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Investigation of The Relationship Between Core Muscle Endurance And Aerobic Capacity, Speed, Agility And Sport-Spesific Skills in Wheelchair Basketball Players

Yıl 2019, Cilt 30, Sayı 3, 96 - 106, 07.11.2019
https://doi.org/10.17644/sbd.530004

Öz

The aim of our study is to investigate the relationship between core muscle endurance, aerobic capacity, speed, agility and sport-specific skills in wheelchair basketball players. The study included 27 players (mean age, body weight and sitting height were 31.78±8.19 years, 74.48±11.37 kg, and 93.67±6.08 cm, respectively) who had played at least one year of basketball in wheelchair basketball leagues, with a wheelchair sport-specific classification score of 2.5 and over, with no acute injury. Core muscle endurance were evaluated by Trunk Flexion Endurance Test, Trunk Extension Endurance Test and Flexion-Rotation Trunk Endurance Test. The aerobic capacities of the athletes were evaluated in the field with the 6-Minute Endurance Race Test, the speed with the 5-Meter Sprint Test and the 20-Meter Sprint Test, the agility with the Ball Collection Test, and the sports-specific skills with the Slalom Test and the Ball Slalom Test. A statistically significant relationship was found between trunk rotator muscle endurance with aerobic capacity (r=0.67; p<0.05), speed (r=-0.58; p<0.05), agility (r=-0.72; p<0.05) and sports-specific skills (r=-0.55; p<0.05). Also, a statistically significant relationship was found between trunk flexor muscle endurance with speed (r=-0.38; p<0.05) and aerobic capacity (r=0.39; p<0.05). According to the results of current study, there was a relationship between core muscle endurance parameters and wheelchair basketball-specific skills and on-site performance. It was concluded that the inclusion of exercises for core muscles in athletes' training programs would contribute to on-site physical performance improvements.

