// www.un.org/reform/investingun /chap6.shtml (Erişim Tarihi: 7.12.2010).
  • Beigbeder, Yves (2003), “Fraud, Corruption and United Nations Culture”, Rethinking International Organizations: Pathology and Promise, Dennis Dijkzeul ve Yves Beigbeder (der.), Berghan Books.
  • Bhatta, Gambhir (2000), Reforms at the United Nations: Contextualising the Annan Agenda, Singapore University Press, Singapore.
  • Biraud, Gerard (2010), “Preparedness of United Nations System Organizations for the International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS)”, http:// www.unjiu.org/data/ reports/2010/JIU_REP_2010_6_final.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 4.12.2010).
  • Bradlow, Daniel D. (2010), “International Law and the Operations of the International Financial Institutions”, International Financial Institutions and International Law, Daniel D. Bradlow ve David B. Hunter (der.), Kluwer Law International, Alphen aan den Rijn.
  • Bryant, Ralph (2003), Turbulent Waters: Cross-Border Finance and Inter- national Governance, The Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C.
  • Childers, Erskine ve Brian Urquhart (1994), Renewing the United Nations System, Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation, Uppsala.
  • Daes, Erika-Irene (1994), “Advancement of the Status of Women in the United Nations Secretariat in Era of ‘Human Resources Management’ and ‘Accountability’: A New Beginning?”, http:// www.unjiu.org/data /reports/1994/en94_03.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 25.11.2010).
  • Dijkzeul, Dennis (1997), The Management of Multilateral Organizations, Kluwer Law International, The Hague.
  • Everly, Rebecca (2008), “Assessing the Accountability of the High Representative”, Deconstructing the Reconstruction: Human Rights and Rule of Law in Postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dina Francesca Haynes (der.), Ashgate Publishing , Aldershot.
  • Footer, Mary E. (2006), An Institutional and Normative Analysis of the World Trade Organization, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, London.
  • Ford, Allen (1957), “The Secretariat”, The United Nations: The First Ten Years, B.A. Wortley (der.), Manchester University Press, London.
  • Fowler, Michael ve Sumihiro Kuyama (2007), “Accountability and the United Nations System”, Policy Brief, Sayı 8.
  • Fox, John D. vd (2000), “Strengthening the Investigations Function in United Nations System Organizations”, http:// www.unjiu.org/data/ reports/2000/en2000_9.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 4.12.2010).
  • Franck, Thomas M. (1995), “The United Nations as Guarantor of International Peace and Security”, The United Nations at Age Fifty: A Legal Perspective, Christian Tomuschat (der.), Kluwer Law International, The Hague / Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • Franda, Marcus (2006), The United Nations in the Twenty-First Century: Management and Reform Processes in a Troubled Organization, Rowman and Littlefield , Oxford.
  • Gonzales, Armanda Duque ve Wolfgang Münch (2000), “Delegation of Authority for the Management of Human and Financial Resources in the United Nations Secretariat”, http:// www.unjiu.org/data /reports/2000/en2000_6.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 25.11.2010).
  • Government Accountability Office (1986), More Can be Done to Strengthen the UN Joint Inspection Unit, Washington, D.C.
  • Gulbrandsen, Lars H. (2008), “Organizing Accountability in Transnational Standards Organizations: The Forest Stewardship Council as a Good Governance Model”, Organizing Transnational Accountability, Magnus Boström ve Christina Garsten (der.), Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.
  • Higgins, Rosalyn (1987), “The Role of Resolutions of International Organizations in the Process of Creating Norms in the International System”, International Law and the International System, William E. Butler (der.), MNP, Dordrecht.
  • Independent Steering Committee (2006), “Comprehensive Review of Governance and Oversight within the UN and its Funds, Programmes and Specialized Agencies”, http://www.un.org/Docs/ journal/asp/ws.asp?m=A/60/883/Add.2 (Erişim Tarihi: 28.10.2010).
