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Because of the vital importance of banking to countries’ economy and the detri
mental effects of the fraudulent actions of bankers to the well being of a bank and its
systemic effect to the other banks in the market, regulators impose criminal sanctions.
In Turkey, a special embezzlement offence that can be conducted by bankers is regula
ted under article 160 of the Banking Law No.5411. This article aims to analyze this cont
roversial criminal offence within Banking Law No.5411, Turkish Criminal Law No.5237
and the abolished Banking Law No.4389. In this respect, the study includes general infor
mation about embezzlement, elements of the offence, special circumstances that affects
the nature of the offence, specific forms of the offence and prosecution methods. In addi
tion, recommendations regarding the time of crime and trial precondition are given, and
it is stated that, considering the problems in the banking sector as well as the heavy bur
den they place on the country’s economy, the penalties are proportional to the crime.