Kaynakça

  • Akınoğlu B, Kocahan T, Birben T, Çoban Ö, Soylu Ç, Ün Yıldırım N. (2016a). Paralimpik okçuların ve tekerlekli sandalye basketbol oyuncularının core stabilizasyon verilerinin karşılaştırılması. Online Türk Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, Cilt 1, Sayı 3, 21-27.
  • Akınoğlu B, Soylu Ç, Ün Yıldırım N, Kocahan T, Çoban Ö, Hasanoğlu A. (2016b). Determination of the relationship between core endurance and sitting balance in wheechair basketball players: A pilot study. International Refereed Academic Journal of Sport, 1-1.
  • Aytar A, Pekyavaş ÖN, Ergun N, Karataş M. (2012). “Is there a relationship between core stability, balance and strength in amputee soccer players? A pilot study”. Prosthetics and Orthodics International, 36(3)332–338.
  • Bliss LS, Teeple P. (2005). Core stability: the centerpiece of any training program. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 4, 179–183.
  • Brotons-Gil E, Garcı´a-Vaquero MP, Peco-Gonza´lez N, Vera-Garcia FJ. (2013). Flexion-rotation trunk test to assess abdominal muscle endurance: Reliability, learning effect, and sex differences. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(6), 1602–1608.
  • Cavedon V, Zancanaro C, Milanese C. (2015). Physique and performance of young wheelchair basketball players in relation with classification. Plos One, 10(11), e0143621.
  • De Groot S, Balvers IJ, Kouwenhoven SM, Janssen TW. (2012). Validity and reliability of tests determining performance-related components of wheelchair basketball. Journal of Sports Sciences, May;30(9), 879-87.
  • De Lira CA, Vancini RL, Minozzo FC, Sousa BS, Dubas JP, Andrade MS, ve diğ. (2010). Relationship between aerobic and anaerobic parameters and functional classification in wheelchair basketball players. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 20, 638–643.
  • Durall CJ, Udermann BE, Johansen DR, Gibson B, Reineke DM, Reuteman P. (2009). The effects of preseason trunk muscle training on low-back pain occurrence in women collegiate gymnasts. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Jan 23(1), 86-92.
  • Ergun N, Düzgün İ, Aslan E. (2008). Effect of the number of years of experience on physical fitness, sports skills and quality of life in wheelchair basketball players. Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon, 19(2), 55-63.
  • Gil SM, Yanci J, Otero M, Olasagasti J, Badiola A, Bidaurrazaga-Letona I, ve diğ. (2015). The functional classification and field test performance in wheelchair basketball players. Journal of Human Kinetics, Jul 10;46, 219-30.
  • Hibbs A, Thompson K, French D, Wrigley A, Spears I. (2008). Optimizing performance by improving core stability and core strength. Sports Medicine, 38, 995-1008.
  • Kibler W, Press J, Sciascia A. (2006). The role of core stability in athletic function. Sports Medicine, 36, 189-198.
  • Molik B, Kosmol A, Laskin JJ, Morgulec-Adamowicz N, Skucas K, Dabrowska A, ve diğ. (2010). Wheelchair basketball skill tests: differences between athletes’ functional classification level and disability type. Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon, 21(1), 11-19.
  • Moore K, Dalley A, Agur A. (2009). Clinically oriented anatomy. (6th ed). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Moreau CE, Green BN, Johnson CD, Moreau SR. (2001). Isometric back extension endurance tests: a review of the literature. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 24(2), 110-22.
  • Özünlü N, Ergun N. (2013). Trunk balance assessment in wheelchair basketball players, Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon, 23(1):44–50.
  • Paulson T, Goosey-Tolfrey V. (2017). Current perspectives on profiling and enhancing wheelchair court sport performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12:3, 275-286.
  • Sandrey MA, Mitzel JG. (2012). Improvement in dynamic balance and core endurance after a 6-week core-stability-training program in high school track and field athletes. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 21, 264-271.
  • Santos SD, Krishnan C, Alonso AC, Greve JM. (2017). Trunk function correlates positively with wheelchair basketball player classification. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Feb;96(2), 101-108.
  • Tse MA, McManus AM, Masters RS. (2005). Development and validation of a core endurance intervention program: implications for performance in college-age rowers. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Aug;19(3), 547-52.
  • Vanlandewijck YC, Verellen J, Tweedy S. (2011). Towards evidence-based classification in wheelchair sports: impact of seating position on wheelchair acceleration. Journal of Sports Sciences, Jul;29(10):1089-96.
  • Willardson JM. (2018). Core gelişimi. (1. Baskı). (Ç Bulgan, MA Başar, Çev.). İstanbul: İstanbul Tıp Kitabevleri.
  • Yanci J, Granados C, Otero M, Badiola A, Olasagasti J, Bidaurrazaga-Letona I, ve diğ. (2015). Sprint, agility, strength and endurance capacity in wheelchair basketball players. Biology of Sport, 32(1), 71–78.

Tekerlekli Sandalye Basketbol Oyuncularında Core Kas Dayanıklılığı ile Aerobik Kapasite, Hız, Çeviklik ve Spora Özgü Beceriler Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi

Yıl 2019, Cilt 30, Sayı 3, 96 - 106, 07.11.2019
https://doi.org/10.17644/sbd.530004