  • JIU (1996), “Annual Report for 1 July 1995 – 30 June 1996”, http:// www.unjiu.org/data/en/annual_reports/ar_1996.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 28.10.2010).
  • JIU (2001), “Experience with the Follow-up System on Joint Inspection Unit Reports and Recommendations”, http://www.un.org/Docs /journal/asp/ws.asp?m=A/56/356 (Erişim Tarihi: 19.11.2010).
  • JIU (2003a), “Report on the in-depth Review of its Statute and Working Methods”, http:// www.unjiu.org/data/en/jiureform/ enA58343_add1.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 28.10.2010).
  • JIU (2003b), “Annual Report for 1 January 2002 – 31 December 2002”, http:// www.unjiu.org/data/en/annual_reports/ar_2002.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 8.12.2010).
  • JIU (2005), “Oversight Lacunae in the United Nations System”, http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/asp/ws.asp?m=A/60/860 (Erişim Tarihi: 4.12.2010).
  • JIU (2006), “Comments of the Joint Inspection Unit on the Report of the Steering Committee”, http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/ asp/ws.asp?m=A/60/1004 (Erişim Tarihi: 28.10.2010).
  • JIU (2009), “Annual Report for 2009 and Programme of Work for 2010”, http://www.unjiu.org/reports/arwpaA6434en.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 8.12.2010).
  • Kaikobad, K.H. (2007), “The Institutional Law of International Tribunals: Salient Comparative and Hierarchical Aspects”, International Criminal Justice: A Critical Analysis of Institutions and Procedures, Michael Bohlander (der.), Cameron May Ltd., London.
  • Knill, Christoph (2006), “Implementation”, European Union: Power and Policy–Making, Jeremy Richardson (der.), Routledge, New York.
  • Loriot, Francois (2005), “Accountability at the United Nations – in Need of a Genuine External Enforcement Body”, Accountability, Investigation and Due Process in International Organizations, Chris De Cooker (der.), Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden.
  • Mathiason, John R. (2007), Invisible Governance: International Secretariats in World Politics, Kumarian Press.
  • Mattli, Walter ve Ngaire Woods (2009), “In Whose Benefit? Explaining Regulatory Change in Global Politics”, The Politics of Global Regulation, Walter Mattli ve Ngaire Woods (der.), Princeton University Press, New Jersey.
  • Mc Clure, Wallace (1960), World Legal Order, University of North Carolina Press.
  • Moravcsik, Andrew (2005), “Is There a ‘Democratic Deficit’ in World Politics? A Framework for Analysis”, Global Governance and Public Accountability, David Held ve Mathias Koenig-Archibugi (der.), Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.
  • Münch, Wolfgang (1998), “The Joint Inspection Unit of the United Nations and Specialized Agencies: The Role and Working Methods of a Comprehensive Oversight Institution in the United Nations System”, Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law, Cilt 2.
  • Ortiz, Even Fontaine (2009), “The Role of the Special Representatives of the Secretary-General and Resident Coordinators”, http://www.unjiu.org /data/reports/2009/en2009_09.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 25.11.2010).
  • Othman, Khalil Issa (1994), “Toward a New System of Performance Appraisal in the United Nations Secretariat: Requirements for Successful Implementation”, 1994/en94_05.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 25.11.2010).
  • http://www.unjiu.org/data/reports/
  • Pahre, Robert (2005), “The Political Economy of European Integration in a Spatial Model”, The Political Economy of European Integration: Theory and Analysis, Erik Jones ve Amy Verdun (der.), Routledge, New York.
  • Reif, Linda C. (2004), The Ombudsman, Good Governance and the Interna- tional Human Rights System, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden.
  • Russett, Bruce vd. (2010), World Politics: The Menu for Choice, Wadsworth, Boston.
  • Schedler, Andreas (1999), “Conceptualizing Accountability”, The Self- Restraining State: Power and Accountability in New Democracies, Andreas Schedler vd (der.), Lynne Rienner Publishers, New York.
