Araştırma Makalesi
PDF EndNote BibTex RIS Kaynak Göster

Nöromüsküler Performans Değerlendirmesine Farklı Bir Bakış: Yorgunluğun Hamstring:Quadriceps Oranı Üzerine Etkisi

Yıl 2020, Cilt 31, Sayı 4, 152 - 162, 13.01.2021
https://doi.org/10.17644/sbd.722549

Öz

Bu araştırmanın amacı, maksimum bireysel yorulma intolerans noktasında gerçekleştirilen bir egzersizin ardından ölçülen yorgunluk indeksi ve hamstrings-quadriceps parametrelerinin alternatif bir H/QYorgunluk yaklaşımı kullanarak (TLimvVO2max) belirlenmesi ve (H/Q) oranlarını dinlenik koşullarda gerçekleştirilen geleneksel (H/QCR) yöntemleri ile karşılaştırmaktır. Yorgunluk ve spor modalitesinin elde edilen parametreler üzerinde bir etkisi olup olmadığını belirlemek için farklı sporlar branşlarından 34 erkek sporcu katıldı. Kişilerin maksimum bireysel yorgunluk intolerans noktasını belirlemek amacıyla tüm katılımcılar VO2max, vVO2max ve TLimvVO2max testlerine tabii tutuldu. Analiz edilen H/Q verileri 180°/s açısal hızda belirlendi. Analiz sonuçlarına göre H/Q48-50 tekrarlarında elde edilen değerler (H/QSağ48,49,50: 1.20–1.24 ile H/QCR: 0.57–0.62; p <0.05; ve H/QLeft48,49,50: 1.17–1.34 ile H/QCR 0.53-0.55; p <0.001) geleneksel yöntemlerden istatistiksel olarak daha yüksek bulundu. Bu sonuçlar doğrultusunda yorucu bir aktivite sonrasında elde edilen H:Q değerleri ve yorgunluk indeksi değerlerinin geleneksel ölçüm yöntemlerine kıyasla daha farklı sonuçlar ortaya çıkardığı ileri sürülebilir.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Arampatzis A, Brüggemann GP, Metzler V. (1999). The effect of speed on leg stiffness and joint kinetics in human running. J Biomech. 32: 1349–1353.
  • 2. Askling CM, Tengvar M, Saartok T, Thorstensson A. (2007). Acute first-time hamstring strains during high-speed running: a longitudinal study including clinical and magnetic resonance imaging findings. Am J Sports Med. 35:197–206.
  • 3. Boram L, Boe B, Justus DO Young SK. (2018). The effect of stride frequency variations on running performance at the velocity of VO2max: Medicine & Science in Sports &Exercise 50:265-266.
  • 4. Cohen DD, Zhao B, Okwera B, Matthews MJ. Delextrat A. (2015). Angle-specific eccentric hamstring fatigue after simulated soccer. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 10: 325–331.
  • 5. Coombs R, Garbutt G. (2002). Developments in the use of the hamstring/ quadriceps ratio for the assessment of muscle balance. J Sports Sci Med. 1:56.
  • 6. Denadai BS, Denadai ML. (1998). Effects of caffeine on time to exhaustion in exercise performed below and above the anaerobic threshold. Braz J Med Biol Res. 31:581-585.
  • 7. Ekstrand J, Walden M, Hagglund M. (2016). Hamstring injuries have increased by 4% annually in men’s professional football, since 2001: a 13-year longitudinal analysis of the uefa elite club injury study. Br J Sports Med. 50: 731‐737.
  • 8. Figueiredo P, Zamparo P, Sousa A, Vilas-Boas JP, Fernandes RJ. (2011). An energy balance of the 200 m front crawl race. Eur J Appl Physiol. 111(5): 767-77.
  • 9. Gandemia SC. (2001). Spinal and supraspinal factors in human muscle fatigue. Physiol Rev. 81: 1725–89.
  • 10. Hayes PR, Bowen SJ, Davies EJ. (2004). The relationships between local muscular endurance and kinematic changes during a run to exhaustion at vVO2max. J Strength Cond Res. 18: 898-903.
  • 11. Heiderscheit BC, Hoerth DM, Chumanov ES, Swanson SC, Thelen BJ, Thelen DG. (2005). Identifying the time of occurrence of a hamstring strain injury during treadmill running: a case study. Clin Biomech. 20:1072‐1078.
  • 12. Horita T, Komi PV, Nicol C, Kyrolainen H. (1999). Effect of exhausting stretch-shortening cycle exercise on the time course of mechanical behaviour in the drop jump: possible role of muscle damage. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 79(2):160-7.
  • 13. Kawabata Y, Senda M, Oka T, Yagata Y, Takahara Y, Nagashima H, Inoue H. (2000). Measurement of fatigue in knee flexor and extensor muscles. Acta Med Okayama. 54(2), 85-90.
  • 14. Kellis E, Baltzopoulos V. (1995). Isokinetic eccentric exercise. Sports Med. 19: 202–222.
  • 15. Lieberman DE, Venkadesan M, Werbel WA, Daoud AI, D’Andrea S, Davis IS, Mang’Eni RO, Pitsiladis Y. (2010). Foot strike patterns and collision forces in habitually barefoot versus shod runners. Nature. 463: 531–535.
  • 16. Morin JB, Gimenez P, Edouard P, Arnal P, Jiménez-Reyes P, Samozino P et al. (2015). Sprint Acceleration Mechanics: The major role of hamstrings in horizontal force production. Front Physiol. 6: 404.
  • 17. Pinto MD, Blazevich AJ, Andersen LL, Mil-Homens P, Pinto RS. (2018). Hamstring-to-quadriceps fatigue ratio offers new and different muscle function information than the conventional non-fatigued ratio. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 28: 282–293.
  • 18. Ruas CV, Pinto RS, Haff GG, Lima CD, Pinto MD, Brown LE. (2019). Alternative methods of determining hamstrings-to-quadriceps ratios: A comprehensive review. Sports Medicine. 5:11
  • 19. Sanders TL, Maradit KH, Bryan AJ, Larson DR, Dahm DL, Levy BA et al. (2016). Incidence of anterior cruciate ligament tears and reconstruction: a 21- year population-based study. Am J Sports Med. 44: 1502‐1507.
  • 20. Scattone-Silva R, Lessi G, Lobato D, Serrão F. (2012). Acceleration time, peak torque and time to peak torque in elite karate athletes. Science & Sports. 27(4):e31-e7.
  • 21. Støren Ø, Helgerud J, Hoff J. (2011). Running stride peak forces inversely determine running economy in elite runners. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(1): 117-123.
  • 22. Sun Y, Wei S, Zhong Y, Fu W, Li L, Liu Y. (2015). How joint torques affect hamstring injury risk in sprinting swing-stance transition. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 47: 373–380.
  • 23. Thorstensson A, Karlsson J. (1976). Fatiguability and fibre composition of human skeletal muscle. Acta Physiol. Scand. 98:318–322.
  • 24. Weber FS, Silva B, Radaelli R, Paiva C, Pinto RS. (2010). Avaliação iso- cinética em jogadores de futebol profissional e comparação do desempenho entre as diferentes posições ocupadas no campo. Rev Bras Med Esport. 16:264–268.
  • 25. Wilber RL, Moffatt RJ. (1992). Influence of carbohydrate ingestion on blood glucose and performance in runners. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2: 317-327.