Öz

Çalışmanın amacı, tekerlekli sandalye basketbol oyuncularında core kas dayanıklılığı ile aerobik kapasite, hız, çeviklik ve spora özgü becerileri arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemekti. Çalışmaya tekerlekli sandalye basketbol liglerinde en az 1 yıl basketbol oynayan, tekerlekli sandalye sporuna özgü sınıflandırma puanları 2.5 ve üzerinde olan, akut yaralanması olmayan 27 oyuncu (yaş ortalamaları 31.78±8.19 yıl, beden ağırlığı ortalamaları 74.48±11.37 kg, oturma yüksekliği ortalamaları 93.67±6.08 cm) dahil edildi. Sporcuların core kas dayanıklılığı Gövde Fleksiyon Dayanıklılığı Testi, Gövde Ekstansiyon Dayanıklılığı Testi ve Fleksiyon-Rotasyon Gövde Dayanıklılığı Testi ile değerlendirildi. Aerobik kapasiteleri 6 Dakika Dayanıklılık Yarış Testi ile hızları 5 Metre Sprint Testi ve 20 Metre Sprint Testi ile, çeviklikleri Top Toplama Testi ile, spora özgü becerileri ise Slalom Testi ve Topla Slalom Testi ile saha içinde değerlendirildi. Gövde rotator kas dayanıklılığı ile aerobik kapasite (r=0.67; p<0.05), hız (r=-0.58; p<0.05), çeviklik (r=-0.72; p<0.05) ve spora özgü beceriler (r=-0.55; p<0.05) arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir ilişki olduğu bulundu. Ayrıca, gövde fleksör kas dayanıklılığı ile hız (r=-0.38; p<0.05) ve aerobik kapasite (r=0.39; p<0.05) arasında da istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir ilişki olduğu bulundu. Çalışmamızın sonuçlarına göre core kas dayanıklılığı ile tekerlekli sandalye basketbola özgü beceriler ve saha içi performans arasında ilişki olduğu görüldü. Sporcuların antrenman programlarına core kaslarına yönelik egzersizlerin dahil edilmesinin saha içi fiziksel performans gelişimlerine katkıda bulunacağı düşüncesindeyiz.