  • Schlesinger, Thomas (2001), “Financing and Financial Crises”, The United Nations – Law and Practice, Franz Cede ve Lilly Sucharipa (der.), Kluwer Law International.
  • Smrkolj, Maja (2009), “International Institutions and Individualized Decision- Making: An Example of UNHCR’s Refugee Status Determination”, The Exercise of Public Authority by International Institutions: Advancing International Institutional Law, Armin von Bogdandy vd (der.), Springer, Heidelberg.
  • Sutterlin, James (1993), “The UN Secretary-General as Chief Administrator”, The Challenging Role of the UN Secretary General, Benjamin Rivlin ve Leon Gordenker (der.), Praeger, Westport, Connecticut.
  • United Nations (2000), UN Juridical Yearbook 2000, New York.
  • United Nations (2006), UN Juridical Yearbook 2006, New York.
  • United Nations Secretary-General (1994a), “Review of the Efficiency of the Administrative and Financial Functioning of the United Nations”, http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/asp/ws.asp?m=A/49/633 (Erişim Tarihi: 18.03.2011).
  • United Nations Secretary-General (1994b), “Review of the Efficiency of the Administrative and Financial Functioning of the United Nations”, http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/asp/ws.asp?m=A/48/876 (Erişim Tarihi: 7.12.2010).
  • United Nations Secretary-General (2005), “Report on Scrutinizing Public Expenditure”, http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/asp/ws.asp?m=A/60/568 (Erişim Tarihi: 27.02.2011).
  • De Waart, P.J.I.M. (1994), “The UN System at a Crossroads: Peoples’ Centre or Big Brothers’ Small Club”, Towards More Effective Supervision by International Organizations: Essays in Honour of Henry G. Schermers Vol. I, Niels Blokker ve Sam Muller (der.), Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht.
  • De Wet, Erika (2005), “The Security Council as a Law Maker: The Adoption of (Quasi) – Judicial Decisions”, Development of International Law in Treaty Making, Rudiger Wolfrum ve Volker Röben (der.), Springer, Berlin / Heidelberg / New York.
  • White, Nigel D. (2000), “The United Nations System: Conference, Contract or Constitutional Order”, Singapore Journal of International and Comparative Law, 4.
  • Wiener, Jonathan B. ve Alberto Alemanno (2010), “Comparing Regulatory Oversight Bodies Across the Atlantic: The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs in the US and the Impact Assessment Board in the EU”, Comparative Administrative Law, Susan Rose Ackerman ve Peter L. Lindseth (der.), Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.
  • Yokoi-Arai, Mamiko (2002), Financial Stability Issues: The Case of East Asia, Kluwer Publishers.
  • Zweifel, Thomas D. (2006), International Organizations and Democracy: Accountability, Politics, and Power, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, Colorado.

THE NEED FOR REFORM AT THE UNITED NATIONS JOINT INSPECTION UNIT

Yıl 2010, Sayı 79, 97 - 125, 01.12.2010

Öz

Since the United Nations UN system is such an organization within which the member states retain most of their jurisdiction, the whole institutional process is under state control, with the result that the Joint Inspection Unit JIU , the unique external oversight body of the system, is adversely affected. In order to sideline those deficiencies, the article makes suggestions on reforming the formation and functioning of the JIU as well as on strengthening weak compliance of its recommendations. Firstly, establishment of an advisory body, through reducing state influence, could contribute to improving the election of qualified inspectors. Secondly, strengthhening the investigative function and institutionalization of cooperation with various oversight bodies within the UN system could provide support for the JIU and help clarify the scope of the JIU’s mandate in its relations with the administration. Thirdly, shortening the period for considering the JIU recommendations by the legislative bodies of the participating organizations and entrusting a department under the UN SecretaryGeneral with monitoring the implementation process could further strengthen the follow-up system on JIU recommendations

Kaynakça

  • Abraszewski, Andrzej T. vd (1995), “Accountability, Management Improve- ment and Oversight in the United Nations”, http:// www.unjiu.org/ data/reports/1995/en95_02a.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 25.11.2010).