A Different Insight into Neuromuscular Performance Evaluation: The Influence of Fatigue in Hamstrings:Quadriceps Ratio

Yıl 2020, Cilt 31, Sayı 4, 152 - 162, 13.01.2021
https://doi.org/10.17644/sbd.722549

Öz

The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the differences among fatigue index and hamstrings-to-quadriceps (H/Q) peak moment ratios subsequent to an exhaustive running (TLimvVO2max) trial performed at maximum individual fatigue intolerance point using an alternative H/QFatigue approach rather than other conventional (H/QCR) methods of determining the hamstrings-to-quadriceps ratio under non-fatigued conditions. Thirty-seven male athletes from different sports participated to determine if there are differences due to the influences of fatigue and sports modality. VO2max, vVO2max, and TLimvVO2max were measured to determine maximum individual fatigue intolerance point with two preliminary test sessions. H/Q data analyzed were for angular velocities of 180°/s. H/QFatigue calculated using the moment developed in repetitions 48-50 was significantly greater than other conventional methods (p<0.001). Significant differences were apparent among new and conventional methods (H/QRight48,49,50:1.20–1.24 vs. H/QCR: 0.57–0.62; p<0.05) and (H/QLeft48,49,50:1.17–1.34 vs. H/QCR: 0.53–0.55; p<0.001), respectively. H/QFatigue ratios following an exhaustive exercise offer different information compared to conventional methods of determining the hamstrings-to-quadriceps ratio under non-fatigued conditions.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Arampatzis A, Brüggemann GP, Metzler V. (1999). The effect of speed on leg stiffness and joint kinetics in human running. J Biomech. 32: 1349–1353.
  • 2. Askling CM, Tengvar M, Saartok T, Thorstensson A. (2007). Acute first-time hamstring strains during high-speed running: a longitudinal study including clinical and magnetic resonance imaging findings. Am J Sports Med. 35:197–206.
  • 3. Boram L, Boe B, Justus DO Young SK. (2018). The effect of stride frequency variations on running performance at the velocity of VO2max: Medicine & Science in Sports &Exercise 50:265-266.
  • 4. Cohen DD, Zhao B, Okwera B, Matthews MJ. Delextrat A. (2015). Angle-specific eccentric hamstring fatigue after simulated soccer. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 10: 325–331.
  • 5. Coombs R, Garbutt G. (2002). Developments in the use of the hamstring/ quadriceps ratio for the assessment of muscle balance. J Sports Sci Med. 1:56.
  • 6. Denadai BS, Denadai ML. (1998). Effects of caffeine on time to exhaustion in exercise performed below and above the anaerobic threshold. Braz J Med Biol Res. 31:581-585.
  • 7. Ekstrand J, Walden M, Hagglund M. (2016). Hamstring injuries have increased by 4% annually in men’s professional football, since 2001: a 13-year longitudinal analysis of the uefa elite club injury study. Br J Sports Med. 50: 731‐737.
  • 8. Figueiredo P, Zamparo P, Sousa A, Vilas-Boas JP, Fernandes RJ. (2011). An energy balance of the 200 m front crawl race. Eur J Appl Physiol. 111(5): 767-77.
  • 9. Gandemia SC. (2001). Spinal and supraspinal factors in human muscle fatigue. Physiol Rev. 81: 1725–89.
  • 10. Hayes PR, Bowen SJ, Davies EJ. (2004). The relationships between local muscular endurance and kinematic changes during a run to exhaustion at vVO2max. J Strength Cond Res. 18: 898-903.
  • 11. Heiderscheit BC, Hoerth DM, Chumanov ES, Swanson SC, Thelen BJ, Thelen DG. (2005). Identifying the time of occurrence of a hamstring strain injury during treadmill running: a case study. Clin Biomech. 20:1072‐1078.