Kaynakça

  • Akınoğlu B, Kocahan T, Birben T, Çoban Ö, Soylu Ç, Ün Yıldırım N. (2016a). Paralimpik okçuların ve tekerlekli sandalye basketbol oyuncularının core stabilizasyon verilerinin karşılaştırılması. Online Türk Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, Cilt 1, Sayı 3, 21-27.
  • Akınoğlu B, Soylu Ç, Ün Yıldırım N, Kocahan T, Çoban Ö, Hasanoğlu A. (2016b). Determination of the relationship between core endurance and sitting balance in wheechair basketball players: A pilot study. International Refereed Academic Journal of Sport, 1-1.
  • Aytar A, Pekyavaş ÖN, Ergun N, Karataş M. (2012). “Is there a relationship between core stability, balance and strength in amputee soccer players? A pilot study”. Prosthetics and Orthodics International, 36(3)332–338.
  • Bliss LS, Teeple P. (2005). Core stability: the centerpiece of any training program. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 4, 179–183.
  • Brotons-Gil E, Garcı´a-Vaquero MP, Peco-Gonza´lez N, Vera-Garcia FJ. (2013). Flexion-rotation trunk test to assess abdominal muscle endurance: Reliability, learning effect, and sex differences. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(6), 1602–1608.
  • Cavedon V, Zancanaro C, Milanese C. (2015). Physique and performance of young wheelchair basketball players in relation with classification. Plos One, 10(11), e0143621.
  • De Groot S, Balvers IJ, Kouwenhoven SM, Janssen TW. (2012). Validity and reliability of tests determining performance-related components of wheelchair basketball. Journal of Sports Sciences, May;30(9), 879-87.
  • De Lira CA, Vancini RL, Minozzo FC, Sousa BS, Dubas JP, Andrade MS, ve diğ. (2010). Relationship between aerobic and anaerobic parameters and functional classification in wheelchair basketball players. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 20, 638–643.
  • Durall CJ, Udermann BE, Johansen DR, Gibson B, Reineke DM, Reuteman P. (2009). The effects of preseason trunk muscle training on low-back pain occurrence in women collegiate gymnasts. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Jan 23(1), 86-92.
  • Ergun N, Düzgün İ, Aslan E. (2008). Effect of the number of years of experience on physical fitness, sports skills and quality of life in wheelchair basketball players. Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon, 19(2), 55-63.
  • Gil SM, Yanci J, Otero M, Olasagasti J, Badiola A, Bidaurrazaga-Letona I, ve diğ. (2015). The functional classification and field test performance in wheelchair basketball players. Journal of Human Kinetics, Jul 10;46, 219-30.
  • Hibbs A, Thompson K, French D, Wrigley A, Spears I. (2008). Optimizing performance by improving core stability and core strength. Sports Medicine, 38, 995-1008.
  • Kibler W, Press J, Sciascia A. (2006). The role of core stability in athletic function. Sports Medicine, 36, 189-198.
  • Molik B, Kosmol A, Laskin JJ, Morgulec-Adamowicz N, Skucas K, Dabrowska A, ve diğ. (2010). Wheelchair basketball skill tests: differences between athletes’ functional classification level and disability type. Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon, 21(1), 11-19.
  • Moore K, Dalley A, Agur A. (2009). Clinically oriented anatomy. (6th ed). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Moreau CE, Green BN, Johnson CD, Moreau SR. (2001). Isometric back extension endurance tests: a review of the literature. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 24(2), 110-22.
  • Özünlü N, Ergun N. (2013). Trunk balance assessment in wheelchair basketball players, Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon, 23(1):44–50.
  • Paulson T, Goosey-Tolfrey V. (2017). Current perspectives on profiling and enhancing wheelchair court sport performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12:3, 275-286.
  • Sandrey MA, Mitzel JG. (2012). Improvement in dynamic balance and core endurance after a 6-week core-stability-training program in high school track and field athletes. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 21, 264-271.
  • Santos SD, Krishnan C, Alonso AC, Greve JM. (2017). Trunk function correlates positively with wheelchair basketball player classification. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Feb;96(2), 101-108.
  • Tse MA, McManus AM, Masters RS. (2005). Development and validation of a core endurance intervention program: implications for performance in college-age rowers. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Aug;19(3), 547-52.
  • Vanlandewijck YC, Verellen J, Tweedy S. (2011). Towards evidence-based classification in wheelchair sports: impact of seating position on wheelchair acceleration. Journal of Sports Sciences, Jul;29(10):1089-96.
  • Willardson JM. (2018). Core gelişimi. (1. Baskı). (Ç Bulgan, MA Başar, Çev.). İstanbul: İstanbul Tıp Kitabevleri.
  • Yanci J, Granados C, Otero M, Badiola A, Olasagasti J, Bidaurrazaga-Letona I, ve diğ. (2015). Sprint, agility, strength and endurance capacity in wheelchair basketball players. Biology of Sport, 32(1), 71–78.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Spor Bilimleri
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Musa DORUK> (Sorumlu Yazar)
SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İSTANBUL FİZİK TEDAVİ VE REHABİLİTASYON SAĞLIK UYGULAMA VE ARAŞTIRMA MERKEZİ
0000-0003-0524-2052
Türkiye


Rüstem MUSTAFAOĞLU>
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ - CERRAHPAŞA, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-7030-0787
Türkiye


Abdurrahim YILDIZ Bu kişi benim
SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İSTANBUL FİZİK TEDAVİ VE REHABİLİTASYON SAĞLIK UYGULAMA VE ARAŞTIRMA MERKEZİ
0000-0003-0524-2052
Türkiye


Mehmet ÖZTÜRK Bu kişi benim (Sorumlu Yazar)
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ - CERRAHPAŞA, SPOR BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-0524-2052

Yayımlanma Tarihi 7 Kasım 2019
Başvuru Tarihi 20 Şubat 2019
Kabul Tarihi 20 Ağustos 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 30, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Doruk, M. , Mustafaoğlu, R. , Yıldız, A. & Öztürk, M. (2019). Tekerlekli Sandalye Basketbol Oyuncularında Core Kas Dayanıklılığı ile Aerobik Kapasite, Hız, Çeviklik ve Spora Özgü Beceriler Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi . Spor Bilimleri Dergisi , 30 (3) , 96-106 . DOI: 10.17644/sbd.530004

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