  • Abraszewski, Andrzej T. vd (1997), “The Challenge of Outsourcing for the United Nations System” http:// www.unjiu.org/data/ reports/1997/en97_05.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 25.11.2010).
  • ACABQ (1992), “Joint Inspection Unit”, http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/ asp/ws.asp?m=A/47/755 (Erişim Tarihi: 8.12.2010).
  • Amerasinghe, C. F. (1998), “Financing”, Handbook on International Organizations, Rene- Jean Dupuy (der.), Hague Academy of International Law.
  • Ban, Ki-Moon (2006), “Investing in the United Nations: For a Stronger Organization Worldwide”, http:// www.un.org/reform/investingun /chap6.shtml (Erişim Tarihi: 7.12.2010).
  • Beigbeder, Yves (2003), “Fraud, Corruption and United Nations Culture”, Rethinking International Organizations: Pathology and Promise, Dennis Dijkzeul ve Yves Beigbeder (der.), Berghan Books.
  • Bhatta, Gambhir (2000), Reforms at the United Nations: Contextualising the Annan Agenda, Singapore University Press, Singapore.
  • Biraud, Gerard (2010), “Preparedness of United Nations System Organizations for the International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS)”, http:// www.unjiu.org/data/ reports/2010/JIU_REP_2010_6_final.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 4.12.2010).
  • Bradlow, Daniel D. (2010), “International Law and the Operations of the International Financial Institutions”, International Financial Institutions and International Law, Daniel D. Bradlow ve David B. Hunter (der.), Kluwer Law International, Alphen aan den Rijn.
  • Bryant, Ralph (2003), Turbulent Waters: Cross-Border Finance and Inter- national Governance, The Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C.
  • Childers, Erskine ve Brian Urquhart (1994), Renewing the United Nations System, Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation, Uppsala.
  • Daes, Erika-Irene (1994), “Advancement of the Status of Women in the United Nations Secretariat in Era of ‘Human Resources Management’ and ‘Accountability’: A New Beginning?”, http:// www.unjiu.org/data /reports/1994/en94_03.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 25.11.2010).
  • Dijkzeul, Dennis (1997), The Management of Multilateral Organizations, Kluwer Law International, The Hague.
  • Everly, Rebecca (2008), “Assessing the Accountability of the High Representative”, Deconstructing the Reconstruction: Human Rights and Rule of Law in Postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dina Francesca Haynes (der.), Ashgate Publishing , Aldershot.
  • Footer, Mary E. (2006), An Institutional and Normative Analysis of the World Trade Organization, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, London.
  • Ford, Allen (1957), “The Secretariat”, The United Nations: The First Ten Years, B.A. Wortley (der.), Manchester University Press, London.
  • Fowler, Michael ve Sumihiro Kuyama (2007), “Accountability and the United Nations System”, Policy Brief, Sayı 8.
  • Fox, John D. vd (2000), “Strengthening the Investigations Function in United Nations System Organizations”, http:// www.unjiu.org/data/ reports/2000/en2000_9.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 4.12.2010).
  • Franck, Thomas M. (1995), “The United Nations as Guarantor of International Peace and Security”, The United Nations at Age Fifty: A Legal Perspective, Christian Tomuschat (der.), Kluwer Law International, The Hague / Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • Franda, Marcus (2006), The United Nations in the Twenty-First Century: Management and Reform Processes in a Troubled Organization, Rowman and Littlefield , Oxford.
  • Gonzales, Armanda Duque ve Wolfgang Münch (2000), “Delegation of Authority for the Management of Human and Financial Resources in the United Nations Secretariat”, http:// www.unjiu.org/data /reports/2000/en2000_6.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 25.11.2010).
  • Government Accountability Office (1986), More Can be Done to Strengthen the UN Joint Inspection Unit, Washington, D.C.