  • 12. Horita T, Komi PV, Nicol C, Kyrolainen H. (1999). Effect of exhausting stretch-shortening cycle exercise on the time course of mechanical behaviour in the drop jump: possible role of muscle damage. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 79(2):160-7.
  • 13. Kawabata Y, Senda M, Oka T, Yagata Y, Takahara Y, Nagashima H, Inoue H. (2000). Measurement of fatigue in knee flexor and extensor muscles. Acta Med Okayama. 54(2), 85-90.
  • 14. Kellis E, Baltzopoulos V. (1995). Isokinetic eccentric exercise. Sports Med. 19: 202–222.
  • 15. Lieberman DE, Venkadesan M, Werbel WA, Daoud AI, D’Andrea S, Davis IS, Mang’Eni RO, Pitsiladis Y. (2010). Foot strike patterns and collision forces in habitually barefoot versus shod runners. Nature. 463: 531–535.
  • 16. Morin JB, Gimenez P, Edouard P, Arnal P, Jiménez-Reyes P, Samozino P et al. (2015). Sprint Acceleration Mechanics: The major role of hamstrings in horizontal force production. Front Physiol. 6: 404.
  • 17. Pinto MD, Blazevich AJ, Andersen LL, Mil-Homens P, Pinto RS. (2018). Hamstring-to-quadriceps fatigue ratio offers new and different muscle function information than the conventional non-fatigued ratio. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 28: 282–293.
  • 18. Ruas CV, Pinto RS, Haff GG, Lima CD, Pinto MD, Brown LE. (2019). Alternative methods of determining hamstrings-to-quadriceps ratios: A comprehensive review. Sports Medicine. 5:11
  • 19. Sanders TL, Maradit KH, Bryan AJ, Larson DR, Dahm DL, Levy BA et al. (2016). Incidence of anterior cruciate ligament tears and reconstruction: a 21- year population-based study. Am J Sports Med. 44: 1502‐1507.
  • 20. Scattone-Silva R, Lessi G, Lobato D, Serrão F. (2012). Acceleration time, peak torque and time to peak torque in elite karate athletes. Science & Sports. 27(4):e31-e7.
  • 21. Støren Ø, Helgerud J, Hoff J. (2011). Running stride peak forces inversely determine running economy in elite runners. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(1): 117-123.
  • 22. Sun Y, Wei S, Zhong Y, Fu W, Li L, Liu Y. (2015). How joint torques affect hamstring injury risk in sprinting swing-stance transition. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 47: 373–380.
  • 23. Thorstensson A, Karlsson J. (1976). Fatiguability and fibre composition of human skeletal muscle. Acta Physiol. Scand. 98:318–322.
  • 24. Weber FS, Silva B, Radaelli R, Paiva C, Pinto RS. (2010). Avaliação iso- cinética em jogadores de futebol profissional e comparação do desempenho entre as diferentes posições ocupadas no campo. Rev Bras Med Esport. 16:264–268.
  • 25. Wilber RL, Moffatt RJ. (1992). Influence of carbohydrate ingestion on blood glucose and performance in runners. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2: 317-327.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Spor Bilimleri
Yayınlanma Tarihi Bahar
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Gökhan UMUTLU> (Sorumlu Yazar)
FINAL INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-4736-8772
Cyprus


Ayhan Taner ERDOĞAN>
FINAL INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-8941-213X
Cyprus

Yayımlanma Tarihi 13 Ocak 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 18 Nisan 2020
Kabul Tarihi 30 Kasım 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 31, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

APA Umutlu, G. & Erdoğan, A. T. (2021). A Different Insight into Neuromuscular Performance Evaluation: The Influence of Fatigue in Hamstrings:Quadriceps Ratio . Spor Bilimleri Dergisi , 31 (4) , 152-162 . DOI: 10.17644/sbd.722549