  • Gulbrandsen, Lars H. (2008), “Organizing Accountability in Transnational Standards Organizations: The Forest Stewardship Council as a Good Governance Model”, Organizing Transnational Accountability, Magnus Boström ve Christina Garsten (der.), Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.
  • Higgins, Rosalyn (1987), “The Role of Resolutions of International Organizations in the Process of Creating Norms in the International System”, International Law and the International System, William E. Butler (der.), MNP, Dordrecht.
  • Independent Steering Committee (2006), “Comprehensive Review of Governance and Oversight within the UN and its Funds, Programmes and Specialized Agencies”, http://www.un.org/Docs/ journal/asp/ws.asp?m=A/60/883/Add.2 (Erişim Tarihi: 28.10.2010).
  • JIU (1996), “Annual Report for 1 July 1995 – 30 June 1996”, http:// www.unjiu.org/data/en/annual_reports/ar_1996.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 28.10.2010).
  • JIU (2001), “Experience with the Follow-up System on Joint Inspection Unit Reports and Recommendations”, http://www.un.org/Docs /journal/asp/ws.asp?m=A/56/356 (Erişim Tarihi: 19.11.2010).
  • JIU (2003a), “Report on the in-depth Review of its Statute and Working Methods”, http:// www.unjiu.org/data/en/jiureform/ enA58343_add1.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 28.10.2010).
  • JIU (2003b), “Annual Report for 1 January 2002 – 31 December 2002”, http:// www.unjiu.org/data/en/annual_reports/ar_2002.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 8.12.2010).
  • JIU (2005), “Oversight Lacunae in the United Nations System”, http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/asp/ws.asp?m=A/60/860 (Erişim Tarihi: 4.12.2010).
  • JIU (2006), “Comments of the Joint Inspection Unit on the Report of the Steering Committee”, http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/ asp/ws.asp?m=A/60/1004 (Erişim Tarihi: 28.10.2010).
  • JIU (2009), “Annual Report for 2009 and Programme of Work for 2010”, http://www.unjiu.org/reports/arwpaA6434en.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 8.12.2010).
  • Kaikobad, K.H. (2007), “The Institutional Law of International Tribunals: Salient Comparative and Hierarchical Aspects”, International Criminal Justice: A Critical Analysis of Institutions and Procedures, Michael Bohlander (der.), Cameron May Ltd., London.
  • Knill, Christoph (2006), “Implementation”, European Union: Power and Policy–Making, Jeremy Richardson (der.), Routledge, New York.
  • Loriot, Francois (2005), “Accountability at the United Nations – in Need of a Genuine External Enforcement Body”, Accountability, Investigation and Due Process in International Organizations, Chris De Cooker (der.), Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden.
  • Mathiason, John R. (2007), Invisible Governance: International Secretariats in World Politics, Kumarian Press.
  • Mattli, Walter ve Ngaire Woods (2009), “In Whose Benefit? Explaining Regulatory Change in Global Politics”, The Politics of Global Regulation, Walter Mattli ve Ngaire Woods (der.), Princeton University Press, New Jersey.
  • Mc Clure, Wallace (1960), World Legal Order, University of North Carolina Press.
  • Moravcsik, Andrew (2005), “Is There a ‘Democratic Deficit’ in World Politics? A Framework for Analysis”, Global Governance and Public Accountability, David Held ve Mathias Koenig-Archibugi (der.), Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.
  • Münch, Wolfgang (1998), “The Joint Inspection Unit of the United Nations and Specialized Agencies: The Role and Working Methods of a Comprehensive Oversight Institution in the United Nations System”, Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law, Cilt 2.
  • Ortiz, Even Fontaine (2009), “The Role of the Special Representatives of the Secretary-General and Resident Coordinators”, http://www.unjiu.org /data/reports/2009/en2009_09.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 25.11.2010).
  • Othman, Khalil Issa (1994), “Toward a New System of Performance Appraisal in the United Nations Secretariat: Requirements for Successful Implementation”, 1994/en94_05.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 25.11.2010).
  • http://www.unjiu.org/data/reports/
  • Pahre, Robert (2005), “The Political Economy of European Integration in a Spatial Model”, The Political Economy of European Integration: Theory and Analysis, Erik Jones ve Amy Verdun (der.), Routledge, New York.
  • Reif, Linda C. (2004), The Ombudsman, Good Governance and the Interna- tional Human Rights System, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden.
  • Russett, Bruce vd. (2010), World Politics: The Menu for Choice, Wadsworth, Boston.
  • Schedler, Andreas (1999), “Conceptualizing Accountability”, The Self- Restraining State: Power and Accountability in New Democracies, Andreas Schedler vd (der.), Lynne Rienner Publishers, New York.
  • Schlesinger, Thomas (2001), “Financing and Financial Crises”, The United Nations – Law and Practice, Franz Cede ve Lilly Sucharipa (der.), Kluwer Law International.
  • Smrkolj, Maja (2009), “International Institutions and Individualized Decision- Making: An Example of UNHCR’s Refugee Status Determination”, The Exercise of Public Authority by International Institutions: Advancing International Institutional Law, Armin von Bogdandy vd (der.), Springer, Heidelberg.
  • Sutterlin, James (1993), “The UN Secretary-General as Chief Administrator”, The Challenging Role of the UN Secretary General, Benjamin Rivlin ve Leon Gordenker (der.), Praeger, Westport, Connecticut.
  • United Nations (2000), UN Juridical Yearbook 2000, New York.
  • United Nations (2006), UN Juridical Yearbook 2006, New York.
  • United Nations Secretary-General (1994a), “Review of the Efficiency of the Administrative and Financial Functioning of the United Nations”, http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/asp/ws.asp?m=A/49/633 (Erişim Tarihi: 18.03.2011).
  • United Nations Secretary-General (1994b), “Review of the Efficiency of the Administrative and Financial Functioning of the United Nations”, http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/asp/ws.asp?m=A/48/876 (Erişim Tarihi: 7.12.2010).
  • United Nations Secretary-General (2005), “Report on Scrutinizing Public Expenditure”, http://www.un.org/Docs/journal/asp/ws.asp?m=A/60/568 (Erişim Tarihi: 27.02.2011).
  • De Waart, P.J.I.M. (1994), “The UN System at a Crossroads: Peoples’ Centre or Big Brothers’ Small Club”, Towards More Effective Supervision by International Organizations: Essays in Honour of Henry G. Schermers Vol. I, Niels Blokker ve Sam Muller (der.), Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht.
  • De Wet, Erika (2005), “The Security Council as a Law Maker: The Adoption of (Quasi) – Judicial Decisions”, Development of International Law in Treaty Making, Rudiger Wolfrum ve Volker Röben (der.), Springer, Berlin / Heidelberg / New York.
  • White, Nigel D. (2000), “The United Nations System: Conference, Contract or Constitutional Order”, Singapore Journal of International and Comparative Law, 4.
  • Wiener, Jonathan B. ve Alberto Alemanno (2010), “Comparing Regulatory Oversight Bodies Across the Atlantic: The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs in the US and the Impact Assessment Board in the EU”, Comparative Administrative Law, Susan Rose Ackerman ve Peter L. Lindseth (der.), Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.
  • Yokoi-Arai, Mamiko (2002), Financial Stability Issues: The Case of East Asia, Kluwer Publishers.
  • Zweifel, Thomas D. (2006), International Organizations and Democracy: Accountability, Politics, and Power, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, Colorado.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Research Article
Yazarlar

Özgür MENGİLER Bu kişi benim
Ankara Üniversitesi Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Aralık 2010
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2010, Cilt , Sayı 79

Kaynak Göster

APA Mengiler, Ö. (2010). Birleşmiş Milletler Ortak Teftiş Birimi’nde Reformun Gerekliliği . Sayıştay Dergisi , (79) , 97-125 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/sayistay/issue/61534/919049